Title


Sign up here for LPSN updates!


Genus Desulfobacterium

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 9
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Desulfobacterium Bak and Widdel 1988, gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Desulfobacterium indolicum Bak and Widdel 1988.
Etymology: L. pref. de, from; L. n. sulfur, sulfur; N.L. pref. desulfo-, desulfuricating (prefix used to characterize a dissimilatory sulfate-reducing procaryote); L. neut. n. bacterium, a rod; N.L. neut. n. Desulfobacterium, a rod-shaped sulfate reducer.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 24. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 136-137.
Effective publication: BAK (F.) and WIDDEL (F.): Anaerobic degradation of indolic compounds by sulfate-reducing enrichment cultures, and description of Desulfobacterium indolicum gen. nov., sp. nov. Arch. Microbiol., 1986, 146, 170-176.
Validation List no. 24 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: In 1987, Brysch et al. also propose the new genus "Desulfobacterium" with ¤ Desulfobacterium autotrophicum as the type species. In agreement with the Rules of the Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision), "Desulfobacterium" Brysch et al. does not appear in a Validation List, and this name is not validly published. Only the name Desulfobacterium autotrophicum Brysch et al. 1988 appears in Validation List 26.
References:
1 BRYSCH (K.), SCHNEIDER (C.), FUCHS (G.) and WIDDELL (F.): Lithoautotrophic growth of sulfate-reducing bacteria, and description of Desulfobacterium autotrophicum gen. nov., sp. nov. Arch. Microbiol., 1987, 148, 264-274.
Publication Online
2 Validation List no. 26. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 328-329.
Validation List no. 26 in IJSM Online

   image

Desulfobacterium anilini Schnell et al. 1990, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Ani = ATCC 49792= DSM 4660.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ237601.
Etymology: N.L. anilinum, aniline; N.L. gen. n. anilini, of aniline (the strain Ani is isolated from marine sediment with aniline as sole electron donor and carbon source).
Valid publication: Validation List no. 34. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 320-321.
Effective publication: SCHNELL (S.), BAK (F.) and PFENNIG (N.): Anaerobic degradation of aniline and dihydroxybenzenes by newly isolated sulfate-reducing bacteria and description of Desulfobacterium anilini. Arch. Microbiol., 1989, 152, 556-563.
Validation List no. 34 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

   image

Desulfobacterium autotrophicum Brysch et al. 1988, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) HRM2 = ATCC 43914= DSM 3382 = VKM B-1955.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF418177.
Etymology: Gr. pron. autos, self; N.L. neut. adj. trophicum (from Gr. neut. adj. trophikon), nursing, tending or feeding; N.L. neut. adj. autotrophicum, nourishing itself from inorganic compounds.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 26. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 328-329.
Effective publication: BRYSCH (K.), SCHNEIDER (C.), FUCHS (G.) and WIDDELL (F.): Lithoautotrophic growth of sulfate-reducing bacteria, and description of Desulfobacterium autotrophicum gen. nov., sp. nov. Arch. Microbiol., 1987, 148, 264-274.
Validation List no. 26 in IJSM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: In the paper by Brysch et al. 1987, the authors also propose the new genus "Desulfobacterium" with Desulfobacterium autotrophicum as the type species. In agreement with the Rules of the Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision), "Desulfobacterium" Brysch et al. does not appear in a Validation List, and this name is not validly published. Only the name Desulfobacterium autotrophicum Brysch et al. 1988 appears in Validation List 26.
References:
1 BRYSCH (K.), SCHNEIDER (C.), FUCHS (G.) and WIDDELL (F.): Lithoautotrophic growth of sulfate-reducing bacteria, and description of Desulfobacterium autotrophicum gen. nov., sp. nov. Arch. Microbiol., 1987, 148, 264-274.
Publication Online
2 Validation List no. 26. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 328-329.
Validation List no. 26 in IJSM Online

   image

Desulfobacterium catecholicum Szewzyk and Pfennig 1988, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NZva20, Nelson, NZ = ATCC 43955= DSM 3882.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ237602.
Etymology: N.L. n. catecholum, catechol, L. suff. -icus -a -um, suffix used in adjectives with the sense of belonging to; N.L. neut. adj. catecholicum, pertaining to catechol, intended to mean catechol-degrading.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 24. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 136-137.
Effective publication: SZEWZYK (R.) and PFENNIG (N.): Complete oxidation of catechol by the strictly anaerobic sulfate-reducing Desulfobacterium catecholicum sp. nov. Arch. Microbiol., 1987, 147, 163-168.
Validation List no. 24 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

   image

Desulfobacterium cetonicum Galushko and Rozanova 1994, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 480 = DSM 7267 = JCM 12296 = VKM B-1975.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ237603.
Etymology: N.L. n. cetonum, ketone; L. suff. -icus -a -um, used in adjectives with the sense of belonging to; N.L. neut. adj. cetonicum, pertaining to ketones; Desulfosarcina cetonica a sulfate-reducing bacterium oxidizing ketones.
References: Validation List no. 49. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 1994, 44, 370-371. [GALUSHKO (A.S.) and ROZANOVA (E.P.): Desulfobacterium cetonicum sp. nov.: a sulfate-reducing bacterium which oxidizes fatty acids and ketones. Mikrobiologiya, 1991, 60, 102-107.]
Validation List no. 49 in IJSEM Online

