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Genus Cytophaga

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 23
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Cytophaga Winogradsky 1929, genus. (Type genus of the order ¤ Cytophagales Leadbetter 1974 [Approved Lists 1980]; type genus of the family ¤ Cytophagaceae Stanier 1940 [Approved Lists 1980]).
Type species: ¤ Cytophaga hutchinsonii Winogradsky 1929 (Approved Lists 1980).
Synonym: "Promyxobacterium" Imshenetski and Solntseva 1945.
Etymology: Gr. n. kutos, hollow, vessel, jar, and in biology a cell; Gr. v. phagein, to eat; N.L. fem. n. Cytophaga, devourer of cell; intended to mean devourer of cell wall, cellulose digester.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: WINOGRADSKY (S.): Études sur la microbiologie du sol - sur la dégradation de la cellulose dans le sol. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris), 1929, 43, 549-633.

Cytophaga Winogradsky 1929 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Nakagawa and Yamasato 1996.
Type species: ¤ Cytophaga hutchinsonii Winogradsky 1929 (Approved Lists 1980).
Synonym: "Promyxobacterium" Imshenetski and Solntseva 1945.
Etymology: Gr. n. kutos, hollow, vessel, jar, and in biology a cell; Gr. v. phagein, to eat; N.L. fem. n. Cytophaga, devourer of cell; intended to mean devourer of cell wall, cellulose digester.
Reference: NAKAGAWA (Y.) and YAMASATO (K.): Emendation of the genus Cytophaga and transfer of Cytophaga agarovorans and Cytophaga salmonicolor to Marinilabilia gen. nov.: phylogenetic analysis of the Flavobacterium-Cytophaga complex. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 599-603.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Cytophaga agarovorans (ex Veldkamp 1961) Reichenbach 1989, nom. rev., comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 19043= LMG 8607 = LMG 13037.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M62422.
Synonym: "Cytophaga salmonicolor var. agarovorans" Veldkamp 1961.
Etymology: N.L. n. agarum, agar, algal polysaccharide; L. v. vorare, to devour, to digest; N.L. part. adj. agarovorans, agar-digesting.
References: Validation List no. 31. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 495-497. [REICHENBACH (H.): Genus I. Cytophaga Winogradsky 1929, 577AL emend. In: J.T. STALEY, M.P. BRYANT, N. PFENNIG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 3, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1989, pp. 2015-2050.]
Validation List no. 31 in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 In Validation List no. 31, Cytophaga agarovorans is proposed as a new species.
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.) and KUDO (T.): Corrigenda to the Validation Lists. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1933-1938.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 In Validation List no. 31, the page numbers of the paper by Reichenbach 1989 are erroneously cited as 2015-2020 (sic).
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.) and KUDO (T.): Corrigenda to the Validation Lists. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1933-1938.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Marinilabilia agarovorans (Reichenbach 1989) Nakagawa and Yamasato 1996, comb. nov.

¤ Marinilabilia salmonicolor (Veldkamp 1961) Nakagawa and Yamasato 1996 emend. Suzuki et al. 1999.

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Cytophaga aprica (ex Lewin 1969) Reichenbach 1989, nom. rev., comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JL-4 Lewin = ATCC 23126= CIP 104807 = IFO (now NBRC) 15941 = JCM 21138 = NRRL B-14729.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB247553.
Synonym: "Cytophaga diffluens subsp. aprica" Lewin 1969.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. aprica, exposed to the sun, growing in the sunshine.
References: Validation List no. 31. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 495-497. [REICHENBACH (H.): Genus I. Cytophaga Winogradsky 1929, 577AL emend. In: J.T. STALEY, M.P. BRYANT, N. PFENNIG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 3, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1989, pp. 2015-2050.]
Validation List no. 31 in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 In Validation List no. 31, Cytophaga aprica is erroneously proposed as a new species.
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.) and KUDO (T.): Corrigenda to the Validation Lists. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1933-1938.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 In Validation List no. 31, the page numbers of the paper by Reichenbach 1989 are erroneously cited as 2015-2020 (sic).
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.) and KUDO (T.): Corrigenda to the Validation Lists. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1933-1938.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Flammeovirga aprica (Reichenbach 1989) Nakagawa et al. 1997, comb. nov.

