Title

A-C D-L M-R S-Z

Sign up here for LPSN updates!


Genus Corynebacterium

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 128
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 11

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Corynebacterium Lehmann and Neumann 1896, genus. (Type genus of the suborder ¤ Corynebacterineae Stackebrandt et al. 1997; type genus of the family ¤ Corynebacteriaceae Lehmann and Neumann 1907 [Approved Lists 1980]).
Type species: ¤ Corynebacterium diphtheriae (Kruse 1886) Lehmann and Neumann 1896 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. n. korune, a club; L. neut. n. bacterium, a rod, and in biology a bacterium (so called because the first ones observed were rod-shaped); N.L. neut. n. Corynebacterium, a club bacterium.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: LEHMANN (K.B.) and NEUMANN (R.): Atlas und Grundriss der Bakteriologie und Lehrbuch der speciellen bakteriologischen Diagnostik, 1st ed., J.F. Lehmann, München, 1896.

Note: According to Collins 1983, Corynebacterium Lehmann and Neumann 1896 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Bacterionema Gilmour et al. 1961.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 10. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 438-440.
Effective publication: COLLINS (M.D.): Reclassification of Bacterionema matruchotii (Mendel) in the genus Corynebacterium, as Corynebacterium matruchotii comb. nov. Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig., 1982, C3, 364-367.
Validation List no. 10 in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Collins et al. 1989, Corynebacterium Lehmann and Neumann 1896 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Caseobacter Crombach 1978 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), SMIDA (J.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Phylogenetic evidence for the transfer of Caseobacter polymorphus (Crombach) to the genus Corynebacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 7-9.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Corynebacterium Lehmann and Neumann 1896 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Bernard et al. 2010.
Type species: ¤ Corynebacterium diphtheriae (Kruse 1886) Lehmann and Neumann 1896 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. n. korune, a club; L. neut. n. bacterium, a rod, and in biology a bacterium (so called because the first ones observed were rod-shaped); N.L. neut. n. Corynebacterium, a club bacterium.
Reference: BERNARD (K.A.), WIEBE (D.), BURDZ (T.), REIMER (A.), NG (B.), SINGH (C.), SCHINDLE (S.) and PACHECO (A.L.): Assignment of Brevibacterium stationis (ZoBell and Upham 1944) Breed 1953 to the genus Corynebacterium, as Corynebacterium stationis comb. nov., and emended description of the genus Corynebacterium to include isolates that can alkalinize citrate. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 874-879.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium accolens Neubauer et al. 1991, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CNCTC Th1/57 = ATCC 49725= CCUG 28779 = CIP 104783 = DSM 44278 = JCM 8331.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ439346.
Etymology: L. v. accolo, to dwell by or near, be a neighbor to; L. part. adj. accolens, dwelling by or near.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 37. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 331.
Effective publication: NEUBAUER (M.), SOUREK (J.), RYC (M.), BOHACEK (J.), MARA (M.) and MNUKOVA (J.): Corynebacterium accolens sp. nov., a gram-positive rod exhibiting satellitism, from clinical material. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1991, 14, 46-51.
Validation List no. 37 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: Corynebacterium accolens Neubauer et al. 1991 was previously known as CDC coryneform group G-1.

   image

Corynebacterium afermentans Riegel et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 51403= CCUG 32103 = CIP 103499 = DSM 44280 = JCM 10390 = LCDC 88199.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X82054.
Etymology: Gr. pref. a, not; L. part. adj. fermetans, leavening; N.L. part. adj. afermentans, nonfermenting; i.e. nonfermenting carbohydrates.
Valid publication: RIEGEL (P.), DE BRIEL (D.), PRÉVOST (G.), JEHL (F.), MONTEIL (H.) and MINCK (R.): Taxonomic study of Corynebacterium group ANF-1 strains: proposal of Corynebacterium afermentans sp. nov. containing the subspecies C. afermentans subsp. afermentans subsp. nov. and C. afermentans subsp. lipophilum subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 287-292.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Corynebacterium afermentans Riegel et al. 1993 was previously known as CDC coryneform group ANF-1.

   image

Corynebacterium afermentans subsp. afermentans Riegel et al. 1993, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 51403= CCUG 32103 = CIP 103499 = DSM 44280 = JCM 10390 = LCDC 88199.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X82054.
Etymology: Gr. pref. a, not; L. part. adj. fermetans, leavening; N.L. part. adj. afermentans, nonfermenting; i.e. nonfermenting carbohydrates.
Valid publication: RIEGEL (P.), DE BRIEL (D.), PRÉVOST (G.), JEHL (F.), MONTEIL (H.) and MINCK (R.): Taxonomic study of Corynebacterium group ANF-1 strains: Proposal of Corynebacterium afermentans sp. nov. containing the subspecies C. afermentans subsp. afermentans subsp. nov. and C. afermentans subsp. lipophilum subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 287-292.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium afermentans subsp. lipophilum Riegel et al. 1993, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) T18502 = ATCC 51404= CCUG 32105 = CIP 103500 = DSM 44282 = JCM 10391.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X82055.
Etymology: Gr. n. lipos, animal fat, lard, tallow; N.L. neut. adj. philum (from Gr. neut. adj. philon), friend, loving; N.L. neut. adj. lipophilum, fat loving.
Valid publication: RIEGEL (P.), DE BRIEL (D.), PRÉVOST (G.), JEHL (F.), MONTEIL (H.) and MINCK (R.): Taxonomic study of Corynebacterium group ANF-1 strains: Proposal of Corynebacterium afermentans sp. nov. containing the subspecies C. afermentans subsp. afermentans subsp. nov. and C. afermentans subsp. lipophilum subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 287-292.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium ammoniagenes (Cooke and Keith 1927) Collins 1987, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 6871= CCUG 38796 = CIP 101283 = DSM 20306 = IFO (now NBRC) 12612 = JCM 1305 = NCCB 60030 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 8143 = VKM B-672.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X84440.
Basonym: ¤ Brevibacterium ammoniagenes (Cooke and Keith 1927) Breed 1953 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonym: "Bacterium ammoniagenes" Cooke and Keith 1927.
Etymology: N.L. n. ammonia, ammonia; N.L. suff. -genes (from Gr. v. gennaô, to produce), producing; N.L. part. adj. ammoniagenes, ammonia-producing.
Valid publication: COLLINS (M.D.): Transfer of Brevibacterium ammoniagenes (Cooke and Keith) to the genus Corynebacterium as Corynebacterium ammoniagenes comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 442-443.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium amycolatum Collins et al. 1988, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) S160 = ATCC 49368= CCUG 35685 = CIP 103452 = DSM 6922 = IFO (now NBRC) 15207 = NCIMB 13130 (formerly NCFB 2768) = JCM 7447.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X82057.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. amycolatum, wanting in mycolates.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 27. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 449.
Effective publication: COLLINS (M.D.), BURTON (R.A.) and JONES (D.): Corynebacterium amycolatum sp. nov., a new mycolic acid-less Corynebacterium species from human skin. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 1988, 49, 349-352.
Validation List no. 27 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: Corynebacterium amycolatum Collins et al. 1988 was previously known as CDC coryneform groups F-2 and I-2.

   image

Corynebacterium appendicis Yassin et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCUG 48298 = DSM 44531 = IMMIB R-3491 = JCM 11765 = NRRL B-24151.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ314919.
Etymology: L. n. appendix -icis, that which hangs to any thing, an appendage; N.L. gen. n. appendicis, of an appendage, intended to mean pertaining to appendicitis, from which the patient from whom the clinical material was taken for isolation of the organism was suffering.
Valid publication: YASSIN (A.F.), STEINER (U.) and LUDWIG (W.): Corynebacterium appendicis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1165-1169.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium aquatimens Aravena-Román et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) IMMIB L-2475 = IMMIB L-2012475 No.1 = CCUG 61574 = DSM 45632.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HE575405.
Etymology: L. n. aqua, water; L. part. adj. timens, being afraid; N.L. part. adj. aquatimens, being afraid of water, referring to the high hydrophobicity of the organism.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 148. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2549-2554.
Effective publication: ARAVENA-ROMÁN (M.), SPRÖER (C.), SIERING (C.), INGLIS (T.), SCHUMANN (P.) and YASSIN (A.F.): Corynebacterium aquatimens sp. nov., a lipophilic Corynebacterium isolated from blood cultures of a patient with bacteremia. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2012, 35, 380-384.
Validation List no. 148 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

   image

Corynebacterium aquilae Fernández-Garayzábal et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) S-613 = CCUG 46511 = CECT 5993 = JCM 12268.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ496733.
Etymology: L. gen. n. aquilae, of an eagle.
Valid publication: FERNÁNDEZ-GARAYZÁBAL (J.F.), EGIDO (R.), VELA (A.I.), BRIONES (V.), COLLINS (M.D.), MATEOS (A.), HUTSON (R.A.), DOMÍNGUEZ (L.) and GOYACHE (J.): Isolation of Corynebacterium falsenii and description of Corynebacterium aquilae sp. nov., from eagles. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1135-1138.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium argentoratense Riegel et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) IBS B10697 = ATCC 51927= CCUG 34893 = CIP 104296 = DSM 44202 = JCM 10392.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X83955.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. argentoratense, of or pertaining to Argentoratus, Latin name of the city of Strasbourg, where the organism was isolated.
Valid publication: RIEGEL (P.), RUIMY (R.), DE BRIEL (D.), PRÉVOST (G.), JEHL (F.), BIMET (F.), CHRISTEN (R.) and MONTEIL (H.): Corynebacterium argentoratense sp. nov., from the human throat. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 533-537.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium atrinae Kim et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) PSPT56=KACC 17525=JCM 19266.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF135179.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. atrinae, of Atrina, isolated from the gastrointestinal tract of a pen shell, Atrina pectinata.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: KIM, P. S., SHIN, N.-R., HYUN, D.-W., KIM, J. Y., WHON, T. W., OH, S. J. and BAE, J.-W. 2015. Corynebacterium atrinae sp. nov., isolated from the gastrointestinal tract of a pen shell, Atrina pectinata. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 531-536
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium atypicum Hall et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) R2070 = CCUG 45804 = CIP 107431 = JCM 12368.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ441057.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. atypicum, not typical, referring to the absence of corynomycolic acids, a feature normally present in corynebacteria.
Valid publication: HALL (V.), COLLINS (M.D.), HUTSON (R.A.), LAWSON (P.A.), FALSEN (E.) and DUERDEN (B.I.): Corynebacterium atypicum sp. nov., from a human clinical source, does not contain corynomycolic acids. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1065-1068.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium aurimucosum Yassin et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCUG 47449 = DSM 44532 = IMMIB D-1488 = JCM 11766 = NRRL B-24143.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ309207.
Etymology: L. n. aurum, gold; L. neut. adj. mucosum, slimy; N.L. neut. adj. aurimucosum, slimy and gold-colored, pertaining to the appearance of colonies.
Valid publication: YASSIN (A.F.), STEINER (U.) and LUDWIG (W.): Corynebacterium aurimucosum sp. nov. and emended description of Corynebacterium minutissimum Collins and Jones (1983). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1001-1005.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this new species is not validly published, because the protologue of the effective publication makes reference to the deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However, another recognized culture collection in a different country is cited in the abstract. According to the Judicial Opinion 81, Corynebacterium aurimucosum Yassin et al. 2002 is to be considered to be validly published.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

Corynebacterium aurimucosum Yassin et al. 2002 emend. Daneshvar et al. 2004.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DSM 44532 = IMMIB D-1488 = JCM 11766 = NRRL B-24143.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ309207.
Etymology: L. n. aurum, gold; L. neut. adj. mucosum, slimy; N.L. neut. adj. aurimucosum, slimy and gold-colored, pertaining to the appearance of colonies.
References: List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 1. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 7-8. [DANESHVAR (M.I.), HOLLIS (D.G.), WEYANT (R.S.), JORDAN (J.G.), MacGREGOR (J.P.), MOREY (R.E.), WHITNEY (A.M.), BRENNER (D.J.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), HELSEL (L.O.), RANEY (P.M.), PATEL (J.B.), LEVETT (P.N.) and BROWN (J.M.): Identification of some charcoal-black-pigmented CDC fermentative coryneform group 4 isolates as Rothia dentocariosa and some as Corynebacterium aurimucosum: proposal of Rothia dentocariosa emend. Georg and Brown 1967, Corynebacterium aurimucosum emend. Yassin et al. 2002, and Corynebacterium nigricans Shukla et al. 2003 pro synon. Corynebacterium aurimucosum. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2004, 42, 4189-4198.]
List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 1 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: According to Daneshvar et al. 2004 Corynebacterium aurimucosum Yassin et al. 2002 emend. Daneshvar et al. 2004 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Corynebacterium nigricans Shukla et al. 2004.
References: List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 1. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 7-8. [DANESHVAR (M.I.), HOLLIS (D.G.), WEYANT (R.S.), JORDAN (J.G.), MacGREGOR (J.P.), MOREY (R.E.), WHITNEY (A.M.), BRENNER (D.J.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), HELSEL (L.O.), RANEY (P.M.), PATEL (J.B.), LEVETT (P.N.) and BROWN (J.M.): Identification of some charcoal-black-pigmented CDC fermentative coryneform group 4 isolates as Rothia dentocariosa and some as Corynebacterium aurimucosum: proposal of Rothia dentocariosa emend. Georg and Brown 1967, Corynebacterium aurimucosum emend. Yassin et al. 2002, and Corynebacterium nigricans Shukla et al. 2003 pro synon. Corynebacterium aurimucosum. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2004, 42, 4189-4198.]
List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 1 in IJSEM Online - Original article Online

   image

Corynebacterium auris Funke et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 51966= CCUG 33426 = CIP 104632 = DMMZ 328 = DSM 44122 = JCM 11946 = LMG 19072.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X81873.
Etymology: L. n. auris -is, the ear; L. gen. n. auris, of the ear.
Valid publication: FUNKE (G.), LAWSON (P.A.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Heterogeneity within human-derived Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) coryneform group ANF-1-like bacteria and description of Corynebacterium auris sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 735-739.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Corynebacterium auris Funke et al. 1995 was previously known as CDC coryneform group ANF-1.

   image

Corynebacterium auriscanis Collins et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) M598/96/1 = CCUG 39938 = CIP 106629 = DSM 44609 = JCM 12369.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ243819.
Etymology: L. n. auris -is, the ear; L. n. canis -is, a dog; N.L. gen. n. auriscanis, of the ear of the dog.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 73. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 423-424.
Effective publication: COLLINS (M.D.), HOYLES (L.), LAWSON (P.A.), FALSEN (E.), ROBSON (R.L.) and FOSTER (G.): Phenotypic and phylogenetic characterization of a new Corynebacterium species from dogs: description of Corynebacterium auriscanis sp. nov. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1999, 37, 3443-3447.
Validation List no. 73 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

   image

Corynebacterium betae Keyworth et al. 1956, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NCPPB 374 = LMG 3596.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF348974.
Etymology: L. gen. n. betae, of the beet.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: KEYWORTH (W.G.), HOWELL (J.T.S.) and DOWSON (W.J.): Corynebacterium betae (sp. nov.) The causal organism of silvering disease of red beet. Plant Pathology, 1956, 5, 88-90.