¤ Desulfosarcina cetonica corrig. (Galushko and Rozanova 1994) Kuever et al. 2006.

   image

Desulfobacterium indolicum Bak and Widdel 1988, sp. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) In04 = ATCC 43938= DSM 3383.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ237607.
Etymology: N.L. n. indolum, indol; L. masc. suff. -icus -a -um, suffix used with the sense of pertaining to; N.L. neut. adj. indolicum, pertaining to indole, referring to the ability of the organism to degrade indole.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 24. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 136-137.
Effective publication: BAK (F.) and WIDDEL (F.): Anaerobic degradation of indolic compounds by sulfate-reducing enrichment cultures, and description of Desulfobacterium indolicum gen. nov., sp. nov. Arch. Microbiol., 1986, 146, 170-176.
Validation List no. 24 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

   image

Desulfobacterium macestii Gogotova and Vainstein 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) M-9 = DSM 4194 = VKM B-1598.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ237604.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. macestii, referring to the town Matsesta at Sotschi, Black Sea, Russia, from where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 31. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 495-497.
Effective publication: GOGOTOVA (G.I.) and VAINSTEIN (M.B.): Description of sulfate reducing bacterium Desulfobacterium macestii sp. nov. capable of autotrophic growth. Mikrobiologiya, 1989, 58, 76-80.
Validation List no. 31 in IJSEM Online

¤ Desulfomicrobium macestii (Gogotova and Vainshtein 1989) Hippe et al. 2003, comb. nov.

Note: The spelling of the name of one author is Vainstein or Vainshtein (with "h"). As a matter of fact, the author uses the both spellings. In "List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature", this author's name is cited as it appears in the publications (i.e. Vainstein for Desulfobacterium macestii and Vainshtein for ¤ Desulfomicrobium macestii).

   image

Desulfobacterium niacini Kuever et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NAV-1 = DSM 2650 = JCM 12294.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR733668.
Etymology: N.L. n. niacinum, niacin or nicotinic acid; N.L. gen. n. niacini, of nicotinic acid.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 107. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1-6.
Effective publication: KUEVER (J.), RAINEY (F.A.) and WIDDEL (F.): Genus II. Desulfobacterium Bak and Widdel 1988, 136VP (Effective publication: Bak and Widdel 1986, 175). In: D.J. BRENNER, N.R. KRIEG, J.T. STALEY and G. M. GARRITY (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 2 (The Proteobacteria), part C (The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria), Springer, New York, 2005, pp. 965-967.
Validation List no. 107 in IJSEM Online

Note: Desulfobacterium niacini Kuever et al. 2006 was previously known as "Desulfococcus niacini" Imhoff-Stuckle and Pfennig 1983.

   image

Desulfobacterium phenolicum Bak and Widdel 1988, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Ph01 = ATCC 43956= DSM 3384.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ237606.
Etymology: N.L. n. phenol -olis, phenol; L. neut. suff. -icum, suffix used with the sense of pertaining to; N.L. neut. adj. phenolicum, pertaining to phenol.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 24. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 136-137.
Effective publication: BAK (F.) and WIDDEL (F.): Anaerobic degradation of phenol and phenol derivatives by Desulfobacterium phenolicum sp. nov. Arch. Microbiol., 1986, 146, 177-180.
Validation List no. 24 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Desulfobacula phenolica (Bak and Widdel 1988) Kuever et al. 2001, comb. nov.

   image

Desulfobacterium vacuolatum Kuever et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) IbRM = DSM 3385 = JCM 12295.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF418178.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. vacuolatum, vacuolated due to the morphology of the cells.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 107. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1-6.
Effective publication: KUEVER (J.), RAINEY (F.A.) and WIDDEL (F.): Genus II. Desulfobacterium Bak and Widdel 1988, 136VP (Effective publication: Bak and Widdel 1986, 175). In: D.J. BRENNER, N.R. KRIEG, J.T. STALEY and G. M. GARRITY (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 2 (The Proteobacteria), part C (The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria), Springer, New York, 2005, pp. 965-967.
Validation List no. 107 in IJSEM Online

Note: The specific epithet vacuolatum is a "N.L. neut. adj.", not a "N.L. n." as cited in the effective publication.

   image