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Cytophaga aquatilis Strohl and Tait 1978, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 29551= CCUG 35201 = CIP 104741 = DSM 2063 = LMG 8385 = NRRL B-14732.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M58764.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. aquatilis, living, growing, or found in water, aquatic.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: STROHL (W.R.) and TAIT (L.R.): Cytophaga aquatilis sp. nov., a facultative anaerobe isolated from the gills of freshwater fish. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1978, 28, 293-303.

¤ Flavobacterium hydatis Bernardet et al. 1996 nom. nov.

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Cytophaga arvensicola Oyaizu et al. 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) M64 = ATCC 51264= CIP 104804 = DSM 3695 = IAM 12650 = IFO (now NBRC) 14973 = JCM 2836.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM237311.
Etymology: N.L. adj. arvensis (from. L. n. arvum, a field), belonging to, living in the fields; L. suff. -cola (from L. n. incola), inhabitant; N.L. n. arvensicola, an inhabitant of fields.
References: Validation List no. 10. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 438-440. [OYAIZU (H.), KOMAGATA (K.), AMEMURA (A.) and HARADA (T.): A succinoglycan-decomposing bacterium, Cytophaga arvensicola sp. nov. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 1982, 28, 369-388.]
Validation List no. 10 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Chitinophaga arvensicola (Oyaizu et al. 1983) Kämpfer et al. 2006, comb. nov.

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Cytophaga aurantiaca (ex Winogradsky 1929) Reichenbach 1989, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 12208= DSM 3654 = JCM 8511 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 8628.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D12658.
Synonym: "Cytophaga aurantiaca" Winogradsky 1929.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. aurantiaca, orange colored.
References: Validation List no. 31. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 495-497. [REICHENBACH (H.): Genus I. Cytophaga Winogradsky 1929, 577AL emend. In: J.T. STALEY, M.P. BRYANT, N. PFENNIG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 3, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1989, pp. 2015-2050.]
Validation List no. 31 in IJSEM Online

Note: In Validation List no. 31, the page numbers of the paper by Reichenbach 1989 are erroneously cited as 2015-2020 (sic).
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.) and KUDO (T.): Corrigenda to the Validation Lists. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1933-1938.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Cytophaga columnaris (ex Davis 1922) Reichenbach 1989, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 1-S-2cl (Anacker 1956) = ATCC 23463= CIP 103531 = JCM 21141 = LMG 13035 = LMG 10406 = NBRC 100251 = NCIMB 2248.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB078047.
Synonyms: "Bacillus columnaris" Davis 1922, "Chondrococcus columnaris" (Davis 1922) Ordal and Rucker 1944, "Cytophaga columnaris" (Davis 1922) Garnjobst 1945, "Flexibacter columnaris" (Davis 1922) Leadbetter 1974.
Etymology:   L. fem. adj. columnaris, rising in the form of a pillar, referring to the shape of the aggregates formed by the bacteria on external lesions of infected fish.
References: Validation List no. 31. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 495-497. [REICHENBACH (H.): Genus I. Cytophaga Winogradsky 1929, 577AL emend. In: J.T. STALEY, M.P. BRYANT, N. PFENNIG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 3, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, pp. 2015-2050.]
Validation List no. 31 in IJSEM Online

Note: In Validation List no. 31, the page numbers of the paper by Reichenbach 1989 are erroneously cited as 2015-2020 (sic).
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.) and KUDO (T.): Corrigenda to the Validation Lists. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1933-1938.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Flexibacter columnaris (ex Davis 1922) Bernardet and Grimont 1989.