¤ Corynebacterium flaccumfaciens subsp. betae (Keyworth et al. 1956) Carlson and Vidaver 1982, comb. nov.

¤ Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens (Hedges 1922) Collins and Jones 1983, comb. nov.

   image

Corynebacterium beticola Abdou 1969, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LMG 7187 = NCPPB 2256 = NCPPB 3128.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not found.
Etymology: L. n. beta, the beet; L. suff. -cola (from L. n. incola), inhabitant; dweller; N.L. n. beticola, beet-dweller.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: ABDOU (M. A-F.): Über eine neue Art eines laevanbildenden Bakteriums aus Zuckerruben, Corynebacterium beticola. Phytopathologische Zeitschrift, 1969, 66, 147-167.

Note: The results of morphological, physiological and chemical studies indicate that the type strain of Corynebacterium beticola Abdou 1969 (Approved Lists 1980) is a Gram negative, facultatively anaerobic bacterium which would be assigned to the genus ¤ Erwinia as ¤ Erwinia herbicola (Löhnis 1911) Dye 1964 (Approved Lists 1980). According to Rule 37a (1) the name Corynebacterium beticola must be changed to Erwinia herbicola (now ¤ Pantoea agglomerans (Ewing and Fife 1972) Gavini et al. 1989). However, this change has not been validly published.
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.) and JONES (D.): Taxonomic studies on Corynebacterium beticola (Abdou). J. Appl. Bacteriol., 1982, 52, 229-233.
Original article Online

   image

Corynebacterium bovis Bergey et al. 1923, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 7715= CCUG 2705 = CIP 54.80 = DSM 20582 = JCM 11947 = NCTC 3224.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X84444.
Etymology: L. n. bos bovis,a cow; L. gen. n. bovis, of a cow.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BERGEY (D.H.), HARRISON (F.C.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.) and HUNTOON (F.M.) (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 1st ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1923, pp. 1-442.

   image

Corynebacterium callunae (Lee and Good 1963) Yamada and Komagata 1972, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 15991= CCUG 28793 = CIP 104277 = DSM 20147 = HAMBI 2053 = IFO (now NBRC) 15359 = JCM 9489.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X84251.
Synonym: "Corynebacterium callunae" Lee and Good 1963.
Etymology: N.L. n. calluna, generic name of heather; N.L. gen. n. callunae, of heather.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 E (W.H.) and GOOD (R.C.): Amino acid synthesis (United States Patent 3,087,863). Official Gazette of the United States Patent Office, 1963, 789, 1349. 2 YAMADA (K.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Taxonomic studies on coryneform bacteria. V. Classification of coryneform bacteria. Journal of General and Applied Microbiology, 1972, 18, 417-431.

   image

Corynebacterium camporealensis (sic) Fernández-Garayzábal et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CRS-51 = ATCC BAA-77 = CCUG 39412 = CECT 4897 = CIP 105508 = DSM 44610 = JCM 11664.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y09569.
Etymology: N.L. adj. camporealensis, of or belonging to Campo Real, Madrid, Spain.
Valid publication: FERNÁNDEZ-GARAYZÁBAL (J.F.), COLLINS (M.D.), HUTSON (R.A.), GONZALEZ (I.), FERNÁNDEZ (E.) and DOMÍNGUEZ (L.): Corynebacterium camporealensis sp. nov., associated with subclinical mastitis in sheep. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 463-468.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium canis Funke et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 1170 = CCUG 58627 = DSM 45402.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ871934.
Etymology: L. gen. n. canis, of a dog.
Valid publication: FUNKE (G.), ENGLERT (R.), FRODL (R.), BERNARD (K.A.) and STENGER (S.): Corynebacterium canis sp. nov., isolated from a wound infection caused by a dog bite. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2544-2547.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium capitovis Collins et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) S108/98/2 = CCUG 39779 = CIP 106739 = DSM 44611 = JCM 12101.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ297402.
Etymology: L. n. caput -itis, the head; L. n. ovis -is,a sheep; N.L. gen. n. capitovis, of a sheep´s head.
Valid publication: COLLINS (M.D.), HOYLES (L.), FOSTER (G.), SJÖDÉN (B.) and FALSEN (E.): Corynebacterium capitovis sp. nov., from a sheep. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 857-860.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium casei Brennan et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CIP 107182 = DPC 5298 = DSM 44701 = JCM 12072 = LMG S-19264 = NCIMB 30130.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF267152.
Etymology: L. gen. n. casei, of cheese, named because the organism was isolated from cheese.
Valid publication: BRENNAN (N.M.), BROWN (R.), GOODFELLOW (M.), WARD (A.C.), BERESFORD (T.P.), SIMPSON (P.J.), FOX (P.F.) and COGAN (T.M.): Corynebacterium mooreparkense sp. nov. and Corynebacterium casei sp. nov., isolated from the surface of a smear-ripened cheese. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 843-852.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this new species is not validly published, because the protologue of the effective publication makes reference to the deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However, another recognized culture collection in a different country is cited in the abstract. According to the Judicial Opinion 81, Corynebacterium casei Brennan et al. 2001 is to be considered to be validly published.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium caspium Collins et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) M/106/00/5 = CCUG 44566 = CIP 107965 = JCM 13387.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ566641.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. caspium, of or belonging to the Caspian Sea, referring to the isolation of the type strain from a Caspian seal.
Valid publication: COLLINS (M.D.), HOYLES (L.), FOSTER (G.) and FALSEN (E.): Corynebacterium caspium sp. nov., from a Caspian seal (Phoca caspica). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 925-928.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium ciconiae Fernández-Garayzábal et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) BS13 = CCUG 47525 = CECT 5779 = JCM 13388.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ555193.
Etymology: L. gen. n. ciconiae, of a stork, isoltad from black storks (Ciconia nigra).
Valid publication: FERNÁNDEZ-GARAYZÁBAL (J.F.), VELA (A.I.), EGIDO (R.), HUTSON (R.A.), LANZAROT (M.P.), FERNÁNDEZ-GARCÍA (M.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Corynebacterium ciconiae sp. nov., isolated from the trachea of black storks (Ciconia nigra). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 2191-2195.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium confusum Funke et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCUG 38267 = CIP 105403 = DMMZ 2439 = DSM 44384 = JCM 12102.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y15886.
Etymology: L. neut. part. adj. confusum, confused, to indicate that this bacterium might be phenotypically confused with many other Corynebacterium species.
Valid publication: FUNKE (G.), OSORIO (C.R.), FREI (R.), RIEGEL (P.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Corynebacterium confusum sp. nov., isolated from human clinical specimens. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1291-1296.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium coyleae Funke et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 700219= CCUG 38194 = CIP 104919 = DMMZ 214 = DSM 44184 = JCM 10381.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X96497.
Etymology: N.L. gen. fem. n. coyleae, of Coyle, to honor the American microbiologist Marie B. Coyle for her contributions to the clinical microbiology of coryneform bacteria.
Valid publication: FUNKE (G.), PASCUAL RAMOS (C.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Corynebacterium coyleae sp. nov., isolated from human clinical specimens. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 92-96.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Funke et al., the type strain CCUG 38194 is erroneously cited as CCUG 35014.

   image

Corynebacterium crudilactis Zimmermann et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JZ16=DSM 100882=CCUG 69192=LMG 29813.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KR534194.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: CP015622.
Etymology: L. adj. crudus, raw; L. n. lac, lactis, milk; N.L. gen. n. crudilactis, of raw milk.
Source: Food and drink.
Valid publication: ZIMMERMANN, J., RUCKERT, C., KALINOWSKI, J. and LIPSKI, A. 2016. Corynebacterium crudilactis sp. nov., isolated from raw cow's milk. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 5288-5293.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium cystitidis Yanagawa and Honda 1978, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 29593= CCUG 28794 = CIP 103424 = DSM 20524 = IFO (now NBRC) 15284 = JCM 3715 = NCTC 11863.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X84252.
Etymology: Gr. n. kustis, bladder; N.L. n. cystitis, cystitis; N.L. gen. n. cystitidis, of cystitis.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: YANAGAWA (R.) and HONDA (E.): Corynebacterium pilosum and Corynebacterium cystitidis, two new species from cows. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1978, 28, 209-216.

   image

Corynebacterium deserti Zhou et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) GIMN1.010 = CCTCC AB 2010341 = NRRL B-59552.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HQ612241.
Etymology: L. gen. n. deserti, of desert, referring to the isolation of the type strain from desert.
Valid publication: ZHOU (Z.), YUAN (M.), TANG (R.), CHEN (M.), LIN (M.) and ZHANG (W.): Corynebacterium deserti sp. nov., isolated from desert sand. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 791-794.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium diphtheriae (Kruse 1886) Lehmann and Neumann 1896, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 27010= CIP 100721 = DSM 44123 = NCTC 11397.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X84248.
Synonyms: "Microsporon diphthericum" (sic) Klebs 1875, "Microsporon diphtheriticum" Klebs 1883, "Bacillus diphtheriae" Kruse in Flügge 1886, "Pacinia loeffleri" Trevisan 1889, "Bacterium diphtheriae" (Kruse 1886) Migula 1900, "Mycobacterium diphtheriae" (Kruse 1886) Krasil'nikov 1941.
Etymology: Gr. n. diphthera, prepared hide, piece of leather; N.L. fem. n. diphtheria, a disease in which a leathery membrane forms in the throat; N.L. gen. n. diphtheriae, of diphtheria.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 KRUSE (W.). In: C. FLÜGGE (ed.), Die Mikroorganismen, 3rd ed., F.C.W. Vogel, Leipzig, 1886, pp. 1-692. 2 LEHMANN (K.B.) and NEUMANN (R.): Atlas und Grundriss der Bakteriologie und Lehrbuch der speciellen bakteriologischen Diagnostik, 1st ed., J.F. Lehmann, München, 1896.

   image

Corynebacterium doosanense Lee et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CAU 212 = CCUG 57284 = JCM 17317 = KCTC 19568.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU998655.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. doosanense, belonging to Doosan, named after the Doosan group, the Foundation of Chung-Ang University where the taxonomic studies on this species were performed.
Valid publication: LEE (H.J.), CHO (S.L.), JUNG (M.Y.), VAN NGUYEN (T.H.), JUNG (Y.C.), PARK (H.K.), LE (V.P.) and KIM (W.): Corynebacterium doosanense sp. nov., isolated from activated sludge. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2734-2737.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium durum Riegel et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) IBS G15036 = CCUG 37331 = CIP 105490 = DSM 44351 = JCM 11948.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z97069.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. durum, hard.
Valid publication: RIEGEL (P.), HELLER (R.), PREVOST (G.), JEHL (F.) and MONTEIL (H.): Corynebacterium durum sp. nov., from human clinical specimens. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 1107-1111.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium efficiens Fudou et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) YS-314 = AJ 12310 = CCUG 47130 = CCUG 48037 = DSM 44549 = JCM 11189 = NBRC 100395.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB055963.
Etymology: L. part. adj. efficiens, effecting, effective, efficient.
Valid publication: FUDOU (R.), JOJIMA (Y.), SETO (A.), YAMADA (K.), KIMURA (E.), NAKAMATSU (T.), HIRAISHI (A.) and YAMANAKA (S.): Corynebacterium efficiens sp. nov., a glutamic-acid-producing species from soil and vegetables. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1127-1131.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium epidermidicanis Frischmann et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 410 = CCUG 60915 = DSM 45586 = LMG 26322.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR874223.
Etymology: L. n. epidermis -idis, the skin; L. n. canis -is, a dog; N.L. gen. n. epidermidicanis, of the skin of a dog.
Valid publication: FRISCHMANN (A.), KNOLL (A.), HILBERT (F.), ZASADA (A.A.), KÄMPFER (P.) and BUSSE (H.J.): Corynebacterium epidermidicanis sp. nov., isolated from skin of a dog. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2194-2200.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium equi Magnusson 1923, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 25729= ATCC 6939= CCUG 892 = CIP 54.72 = DSM 20307 = JCM 1311 = JCM 3209 = LMG 18452 = NBRC 101255 = NCTC 1621 = VKM Ac-953.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X80614.
Synonyms: "Corynebacterium pyogenes (equi)" Miessner and Wetzel 1923, "Corynebacterium (pyogenes) equi roseum" Lutje 1923, "Mycobacterium equi" (Magnusson 1923) Jensen 1934, "Corynebacterium magnusson-holth" Plum 1940, "Corynebacterium purulentus" (sic) Holtman 1945.
Etymology: L. gen. n. equi, of a horse.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: MAGNUSSON (M.): Spezifische infektiose Pneumonie beim Fohlen. Ein neuer Eitreneger beim Pferde. Archiv fur wissenschaftliche u. praktische Tierheilkunde, 1923, 50, 22-38.

