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Genus Curtobacterium

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 11
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Curtobacterium Yamada and Komagata 1972, genus.
Type species: ¤ Curtobacterium citreum (Komagata and Iizuka 1964) Yamada and Komagata 1972 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. adj. curtus, shortened; L. neut. n. bacterium, a rod; N.L. neut. n. Curtobacterium, a short rod.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: YAMADA (K.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Taxonomic studies on coryneform bacteria. V. Classification of coryneform bacteria. Journal of General and Applied Microbiology, 1972, 18, 417-431.

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Curtobacterium albidum (Komagata and Iizuka 1964) Yamada and Komagata 1972, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 15831= CIP 102693 = DSM 20512 = HAMBI 2039 = IFO (now NBRC) 15078 = JCM 1344 = VKM B-1206.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB046363.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. albidum, whitish, white.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 KOMAGATA (K.) and IIZUKA (H.): New species of Brevibacterium isolated from rice. (Studies on the microorganisms of cereal grains, Part VII). Journal of the Agricultural Chemical Society of Japan, 1964, 38, 496-502. 2 YAMADA (K.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Taxonomic studies on coryneform bacteria. V. Classification of coryneform bacteria. Journal of General and Applied Microbiology, 1972, 18, 417-431.

= ¤ Brevibacterium albidum Komagata and Iizuka 1964 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: Curtobacterium albidum (Komagata and Iizuka 1964) Yamada and Komagata 1972 (Approved Lists 1980) and Brevibacterium albidum Komagata and Iizuka 1964 (Approved Lists 1980) have the same type strain and therefore are homotypic synonyms [Rules 24a and 24b (1)].

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Curtobacterium ammoniigenes Aizawa et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) B55 = JCM 14609 = NBRC 101786 = VTCC D6-11.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB266597.
Etymology: N.L. n. ammonia, ammonia; Gr. v. gennao, to produce; N.L. part. adj. ammoniigenes, ammonia-producing.
Valid publication: AIZAWA (T.), NGUYEN (B.V.), KIMOTO (K.), IWABUCHI (N.), SUMIDA (H.), HASEGAWA (I.), SASAKI (S.), TAMURA (T.), KUDO (T.), SUZUKI (K.), NAKAJIMA (M.) and SUNAIRI (M.): Curtobacterium ammoniigenes sp. nov., an ammonia-producing bacterium isolated from plants inhabiting acidic swamps in actual acid sulfate soil areas of Vietnam. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1447-1452.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Curtobacterium citreum (Komagata and Iizuka 1964) Yamada and Komagata 1972, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 15828= CCUG 12163 = CCUG 28999 = CIP 81.26 = DSM 20528 = IFO (now NBRC) 12677 = JCM 1345 = LMG 8786 = VKM B-1207.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X77436.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. citreum, of or pertaining to the citrus-tree, intended to mean lemon colored.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 KOMAGATA (K.) and IIZUKA (H.): New species of Brevibacterium isolated from rice. (Studies on the microorganisms of cereal grains, Part VII). Journal of the Agricultural Chemical Society of Japan, 1964, 38, 496-502. 2 YAMADA (K.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Taxonomic studies on coryneform bacteria. V. Classification of coryneform bacteria. Journal of General and Applied Microbiology, 1972, 18, 417-431.

= ¤ Brevibacterium citreum Komagata and Iizuka 1964 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: Curtobacterium citreum (Komagata and Iizuka 1964) Yamada and Komagata 1972 (Approved Lists 1980) and Brevibacterium citreum Komagata and Iizuka 1964 (Approved Lists 1980) have the same type strain and therefore are homotypic synonyms [Rules 24a and 24b (1)].

