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Genus Desulfitobacterium

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 6
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Desulfitobacterium Utkin et al. 1994, gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Desulfitobacterium dehalogenans Utkin et al. 1994.
Etymology: L. pref. de, from, off, away; N.L. n. sulfis -itis, sulfite; L. neut. n. bacterium, rod; N.L. Desulfitobacterium, rod-shaped bacterium that reduces sulfite.
Valid publication: UTKIN (I.), WOESE (C.) and WIEGEL (J.): Isolation and characterization of Desulfitobacterium dehalogenans gen. nov., sp. nov., an anaerobic bacterium which reductively dechlorinates chlorophenolic compounds. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 612-619.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Desulfitobacterium aromaticivorans Kunapuli et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) UKTL = DSM 19510 = JCM 15765.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU711071.
Etymology: L. adj. aromaticus, aromatic, fragrant; L. part. adj. vorans, devouring; N.L. part. adj. aromaticivorans, devouring aromatic (compounds).
Valid publication: KUNAPULI (U.), JAHN (M.K.), LUEDERS (T.), GEYER (R.), HEIPIEPER (H.J.) and MECKENSTOCK (R.U.): Desulfitobacterium aromaticivorans sp. nov. and Geobacter toluenoxydans sp. nov., iron-reducing bacteria capable of anaerobic degradation of monoaromatic hydrocarbons. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 686-695.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Desulfitobacterium chlororespirans Sanford et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Co23 = ATCC 700175= DSM 11544.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U68528.
Etymology: Gr. adj. khloros, pale green; N.L. pref. chloro-, referring to the group VII element chlorine; L. v. respirare, to blow or breathe back; to breathe out, exhale; N.L. part. adj.chlororespirans, breathing chlorine, referring to the characteristic of coupling oxidation of electron donors to reductive removal of chlorines from various chlorophenolic compounds via a respiratory process used for obtaining energy for growth.
References: Validation List no. 80. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 793-794. [SANFORD (R.A.), COLE (J.R.), LÖFFLER (F.E.) and TIEDJE (J.M.): Characterization of Desulfitobacterium chlororespirans sp. nov., which grows by coupling the oxidation of lactate to the reductive dechlorination of 3-chloro-4-hydroxybenzoate. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 1996, 62, 3800-3808.]
Validation List no. 80 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 In the paper by Sanford et al. 2001, the type strain ATCC 700175is erroneously cited as ATCC 700715.
References:
1 TANG (J.): Personal communication (September 19, 2001).
2 Erratum in IJSEM Online.
2 According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this name is not validly published because the effective publication only documents deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Desulfitobacterium chlororespirans Sanford et al. 2001 is to be considered to be validly published.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

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Desulfitobacterium dehalogenans Utkin et al. 1994, sp. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JW/IU-DC1 = ATCC 51507= DSM 9161.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L28946.
Etymology: L. pref. de, off, away; N.L. n. halogenum, halogen; N.L. part. adj. dehalogenans, dehalogenating, split off halogens, referring to the characteristic property of the micro-organism to dehalogenate various chlorophenolic compounds.
Valid publication: UTKIN (I.), WOESE (C.) and WIEGEL (J.): Isolation and characterization of Desulfitobacterium dehalogenans gen. nov., sp. nov., an anaerobic bacterium which reductively dechlorinates chlorophenolic compounds. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 612-619.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Desulfitobacterium frappieri Bouchard et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) PCP-1 = ATCC 700357= DSM 12420.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U40078.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. frappieri, of Frappier, in honor of Armand Frappier, a renowned Canadian microbiologist.
Valid publication: BOUCHARD (B.), BEAUDET (R.), VILLEMUR (R.), McSWEEN (G.), LÉPINE (F.) and BISAILLON (J.G.): Isolation and characterization of Desulfitobacterium frappieri sp. nov., an anaerobic bacterium which reductively dechlorinates pentachlorophenol to 3-chlorophenol. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 1010-1015.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Desulfitobacterium hafniense Christiansen and Ahring 1996 emend. Niggemyer et al. 2001.

Note: According to Niggemyer et al. 2001, Desulfitobacterium frappieri Bouchard et al. 1996 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Desulfitobacterium hafniense Christiansen and Ahring 1996 emend. Niggemyer et al. 2001.
References: List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 2. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1403-1404. [NIGGEMYER (A.), SPRING (S.), STACKEBRANDT (E.) and ROSENZWEIG (R.F.): Isolation and characterization of a novel As(V)-reducing bacterium: implications for arsenic mobilization and the genus Desulfitobacterium. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2001, 67, 5568-5580.]
List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 2 in IJSEM Online

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Desulfitobacterium hafniense Christiansen and Ahring 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DCB-2 = DSM 10664.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP001336 (complete genome).
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. hafniense, pertaining to Hafnia, which was the medieval name of Kjoebenhavn (Copenhagen), the capital of Denmark.
Valid publication: CHRISTIANSEN (N.) and AHRING (B.K.): Desulfitobacterium hafniense sp. nov., an anaerobic, reductively dechlorinating bacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 442-448.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Desulfitobacterium hafniense Christiansen and Ahring 1996 emend. Niggemyer et al. 2001.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DCB-2 = DSM 10664.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP001336 (complete genome).
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. hafniense, pertaining to Hafnia, which was the medieval name of Kjoebenhavn (Copenhagen), the capital of Denmark.
References: List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 2. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1403-1404. [NIGGEMYER (A.), SPRING (S.), STACKEBRANDT (E.) and ROSENZWEIG (R.F.): Isolation and characterization of a novel As(V)-reducing bacterium: implications for arsenic mobilization and the genus Desulfitobacterium. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2001, 67, 5568-5580.]
List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 2 in IJSEM Online - Original article Online

Note: According to Niggemyer et al. 2001, Desulfitobacterium hafniense Christiansen and Ahring 1996 emend. Niggemyer et al. 2001 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Desulfitobacterium frappieri Bouchard et al. 1996.

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Desulfitobacterium metallireducens Finneran et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 853-15A = ATCC BAA-636 = DSM 15288.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF297871.
Etymology: L. n. metallum, the product of a mine (of gold, silver, iron, or stone), a metal; L. part. adj. reducens, leading back, bringing back and in chemistry converting to a different oxidation state; N.L. adj. metallireducens, reducing metal, referring to the ability to couple growth to respiration of several metals.
Valid publication: FINNERAN (K.T.), FORBUSH (H.M.), GAW VANPRAAGH (C.V.) and LOVLEY (D.R.): Desulfitobacterium metallireducens sp. nov., an anaerobic bacterium that couples growth to the reduction of metals and humic acids as well as chlorinated compounds. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1929-1935.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this name is not validly published because the effective publication only documents deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Desulfitobacterium metallireducens Finneran et al. 2002 is to be considered to be validly published.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

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