= ¤ Rhodococcus equi (Magnusson 1923) Goodfellow and Alderson 1977 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: SLY (L.I.), MUTIMER (M.D.) and WOOLCOCK (J.B.) Confusing irregularities in the nomenclature of some Rhodococcus species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 658-659.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The type strain ATCC 6939= NCTC 1621 of Corynebacterium equi Magnusson 1923 (Approved Lists 1980), is the same that the type strain ATCC 25729= NCTC 1621 of ¤ Rhodococcus equi (Magnusson 1923) Goodfellow and Alderson 1977 (Approved Lists 1980). Therefore, Corynebacterium equi Magnusson 1923 (Approved Lists 1980) is a homotypic synonym of Rhodococcus equi (Magnusson 1923) Goodfellow and Alderson 1977 (Approved Lists 1980).
2 According to Rainey et al. 1995, Corynebacterium equi Magnusson 1923 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Nocardia restricta (Turfitt 1944) McClung 1974 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: RAINEY (F.A.), BURGHARDT (J.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.), KLATTE (S.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Polyphasic evidence for the transfer of Rhodococcus roseus to Rhodococcus rhodochrous. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 101-103.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium faecale Chen et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) YIM 101505=DSM 45971=CCTCC AB 2013226.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KT216265.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: L.n. faex dregs; L. neut. adj. faecale, reflecting that the type strain was isolated from faeces.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: CHEN, X., LI, G. D., LI, Q. Y., HU, C. J., LIU, C. B., JIANG, Y., JIANG, C. L., HAN, L. and HUANG, X. S. 2016. Corynebacterium faecale sp. nov., isolated from the faeces of Assamese macaque Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 2478-2483.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium falsenii Sjödén et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Y13024 = CCUG 33651 = CIP 105466 = DSM 44353 = JCM 11949.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y13024.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. falsenii, of Falsen, to honor the Swedish microbiologist and taxonomist Enevold Falsen curator of the CCUG, for his lifelong contributions to bacterial taxonomy as well as for the systematic collection and characterization of prokaryotes.
Valid publication: SJÖDÉN (B.), FUNKE (G.), IZQUIERDO (A.), AKERVALL (E.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Description of some coryneform bacteria isolated from human clinical specimens as Corynebacterium falsenii sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 69-74.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Corynebacterium falsenii Sjödén et al. 1998 was previously known as EF (Enevold Falsen) group 42 bacteria.

   image

Corynebacterium fascians (Tilford 1936) Dowson 1942, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 12974= CFBP 2401 = CIP 104713 = DSM 20669 = ICMP 5833 = JCM 10002 = LMG 3623 = NCPPB 3067 = NRRL B-16937 = VKM Ac-1462.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X79186.
Synonyms: "Phytomonas fascians" Tilford 1936, "Bacterium fascians" (Tilford 1936) Lacey 1939, "Pseudobacterium fasciens" (sic) (Tilford 1936) Krasil'nikov 1949.
Etymology: L. part. adj. fascians, binding together, bundling.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 TILFORD (P.E.): Fasciation of sweet peas caused by Phytomonas fascians n. sp. Journal of Agricultural Research, 1936, 53, 383-394. 2 DOWSON (W.J.): On the generic name of the gram-positive bacterial plant pathogens. Transactions of the British Mycological Society, 1942, 25, 311-314.

¤ Rhodococcus fascians (Tilford 1936) Goodfellow 1984, comb. nov.

   image

Corynebacterium felinum Collins et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) M714/95/5 = CCUG 39943 = CIP 106740 = DSM 44508 = JCM 12103.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ401282.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. felinum, of or belonging to a cat.
Valid publication: COLLINS (M.D.), HOYLES (L.), HUTSON (R.A.), FOSTER (G.) and FALSEN (E.): Corynebacterium testudinoris sp. nov., from a tortoise, and Corynebacterium felinum sp. nov., from a Scottish wild cat. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1349-1352.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium flaccumfaciens (Hedges 1922) Dowson 1942, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CIP 107085 = ICMP 2584 = JCM 9670 = LMG 3645 = NCPPB 1446.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ312209.
Synonyms: "Bacterium flaccumfaciens" Hedges 1922, "Phytomonas flaccumfaciens" (Hedges 1922) Bergey et al. 1923, "Pseudomonas flaccumfaciens" (Hedges 1922) Stevens 1925.
Etymology: L. adj. flaccus, flabby; L. part. adj. faciens, making; N.L. part. adj. flaccumfaciens, wilt-making.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 HEDGES (F.): A bacterial wilt of the bean caused by Bacterium flaccumfaciens nov. sp. Science (Washington), 1922, 55, 433-434. 2 DOWSON (W.J.): On the generic name of the gram-positive bacterial plant pathogens. Transactions of the British Mycological Society, 1942, 25, 311-314.

Note: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

¤ Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens (Hedges 1922) Collins and Jones 1984, comb. nov.

   image

Corynebacterium flaccumfaciens subsp. betae (Keyworth et al. 1956) Carlson and Vidaver 1982, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NCPPB 374 = LMG 3596.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF348974.
Basonym: ¤ Corynebacterium betae Keyworth et al. 1956 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. gen. n. betae, of the beet.
Valid publication: CARLSON (R.R.) and VIDAVER (A.K.): Taxonomy of Corynebacterium plant pathogens, including a new pathogen of wheat, based on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of cellular proteins. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 315-326.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens (Hedges 1922) Collins and Jones 1984, comb. nov.

   image

Corynebacterium flaccumfaciens subsp. flaccumfaciens (Hedges 1922) Carlson and Vidaver 1982, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CIP 107085 = ICMP 2584 = JCM 9670 = LMG 3645 = NCPPB 1446.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ312209.
Etymology: L. adj. flaccus, flabby; L. part. adj. faciens, making; N.L. part. adj. flaccumfaciens, wilt-making.
Valid publication: CARLSON (R.R.) and VIDAVER (A.K.): Taxonomy of Corynebacterium plant pathogens, including a new pathogen of wheat, based on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of cellular proteins. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 315-326.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, (Hedges 1922) Dowson 1942, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The subspecies name Corynebacterium flaccumfaciens subsp. flaccumfaciens (Hedges 1922) Carlson and Vidaver 1982 is automatically created by the valid publication of Corynebacterium flaccumfaciens subsp. betae (Keyworth et al. 1956) Carlson and Vidaver 1982, the valid publication of Corynebacterium flaccumfaciens subsp. oortii (Saaltink and Maas Geesteranus 1969) Carlson and Vidaver 1982, and the valid publication of Corynebacterium flaccumfaciens subsp. poinsettiae (Starr and Pirone 1942) Carlson and Vidaver 1982 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].

¤ Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens (Hedges 1922) Collins and Jones 1984, comb. nov.

   image

Corynebacterium flaccumfaciens subsp. oortii (Saaltink and Maas Geesteranus 1969) Carlson and Vidaver 1982, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 25283= LMG 3702 = NCPPB 2113.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF348975.
Basonym: ¤ Corynebacterium oortii Saaltink and Maas Geesteranus 1969 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. oortii, of Oort, named for Dr. A.J.P. Oort, a Dutch professor of plant pathology.
Valid publication: CARLSON (R.R.) and VIDAVER (A.K.): Taxonomy of Corynebacterium plant pathogens, including a new pathogen of wheat, based on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of cellular proteins. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 315-326.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens (Hedges 1922) Collins and Jones 1984, comb. nov.

   image

Corynebacterium flaccumfaciens subsp. poinsettiae (Starr and Pirone 1942) Carlson and Vidaver 1982, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 9682= CIP 107084 = DSM 20149 = LMG 3715.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM410687.
Basonym: ¤ Corynebacterium poinsettiae (Starr and Pirone 1942) Burkholder 1948 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: "Phytomonas poinsettiae" Starr and Pirone 1942, "Bacterium poinsettiae" (Starr and Pirone 1942) Hauduroy et al. 1953.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. poinsettiae, of Poinsettia, a genus of flowering plants.
Valid publication: CARLSON (R.R.) and VIDAVER (A.K.): Taxonomy of Corynebacterium plant pathogens, including a new pathogen of wheat, based on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of cellular proteins. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 315-326.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens (Hedges 1922) Collins and Jones 1984, comb. nov.

   image

Corynebacterium flavescens Barksdale et al. 1979, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 8 of Orla-Jensen = ATCC 10340= CCUG 28791 = CIP 69.5 = DSM 20296 = IFO (now NBRC) 14136 = JCM 1317 = LMG 4046 = NCCB 42012 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 8707 = VKM Ac-1956.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X84441.
Synonyms: "Microbacterium flavum" Orla-Jensen 1919, "Mycobacterium flavum" (Orla-Jensen 1919) Jensen 1934.
Etymology: L. part. adj. flavescens, becoming yellow.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BARKSDALE (L.), LANÉELLE (M.-A.), POLLICE (M.C.), ASSELINEAU (J.), WELBY (M.) and NORGARD (M.V.): Biological and chemical basis for the reclassification of Microbacterium flavum Orla-Jensen as Corynebacterium flavescens comb. nov. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1979, 29, 222-233.

Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), the author's name Lanéelle is erroneously cited as Leneelle (sic) in the reference "International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1979, 29, 222-233".
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium frankenforstense Wiertz et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ST18=DSM 45800=CCUG 63371.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HE983827.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. frankenforstense, of or belonging to Frankenforst, the name of the experimental farm from where the type strain was isolated.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: WIERTZ, R., SCHÜLZ, S. C., MÜLLER, U., KÄMPFER, P. and LIPSKI, A. 2013. Corynebacterium frankenforstense sp. nov. and Corynebacterium lactis sp. nov., isolated from raw cow milk. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4495-4501.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium freiburgense Funke et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 1045 = CCUG 56874 = DSM 45254.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ157329.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. freiburgense, of or pertaining to Freiburg/Breisgau, Germany, named after the city where the bacterium was first isolated.
Valid publication: FUNKE (G.), FRODL (R.), BERNARD (K.A.) and ENGLERT (R.): Corynebacterium freiburgense sp. nov., isolated from a wound obtained from a dog bite. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2054-2057.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium freneyi Renaud et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCUG 45704 = CIP 106767 = DSM 44506 = ISPB 6695110 = JCM 12104.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ292762.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. freneyi, of Freney, to honor the French microbiologist Jean Freney.
Valid publication: RENAUD (F.N.R.), AUBEL (D.), RIEGEL (P.), MEUGNIER (H.) and BOLLET (C.): Corynebacterium freneyi sp. nov., α-glucosidase-positive strains related to Corynebacterium xerosis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1723-1728.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Corynebacterium freneyi Renaud et al. 2001 emend. Funke and Frodl 2008.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCUG 45704 = CIP 106767 = DSM 44506 = ISPB 6695110 = JCM 12104.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ292762.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. freneyi, of Freney, to honor the French microbiologist Jean Freney.
References: List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 8. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1515. [FUNKE (G.) and FRODL (R.): Comprehensive study of Corynebacterium freneyi strains and extended and emended description of Corynebacterium freneyi Renaud, Aubel, Riegel, and Bollet 2001. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2008, 46, 638-643.]
List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 8 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

   image

Corynebacterium glaucum Yassin et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) IMMIB R-5091 = DSM 44530 = JCM 12208 = NRRL B-24142.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ431634.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. glaucum, bluish, light-grey, pertaining to the appearance of colonies.
Valid publication: YASSIN (A.F.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.) and LUDWIG (W.): Corynebacterium glaucum sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 705-709.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium glucuronolyticum Funke et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 6 = ATCC 51860= CCUG 35055 = CIP 104577 = DMMZ 838 = DSM 44120 = JCM 11612 = LMG 19047.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X86688.
Etymology: N.L. n. acidum glucuronicum, glucuronic acid; N.L. neut. adj. lyticum (from Gr. neut. adj. lutikon), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. neut. adj. glucuronolyticum, cleaving β-glucuronic acid.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 55. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 879-880.
Effective publication: FUNKE (G.), BERNARD (K.A.), BUCHER (C.), PFYFFER (G.E.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Corynebacterium glucuronolyticum sp. nov., isolated from male patients with genitourinary infections. Med. Microbiol. Lett., 1995, 4, 204-215.
Validation List no. 55 in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Devriese et al.2000, Corynebacterium glucuronolyticum Funke et al. 1995 and ¤ Corynebacterium seminale Riegel et al. 1996 belong to the same species and Corynebacterium glucuronolyticum has priority. So, Corynebacterium glucuronolyticum Funke et al. 1995 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Corynebacterium seminale Riegel et al. 1996.
Reference: DEVRIESE (L.A.), RIEGEL (P.), HOMMEZ (J.), VANEECHOUTTE (M.), DE BAERE (T.) and HAESEBROUCK (F.): Identification of Corynebacterium glucuronolyticum strains from the urogenital tract of humans and pigs. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2000, 38, 4657-4659.
Original article Online

   image

Corynebacterium glutamicum (Kinoshita et al. 1958) Abe et al. 1967, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 13032= CCUG 27702 = CIP 82.8 = DSM 20300 = HAMBI 2052 = IFO (now NBRC) 12168 = JCM 1318 = LMG 3730 = NRRL B-2784.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF314192.
Synonym: "Micrococcus glutamicus" Kinoshita et al. 1958.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. glutamicum, pertaining to glutamic acid (all strains produce large amounts of L-glutamic acid under aerobic conditions).
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 KINOSHITA (S.), NAKAYAMA (S.) and AKITA (S.): Taxonomic study of glutamic acid accumulating bacteria, Micrococcus glutamicus, nov. sp. Bulletin of the Agricultural Chemical Society of Japan, 1958, 22, 176-185. 2 ABE (S.), TAKAYAMA (K.) and KINOSHITA (S.): Taxonomic studies on glutamic acid-producing bacteria. Journal of General and Applied Microbiology, 1967, 13, 279-301.

Note: According to Liebl et al. 1991, Corynebacterium glutamicum (Kinoshita et al. 1958) Abe et al. 1967 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Brevibacterium divaricatum Su and Yamada 1960 (Approved Lists 1980), an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Corynebacterium lilium Lee and Good 1963 (Approved Lists 1980), an earlier synonym of "Brevibacterium flavum" Okumura et al. 1962, and an earlier synonym of "Brevibacterium lactofermentum" Okumura et al. 1962.
Reference: LIEBL (W.), EHRMANN (M.), LUDWIG (W.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Transfer of Brevibacterium divaricatum DSM 20297T, "Brevibacterium flavum" DSM 20411, "Brevibacterium lactofermentum" DSM 20412 and DSM 1412, and Corynebacterium lilium DSM 20137T to Corynebacterium glutamicum and their distinction by rRNA gene restriction patterns. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 255-260.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium glyciniphilum Al-Dilaimi et al. 2015, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) AJ 3170=DSM 45795=ATCC 21341
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: NR_121782.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: CP006842.
Etymology: N.L. glycinum, glycine; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. neut. adj. glyciniphilum, glycine-loving.
Source: Plant.
Valid publication: AL-DILAIMI, A., BEDNARZ, H., LÖMKER, A., NIEHAUS, K., KALINOWSKI, J. R. and RÜCKERT, C. 2015. Revisiting Corynebacterium glyciniphilum (ex Kubota et al., 1972) sp. nov., nom. rev., isolated from putrefied banana. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 177-182
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium guangdongense Li et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) S01=GDMCC 1.1022=CCTCC AB 2015423=KCTC 39608.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KT892940.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: .
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. guangdongense, pertaining to Guangdong, referring to the type strain being isolated from a laboratory in Guangdong Province, China.
Source: Environmental.
Valid publication: LI, Y. X., YANG, S. Z., FENG, G. D., WANG, Y. H. and ZHU, H. H. 2016. Corynebacterium guangdongense sp. nov., isolated from a contaminated plate Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 3201-3206.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium halotolerans Chen et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) YIM 70093 = CCTCC AA 001024 = DSM 44683 = JCM 12676.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY226509.
Etymology: Gr. n. hals halos, salt; L. part. adj. tolerans, tolerating; N.L. part. adj. halotolerans, salt-tolerating, referring to the ability to tolerate high salt concentrations.
Valid publication: CHEN (H.H.), LI (W.J.), TANG (S.K.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.), STACKEBRANDT (E.), XU (L.H.) and JIANG (C.L.): Corynebacterium halotolerans sp. nov., isolated from saline soil in the west of China. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 779-782.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the etymology provided by Chen et al. 2004, the Greek noun hals (genitive halos) is erroneously cited as halos.

   image

Corynebacterium hansenii Renaud et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) C-138 = CCUG 53252 = CIP 108444 = DSM 45109 = JCM 15293.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM946639.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. hansenii, of Hansen, to honour Willy Hansen, a contemporary Belgian microbiologist who died in 2002.
Valid publication: RENAUD (F.N.R.), LE COUSTUMIER (A.), WILHEM (N.), AUBEL (D.), RIEGEL (P.), BOLLET (C.) and FRENEY (J.): Corynebacterium hansenii sp. nov., an α-glucosidase-negative bacterium related to Corynebacterium xerosis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1113-1116.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium hoagii (Morse 1912) Eberson 1918, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 7005= CCUG 20991 = CIP 81.17 = DSM 20295 = JCM 1319 = NBRC 103062 = NCTC 10673.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X82052.
Synonym: "Bacillus hoagii" Morse 1912.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. hoagii, of Hoag, named for Louis Hoag, the bacteriologist who first isolated this species.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: MORSE (M.E.): A study of the diphtheria group of organisms by the biometrical method. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 1912, 11, 253-285.