Note: Cytophaga columnaris (ex Davis 1922) Reichenbach 1989 is a later homotypic synonym of Flexibacter columnaris (ex Davis 1922) Bernardet and Grimont 1989.
Reference: BERNARDET (J.F.) and GRIMONT (P.A.D.): Deoxyribonucleic acid relatedness and phenotypic characterization of Flexibacter columnaris sp. nov., nom. rev., Flexibacter psychrophilus sp. nov., nom. rev., and Flexibacter maritimus Wakabayashi, Hikida, and Masumura 1986. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 346-354.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Flavobacterium columnare (Bernardet and Grimont 1989) Bernardet et al. 1996, comb. nov.

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Cytophaga diffluens (ex Stanier 1940) Reichenbach 1989, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) B-1 Lewin = ATCC 49458= DSM 3658 = IFO (now NBRC) 15940 = JCM 8513 = LMG 13036 = NCIMB 1402.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB260929.
Synonym: "Cytophaga diffluens" Stanier 1940.
Etymology: L. part. adj. diffluens, flowing away.
References: Validation List no. 31. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 495-497. [REICHENBACH (H.): Genus I. Cytophaga Winogradsky 1929, 577AL emend. In: J.T. STALEY, M.P. BRYANT, N. PFENNIG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 3, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1989, pp. 2015-2050.]
Validation List no. 31 in IJSEM Online

Note: In Validation List no. 31, the page numbers of the paper by Reichenbach 1989 are erroneously cited as 2015-2020 (sic).
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.) and KUDO (T.): Corrigenda to the Validation Lists. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1933-1938.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Persicobacter diffluens (Reichenbach 1989) Nakagawa et al. 1997, comb. nov.

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Cytophaga fermentans Bachmann 1955, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 19072= CIP 104805 = DSM 9555 = IFO (now NBRC) 15936 = JCM 21142.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M58766.
Etymology: L. part. adj. fermentans, fermenting.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BACHMANN (B.J.): Studies on Cytophaga fermentans n. sp., a facultatively anaerobic lower myxobacterium. Journal of General Microbiology, 1955, 13, 541-551.

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Cytophaga flevensis van der Meulen et al. 1974, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 27944= CCUG 14832 = CIP 104740 = DSM 1076 = LMG 8328.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D12662.
Etymology: L. n. Flevum, a former inner sea in the central part of The Netherlands which is now a freshwater lake called IJsselmeer; L. suff. -ensis -is -e, suffix used with the sense of belonging to or coming from; N.L. fem. adj. flevensis, pertaining to Flevum.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: Van DER MEULEN (H.J.), HARDER (W.) and VELDKAMP (H.): Isolation and characterization of Cytophaga flevensis sp. nov., a new agarolytic flexibacterium. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek Journal of Microbiology and Serology, 1974, 40, 329-346.

¤ Flavobacterium flevense (van der Meulen et al. 1974) Bernardet et al. 1996, comb. nov.

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Cytophaga heparina (Payza and Korn 1956) Christensen 1980, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 13125= CCUG 12810 = CIP 104194 = CIP 105498 = DSM 2366 = IFO (now NBRC) 12017 = JCM 7457 = LMG 4024 = LMG 10339 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 9290 = NRRL B-14731.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP001681 (complete genome).
Basonym: ¤ Flavobacterium heparinum Payza and Korn 1956 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. n. hêpar, liver; N.L. fem. adj. heparina, of or pertaining to degradation of heparin, acidic mucoheteropolysaccharide with sulfate groups from various animal tissues.
Valid publication: CHRISTENSEN (P.): Description and taxonomic status of Cytophaga heparina (Payza and Korn) comb. nov. (Basionym: Flavobacterium heparinum Payza and Korn 1956). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 473-475.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Sphingobacterium heparinum (Payza and Korn 1956) Takeuchi and Yokota 1993, comb. nov.

¤ Pedobacter heparinus (Payza and Korn 1956) Steyn et al. 1998, comb. nov.

