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Genus Desulfomicrobium

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 7
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Desulfomicrobium Rozanova et al. 1994, gen. nov. (Type genus of the family ¤ Desulfomicrobiaceae Kuever et al. 2006).
Type species: ¤ Desulfomicrobium baculatum corrig. (Rozanova and Nazina 1984) Rozanova et al. 1994.
Etymology: L. pref. de, from; L. n. sulfur, sulfur; N.L. pref. desulfo-, desulfuricating (prefix used to characterize a dissimilatory sulfate-reducing procaryote); N.L. neut. n. microbium (from Gr. adj. mikros, small and Gr. n. bios, life), a microbe; N.L. neut. n. Desulfomicrobium, sulfate-reducing, small life.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 49. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 370-371.
Effective publication: ROZANOVA (E.P.), NAZINA (T.N.) and GALUSHKO (A.S.): Isolation of a new genus of sulfate-reducing bacteria and description of a new species of this genus, Desulfomicrobium apsheronum gen. nov., sp. nov. Mikrobiologiya, 1988, 57, 634-641.
Validation List no. 49 in IJSEM Online

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Desulfomicrobium apsheronum Rozanova et al. 1994, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 1105 = DSM 5918 = VKM B-1804.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U64865.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. apsheronum, pertaining to waters of the Apsheron peninsula in Russia (isolated from stratal waters of oil-bearing deposits in the Apsheron peninsula).
Valid publication: Validation List no. 49. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 370-371.
Effective publication: ROZANOVA (E.P.), NAZINA (T.N.) and GALUSHKO (A.S.): Isolation of a new genus of sulfate-reducing bacteria and description of a new species of this genus, Desulfomicrobium apsheronum gen. nov., sp. nov. Mikrobiologiya, 1988, 57, 634-641.
Validation List no. 49 in IJSEM Online

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Desulfomicrobium baculatum corrig. (Rozanova and Nazina 1984) Rozanova et al. 1994, comb. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) INMI strain X = DSM 4028 = VKM B-1378.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP001629 (complete genome).
Basonym: ¤ Desulfovibrio baculatus Rozanova and Nazina 1984.
Etymology: L. n. baculum, a stick, staff; L. neut. suff. -atum, suffix denoting provided with; N.L. neut. adj. baculatum, shaped like a rod.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 49. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 370-371.
Effective publication: ROZANOVA (E.P.), NAZINA (T.N.) and GALUSHKO (A.S.): Isolation of a new genus of sulfate-reducing bacteria and description of a new species of this genus, Desulfomicrobium apsheronum gen. nov., sp. nov. Mikrobiologiya, 1988, 57, 634-641.
Validation List no. 49 in IJSEM Online

Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, baculatus (sic), has been corrected by Euzéby 1998.
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.): Taxonomic note: necessary correction of specific and subspecific epithets according to Rules 12c and 13b of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria (1990 Revision). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1073-1075.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Desulfomicrobium escambiense corrig. Sharak Genthner et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ESC 1 = ATCC 51164= DSM 10707.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ277886.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. escambiense, pertaining to the Escambia River in northwest Florida.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 59. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 1189-1190.
Effective publication: SHARAK GENTHNER (B.R.), MUNDFROM (G.) and DEVEREUX (R.): Characterization of Desulfomicrobium escambium sp. nov. and proposal to assign Desulfovibrio desulfuricans Norway 4 to the genus Desulfomicrobium. Arch. Microbiol., 1994, 161, 215-219.
Validation List no. 59 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, escambium (sic), has been corrected by the Associate Editor, IJSB 1996.
References: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Validation List no. 59. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 1189-1190.
Validation List no. 59 in IJSEM Online

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Desulfomicrobium macestii (Gogotova and Vainshtein 1989) Hippe et al. 2003, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) M-9 = DSM 4194 = VKM B-1598.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ237604.
Basonym: ¤ Desulfobacterium macestii Gogotova and Vainstein 1989.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. macestii, referring to the town Matsesta at Sotschi, Black Sea, Russia, from where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: HIPPE (H.), VAINSHTEIN (M.), GOGOTOVA (G.I.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Reclassification of Desulfobacterium macestii as Desulfomicrobium macestii comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1127-1130.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The spelling of the name of one of the authors is Vainshtein or Vainstein (without "h"). As a matter of fact, the author uses the both spellings. In "List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature", this author's name is cited as it appears in the publications (i.e. Vainshtein for Desulfomicrobium macestii and Vainstein for ¤ Desulfobacterium macestii).

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Desulfomicrobium norvegicum Genthner et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Norway 4 = DSM 1741 = NCIMB 8310.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ277897.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. norvegicum, pertaining to Norway, Norwegian.
Valid publication: GENTHNER (B.R.S.), FRIEDMAN (S.D.) and DEVEREUX (R.): Reclassification of Desulfovibrio desulfuricans Norway 4 as Desulfomicrobium norvegicum comb. nov. and confirmation of Desulfomicrobium escambiense (corrig., formerly "escambium") as a new species in the genus Desulfomicrobium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 889-892.
Original article in IJSB Online

Note: Desulfomicrobium norvegicum is a new species, not a new combination as indicated in the paper by Genthner et al. 1997.
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Notification that new names and new combinations have appeared in volume 47, No. 3, of the IJSB (footnote b). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 1275-1276.
Notification List in IJSB Online

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Desulfomicrobium orale Langendijk et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NY678 = DSM 12838 = JCM 17150.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ251623.
Etymology: L. n. os oris, mouth; L. neut. suff. -ale, suffix denoting pertaining to; N.L. neut. adj. orale, pertaining to the mouth.
Valid publication: LANGENDIJK (P.S.), KULIK (E.M.), SANDMEIER (H.), MEYER (J.) and van der HOEVEN (J.S.): Isolation of Desulfomicrobium orale sp. nov. and Desulfovibrio strain NY682, oral sulfate-reducing bacteria involved in human peridontal disease. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1035-1044.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 At the time of publication, the type strain was not deposited in two publicly accessible service collections in different countries, and Desulfomicrobium orale Langendijk et al. 2001 was not validly published [Rules 27(3) and 30]. However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Desulfomicrobium orale Langendijk et al. 2001 is now considered to be validly published, since deposit in a second culture collection in a different country has been documented.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online
2 The specific epithet orale is a Neo Latin adjective in the neuter gender, not a Latin noun in the genitive case as cited by Langendijk et al. 2001.

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Desulfomicrobium thermophilum Thevenieau et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) P6-2 = DSM 16697 = CCUG 49732.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY464939.
Etymology: Gr. n. thermê, heat; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. neut. adj. thermophilum, heat-loving.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 118. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2449-2450.
Effective publication: THEVENIEAU (F.), FARDEAU (M.L.), OLLIVIER (B.), JOULIAN (C.) and BAENA (S.): Desulfomicrobium thermophilum sp. nov., a novel thermophilic sulphate-reducing bacterium isolated from a terrestrial hot spring in Colombia. Extremophiles, 2007, 11, 295-303.
Validation List no. 118 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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