Note: Numerical phenetic, mycolic acid, fatty acid, and DNA homology studies indicate Corynebacterium hoagii (Morse 1912) Eberson 1918 (Approved Lists 1980) and Rhodococcus equi (Magnusson 1923) Goodfellow and Alderson 1977 (Approved Lists 1980) = Corynebacterium equi Magnusson 1923 (Approved Lists 1980) represent a single species.
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.) and CUMMINS (C.S.): Genus Corynebacterium Lehmann and Neumann 1896, 350AL. In: P.H.A. SNEATH, N.S. MAIR, M.E. SHARPE and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 2, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1986, pp. 1266-1276.

¤ Rhodococcus hoagii (Morse 1912) Eberson 1918) Kämpfer et al. 2014, comb. nov.

   image

Corynebacterium humireducens Wu et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MFC-5 = CGMCC 2452 = DSM 45392 = NBRC 106098.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ421281.
Etymology: L. n. humus, soil, used to refer to humic substances; L. part. adj. reducens, leading back (to a reduced oxidation state); N.L. part. adj. humireducens, converting humic substances to a reduced oxidation state.
Valid publication: WU (C.Y.), ZHUANG (L.), ZHOU (S.G.), LI (F.B.) and HE (J.): Corynebacterium humireducens sp. nov., an alkaliphilic, humic acid-reducing bacterium isolated from a microbial fuel cell. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 882-887.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium ilicis Mandel et al. 1961, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ICMP 2608 = ICPB CI144, not ATCC 14264as cited in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (see below).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not found.
Etymology: N.L. n. Ilex -icis, a scientific botanical genus name; N.L. gen. n. ilicis, of Ilex, isolated from Ilex opaca.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: MANDEL (M.), GUBA (E.F.) and LITSKY (W.): The causal agent of bacterial blight of American holly. Bacteriological Proceedings, 1961, p. 61.

Note:
In the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, the type strain of Corynebacterium ilicis Mandel et al. 1961 is cited as ATCC 14264 Although it was initially thought that ATCC 14264= DSM 20138 = NCPPB 1228 were derived from a strain that Mandel et al. 1961 considered to be pathogenic on American holly (Ilex opaca), this has proven not to be the case.
Strain ATCC 14264= DSM 20138 = NCPPB 1228 does not exhibit one of the original diagnostic features of Corynebacterium ilicis, namely pathogenesis on American holly, and cannot represent this species. In contrast, Corynebacterium ilicis Mandel et al. 1961, represented by the strain ICMP 2608 = ICPB CI144, is pathogenic for American holly.
Following a Request for an Opinion [1], the Judicial Commission [2] has therefore ruled (i) that ATCC 14264= DSM 20138 = NCPPB 1228 cannot serve as the type of the species Corynebacterium ilicis, but may serve as the type of a different taxon, ¤ Arthrobacter ilicis; and (ii) that the name Corynebacterium ilicis Mandel et al. 1961 is represented by the type strain ICMP 2608 = ICPB CI144.
Consequently, (i) Corynebacterium ilicis Mandel et al. 1961 (Approved Lists 1980) is not a homotypic synonym of ¤ Arthrobacter ilicis; and (ii) ¤ Arthrobacter ilicis must be cited as Arthrobacter ilicis Collins et al. 1982, not as Arthrobacter ilicis (Mandel et al. 1961) Collins et al. 1982, comb. nov.
References:
1 YOUNG (J.M.), WATSON (D.R.W.) and DYE (D.W.): Reconsideration of Arthrobacter ilicis (Mandel et al. 1961) Collins et al. 1982 as a plant-pathogenic species. Proposal to emend the authority and description of the species. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 303-305.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Corynebacterium ilicis is typified by ICMP 2608 =ICPB CI144, Arthrobacter ilicis is typified by DSM 20138 =ATCC 14264=NCPPB 1228 and the two are not homotypic synonyms, and clarification of the authorship of these two species. Opinion 87. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1976-1978.
Opinion 87 in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium imitans Funke et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 700354= CCUG 36877 = CIP 105130 = DSM 44264 = IFO (now NBRC) 16163 = JCM 10386 = NBRC 100416 = NCTC 13015.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y09044.
Etymology: L. part. adj. imitans, imitating, copying, indicating that this bacterium was isolated from patients with an illness that was imitating the clinical picture of pharyngeal diphtheria and also indicating that the biochemical profile of the newly described bacterium imitates the biochemical profiles of other Corynebacterium species.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 63. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 1274.
Effective publication: FUNKE (G.), EFSTRATIOU (A.), KUKLINSKA (D.), HUTSON (R.A.), De ZOYSA (A.), ENGLER (K.H.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Corynebacterium imitans sp. nov. isolated from patients with suspected diphteria. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1997, 35, 1978-1983.
Validation List no. 63 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

   image

Corynebacterium insidiosum (McCulloch 1925) Jensen 1934, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCUG 38895 = CFBP 2404 = CIP 105048 = CIP 105363 = DSM 20157 = ICMP 2621 = LMG 3663 = JCM 9664 = NCPPB 1109 = VKM Ac-1402.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U09761.
Synonyms: "Aplanobacter insidiosum" (sic) McCulloch 1925, "Bacterium insidiosum" (McCulloch 1925) Stapp 1928, " Phytomonas insidiosa" (McCulloch 1925) Bergey et al. 1930, "Erwinia insidiosa" (McCulloch 1925) Jensen 1934, "Mycobacterium insidiosum" (McCulloch 1925) Krasil'nikov 1941, "Burkholderiella insidiosa" (McCulloch 1925) Savulescu 1947.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. insidiosum, deceitful, insidious.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 McCULLOCH (L.): Aplanobacter insidiosum n. sp. the cause of an alfalfa disease. Phytopathology, 1925, 15, 496-497. 2 JENSEN (H.L.): Studies on saprophytic Mycobacteria and Corynebacteria. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, 1934, 59, 19-61.

Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), JENSEN (H.L.) is cited as JENSEN (H.J.).

¤ Corynebacterium michiganense subsp. insidiosum (McCulloch 1925) Carlson and Vidaver 1982, comb. nov.

¤ Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. insidiosus corrig. (McCulloch 1925) Davis et al. 1984, comb. nov.

   image

Corynebacterium iranicum (ex Scharif 1961) Carlson and Vidaver 1982, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCUG 23897 = CFBP 807 = CIP 104037 = DSM 7484 = ICMP 3496 = JCM 9308 = LMG 3677 = NCPPB 2253 = VKM Ac-1602.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM410684.
Synonym: "Corynebacterium iranicum" Scharif 1961.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. iranicum, of or belonging to Iran.
Valid publication: CARLSON (R.R.) and VIDAVER (A.K.): Taxonomy of Corynebacterium plant pathogens, including a new pathogen of wheat, based on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of cellular proteins. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 315-326.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Clavibacter iranicus corrig. (Carlson and Vidaver 1982) Davis et al. 1984, comb. nov.

¤ Rathayibacter iranicus (Carlson and Vidaver 1982) Zgurskaya et al. 1993, comb. nov.

   image

Corynebacterium jeikeium Jackman et al. 1988, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 43734= CCUG 27192 = CIP 103337 = DSM 7171 = JCM 9384 = NCTC 11913.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X84250.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. jeikeium, formed from the initial letters of the surnames of W. D. Johnson and D. Kaye, doctors who described infections attributed to the taxon in 1970.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 24. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 136-137.
Effective publication: JACKMAN (P.J.H.), PITCHER (D.G.), PELCZYNSKA (S.) and BORMAN (P.): Classification of corynebacteria associated with endocarditis (Group Jk) as Corynebacterium jeikeium sp. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1987, 9, 83-90.
Validation List no. 24 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: Corynebacterium jeikeium Jackman et al. 1988 was previously known as CDC coryneform group JK.

   image

Corynebacterium kroppenstedtii Collins et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCUG 35717 = CIP 105744 = DSM 44385 = JCM 11950.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y10077, CP001620 (complete genome).
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. kroppenstedtii, of Kroppenstedt, to honor the German microbiologist Reiner M. Kroppenstedt for his many contributions to the microbiology of actinomycetes.
Valid publication: COLLINS (M.D.), FALSEN (E.), AKERVALL (E.), SJÖDEN (B.) and ALVAREZ (A.): Corynebacterium kroppenstedtii sp. nov., a novel corynebacterium that does not contain mycolic acids. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1449-1454.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium kutscheri (Migula 1900) Bergey et al. 1925, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 15677= CCUG 27535 = CIP 103423 = DSM 20755 = IFO (now NBRC) 15288 = JCM 9385 = NCTC 11138.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X81871.
Synonyms: "Bacillus pseudotuberculosis murium" Kutscher 1894, "Bacterium kutscheri" Migula 1900, "Corynebacterium murium" Bergey et al. 1923.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. kutscheri, of Kutscher, the bacteriologist who first isolated the species.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 MIGULA (W.): System der Bakterien, Vol. 2, Gustav Fischer, Jena, 1900, pp. 1-1068. 2 BERGEY (D.H.), HARRISON (F.C.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.) and HUNTOON (F.M.) (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 2nd ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1925, pp. 1-462.

   image

Corynebacterium lactis Wiertz et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) RW2-5=DSM 45799=CCUG 63372.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HE983829.
Etymology: L. gen. n. lactis, from milk, according to the isolation source of the type strain.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: WIERTZ, R., SCHÜLZ, S. C., MÜLLER, U., KÄMPFER, P. and LIPSKI, A. 2013. Corynebacterium frankenforstense sp. nov. and Corynebacterium lactis sp. nov., isolated from raw cow milk. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4495-4501.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium lilium Lee and Good 1963, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 15990= DSM 20137 = JCM 1321 = LMG 3654.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY017109 (632 bp).
Etymology: not found.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: LEE (W.H.) and GOOD (R.C.): Amino acid synthesis (United States Patent 3,087,863). Official Gazette of the United States Patent Office, 1963, 789, 1349.

¤ Corynebacterium glutamicum (Kinoshita et al. 1958) Abe et al. 1967 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: LIEBL (W.), EHRMANN (M.), LUDWIG (W.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Transfer of Brevibacterium divaricatum DSM 20297T, "Brevibacterium flavum" DSM 20411, "Brevibacterium lactofermentum" DSM 20412 and DSM 1412, and Corynebacterium lilium DSM 20137T to Corynebacterium glutamicum and their distinction by rRNA gene restriction patterns. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 255-260.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The type strain of Corynebacterium lilium is transferred in the species Corynebacterium glutamicum. So, according to Rule 37a, the name Corynebacterium lilium must be changed to Corynebacterium glutamicum.

   image

Corynebacterium lipophiloflavum Funke et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 700352= CCUG 37336 = CIP 105127 = DMMZ 1944 = DSM 44291 = JCM 10383.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y09045.
Etymology: Gr. n. lipos, fat; N.L. neut. adj. philum (from Gr. neut. adj. philon), friend, loving; L. adj. flavus -a -um, yellow; N.L. neut. adj. lipophiloflavum, fat loving and yellow.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 63. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 1274.
Effective publication: FUNKE (G.), HUTSON (R.A.), HILLERINGMANN (M.), HEIZMANN (W.R.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Corynebacterium lipophiloflavum sp. nov. isolated from a patient with bacterial vaginosis. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 1997, 150, 219-224.
Validation List no. 63 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

   image

Corynebacterium liquefaciens (Okabayashi and Masuo 1960) Lanéelle et al. 1980, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 14929.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ251417.
Basonym: ¤ Brevibacterium liquefaciens Okabayashi and Masuo 1960 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. part. adj. liquefaciens (from L. v. liquefacio), liquefying.
Valid publication: LANÉELLE (M.A.), ASSELINEAU (J.), WELBY (M.), NORGARD (M.V.), IMAEDA (T.), POLLICE (M.C.) and BARKSDALE (L.): Biological and chemical bases for the reclassification of Brevibacterium vitarumen (Bechdel et al.) Breed (Approved Lists, 1980) as Corynebacterium vitarumen (Bechdel et al.) comb. nov. and Brevibacterium liquefaciens Okabayashi and Masuo (Approved Lists, 1980) as Corynebacterium liquefaciens (Okabayashi and Masuo) comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 539-546.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Brevibacterium liquefaciens Okabayashi and Masuo (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: The strain ATCC 14929used by M.A. Lanéelle et al. 1980 (Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 539-546) was mislabeled. With a new copy of the type strain ATCC 14929, the results were unlike those reported by M.A. Lanéelle et al. 1980. The authors, therefore, withdraw all of theirs recommendations for the assignment of Brevibacterium liquefaciens Okabayashi and Masuo (Approved Lists 1980) to the genus Corynebacterium Lehmann and Neumann 1896 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: Erratum (Author's correction): Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 274.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium lowii Bernard et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) R-50085=LMG 28276=CCUG 65815T).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KJ938705.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: LKEV00000000.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. lowii, named after the late Canadian microbiologist, Donald Low (1945-2013), for his many contributions to our understanding of microbiology and infectious diseases in Canada and around the world.
Source: Clinical.
Valid publication: BERNARD, K. A., PACHECO, A. L., LOOMER, C., BURDZ, T., WIEBE, D., HUYNH, C., KAPLEN, B., OLSON, A. B., CNOCKAERT, M., EGUCHI, H., KUWAHARA, T., NAKAYAMA-IMAOHJI, H., SHIOTA, H., BOUDEWIJNS, M., VAN HOECKE, F. and VANDAMME, P. 2016. Corynebacterium lowii sp. nov. and Corynebacterium oculi sp. nov., derived from human clinical disease and an emended description of Corynebacterium mastitidis Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 2803-2812.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium lubricantis Kämpfer et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) KSS-3Se = CCM 7546 = CCUG 56567 = DSM 45231 = JCM 16607.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FM173119.
Etymology: L. v. lubricare, to lubricate; N.L. n. lubricans -antis (from L. part. adj. lubricans), a lubricant; N.L. gen. n. lubricantis, of/from a (coolant) lubricant.
Valid publication: KÄMPFER (P.), LODDERS (N.), WARFOLOMEOW (I.), FALSEN (E.) and BUSSE (H.J.): Corynebacterium lubricantis sp. nov., isolated from a coolant lubricant. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1112-1115.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium macginleyi Riegel et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JCL-2 = ATCC 51787= CCUG 32361 = CIP 104099 = DSM 44284 = JCM 11684.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ439345.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. macginleyi, of McGinley, named in honor of Kenneth John McGinley who made important contributions to the knowledge of lipid-requiring diphtheroids.
Valid publication: RIEGEL (P.), RUIMY (R.), DE BRIEL (D.), PRÉVOST (G.), JEHL (F.), CHRISTEN (R.) and MONTEIL (H.): Genomic diversity and phylogenetic relationships among lipid-requiring diphteroids from humans and characterization of Corynebacterium macginleyi sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 128-133.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Corynebacterium macginleyi Riegel et al. 1995 was previously known as CDC coryneform group G-1.