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Cytophaga hutchinsonii Winogradsky 1929, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33406= CIP 103989 = DSM 1761 = IFO (now NBRC) 15051 = JCM 20678 = LMG 10844 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 9469.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP000383.
Etymology:   N.L. masc. gen. n. hutchinsonii, of Hutchinson, named in honor of English microbiologist, H. B. Hutchinson.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: WINOGRADSKY (S.): Études sur la microbiologie du sol - sur la dégradation de la cellulose dans le sol. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris), 1929, 43, 549-633.

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Cytophaga johnsonae Stanier 1947, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 17061= CCUG 35202 = CFBP 3036 = CIP 100931 = DSM 2064 = IFO (now NBRC) 14942 = JCM 8514 = LMG 1341.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM230489.
Synonyms: Vegetative myxobacteria Johnson 1932, "Cytophaga johnsonii" (sic) Stanier 1957.
Etymology: N.L. gen. fem. n. johnsonae (sic), of Johnson, named after the American microbiologist Delia E. Johnson, who made an early study of chitinolytic gliding soil bacteria.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: STANIER (R.Y.): Studies on nonfruiting myxobacteria. I. Cytophaga johnsonae, n. sp., a chitin-decomposing myxobacterium. Journal of Bacteriology, 1947, 53, 297-315.

¤ Flavobacterium johnsoniae corrig. (Stanier 1947) Bernardet et al. 1996, comb. nov.

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Cytophaga latercula Lewin 1969, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 23177= CIP 104806 = DSM 2041 = IFO (now NBRC) 15938 = JCM 8515 = LMG 1343 = NCIMB 1399.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M58769.
Etymology: L. masc. dim. n. laterculus, a small brick; N.L. fem. adj. latercula, brick-like, brick-red colour.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: LEWIN (R.A.): A classification of flexibacteria. Journal of General Microbiology, 1969, 58, 189-206.

¤ Stanierella latercula (Lewin 1969) Nedashkovskaya et al. 2005, comb. nov.

¤ Aquimarina latercula (Lewin 1969) Nedashkovskaya et al. 2006, comb. nov.

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Cytophaga lytica Lewin 1969, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 23178= CIP 103822 = DSM 7489 = IFO (now NBRC) 14961 = JCM 8516 = LMG 1344 = VKM B-1433.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D12666.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. lytica (from Gr. fem. adj. lutikê, able to loosen, able to dissolve), loosening, dissolving.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: LEWIN (R.A.): A classification of flexibacteria. Journal of General Microbiology, 1969, 58, 189-206.

¤ Cellulophaga lytica (Lewin 1969) Johansen et al. 1999, comb. nov.

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Cytophaga marina (ex Hikida et al. 1979) Reichenbach 1989, nom. rev., comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) R2 = ATCC 43398= CIP 103528 = CCUG 35198 = IFO (now NBRC) 15946 = JCM 21157 = LMG 11612 = NCIMB 2154.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB078057.
Synonym: "Flexibacter marinus" Hikida et al. 1979.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. marina, of the sea, marine.
References: Validation List no. 31. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 495-497. [REICHENBACH (H.): Genus I. Cytophaga Winogradsky 1929, 577AL emend. In: J.T. STALEY, M.P. BRYANT, N. PFENNIG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 3, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1989, pp. 2015-2050.]
Validation List no. 31 in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 In Validation List no. 31 and in the paper by Reichenbach 1989, the type strain NCIMB 2154 is erroneously cited as NCIMB 2153.
2 In Validation List no. 31, Cytophaga marina is erroneously proposed as a new species.
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.) and KUDO (T.): Corrigenda to the Validation Lists. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1933-1938.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 In Validation List no. 31, the page numbers of the paper by Reichenbach 1989 are erroneously cited as 2015-2020 (sic).
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.) and KUDO (T.): Corrigenda to the Validation Lists. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1933-1938.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Flexibacter maritimus Wakabayashi et al. 1986 emend. Bernardet and Grimont 1989.