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Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens (Hedges 1922) Collins and Jones 1984, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CIP 107085 = ICMP 2584 = JCM 9670 = LMG 3645 = NCPPB 1446.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ312209.
Basonym: ¤ Corynebacterium flaccumfaciens (Hedges 1922) Dowson 1942 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: ¤ Corynebacterium flaccumfaciens subsp. flaccumfaciens (Hedges 1922) Dowson 1942, ¤ Corynebacterium betae Keyworth et al. 1956 (Approved Lists 1980), ¤ Corynebacterium flaccumfaciens subsp. betae (Keyworth et al. 1956) Carlson and Vidaver 1982, ¤ Corynebacterium oortii Saaltink and Maas Geesteranus 1969 (Approved Lists 1980), ¤ Corynebacterium flaccumfaciens subsp. oortii (Saaltink and Maas Geesteranus 1969) Carlson and Vidaver 1982, ¤ Corynebacterium poinsettiae (Starr and Pirone 1942) Burkholder 1948 (Approved Lists 1980), ¤ Corynebacterium flaccumfaciens subsp. poinsettiae (Starr and Pirone 1942) Carlson and Vidaver 1982.
Etymology: L. adj. flaccus, flabby; L. part. adj. faciens, making; N.L. part. adj. flaccumfaciens, wilt-making.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 14. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 270-271.
Effective publication: COLLINS (M.D.) and JONES (D.): Reclassification of Corynebacterium flaccumfaciens, Corynebacterium betae, Corynebacterium oortii and Corynebacterium poinsettiae in the genus Curtobacterium, as Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens comb. nov. J. Gen. Microbiol., 1983, 129, 3545-3548.
Validation List no. 14 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Curtobacterium ginsengisoli Kim et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DCY26 = JCM 14773 = KCTC 13163.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF587758.
Etymology: N.L. n. ginsengum, ginseng; L. n. solum, soil; N.L. gen. n. ginsengisoli, of soil of a ginseng field, the source of the type strain.
Valid publication: KIM, (M.K.) KIM (Y.J.), KIM (H.B.), KIM (S.Y.), YI (T.H.) and YANG (D.C.): Curtobacterium ginsengisoli sp. nov., isolated from soil of a ginseng field. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2393-2397.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Gryllotalpicola ginsengisoli (Kim et al. 2008) Kim et al. 2012, comb. nov.

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Curtobacterium herbarum Behrendt et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) P 420/07 = DSM 14013 = JCM 12140 = LMG 19917 = NBRC 103064.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ310413.
Etymology: L. gen. pl. fem. n. herbarum, of herbs; here intended to mean of plants.
Valid publication: BEHRENDT (U.), ULRICH (A.), SCHUMANN (P.), NAUMANN (D.) and SUZUKI (K.): Diversity of grass-associated Microbacteriaceae isolated from the phyllosphere and litter layer after mulching the sward; polyphasic characterization of Subtercola pratensis sp. nov., Curtobacterium herbarum sp. nov. and Plantibacter flavus gen. nov., sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1441-1454.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Curtobacterium luteum (Komagata and Iizuka 1964) Yamada and Komagata 1972, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 15830= CCUG 23848 = CIP 102694 = DSM 20542 = IAM 1623 = IFO (now NBRC) 12676 = JCM 1480 = LMG 8787 = VKM B-1210.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X77437.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. luteum, golden-yellow, saffron-yellow.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 KOMAGATA (K.) and IIZUKA (H.): New species of Brevibacterium isolated from rice. (Studies on the microorganisms of cereal grains, Part VII). Journal of the Agricultural Chemical Society of Japan, 1964, 38, 496-502. 2 YAMADA (K.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Taxonomic studies on coryneform bacteria. V. Classification of coryneform bacteria. Journal of General and Applied Microbiology, 1972, 18, 417-431.

= ¤ Brevibacterium luteum Komagata and Iizuka 1964 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: Curtobacterium luteum (Komagata and Iizuka 1964) Yamada and Komagata 1972 (Approved Lists 1980) and Brevibacterium luteum Komagata and Iizuka 1964 (Approved Lists 1980) have the same type strain and therefore are homotypic synonyms [Rules 24a and 24b (1)].

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Curtobacterium plantarum Dunleavy 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CL63 = ATCC 49174= DSM 7069 = LMG 16222.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JN175348.
Etymology: L. fem. n. planta, any vegetable production that serves to propagate the species, a plant; L. gen. pl. n. plantarum, of plants.
Valid publication: DUNLEAVY (J.M.): Curtobacterium plantarum sp. nov. is ubiquitous in plant leaves and is seed transmitted in soybean and corn. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 240-249.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 According to the American Type Culture Collection (ATCC), the type strain of Curtobacterium plantarum Dunleavy 1989 (ATCC 49174= DSM 7069) is a member of the species ¤ Pantoea agglomerans (Ewing and Fife 1972) Gavini et al. 1989.
Reference: TANG (J.): Personal communication (September 07, 2001).
2 The 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain shows an unexpected affiliation with the family ¤ Enterobacteriaceae (99.86% similarity against ¤ Pantoea agglomerans).
Reference: YARZA (P.), SPRÖER (C.), SWIDERSKI (J.), MROTZEK (N.), SPRING (S.), TINDALL (B.J.), GRONOW (S.), PUKALL (R.), KLENK (H.P.), LANG (E.), VERBARG (S.), CROUCH (A.), LILBURN (T.), BECK (B.), UNOSSON (C.), CARDEW (S.), MOORE (E.R.B.), GOMILA (M.), NAKAGAWA (Y.), JANSSENS (D.), DE VOS (P.), PEIREN (J.), SUTTELS (T.), CLERMONT (D.), BIZET (C.), SAKAMOTO (M.), IIDA (T.), KUDO (T.), KOSAKO (Y.), OSHIDA (Y.), OHKUMA (M.), ARAHAL (D.R.), SPIECK (E.), POMMERENING ROESER (A.), FIGGE (M.), PARK (D.), BUCHANAN (P.), CIFUENTES (A.), MUNOZ (R.), EUZEBY (J.P.), SCHLEIFER (K.H.), LUDWIG (W.), AMANN (R.), GLÖCKNER (F.O.) and RÓSSELLO-MÓRA (R.): Sequencing orphan species initiative (SOS): Filling the gaps in the 16S rRNA gene sequence database for all species with validly published names. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2013, 36, 69-73.
Publication online 