   image

Corynebacterium marinum Du et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) D7015 = 7015 = CGMCC 1.6998 = JCM 17491 = NRRL B-24779.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ219354.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. marinum, of the sea, marine.
Valid publication: DU (Z.J.), JORDAN (E.M.), ROONEY (A.P.), CHEN (G.J.) and AUSTIN (B.): Corynebacterium marinum sp. nov. isolated from coastal sediment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 1944-1947.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium maris Ben-Dov et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Coryn-1 = DSM 45190 = JCM 17018 = LMG 24561.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ423600.
Etymology: L. n. mare -is, the sea; L. gen. n. maris, of the sea.
Valid publication: BEN-DOV (E.), BEN YOSEF (D.Z.), PAVLOV (V.) and KUSHMARO (A.): Corynebacterium maris sp. nov., a marine bacterium isolated from the mucus of the coral Fungia granulosa. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2458-2463.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium massiliense Merhej et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 5402485 = CCUG 53857 = CIP 109423 = CSUR P19.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF217056.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. massiliense, of or pertaining to Massilia, the old Roman name for Marseille, from where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: MERHEJ (V.), FALSEN (E.), RAOULT (D.) and ROUX (V.): Corynebacterium timonense sp. nov. and Corynebacterium massiliense sp. nov., isolated from human blood and human articular hip fluid. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1953-1959.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium mastitidis Fernandez-Garayzabal et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) S-8 = CCUG 38654 = CECT 4843 = CIP 105509 = DSM 44356 = IFO (now NBRC) 16160 = JCM 12269 = LMG 19040.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y09806.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. mastitidis, of an inflammation of the mammary gland.
Valid publication: FERNANDEZ-GARAYZABAL (J.F.), COLLINS (M.D.), HUTSON (R.A.), FERNANDEZ (E.), MONASTERIO (R.), MARCO (J.) and DOMINGUEZ (L.): Corynebacterium mastitidis sp. nov., isolated from milk of sheep with subclinical mastitis. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 1082-1085.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Corynebacterium mastitidis Fernandez-Garayzabal et al. 1997 emend. Bernard et al. 2016.
Reference: BERNARD, K. A., PACHECO, A. L., LOOMER, C., BURDZ, T., WIEBE, D., HUYNH, C., KAPLEN, B., OLSON, A. B., CNOCKAERT, M., EGUCHI, H., KUWAHARA, T., NAKAYAMA-IMAOHJI, H., SHIOTA, H., BOUDEWIJNS, M., VAN HOECKE, F. and VANDAMME, P. 2016. Corynebacterium lowii sp. nov. and Corynebacterium oculi sp. nov., derived from human clinical disease and an emended description of Corynebacterium mastitidis Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 2803-2812.
Original article.

   image

Corynebacterium matruchotii (Mendel 1919) Collins 1983, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 14266= CCUG 27545 = CCUG 46620 = CIP 81.82 = DSM 20635 = IFO (now NBRC) 15360 = JCM 9386 = NCTC 10254.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X82065.
Basonym: ¤ Bacterionema matruchotii (Mendel 1919) Gilmour et al. 1961 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: "Cladothrix matruchoti" (sic) Mendel 1919, "Oospora matruchoti" (Mendel 1919) Sartory 1930 (not 1920 as cited in the Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, eight edition), "Actinomyces matruchoti" (Mendel 1919) Nannizzi 1934.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. matruchotii, of Matruchot, named for professor Matruchot, a French mycologist.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 10. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 438-440.
Effective publication: COLLINS (M.D.): Reclassification of Bacterionema matruchotii (Mendel) in the genus Corynebacterium, as Corynebacterium matruchotii comb. nov. Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig., 1982, C3, 364-367.
Validation List no. 10 in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium michiganense (Smith 1910) Jensen 1934, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CFBP 2352 = CIP 104846 = DSM 46364 = ICMP 2550 = JCM 9665 = LMG 7333 = NCPPB 2979 = VKM Ac-1403.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X77435.
Synonyms: "Bacterium michiganense" Smith 1910, "Pseudomonas michiganensis" (Smith 1910) Stevens 1913, "Aplanobacter michiganense" (sic) (Smith 1910) Smith 1914, "Phytomonas michiganensis" (Smith 1910) Bergey et al. 1923, "Mycobacterium flavum subsp. michiganense" (Smith 1910) Krasil'nikov 1941.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. michiganense, of or belonging to Michigan (State, U.S.A.).
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 SMITH (E.F.): A new tomato disease of economic importance. Science (Washington), 1910, 31, 794-796. 2 JENSEN (H.L.): Studies on saprophytic Mycobacteria and Corynebacteria. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, 1934, 59, 19-61.

Note: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

¤ Clavibacter michiganensis corrig. (Smith 1910) Davis et al. 1984, comb. nov.

¤ Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis corrig. (Smith 1910) Davis et al. 1984, comb. nov.

   image

Corynebacterium michiganense subsp. insidiosum (McCulloch 1925) Carlson and Vidaver 1982, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCUG 38895 = CFBP 2404 = CIP 105048 = CIP 105363 = DSM 20157 = ICMP 2621 = LMG 3663 = JCM 9664 = NCPPB 1109 = VKM Ac-1402.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U09761.
Basonym: ¤ Corynebacterium insidiosum (McCulloch 1925) Jensen 1934 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: "Aplanobacter insidiosum" (sic) McCulloch 1925, "Bacterium insidiosum" (McCulloch 1925) Stapp 1928, " Phytomonas insidiosa" (McCulloch 1925) Bergey et al. 1930, "Erwinia insidiosa" (McCulloch 1925) Jensen 1934, "Mycobacterium insidiosum" (McCulloch 1925) Krasil'nikov 1941, "Burkholderiella insidiosa" (McCulloch 1925) Savulescu 1947.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. insidiosum, deceitful, insidious.
Valid publication: CARLSON (R.R.) and VIDAVER (A.K.): Taxonomy of Corynebacterium plant pathogens, including a new pathogen of wheat, based on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of cellular proteins. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 315-326.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. insidiosus corrig. (McCulloch 1925) Davis et al. 1984, comb. nov.

   image

Corynebacterium michiganense subsp. michiganense (Smith 1910) Carlson and Vidaver 1982, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CFBP 2352 = CIP 104846 = DSM 46364 = ICMP 2550 = JCM 9665 = LMG 7333 = NCPPB 2979 = VKM Ac-1403.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X77435.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. michiganense, of or belonging to Michigan (State, U.S.A.).
Valid publication: CARLSON (R.R.) and VIDAVER (A.K.): Taxonomy of Corynebacterium plant pathogens, including a new pathogen of wheat, based on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of cellular proteins. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 315-326.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, (Smith 1910) Jensen 1934, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The subspecies name Corynebacterium michiganense subsp. michiganense (Smith 1910) Carlson and Vidaver 1982 is automatically created by the valid publication of Corynebacterium michiganense subsp. insidiosum (McCulloch 1925) Carlson and Vidaver 1982, the valid publication of Corynebacterium michiganense subsp. nebraskense (Vidaver and Mandel 1974) Carlson and Vidaver 1982, the valid publication of Corynebacterium michiganense subsp. sepedonicum (Spieckermann and Kotthoff 1914) Carlson and Vidaver 1982, and the valid publication of Corynebacterium michiganense subsp. tessellarius Carlson and Vidaver 1982 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].

¤ Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis corrig. (Smith 1910) Davis et al. 1984, comb. nov.

   image

Corynebacterium michiganense subsp. nebraskense (Vidaver and Mandel 1974) Carlson and Vidaver 1982, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 27794= CCUG 38894 = CIP 105362 = DSM 7483 = ICMP 3298 = JCM 9666 = LMG 3700 = LMG 5627 = LMG 7223 = NCPPB 2581 = VKM Ac-1404.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X77434.
Basonym: ¤ Corynebacterium nebraskense Vidaver and Mandel 1974 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. nebraskense, of or belonging to Nebraska.
Valid publication: CARLSON (R.R.) and VIDAVER (A.K.): Taxonomy of Corynebacterium plant pathogens, including a new pathogen of wheat, based on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of cellular proteins. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 315-326.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. nebraskensis corrig. (Vidaver and Mandel 1974) Davis et al. 1984, comb. nov.

   image

Corynebacterium michiganense subsp. sepedonicum (Spieckermann and Kotthoff 1914) Carlson and Vidaver 1982, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33113= CCUG 23908 = CIP 104844 = CFBP 2049 = DSM 20744 = ICMP 2535 = JCM 9667 = LMG 2889 = NCPPB 2137 = VKM Ac-1405.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM410694.
Basonym: ¤ Corynebacterium sepedonicum (Spieckermann and Kotthoff 1914) Skaptason and Burkholder 1942 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: "Bacterium sepedonicum" Spieckermann and Kotthoff 1914, "Aplanobacter sepedonicum" (sic) (Spieckermann and Kotthoff 1914) Smith 1920, "Phytomonas sepedonica" (Spieckermann and Kotthoff 1914) Magrou 1937, "Mycobacterium sepedonicum" (Spieckermann and Kotthoff 1914) Krasil'nikov 1949, "Pseudobacterium sepedonicum" (Spieckermann and Kotthoff 1914) Krasil'nikov 1949.
Etymology: Gr. n. sepedon, rottenness, decay, putrefaction; L. neut. suff. -icum, suffix used with the sense of pertaining to; N.L. neut. adj. sepedonicum, pertaining to decay, intended to mean leading to decay.
Valid publication: CARLSON (R.R.) and VIDAVER (A.K.): Taxonomy of Corynebacterium plant pathogens, including a new pathogen of wheat, based on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of cellular proteins. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 315-326.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus corrig. (Spieckermann and Kotthoff 1914) Davis et al. 1984, comb. nov.

   image

Corynebacterium michiganense subsp. tessellarius Carlson and Vidaver 1982, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 78181 = ATCC 33566= CCUG 38896 = CIP 105364 = DSM 20741 = ICMP 7221 = JCM 9668 = LMG 7294 = NCPPB 3664 = PDDCC 7221 = VKM Ac-1406.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U30254.
Etymology: L. masc. n. tessellarius, a mosaic stone maker.
Valid publication: CARLSON (R.R.) and VIDAVER (A.K.): Taxonomy of Corynebacterium plant pathogens, including a new pathogen of wheat, based on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of cellular proteins. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 315-326.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. tessellarius corrig. (Carlson and Vidaver 1982) Davis et al. 1984, comb. nov.

   image

Corynebacterium minutissimum (ex Sarkany et al. 1962) Collins and Jones 1983, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 23348= CCUG 541 = CIP 100652 = DSM 20651 = IFO (now NBRC) 15361 = JCM 9387 = NCTC 10288.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X84678.
Synonym: "Corynebacterium minutissimum" Sarkany et al. 1962.
Etymology: L. sup. neut. adj. minutissimum, very small.
Valid publication: COLLINS (M.D.) and JONES (D.): Corynebacterium minutissimum sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 870-871.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Corynebacterium minutissimum (ex Sarkany et al. 1962) Collins and Jones 1983 emend. Yassin et al. 2002.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 23348= CCUG 541 = CIP 100652 = DSM 20651 = IFO (now NBRC) 15361 = JCM 9387 = NCTC 10288.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X84678.
Etymology: L. sup. neut. adj. minutissimum, very small.
Reference: YASSIN (A.F.), STEINER (U.) and LUDWIG (W.): Corynebacterium aurimucosum sp. nov. and emended description of Corynebacterium minutissimum Collins and Jones (1983). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1001-1005.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Yassin et al. 2002, the strain NRRL B-24143 is erroneously cited as the type strain of Corynebacterium minutissimum. The strain NRRL B-24143 is the type strain of ¤ Corynebacterium aurimucosum.

   image

Corynebacterium mooreparkense Brennan et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CIP 107183 = DPC 5310 = JCM 12073 = LMG S-19265 = NCIMB 30131.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY438061.
Etymology: N. L. neut. adj. mooreparkense, of or belonging to Moorepark, named because the organism was isolated at the Dairy Products Research Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, County Cork, Ireland.
Valid publication: BRENNAN (N.M.), BROWN (R.), GOODFELLOW (M.), WARD (A.C.), BERESFORD (T.P.), SIMPSON (P.J.), FOX (P.F.) and COGAN (T.M.): Corynebacterium mooreparkense sp. nov. and Corynebacterium casei sp. nov., isolated from the surface of a smear-ripened cheese. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 843-852.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this new species is not validly published, because the protologue of the effective publication makes reference to the deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However, another recognized culture collection in a different country is cited in the abstract. According to the Judicial Opinion 81, Corynebacterium mooreparkense Brennan et al. 2001 is to be considered to be validly published.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

¤ Corynebacterium variabile corrig. (Müller 1961) Collins 1987.