Note: Cytophaga marina (ex Hikida et al. 1979) Reichenbach 1989 is a later homotypic synonym of ¤ Flexibacter maritimus Wakabayashi et al. 1986 emend. Bernardet and Grimont 1989.
Reference: HOLMES (B.): Synonymy of Flexibacter maritimus Wakabayashi, Hikida, and Masumura 1986 and Cytophaga marina Reichenbach 1989. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 185.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Tenacibaculum maritimum (Wakabayashi et al. 1986) Suzuki et al. 2001, comb. nov.

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Cytophaga marinoflava (ex Colwell et al. 1966) Reichenbach 1989, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 19326= DSM 3653 = IFO (now NBRC) 14170 = JCM 8517 = LMG 1345 = NCIMB 397.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF203475.
Synonym: "Cytophaga marinoflava" Colwell et al. 1966.
Etymology: L. adj. marinus, marine; L. adj. flavus, golden yellow; N.L. fem. adj. marinoflava (sic), marine and yellow-pigmented.
References: Validation List no. 31. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 495-497. [REICHENBACH (H.): Genus I. Cytophaga Winogradsky 1929, 577AL emend. In: J.T. STALEY, M.P. BRYANT, N. PFENNIG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 3, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1989, pp. 2015-2050.]
Validation List no. 31 in IJSEM Online

Note: In Validation List no. 31, the page numbers of the paper by Reichenbach 1989 are erroneously cited as 2015-2020 (sic).
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.) and KUDO (T.): Corrigenda to the Validation Lists. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1933-1938.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Leeuwenhoekiella marinoflava (Reichenbach 1989) Nedashkovskaya et al. 2005, comb. nov.

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Cytophaga pectinovora (ex Dorey 1959) Reichenbach 1989, nom. rev., comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 81 Dorey = ATCC 19366= CIP 104742 = DSM 6368 = IFO (now NBRC) 15945 = JCM 8518 = LMG 4031 = NCIMB 9059.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D12669.
Synonyms: "Flavobacterium pectinovorum" Dorey 1959, "Empedobacter pectinovorum" (sic) (Dorey 1959) Kaiser 1961.
Etymology: N.L. n. pectinum, pectin, methylated polygalacturonic acids in plant cell walls; L. v. vorare, to devour; N.L. fem. adj. pectinovora, pectin-devouring.
References: Validation List no. 31. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 495-497. [REICHENBACH (H.): Genus I. Cytophaga Winogradsky 1929, 577AL emend. In: J.T. STALEY, M.P. BRYANT, N. PFENNIG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 3, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1989, pp. 2015-2050.]
Validation List no. 31 in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 In Validation List no. 31, Cytophaga pectinovora is erroneously proposed as a new species.
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.) and KUDO (T.): Corrigenda to the Validation Lists. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1933-1938.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 In Validation List no. 31, the page numbers of the paper by Reichenbach 1989 are erroneously cited as 2015-2020 (sic).
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.) and KUDO (T.): Corrigenda to the Validation Lists. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1933-1938.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Flavobacterium pectinovorum (Reichenbach 1989) Bernardet et al. 1996, comb. nov.

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Cytophaga psychrophila (ex Borg 1960) Reichenbach 1989, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 49418= CCUG 35200 = CIP 103534 = DSM 3660 = JCM 8519 = LMG 13179 = NBRC 100250 = NCIMB 1947.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB078060.
Synonym: "Cytophaga psychrophila" Borg 1960.
Etymology: Gr. adj. psuchros, cold; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. fem. adj. psychrophila, cold loving.
References: Validation List no. 31. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 495-497. [REICHENBACH (H.): Genus I. Cytophaga Winogradsky 1929, 577AL emend. In: J.T. STALEY, M.P. BRYANT, N. PFENNIG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 3, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1989, pp. 2015-2050.]
Validation List no. 31 in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 In Validation List no. 31, Cytophaga psychrophila is erroneously proposed as a new species.
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.) and KUDO (T.): Corrigenda to the Validation Lists. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1933-1938.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 In Validation List no. 31, the page numbers of the paper by Reichenbach 1989 are erroneously cited as 2015-2020 (sic).
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.) and KUDO (T.): Corrigenda to the Validation Lists. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1933-1938.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Flexibacter psychrophilus (ex Borg 1960) Bernardet and Grimont 1989.