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Curtobacterium pusillum (Iizuka and Komagata 1965) Yamada and Komagata 1972, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 19096= CIP 81.24 = DSM 20527 = IFO (now NBRC) 12674 = JCM 1350 = LMG 8788 = VKM Ac-2099.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ784400.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. pusillum, very small.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 IIZUKA (H.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Microbiological studies on petroleum and natural gas. III. Determination of Brevibacterium, Arthrobacter, Micrococcus, Sarcina, Alcaligenes and Achromobacter isolated from oil-brines in Japan. Journal of General and Applied Microbiology, 1965, 11, 1-14. 2 YAMADA (K.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Taxonomic studies on coryneform bacteria. V. Classification of coryneform bacteria. Journal of General and Applied Microbiology, 1972, 18, 417-431.

= ¤ Brevibacterium pusillum Iizuka and Komagata 1965 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: Curtobacterium pusillum (Iizuka and Komagata 1965) Yamada and Komagata 1972 (Approved Lists 1980) and Brevibacterium pusillum Iizuka and Komagata 1965 (Approved Lists 1980) have the same type strain and therefore are homotypic synonyms [Rules 24a and 24b (1)].

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Curtobacterium saperdae (Lysenko 1959) Yamada and Komagata 1972, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 19272= CCUG 33092 = CCEB 366 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 12119 = CIP 104420 = DSM 20169 = IAM 12547 = IFO (now NBRC) 15038 = IMET 11076 = JCM 1352 = LMG 16343 = NRRL B-14833 = VKM Ac-1414.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB004719.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. saperdae, of Saperda (scientific name of a genus of insects), isolated from Saperda caracharias.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 LYSENKO (O.): The occurrence of species of the genus Brevibacterium in insects. Journal of Insect Pathology, 1959, 1, 34-42. 2 YAMADA (K.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Taxonomic studies on coryneform bacteria. V. Classification of coryneform bacteria. Journal of General and Applied Microbiology, 1972, 18, 417-431.

= ¤ Brevibacterium saperdae Lysenko 1959 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: Curtobacterium saperdae (Lysenko 1959) Yamada and Komagata 1972 (Approved Lists 1980) and Brevibacterium saperdae Lysenko 1959 (Approved Lists 1980) have the same type strain and therefore are homotypic synonyms [Rules 24a and 24b (1)].

¤ Aureobacterium saperdae (Lysenko 1959) Collins et al. 1983, comb. nov.

¤ Microbacterium saperdae (Lysenko 1959) Takeuchi and Hatano 1998, comb. nov.

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Curtobacterium testaceum (Komagata and Iizuka 1964) Yamada and Komagata 1972, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 15829= CCM 2299 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 12120 = DSM 20166 = IAM 1561 = IFO (now NBRC) 12675 = IMET 10361 = VKM Ac-1019 = JCM 1353.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X77445.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. testaceum, brick-colored.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 KOMAGATA (K.) and IIZUKA (H.): New species of Brevibacterium isolated from rice. (Studies on the microorganisms of cereal grains, Part VII). Journal of the Agricultural Chemical Society of Japan, 1964, 38, 496-502. 2 YAMADA (K.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Taxonomic studies on coryneform bacteria. V. Classification of coryneform bacteria. Journal of General and Applied Microbiology, 1972, 18, 417-431.

= ¤ Brevibacterium testaceum Komagata and Iizuka 1964 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: Curtobacterium testaceum (Komagata and Iizuka 1964) Yamada and Komagata 1972 (Approved Lists 1980) and Brevibacterium testaceum Komagata and Iizuka 1964 (Approved Lists 1980) have the same type strain and therefore are homotypic synonyms [Rules 24a and 24b (1)].

¤ Aureobacterium testaceum (Komagata and Iizuka 1964) Collins et al. 1983, comb. nov.

¤ Microbacterium testaceum (Komagata and Iizuka 1964) Takeuchi and Hatano 1998, comb. nov.

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