Note: According to Gelsomino et al. 2005, Corynebacterium mooreparkense Brennan et al. 2001 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Corynebacterium variabile corrig. (Müller 1961) Collins 1987.
Reference: GELSOMINO (R.), VANCANNEYT (M.), SNAUWAERT (C.), VANDEMEULEBROECKE (K.), HOSTE (B.), COGAN (T.M.) and SWINGS (J.): Corynebacterium mooreparkense, a later heterotypic synonym of Corynebacterium variabile. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1129-1131.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium mucifaciens Funke et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 700355= CCUG 36878 = CIP 105129 = DMMZ 2278 = DSM 44265 = JCM 10384.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y11200.
Etymology: L. n. mucus, slime; L. part. adj. faciens, producing; N.L. part. adj. mucifaciens, slime producing.
Valid publication: FUNKE (G.), LAWSON (P.A.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Corynebacterium mucifaciens sp. nov., an unusual species from human clinical material. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 952-957.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: On page 957, the type strain DMMZ 2278 is erroneously cited as DSM (sic) 2278.

   image

Corynebacterium mustelae Funke et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 3105 = CCUG 57279 = DSM 45274 = JCM 17318.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ374773.
Etymology: L. n. mustela, a weasel, and also a scientific zoological genus name; L. gen. mustelae, of a weasel, of Mustela, referring to the isolation of the type strain from a ferret, Mustela putorius furo.
Valid publication: FUNKE (G.), FRODL (R.) and BERNARD (K.A.): Corynebacterium mustelae sp. nov., isolated from a ferret with lethal sepsis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 871-873.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium mycetoides (ex Castellani 1942) Collins 1983, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 43995= CCUG 27538 = CIP 55.51 = DSM 20632 = IFO (now NBRC) 15289 = JCM 9388 = NCTC 9864.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X84241.
Synonym: "Corynebacterium mycetoides" (Castellani 1942) Ortali and Capocacci 1956.
Etymology: Gr. n. mukês -êtos, fungus; L. suff. -oides (from Gr. suff. -eides, from Gr. n. eidos, that which is seen, form, shape, figure), ressembling, similar; N.L. adj. mycetoides, similar to fungi, referring to ulcers caused by fungi.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 10. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 438-440.
Effective publication: COLLINS (M.D.): Corynebacterium mycetoides sp. nov., nom. rev. Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig., 1982, C3, 399-400.
Validation List no. 10 in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium nasicanis Baumgardt et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 2673/12=CCUG 65455=LMG 28166.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HG799103.
Etymology: L. masc. n. nasus, nose; L. gen. n. canis, of a dog; N.L. gen. n. nasicanis, of the nose of a dog.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: BAUMGARDT, S., LONCARIC, I., KÄMPFER, P. and BUSSE, H. J. 2015. Corynebacterium tapiri sp. nov. and Corynebacterium nasicanis sp. nov., isolated from a tapir and a dog, respectively. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 3885-3893.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium nebraskense Vidaver and Mandel 1974, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 27794= CCUG 38894 = CIP 105362 = DSM 7483 = ICMP 3298 = JCM 9666 = LMG 3700 = LMG 5627 = LMG 7223 = NCPPB 2581 = VKM Ac-1404.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X77434.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. nebraskense, of or belonging to Nebraska.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: VIDAVER (A.K.) and MANDEL (M.): Corynebacterium nebraskense, a new, orange-pigmented phytopathogenic species. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1974, 24, 482-485.

Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Corynebacterium nebraskense (Schuster et al. 1973) emend. Vidaver and Mandel 1974 (sic).
Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Corynebacterium michiganense subsp. nebraskense (Vidaver and Mandel 1974) Carlson and Vidaver 1982, comb. nov.

¤ Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. nebraskensis corrig. (Vidaver and Mandel 1974) Davis et al. 1984, comb. nov.

   image

Corynebacterium nigricans Shukla et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CN-1 = ATCC 700975= CCUG 48176 = CIP 107346 = JCM 12684.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF220220.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. nigricans, blackish, swarthy.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 95. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1-2.
Effective publication: SHUKLA (S.K.), BERNARD (K.A.), HARNEY (M.), FRANK (D.N.) and REED (K.D.): Corynebacterium nigricans sp. nov.: proposed name for a black-pigmented Corynebacterium species recovered from the human female urogenital tract. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2003, 41, 4353-4358.
Validation List no. 95 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 In the article by Shukla et al. 2003, the strain ATCC 700975is erroneously cited as ATCC 700795.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 95 (footnote ‡). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1-2.
Validation List no. 95 in IJSEM Online
2 The paper by Shukla et al. 2003 only cites the strain ATCC 700795(sic) as type strain. However, certificate for CIP 107346 has been provided on request for validation.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 95 (footnote §). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1-2.
Validation List no. 95 in IJSEM Online
3 In the article by Shukla et al. 2003, the etymology is provided as follows: "The name Corynebacterium nigricans (ni' gri-kans) is derived from the word "niger" (L. fr. niger, black)" [sic]!

¤ Corynebacterium aurimucosum Yassin et al. 2002 emend. Daneshvar et al. 2004.

Note: According to Daneshvar et al. 2004 Corynebacterium nigricans Shukla et al. 2004 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Corynebacterium aurimucosum Yassin et al. 2002 emend. Daneshvar et al. 2004.
References: List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 1. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 7-8. [DANESHVAR (M.I.), HOLLIS (D.G.), WEYANT (R.S.), JORDAN (J.G.), MacGREGOR (J.P.), MOREY (R.E.), WHITNEY (A.M.), BRENNER (D.J.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), HELSEL (L.O.), RANEY (P.M.), PATEL (J.B.), LEVETT (P.N.) and BROWN (J.M.): Identification of some charcoal-black-pigmented CDC fermentative coryneform group 4 isolates as Rothia dentocariosa and some as Corynebacterium aurimucosum: proposal of Rothia dentocariosa emend. Georg and Brown 1967, Corynebacterium aurimucosum emend. Yassin et al. 2002, and Corynebacterium nigricans Shukla et al. 2003 pro synon. Corynebacterium aurimucosum. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2004, 42, 4189-4198.]
List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 1 in IJSEM Online - Original article Online

   image

Corynebacterium nuruki Shin et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) S6-4 = JCM 17162 = KACC 15032.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HM165487.
Etymology: N.L. n. nurukum, nuruk, Korean name of an amylolytic starter used for Korean traditional rice wine; N.L. gen. n. nuruki, of/from nuruk.
Valid publication: SHIN (N.R.), JUNG (M.J.), KIM (M.S.), ROH (S.W.), NAM (Y.D.) and BAE (J.W.): Corynebacterium nuruki sp. nov., isolated from an alcohol fermentation starter. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2430-2434.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium oculi Bernard et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) R-50187=TVRM83/2006F4/44=NML 130210=LMG 28277=CCUG 65816.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KJ938709.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: LKST00000000.
Etymology: L. gen. n. oculi, of the eye, as all strains to date have been recovered from that site.
Source: Clinical.
Valid publication: BERNARD, K. A., PACHECO, A. L., LOOMER, C., BURDZ, T., WIEBE, D., HUYNH, C., KAPLEN, B., OLSON, A. B., CNOCKAERT, M., EGUCHI, H., KUWAHARA, T., NAKAYAMA-IMAOHJI, H., SHIOTA, H., BOUDEWIJNS, M., VAN HOECKE, F. and VANDAMME, P. 2016. Corynebacterium lowii sp. nov. and Corynebacterium oculi sp. nov., derived from human clinical disease and an emended description of Corynebacterium mastitidis Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 2803-2812.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium oortii Saaltink and Maas Geesteranus 1969, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 25283= LMG 3702.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF348975.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. oortii, of Oort, named for Dr. A. J. P. Oort, a Dutch professor of plant pathology.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: SAALTINK (G.J.) and MAAS GEESTERANUS (H.P.): A new disease in tulip caused by Corynebacterium oortii nov. sp. Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology, 1969, 75, 123-128.

¤ Corynebacterium flaccumfaciens subsp. oortii (Saaltink and Maas Geesteranus 1969) Carlson and Vidaver 1982, comb. nov.

¤ Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens (Hedges 1922) Collins and Jones 1984, comb. nov.

   image

Corynebacterium paurometabolum Steinhaus 1941, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 8368= CCUG 35730 = CIP 100753 = DSM 20162 = IFO (now NBRC) 16120 = JCM 10117 = NCTC 13040.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP001966 (complete genome).
Etymology: Gr. adj. pauros, little; Gr. adj. metabolos -on, changeable; N.L. neut. adj. paurometabolum, little changeable.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: STEINHAUS (E.A.): A study of the bacteria associated with thirty species of insects. Journal of Bacteriology, 1941, 42, 757-790.

Note: According to Collins et al. 1988, Corynebacterium paurometabolum Steinhaus 1941 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Rhodococcus aurantiacus (ex Tsukamura and Mizuno 1971) Tsukamura and Yano 1985.
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), SMIDA (J.), DORSCH (M.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Tsukamurella gen. nov. harboring Corynebacterium paurometabolum and Rhodococcus aurantiacus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 385-391.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Tsukamurella paurometabola corrig. (Steinhaus 1941) Collins et al. 1988, comb. nov.

Note: Corynebacterium paurometabolum Steinhaus 1941 (Approved Lists 1980) and ¤ Rhodococcus aurantiacus (ex Tsukamura and Mizuno 1971) Tsukamura and Yano 1985 exhibit high levels of sequence homology and these taxa should be reduced to a single species (the specific epithet paurometabolum has priority). This single species is distinct from all other mycolic acid-containing taxa and merits a new genus: Tsukamurella Collins et al. 1988.
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), SMIDA (J.), DORSCH (M.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Tsukamurella gen. nov. harboring Corynebacterium paurometabolum and Rhodococcus aurantiacus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 385-391.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium pelargi Kämpfer et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 136/3=CIP 110778=CCM 8517=LMG 28174.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF986249.
Etymology: Gr. n. pelargos, a stork; N.L. gen. n. pelargi, of a stork, isolated from a white stork in Poland.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: KÄMPFER, P., JERZAK, L., BOCHENSKI, M., KASPRZAK, M., WILHARM, G., GOLKE, J., BUSSE, H.-J. and GLAESER, S. P. 2015. Corynebacterium pelargi sp. nov., isolated from the trachea of white stork nestlings. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 1415-1420.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium phocae Pascual et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) M408/89/1 = CCUG 38205 = CIP 105741 = DSM 44612 = JCM 12105.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y10076.
Etymology: L. n. phoca, a seal and also a scientific genus name (Phoca); L. gen. n. phocae, of a seal, of Phoca, named because the organism was isolated from the common seal, Phoca vitulina.
Valid publication: PASCUAL (C.), FOSTER (G.), ALVAREZ (N.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Corynebacterium phocae sp. nov., isolated from the common seal (Phoca vitulina). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 601-604.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium pilbarense Aravena-Roman et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) IMMIB WACC 658 = CCUG 57942 = DSM 45350 = JCM 17319.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FN295567.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. pilbarense, of or pertaining to Pilbara, West Australia, the region from which the strain was isolated.
Valid publication: ARAVENA-ROMAN (M.), SPRÖER (C.), STRÄUBLER (B.), INGLIS (T.) and YASSIN (A.F.): Corynebacterium pilbarense sp. nov., a non-lipophilic corynebacterium isolated from a human ankle aspirate. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 1484-1487.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium pilosum Yanagawa and Honda 1978, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 29592= CCUG 27193 = CIP 103422 = DSM 20521 = IFO (now NBRC) 15285 = JCM 3714 = NCTC 11862.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X81908.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. pilosum, having much hair, hairy; intended to mean having many fimbriae (pili).
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: YANAGAWA (R.) and HONDA (E.): Corynebacterium pilosum and Corynebacterium cystitidis, two new species from cows. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1978, 28, 209-216.

   image

Corynebacterium poinsettiae (Starr and Pirone 1942) Burkholder 1948, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 9682= LMG 3715.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM410687.
Synonyms: "Phytomonas poinsettiae" Starr and Pirone 1942, "Bacterium poinsettiae" (Starr and Pirone 1942) Hauduroy et al. 1953.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. poinsettiae, of Poinsettia, a genus of flowering plants.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 STARR (M.P.) and PIRONE (P.P.): Phytomonas poinsettiae n. sp., the cause of a bacterial disease of Poinsettia. Phytopathology, 1942, 32, 1076-1081. 2 BURKHOLDER (W.H.): Genus I. Corynebacterium Lehmann & Neumann. In: R.S. BREED, E.G.D. MURRAY and A.P. HITCHENS (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1948, pp.381-408.

¤ Corynebacterium flaccumfaciens subsp. poinsettiae (Starr and Pirone 1942) Carlson and Vidaver 1982, comb. nov.

¤ Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens (Hedges 1922) Collins and Jones 1983, comb. nov.

   image

Corynebacterium pollutisoli Negi et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) VDS11=DSM 100104=MCC 2722=KCTC 39687.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KP276149.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: .
Etymology: L. adj. pollutus, polluted; L. neut. n. solum, soil; N.L. gen. n. pollutisoli, of polluted soil..
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: NEGI, V., SINGH, Y., SCHUMANN, P. and LAL, R. 2016. Corynebacterium pollutisoli sp. nov., isolated from hexachlorocyclohexane-contaminated soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 3531-3537.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium propinquum Riegel et al. 1994, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) B 77159 = ATCC 51488= CCUG 33048 = CIP 103792 = DSM 44285 = JCM 12106.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X84438.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. propinquum near, close.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 49. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 370-371.
Effective publication: RIEGEL (P.), DE BRIEL (D.), PRÉVOST (G.), JEHL (F.) and MONTEIL (H.): Proposal of Corynebacterium propinquum sp. nov. for Corynebacterium group ANF-3 strains. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 1993, 113, 229-234.
Validation List no. 49 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: Corynebacterium propinquum Riegel et al. 1994 was previously known as CDC coryneform group ANF-3.