Note: Cytophaga psychrophila (ex Borg 1960) Reichenbach 1989 is a later homotypic synonym of Flexibacter psychrophilus (ex Borg 1960) Bernardet and Grimont 1989.
Reference: BERNARDET (J.F.) and GRIMONT (P.A.D.): Deoxyribonucleic acid relatedness and phenotypic characterization of Flexibacter columnaris sp. nov., nom. rev., Flexibacter psychrophilus sp. nov., nom. rev., and Flexibacter maritimus Wakabayashi, Hikida, and Masumura 1986. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 346-354.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Flavobacterium psychrophilum (ex Borg 1960) Bernardet et al. 1996, comb. nov.

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Cytophaga saccharophila (ex Agbo and Moss 1979) Reichenbach 1989, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 024 Agbo and Moss = ATCC 49530= CIP 104743 = DSM 1811 = IFO (now NBRC) 15944 = JCM 8520 = LMG 8384 = NCIMB 2072.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM230491.
Synonym: "Cytophaga saccharophila" Agbo and Moss 1979.
Etymology: Gr. n. sakchâr, sugar; N.L. fem. adj. phila (from Gr. fem. adj. philê), friend, loving; N.L. fem. adj. saccharophila, sugar-loving.
References: Validation List no. 31. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 495-497. [REICHENBACH (H.): Genus I. Cytophaga Winogradsky 1929, 577AL emend. In: J.T. STALEY, M.P. BRYANT, N. PFENNIG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 3, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1989, pp. 2015-2050.]
Validation List no. 31 in IJSEM Online

Note: In Validation List no. 31, the page numbers of the paper by Reichenbach 1989 are erroneously cited as 2015-2020 (sic).
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.) and KUDO (T.): Corrigenda to the Validation Lists. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1933-1938.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Flavobacterium saccharophilum (Reichenbach 1989) Bernardet et al. 1996, comb. nov.

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Cytophaga salmonicolor Veldkamp 1961, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 19041= CIP 104809 = DSM 6480 = IFO (now NBRC) 15948 = JCM 21150 = LMG 1346 = NCIMB 2216.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D12672.
Etymology: L. masc. n. salmo -onis, salmon; L. n. color, color; N.L. adj. salmonicolor, intended to mean salmon-colored.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: VELDKAMP (H.): A study of two marine agar-decomposing, facultatively anaerobic myxobacteria. Journal of General Microbiology, 1961, 26, 331-342.

¤ Marinilabilia salmonicolor (Veldkamp 1961) Nakagawa and Yamasato 1996, comb. nov.

¤ Marinilabilia salmonicolor (Veldkamp 1961) Nakagawa and Yamasato 1996 emend. Suzuki et al. 1999.

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Cytophaga succinicans (ex Anderson and Ordal 1961) Reichenbach 1989, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 8 (Anderson and Ordal 1961) = CIP 104744 = DSM 4002 = IFO (now NBRC) 14905 = JCM 21151 = LMG 10402 = NCIMB 2277.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM230492.
Synonyms: "Cytophaga succinicans" Anderson and Ordal 1961, "Flexibacter succinicans" (Anderson and Ordal 1961) Leadbetter 1974.
Etymology: N.L. n. acidum succinicum (derived from L. n. succinum, amber), succinic acid; N.L. part. adj. succinicans, intended to mean forming succinic acid.
References: Validation List no. 31. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 495-497. [REICHENBACH (H.): Genus I. Cytophaga Winogradsky 1929, 577AL emend. In: J.T. STALEY, M.P. BRYANT, N. PFENNIG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 3, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1989, pp. 2015-2050.]
Validation List no. 31 in IJSEM Online

Note: In Validation List no. 31, the page numbers of the paper by Reichenbach 1989 are erroneously cited as 2015-2020 (sic).
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.) and KUDO (T.): Corrigenda to the Validation Lists. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1933-1938.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Flavobacterium succinicans (Reichenbach 1989) Bernardet et al. 1996, comb. nov.