Corynebacterium propinquum Riegel et al. 1994 emend. Bernard et al. 2013.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) B 77159 = ATCC 51488= CCUG 33048 = CIP 103792 = DSM 44285 = JCM 12106.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X84438.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. propinquum near, close.
Reference: BERNARD (K.), PACHECO (A.L.), CUNNINGHAM (I.), GILL (N.), BURDZ (T.) and WIEBE (D.): Emendation of the description of the species Corynebacterium propinquum to include strains which produce urease. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 2146-2154.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum Lehmann and Neumann 1896, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 10700= CCUG 27539 = CIP 103420 = DSM 44287 = IFO (now NBRC) 15362 = JCM 11665 = NCTC 11136.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ439343.
Synonyms: "Bacillus pseudodiphtheriticus" (Lehmann and Neumann 1896) Kruse 1896, "Bacterium pseudodiphtheriticum" (Lehmann and Neumann 1896) Migula 1900, Mycobacterium pseudodiphthericum" (sic) (Lehmann and Neumann 1896) Chester 1901, "Corynebacterium pseudodiphthericum" (sic) (Lehmann and Neumann 1896) Bergey et al. 1925, often referred to as "Corynebacterium hofmannii" Holland 1920.
Etymology: Gr. adj. pseudês, false; N.L. fem. n. diphtheria, diphtheria; N.L. adj. diphtheriticus -a -um, diphtheric; N.L. neut. adj. pseudodiphtheriticum, relating to false diphtheria.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: LEHMANN (K.B.) and NEUMANN (R.): Atlas und Grundriss der Bakteriologie und Lehrbuch der speziellen bakteriologischen Diagnostik, 1st ed., J.F. Lehmann, München, 1896.

   image

Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis (Buchanan 1911) Eberson 1918, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 19410= CCUG 2806 = CIP 102968 = DSM 20689 = IFO (now NBRC) 15363 = JCM 9389 = NCTC 3450.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X81916.
Synonyms: "Bacillus pseudotuberculosis-ovis" Lehmann and Neumann 1896, "Bacillus pseudotuberculosis" Buchanan 1911, "Corynebacterium ovis" Bergey et al. 1923, "Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis-ovis" (Lehmann and Neumann 1896) Hauduroy et al. 1937, "Corynebacterium preisz-nocardi" Hauduroy et al. 1937, "Mycobacterium tuberculosis-ovis" Krasil'nikov 1941.
Etymology: Gr. adj. pseudês, false; N.L. n. tuberculosis, tuberculosis; N.L. gen. n. pseudotuberculosis, of false tuberculosis.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 BUCHANAN (R.E.) (ed.): Veterinary Bacteriology, W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, 1911. 2 EBERSON (F.): A bacteriologic study of the diphtheroid organisms with special reference to Hodgkin's disease. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 1918, 23, 1-42.

   image

Corynebacterium pyogenes (Glage 1903) Eberson 1918, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) C-100 = ATCC 19411= CCUG 13230 = CIP 103129 = DSM 20630 = LMG 16162 = NCTC 5224.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X79225.
Synonym: "Bacillus pyogenes" Glage 1903.
Etymology: Gr. n. puon (Latin transliteration pyum), discharge from a sore, pus; N.L. suff. -genes (from Gr. v. gennaô, to produce) producing; N.L. adj. pyogenes, pus-producing.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 GLAGE (F.): Über den Bazillus pyogenes suis Grips, den Bazillus pyogenes bovis Kunneman und den Bakteriologischen Befund bei den chronischen abszedierenden Euterenzundungen der Milchkuhe. Zeitschrift fur Fleisch und Milchhygiene, 1903, 13, 166-175. 2 EBERSON (F.): A bacteriologic study of the diphtheroid organisms with special reference to Hodgkin's disease. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 1918, 23, 1-42.

¤ Actinomyces pyogenes (Glage 1903) Reddy et al. 1982, comb. nov.

¤ Arcanobacterium pyogenes (Glage 1903) Pascual Ramos et al. 1997, comb. nov.

¤ Trueperella pyogenes (Glage 1903) Yassin et al. 2011, comb. nov.

   image

Corynebacterium pyruviciproducens Tong et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 06-1773O = WAL 19168 = ATCC BAA-1742 = CCUG 57046 = JCM 17320.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ185225.
Etymology: N.L. n. acidum pyruvicum, pyruvic acid; L. part. adj. producens, producing; N.L. part. adj. pyruviciproducens, pyruvic acid-producing.
Valid publication: TONG (J.), LIU (C.), SUMMANEN (P.H.), XU (H.) and FINEGOLD (S.M.): Corynebacterium pyruviciproducens sp. nov., a pyruvic acid producer. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 1135-1140.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium rathayi (Smith 1913) Dowson 1942, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CFBP 2406 = CIP 104036 = DSM 7485 = ICMP 2574 = JCM 9307 = LMG 7288 = NCPPB 2980 = VKM Ac-1601.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X77439.
Synonyms: "Aplanobacter rathayi" Smith 1913, "Bacterium rathayi" (Smith 1913) Aujeszky 1914, "Phytomonas rathayi" (Smith 1913) Bergey et al. 1923, "Erwinia rathayi" (Smith 1913) Gram et al. 1929, "Agrobacterium rathayi" (Smith 1913) Savulescu 1947, "Pseudobacterium rathayi" (Smith 1913) Krasil'nikov 1949.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. rathayi, of Rathay, named for E. Rathay, an Australian plant pathologist, who first isolated the organism.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 SMITH (E.F.): A new type of bacterial disease. Science (Washington), 1913, 38, 926. 2 DOWSON (W.J.): On the generic name of the gram-positive bacterial plant pathogens. Transactions of the British Mycological Society, 1942, 25, 311-314.

¤ Clavibacter rathayi (Smith 1913) Davis et al. 1984, comb. nov.

¤ Rathayibacter rathayi (Smith 1913) Zgurskaya et al. 1993, comb. nov.

   image

Corynebacterium renale (Migula 1900) Ernst 1906, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 19412= CCUG 27542 = CIP 103421 = DSM 20688 = HAMBI 2321 = IFO (now NBRC) 15290 = JCM 9391 = NCTC 7448.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X81909.
Synonyms: "Bacillus pyelonephritidis boum" Höflich 1891, "Bacillus pyelonephritidis bovis" Lucet 1893, "Bacterium renale" Migula 1900, "Bacillus pyelonephritis bovis" (sic) Künnemann 1903, "Bacillus renalis" (Migula 1900) Künnemann 1903, "Bacillus pyelonephritidis" Glage 1903, "Corynebacterium ovale" Welsch and Thibaut 1948, "Mycobacterium renale" (Migula 1900) Krasil'nikov 1949.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. renale, of or belonging to the kidneys.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 MIGULA (W.): System der Bakterien, Vol. 2, Gustav Fischer, Jena, 1900, pp. 1-1068. 2 ERNST (W.): Über Pyelonephritis diphtherica bovis und die Pyelonephritisbazillen. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung I, 1906, 40, 79-91.

   image

Corynebacterium resistens Otsuka et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCUG 50093 = DSM 45100 = GTC 2026 = JCM 12819 = SICGH 158.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB128981, CP002857 (complete genome).
Etymology: L. part. adj. resistens, enduring, resistant (multidrug-resistant).
Valid publication: Validation List no. 106. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2235-2238.
Effective publication: OTSUKA (Y.), KAWAMURA (Y.), KOYAMA (T.), IIHARA (H.), OHKUSU (K.) and EZAKI (T.): Corynebacterium resistens sp. nov., a new multidrug-resistant coryneform bacterium isolated from human infections. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2005, 43, 3713-3717.
Validation List no. 106 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

   image

Corynebacterium riegelii Funke et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 700782= CCUG 38180 = CIP 105310 = DMMZ 2415 = DSM 44326 = JCM 10389.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y14651.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. riegelii, of Riegel, to honor contemporary French microbiologist Philippe Riegel for his contributions to the taxonomy of the genus Corynebacterium as well as to the clinical microbiology of coryneform bacteria.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 65. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 627.
Effective publication: FUNKE (G.), LAWSON (P.A.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Corynebacterium riegelii sp. nov., an unusual species isolated from female patients with urinary tract infections. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1998, 36, 624-627.
Validation List no. 65 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

   image

Corynebacterium seminale Riegel et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 51866= CCUG 34780 = CCUG 34888 = CIP 104297 = DSM 44288 = IBS B12915 = JCM 10394.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X84375.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. seminale, of or belonging to seed, to the semen, seminal 
Valid publication: Validation List no. 56. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 362-363.
Effective publication: RIEGEL (P.), RUIMY (R.), DE BRIEL (D.), PRÉVOST (G.), JEHL (F.), BIMET (F.), CHRISTEN (R.) and MONTEIL (H.): Corynebacterium seminale sp. nov., a new species associated with genital infections in male patients. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1995, 33, 2244-2249.
Validation List no. 56 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Corynebacterium glucuronolyticum Funke et al. 1995.

Note: According to Devriese et al.2000, Corynebacterium seminale Riegel et al. 1996 and ¤ Corynebacterium glucuronolyticum Funke et al. 1995 belong to the same species and ¤ Corynebacterium glucuronolyticum has priority. So, Corynebacterium seminale Riegel et al. 1996 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Corynebacterium glucuronolyticum Funke et al. 1995.
Reference: DEVRIESE (L.A.), RIEGEL (P.), HOMMEZ (J.), VANEECHOUTTE (M.), DE BAERE (T.) and HAESEBROUCK (F.): Identification of Corynebacterium glucuronolyticum strains from the urogenital tract of humans and pigs. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2000, 38, 4657-4659.
Original article Online

   image

Corynebacterium sepedonicum (Spieckermann and Kotthoff 1914) Skaptason and Burkholder 1942, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33113= CCUG 23908 = CIP 104844 = CFBP 2049 = DSM 20744 = ICMP 2535 = JCM 9667 = LMG 2889 = NCPPB 2137 = VKM Ac-1405.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM410694.
Synonyms: "Bacterium sepedonicum" Spieckermann and Kotthoff 1914, "Aplanobacter sepedonicum" (sic) (Spieckermann and Kotthoff 1914) Smith 1920, "Phytomonas sepedonica" (Spieckermann and Kotthoff 1914) Magrou 1937, "Mycobacterium sepedonicum" (Spieckermann and Kotthoff 1914) Krasil'nikov 1949, "Pseudobacterium sepedonicum" (Spieckermann and Kotthoff 1914) Krasil'nikov 1949.
Etymology: Gr. n. sepedon, rottenness, decay, putrefaction; L. neut. suff. -icum, suffix used with the sense of pertaining to; N.L. neut. adj. sepedonicum, pertaining to decay, intended to mean leading to decay.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 SPIECKERMANN (A.) and KOTTHOFF (P.): Untersuchungen über die Kartoffelpflanze und ihre Krankheiten. Landwirtschaftliche Jahrbucher Berlin, 1914, 46, 659-732. 2 SKAPTASON (J.B.) and BURKHOLDER (W.H.): Classification and nomenclature of the pathogen causing bacterial ring rot of potatoes. Phytopathology, 1942, 32, 439-441.

¤ Corynebacterium michiganense subsp. sepedonicum (Spieckermann and Kotthoff 1914) Carlson and Vidaver 1982, comb. nov.

¤ Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus corrig. (Spieckermann and Kotthoff 1914) Davis et al. 1984, comb. nov.

   image

Corynebacterium simulans Wattiau et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Co 553 = ATCC BAA-15 = CCUG 43305 = CIP 106488 = DSM 44415 = JCM 12107 = UCL 553.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ012837.
Etymology: L. part. adj. simulans simulating, imitating, because it resembles Corynebacterium striatum.
Valid publication: WATTIAU (P.), JANSSENS (M.) and WAUTERS (G.): Corynebacterium simulans sp. nov., a non-lipophilic, fermentative Corynebacterium. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 347-353.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium singulare Riegel et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCUG 37330 = CIP 105491 = DSM 44357 = IBS B52218 = IFO (now NBRC) 16162 = JCM 10385.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y10999.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. singulare, single, unique, remarkable.
Valid publication: RIEGEL (P.), RUIMY (R.), RENAUD (F.N.R.), FRENEY (J.), PREVOST (G.), JEHL (F.), CHRISTEN (R.) and MONTEIL (H.): Corynebacterium singulare sp. nov., a new species for urease-positive strains related to Corynebacterium minutissimum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 1092-1096.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium sphenisci Goyache et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCUG 46398 = CECT 5990 = JCM 12270.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ440964.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. sphenisci, of Spheniscus, a systematic genus of penguins, indicating the source of the type strain.
Valid publication: GOYACHE (J.), BALLESTEROS (C.), VELA (A.I.), COLLINS (M.D.), BRIONES (V.), HUTSON (R.A.), POTTI (J.), GARCÍA-BORBOROGLU (P.), DOMÍNGUEZ (L.) and FERNÁNDEZ-GARAYZÁBAL (J.F.): Corynebacterium sphenisci sp. nov., isolated from wild penguins. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1009-1012.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium spheniscorum Goyache et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) PG 39 = CCUG 45512 = CECT 5986 = JCM 12271.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ429234.
Etymology: N.L. masc. n. Spheniscus, a genus of penguin; N.L. masc. pl. gen. n. spheniscorum, of penguins.
Valid publication: GOYACHE (J.), VELA (A.I.), COLLINS (M.D.), BALLESTEROS (C.), BRIONES (V.), MORENO (J.), YORIO (P.), DOMÍNGUEZ (L.), HUTSON (R.) and FERNÁNDEZ-GARAYZÁBAL (J.F.): Corynebacterium spheniscorum sp. nov., isolated from the cloacae of wild penguins. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 43-46.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium sputi Yassin and Siering 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) IMMIB L-999 = CCUG 55795 = DSM 45148 = JCM 17321.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM930556.
Etymology: L. gen. n. sputi, of sputum.
Valid publication: YASSIN (A.F.) and SIERING (C.): Corynebacterium sputi sp. nov., isolated from the sputum of a patient with pneumonia. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2876-2879.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium stationis (ZoBell and Upham 1944) Bernard et al. 2010, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 14403= CCUG 43497 = CIP 104228 = DSM 20302 = JCM 11611 = NBRC 12144 = VKM B-1228.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ172667.
Basonym: ¤ Brevibacterium stationis (ZoBell and Upham 1944) Breed 1953 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. n. statio -onis, that which is fixed in position, a station; L. gen. n. stationis, of a fixed position.
Valid publication: BERNARD (K.A.), WIEBE (D.), BURDZ (T.), REIMER (A.), NG (B.), SINGH (C.), SCHINDLE (S.) and PACHECO (A.L.): Assignment of Brevibacterium stationis (ZoBell and Upham 1944) Breed 1953 to the genus Corynebacterium, as Corynebacterium stationis comb. nov., and emended description of the genus Corynebacterium to include isolates that can alkalinize citrate. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 874-879.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium striatum (Chester 1901) Eberson 1918, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 6940= CCUG 27949 = CIP 81.15 = DSM 20668 = IFO (now NBRC) 15291 = JCM 9390 = NCTC 764.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X84442.
Synonym: "Bacterium striatum" Chester 1901.
Etymology: L. part. neut. adj. striatum grooved, striated
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 CHESTER (F.D.): A Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, The Macmillan Co., New York, 1901, pp. 1-401. 2 EBERSON (F.): A bacteriologic study of the diphtheroid organisms with special reference to Hodgkin's disease. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 1918, 23, 1-42.

Note: None of the reference strains fits the descriptions in the original publications. It appears that the wrong strains were deposited in Major Culture Collections. This is a substantial case for declaring Corynebacterium striatum a nomen dubium (Rule 56a). However, if a careful search reveals a strain or strains used in the original description agreeing in its characteristics, then a neotype strain can be proposed (Rule 18c).
Reference: COYLE (M.B.), LEONARD (R.B.) and NOWOWIEJSKI (D.J.): Pursuit of the Corynebacterium striatum type strain. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 848-851.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium suicordis Vela et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) P81/02 = CCUG 46963 = CECT 5724 = JCM 12370.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ504424.
Etymology: L. n. sus suis, pig; L. n. cor cordis, heart; N.L. gen. n. suicordis, of/from pig heart.
Valid publication: VELA (A.I.), MATEOS (A.), COLLINS (M.D.), BRIONES (V.), HUTSON (R.A.), DOMÍNGUEZ (L.) and FERNÁNDEZ-GARAYZÁBAL (J.F.): Corynebacterium suicordis sp. nov., from pigs. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 2027-2031.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium sundsvallense Collins et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCUG 36622 = CIP 105936 = DSM 44613 = JCM 12401.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y09655.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. sundsvallense, of or belonging to Sundsvall, Sweden, named after the city from where the bacterium was first isolated.
Valid publication: COLLINS (M.D.)., BERNARD (K.A.), HUTSON (R.A.), SJÖDÉN (B.), NYBERG (A.) and FALSEN (E.): Corynebacterium sundsvallense sp. nov., from human clinical specimens. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 361-366.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium tapiri Baumgardt et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 2385/12=CCUG 65456=LMG 28165.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HG799102.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. tapiri, of Tapirus, named after the tapir from which the type strain was isolated.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: BAUMGARDT, S., LONCARIC, I., KÄMPFER, P. and BUSSE, H. J. 2015. Corynebacterium tapiri sp. nov. and Corynebacterium nasicanis sp. nov., isolated from a tapir and a dog, respectively. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 3885-3893.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium terpenotabidum Takeuchi et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Y-11 = CIP 105927 = IFO (now NBRC) 14764 = JCM 10555 = VKM Ac-2071.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB004730.
Etymology: N.L. n. terpenum, terpene; L. neut. adj. tabidum, dissolving; N.L. neut. adj. terpenotabidum, terpene-dissolving.
Valid publication: TAKEUCHI (M.), SAKANE (T.), NIHIRA (T.), YAMADA (Y.) and IMAI (K.): Corynebacterium terpenotabidum sp. nov., a bacterium capable of degrading squalene. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 223-229.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium testudinoris Collins et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) M935/96/4 = CCUG 41823 = CIP 106763 = DSM 44614 = JCM 12108.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ295841.
Etymology: L. n. testudo -inis, tortoise; L. n. os oris, the mouth; N. L. gen. n. testudinoris, of the mouth of a tortoise.
Valid publication: COLLINS (M.D.), HOYLES (L.), HUTSON (R.A.), FOSTER (G.) and FALSEN (E.): Corynebacterium testudinoris sp. nov., from a tortoise, and Corynebacterium felinum sp. nov., from a Scottish wild cat. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1349-1352.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium thomssenii Zimmermann et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCUG 38516 = CIP 105597 = DSM 44276 = JCM 12109.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF010474.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. thomssenii, of Thomssen, to honor Reiner Thomssen, a prominent German virologist and medical microbiologist.
Valid publication: ZIMMERMANN (O.), SPRÖER (C.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.), FUCHS (E.), KÖCHEL (H.G.) and FUNKE (G.): Corynebacterium thomssenii sp. nov., a Corynebacterium with N-acetyl-β-glucosaminidase activity from human clinical specimens. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 489-494.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium timonense Merhej et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 5401744 = CCUG 53856 = CIP 109424 = CSUR P20.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF217055.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. timonense, of or pertaining to Hôpital de la Timone, the hospital in Marseille, France, where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: MERHEJ (V.), FALSEN (E.), RAOULT (D.) and ROUX (V.): Corynebacterium timonense sp. nov. and Corynebacterium massiliense sp. nov., isolated from human blood and human articular hip fluid. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1953-1959.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium trachiae Kämpfer et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 280/10=CIP 110796=LMG 28214.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KM609201.
Etymology: L. n. trachia, the windpipe, trachea; L. gen. n. trachiae, of the windpipe, trachea, isolated from the windpipe of a stork.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: KÄMPFER, P., JERZAK, L., WILHARM, G., GOLKE, J., BUSSE, H.-J. and GLAESER, S. P. 2015. Description of Corynebacterium trachiae sp. nov., isolated from a white stork (Ciconia ciconia). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 784-788.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium tritici (ex Hutchinson 1917) Carlson and Vidaver 1982, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 11403= CCUG 23914 = CFBP 1385 = CIP 104038 = DSM 7486 = ICMP 2626 = JCM 9309 = LMG 3728 = NCPPB 1857 = VKM Ac-1603.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X77438.
Synonyms: "Pseudomonas tritici" Hutchinson 1917, "Corynebacterium tritici" (Hutchinson 1917) Burkholder 1948.
Etymology: L. n. triticum, wheat, and also  the generic name of wheat (Triticum); L. gen. n. tritici, of wheat, of Triticum.
Valid publication: CARLSON (R.R.) and VIDAVER (A.K.): Taxonomy of Corynebacterium plant pathogens, including a new pathogen of wheat, based on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of cellular proteins. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 315-326.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Clavibacter tritici (Carlson and Vidaver 1982) Davis et al. 1984, comb. nov.

¤ Rathayibacter tritici (Carlson and Vidaver 1982) Zgurskaya et al. 1993, comb. nov.

   image

Corynebacterium tuberculostearicum Feurer et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Medalle X = LDC-20 = ATCC 35692= CCUG 45418 = CIP 107291 = JCM 13389.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ438050.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. tuberculostearicum, pertaining to tuberculostearic acid, which is contained in the cells.
Valid publication: FEURER (C.), CLERMONT (D.), BIMET (F.), CANDRÉA (A.), JACKSON (M.), GLASER (P.), BIZET (C.) and DAUGA (C.): Taxonomic characterization of nine strains isolated from clinical and environmental specimens, and proposal of Corynebacterium tuberculostearicum sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1055-1061.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The type strain ATCC 35529, cited in the paper by Feurer et al. 2004, is no longer available as a type strain for Corynebacterium tuberculostearicum. The ATCC deaccessioned it several years ago and replaced it with ATCC 35692.
References:
1 TANG (J.): Personal communication (December 16, 2004).
2 Erratum: Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 981 (Erratum in IJSEM Online).
2 Corynebacterium tuberculostearicum Feurer et al. 2004 was previously known as "Corynebacterium tuberculostearicum" Brown et al. 1984.
Reference: BROWN (S.), LANÉELLE (M.A.), ASSELINEAU (J.) and BARKSDALE (L.): Description of Corynebacterium tuberculostearicum sp. nov., a leprosy-derived Corynebacterium. Ann. Microbiol. (Inst. Pasteur), 1984, 135 B, 251-267.

   image

Corynebacterium tuscaniense corrig. Riegel et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC BAA-1141 = CCUG 51321 = ISS-5309 = JCM 15294.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY677186.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. tuscaniense, pertaining to Tuscania, Latin name of the Italian region, Tuscany, where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 111. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2025-2027.
Effective publication: RIEGEL (P.), CRETI (R.), MATTEI (R.), NIERI (A.) and VON HUNOLSTEIN (C.): Isolation of Corynebacterium tuscaniae sp. nov. from blood cultures of a patient with endocarditis. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2006, 44, 307-312.
Validation List no. 111 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, tuscaniae (sic), has been corrected on validation according to Rule 61.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 111 (footnote ‡). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2025-2027.
Validation List no. 111 in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium ulcerans (ex Gilbert and Stewart 1927) Riegel et al. 1995, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 51799= CCUG 2708 = CIP 106504 = DSM 46325 = JCM 10387 = NCTC 7910.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X84256.
Synonym: "Corynebacterium ulcerans" Gilbert and Stewart 1927.
Etymology: L. part. adj. ulcerans, making sore, causing to ulcerate.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 54. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 619-620.
Effective publication: RIEGEL (P.), RUIMY (R.), DE BRIEL (D.), PRÉVOST (G.), JEHL (F.), CHRISTEN (R.) and MONTEIL (H.): Taxonomy of Corynebacterium diphtheriae and relative taxa, with recognition of Corynebacterium ulcerans sp. nov. nom. rev. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 1995, 126, 271-276.
Validation List no. 54 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

   image

Corynebacterium ulceribovis Yassin 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) IMMIB L-1395 = CCUG 55727 = DSM 45146.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM922112.
Etymology: L. n. ulcus -eris, ulcer; L. n. bos bovis, a cow, a bull; N.L. gen. n. ulceribovis, of an ulcer of a cow.
Valid publication: YASSIN (A.F.): Corynebacterium ulceribovis sp. nov., isolated from the skin of the udder of a cow with a profound ulceration. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 34-37.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium urealyticum Pitcher et al. 1992, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 43042= CCUG 18158 = CIP 103524 = DSM 7109 = JCM 10395 = LMG 19041 = NCTC 12011.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X81913.
Etymology: N.L. fem. n. urea, urea; N.L. neut. adj. lyticum (from Gr. neut. adj. lutikon), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. neut. adj. urealyticum, urea dissolving.
Valid publication: PITCHER (D.), SOTO (A.), SORIANO (F.) and VALERO-GUILLÉN (P.): Classification of coryneform bacteria associated with human urinary tract infection (Group D2) as Corynebacterium urealyticum sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 178-181.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Corynebacterium urealyticum Pitcher et al. 1992 was previously known as CDC coryneform group D-2.

   image

Corynebacterium ureicelerivorans Yassin 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) IMMIB RIV-2301 = CCUG 53377 = DSM 45051 = JCM 15295.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM397636.
Etymology: N.L. fem. n. urea, urea; L. adj. celer -eris, fast; L. part. adj. vorans, devouring; N.L. part. adj. ureicelerivorans, fast urea-devouring, referring to the rapid utilization of urea.
Valid publication: YASSIN (A.F.): Corynebacterium ureicelerivorans sp. nov., a lipophilic bacterium isolated from blood culture. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1200-1203.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium uropygiale Braun et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Iso10=DSM 46817=LMG 28616.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: NR_146354.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: .
Etymology: -.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 170. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66 (2016), 2463-2466.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: BRAUN, M. S., ZIMMERMANN, S., DANNER, M., RASHID, H.-O., WINK, M. 2016. Corynebacterium uropygiale sp. nov., isolated from the preen gland of turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo). Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 39, 88-92.
Effective publication Online

   image

Corynebacterium uterequi Hoyles et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) VM 2298=CCUG 61235=DSM 45634.
Sequence accession no. (rpoB) for the type strain: HE577843.
Etymology: -.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 154. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63 (2013), 3931-3934.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: HOYLES, L., ORTMAN, K., CARDEW, S., FOSTER, G., ROGERSON, F. and FALSEN, E. 2013. Corynebacterium uterequi sp. nov., a non-lipophilic bacterium isolated from urogenital samples from horses. Vet. Microbiol., 165, 469-474.
Effective publication Online

   image

Corynebacterium variabile corrig. (Müller 1961) Collins 1987, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 15753= CCUG 45246 = CIP 102112 = DSM 20132 = HAMBI 1872 = IFO (now NBRC) 15286 = JCM 2154 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 9455 = NRRL B-4201 = VKM Ac-1122.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ222815.
Basonym: ¤ Arthrobacter variabilis Müller 1961 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. neut. adj. variabile, changeable, variable.
Valid publication: COLLINS (M.D.): Transfer of Arthrobacter variabilis (Müller) to the genus Corynebacterium, as Corynebacterium variabilis comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 287-288.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 According to Collins et al. 1989, Corynebacterium variabile corrig. (Müller 1961) Collins 1987 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Caseobacter polymorphus Crombach 1978 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), SMIDA (J.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Phylogenetic evidence for the transfer of Caseobacter polymorphus (Crombach) to the genus Corynebacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 7-9.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The original spelling of the specific epithet, variabilis (sic), has been corrected by Euzéby 1998.
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.): Taxonomic note: necessary correction of specific and subspecific epithets according to Rules 12c and 13b of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria (1990 Revision). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1073-1075.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 According to Gelsomino et al. 2005, Corynebacterium variabile corrig. (Müller 1961) Collins 1987 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Corynebacterium mooreparkense Brennan et al. 2001.
Reference: GELSOMINO (R.), VANCANNEYT (M.), SNAUWAERT (C.), VANDEMEULEBROECKE (K.), HOSTE (B.), COGAN (T.M.) and SWINGS (J.): Corynebacterium mooreparkense, a later heterotypic synonym of Corynebacterium variabile. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1129-1131.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Corynebacterium vitaeruminis corrig. (Bechdel et al. 1928) Lanéelle et al. 1980, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 10234= CCUG 28792 = CIP 82.7 = DSM 20294 = IFO (now NBRC) 12143 = JCM 1323 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 9291 = VKM B-1211.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY438066.
Basonym: ¤ Brevibacterium vitarumen (Bechdel et al. 1928) Breed 1957 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonym: "Flavobacterium vitarumen" Bechdel et al. 1928.
Etymology: L. n. vita -ae, life; L. n. rumen -inis, the throat, gullet, rumen; N.L. gen. n. vitaeruminis, of rumen life.
Valid publication: LANÉELLE (M.A.), ASSELINEAU (J.), WELBY (M.), NORGARD (M.V.), IMAEDA (T.), POLLICE (M.C.) and BARKSDALE (L.): Biological and chemical bases for the reclassification of Brevibacterium vitarumen (Bechdel et al.) Breed (Approved Lists, 1980) as Corynebacterium vitarumen (Bechdel et al.) comb. nov. and Brevibacterium liquefaciens Okabayashi and Masuo (Approved Lists, 1980) as Corynebacterium liquefaciens (Okabayashi and Masuo) comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 539-546.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, vitarumen (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De' Clari 1997.
Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE' CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: Necessary correction of specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 908-909.
Original article in IJSB Online

   image

Corynebacterium xerosis (Lehmann and Neumann 1896) Lehmann and Neumann 1899, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 373= CCUG 27544 = CIP 100653 = DSM 20743 = IFO (now NBRC) 16721 = JCM 1971 = NCTC 11861.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X81914.
Synonyms: "Pacinia neisseri" Trevisan 1889, "Bacillus xerosis" Lehmann and Neumann 1896, "Bacterium xerosis" (Lehmann and Neumann 1896) Migula 1900, "Bacterium colomatti" Chester 1901, "Corynebacterium conjunctivae" Lewandowsky 1904, "Mycobacterium xerosis" (Lehmann and Neumann 1896) Krasil'nikov 1941.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. xerosis (from Gr. adj. xeros, dry), of xerosis.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 LEHMANN (K.B.) and NEUMANN (R.): Atlas und Grundriss der Bakteriologie und Lehrbuch der speciellen bakteriologischen Diagnostik, 1st ed., J.F. Lehmann, München, 1896. 2 LEHMANN (K.B.) and NEUMANN (R.): Lehmann's Medizin, Handatlanten X. Atlas und Grundriss der Bakteriologie und Lehrbuch der speziellen bakteriologischen Diagnostik. 2. Auflage, 1899, 2, 1-497.

Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, and on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), this taxon is cited as Corynebacterium xerosis Lehmann and Neumann 1899.

   image