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Cytophaga uliginosa (ZoBell and Upham 1944) Reichenbach 1989, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ZoBell 553 = ACAM 538 = ATCC 14397= CCUG 33448 = CECT 4277 = CIP 104808 = DSM 2061 = IFO (now NBRC) 14962 = JCM 21152 = LMG 3809 = NCIMB 1863.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M62799.
Basonym: ¤ Flavobacterium uliginosum ZoBell and Upham 1944 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonym: "Agarbacterium uliginosum" (ZoBell and Upham 1944) Breed 1957.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. uliginosa, moist, marshy.
References: Validation List no. 31. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 495-497. [REICHENBACH (H.): Genus I. Cytophaga Winogradsky 1929, 577AL emend. In: J.T. STALEY, M.P. BRYANT, N. PFENNIG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 3, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1989, pp. 2015-2050.]
Validation List no. 31 in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 In Validation List no. 31, the basonym of Cytophaga uliginosa (ZoBell and Upham 1944) Reichenbach 1989 is erroneously cited as "Agarbacterium uliginosum" ZoBell and Upham 1944.
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.) and KUDO (T.): Corrigenda to the Validation Lists. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1933-1938.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 In Validation List no. 31, the page numbers of the paper by Reichenbach 1989 are erroneously cited as 2015-2020 (sic).
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.) and KUDO (T.): Corrigenda to the Validation Lists. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1933-1938.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Cellulophaga uliginosa (ZoBell and Upham 1944) Bowman 2000, comb. nov.

¤ Zobellia uliginosa (ZoBell and Upham 1944) Barbeyron et al. 2001, comb. nov.

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Cytophaga xylanolytica Haack and Breznak 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) XM3 = ATCC 51429= DSM 6779.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR733683.
Etymology: N.L. n. xylanum, xylan (a xylose-containing heteropolysaccharides in plant cell walls); N.L. fem. adj. lytica (from Gr. fem. adj. lutikê), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. fem. adj. xylanolytica, xylan-dissolving.
References: Validation List no. 46. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 624-625. [HAACK (S.K.) and BREZNAK (J.A.): Cytophaga xylanolytica sp. nov., a xylan-degrading, anaerobic gliding bacterium. Arch. Microbiol., 1993, 159, 6-15.]
Validation List no. 46 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain shows an unexpected affiliation with a deep branch in ¤ Bacteroidales (80.3% similarity against ¤ Cytophaga hutchinsonii).
Reference: YARZA (P.), SPRÖER (C.), SWIDERSKI (J.), MROTZEK (N.), SPRING (S.), TINDALL (B.J.), GRONOW (S.), PUKALL (R.), KLENK (H.P.), LANG (E.), VERBARG (S.), CROUCH (A.), LILBURN (T.), BECK (B.), UNOSSON (C.), CARDEW (S.), MOORE (E.R.B.), GOMILA (M.), NAKAGAWA (Y.), JANSSENS (D.), DE VOS (P.), PEIREN (J.), SUTTELS (T.), CLERMONT (D.), BIZET (C.), SAKAMOTO (M.), IIDA (T.), KUDO (T.), KOSAKO (Y.), OSHIDA (Y.), OHKUMA (M.), ARAHAL (D.R.), SPIECK (E.), POMMERENING ROESER (A.), FIGGE (M.), PARK (D.), BUCHANAN (P.), CIFUENTES (A.), MUNOZ (R.), EUZEBY (J.P.), SCHLEIFER (K.H.), LUDWIG (W.), AMANN (R.), GLÖCKNER (F.O.) and RÓSSELLO-MÓRA (R.): Sequencing orphan species initiative (SOS): Filling the gaps in the 16S rRNA gene sequence database for all species with validly published names. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2013, 36, 69-73.
Publication online

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