Title


Sign up here for LPSN updates!


Genus Clavibacter

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 6
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 10

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Clavibacter Davis et al. 1984, gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Clavibacter michiganensis corrig. (Smith 1910) Davis et al. 1984.
Etymology: L. n. clava, cudgel, club; N.L. masc. n. bacter, rod; N.L. masc. n. Clavibacter, club-shaped rod.
Valid publication: DAVIS (M.J.), GILLASPSIE Jr. (A.G.), VIDAVER (A.K.) and HARRIS (R.W.): Clavibacter: a new genus containing some phytopathogenic coryneform bacteria, including Clavibacter xyli subsp. xyli sp. nov., subsp. nov. and Clavibacter xyli subsp. cynodontis subsp. nov., pathogens that cause ratoon stunting disease of sugarcane and Bermudagrass stunting disease. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 107-117.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Clavibacter iranicus corrig. (Carlson and Vidaver 1982) Davis et al. 1984, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCUG 23897 = CFBP 807 = CIP 104037 = DSM 7484 = ICMP 3496 = JCM 9308 = LMG 3677 = NCPPB 2253 = VKM Ac-1602.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM410684.
Basonym: ¤ Corynebacterium iranicum (ex Scharif 1961) Carlson and Vidaver 1982.
Other synonym: "Corynebacterium iranicum" Scharif 1961.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. iranicus, of or belonging to Iran.
Valid publication: DAVIS (M.J.), GILLASPSIE Jr. (A.G.), VIDAVER (A.K.) and HARRIS (R.W.): Clavibacter: a new genus containing some phytopathogenic coryneform bacteria, including Clavibacter xyli subsp. xyli sp. nov., subsp. nov. and Clavibacter xyli subsp. cynodontis subsp. nov., pathogens that cause ratoon stunting disease of sugarcane and Bermudagrass stunting disease. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 107-117.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The original spelling, Clavibacter iranicum (sic), has been corrected by Zgurskaya et al. 1993.
Reference: ZGURSKAYA (H.I.), EVTUSHENKO (L.I.), AKIMOV (V.N.) and KALAKOUTSKII (L.V.): Rathayibacter gen. nov., including the species Rathayibacter rathayi comb. nov., Rathayibacter tritici comb. nov., Rathayibacter iranicus comb. nov., and six strains from annual grasses. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 143-149.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Rathayibacter iranicus (Carlson and Vidaver 1982) Zgurskaya et al. 1993, comb. nov.

   image

Clavibacter michiganensis corrig. (Smith 1910) Davis et al. 1984, comb. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CFBP 2352 = CIP 104846 = DSM 46364 = ICMP 2550 = JCM 9665 = LMG 7333 = NCPPB 2979 = VKM Ac-1403.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X77435.
Basonym: ¤ Corynebacterium michiganense (Smith 1910) Jensen 1934 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: "Bacterium michiganense" Smith 1910, "Pseudomonas michiganensis" (Smith 1910) Stevens 1913, "Aplanobacter michiganense" (sic) (Smith 1910) Smith 1914, "Phytomonas michiganensis" (Smith 1910) Bergey et al. 1923, "Mycobacterium flavum subsp. michiganense" (Smith 1910) Krasil'nikov 1941.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. michiganensis, of or belonging to Michigan (State, U.S.A.).
Valid publication: DAVIS (M.J.), GILLASPSIE Jr. (A.G.), VIDAVER (A.K.) and HARRIS (R.W.): Clavibacter: a new genus containing some phytopathogenic coryneform bacteria, including Clavibacter xyli subsp. xyli sp. nov., subsp. nov. and Clavibacter xyli subsp. cynodontis subsp. nov., pathogens that cause ratoon stunting disease of sugarcane and Bermudagrass stunting disease. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 107-117.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The original spelling, Clavibacter michiganense (sic), has been corrected by Zgurskaya et al. 1993.
Reference: ZGURSKAYA (H.I.), EVTUSHENKO (L.I.), AKIMOV (V.N.) and KALAKOUTSKII (L.V.): Rathayibacter gen. nov., including the species Rathayibacter rathayi comb. nov., Rathayibacter tritici comb. nov., Rathayibacter iranicus comb. nov., and six strains from annual grasses. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 143-149.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. californiensis Yasuhara-Bell and Alvarez et al. 2015, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) C55=ATCC BAA-2691=CFBP 8216.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF663871.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. californiensis, pertaining to California, referring to the location of isolation of the type strain.
Source: Plant pathogen.
Valid publication: YASUHARA-BELL, J. and ALVAREZ, A. M. 2015. Seed-associated subspecies of the genus Clavibacter are clearly distinguishable from Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 811-826
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. capsici Oh et al. 2016, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) PF008=KACC 18448=LMG 29047.
Sequence accession no. (complete genome) for the type strain: CP012573.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: .
Etymology: N.L. neut. gen n. capsici, referring to Capsicum, the genus name of pepper.
Source: Plant pathogen.
Valid publication: OH, E. J., BAE, C., LEE, H. B., HWANG, I. S., LEE, H. I., YEA, M. C., YIM, K. O., LEE, S., HEU, S., CHA, J. S. and OH, C. S. 2016. Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. capsici subsp. nov., causing bacterial canker disease in pepper. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 4065-4070.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. chilensis Yasuhara-Bell and Alvarez et al. 2015, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ZUM3936=ATCC BAA-2690=CFBP 8217.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF663872.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. chilensis, pertaining to Chile, referring to the location of isolation of the type strain.
Source: Plant pathogen.
Valid publication: YASUHARA-BELL, J. and ALVAREZ, A. M. 2015. Seed-associated subspecies of the genus Clavibacter are clearly distinguishable from Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 811-826
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. insidiosus corrig. (McCulloch 1925) Davis et al. 1984, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCUG 38895 = CFBP 2404 = CIP 105048 = CIP 105363 = DSM 20157 = ICMP 2621 = LMG 3663 = JCM 9664 = NCPPB 1109 = VKM Ac-1402.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U09761.
Basonym: ¤ Corynebacterium insidiosum (McCulloch 1925) Jensen 1934 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: ¤ Corynebacterium michiganense subsp. insidiosum (McCulloch 1925) Carlson and Vidaver 1982, "Aplanobacter insidiosum" (sic) McCulloch 1925, "Bacterium insidiosum" (McCulloch 1925) Stapp 1928, " Phytomonas insidiosa" (McCulloch 1925) Bergey et al. 1930, "Erwinia insidiosa" (McCulloch 1925) Jensen 1934, "Mycobacterium insidiosum" (McCulloch 1925) Krasil'nikov 1941, "Burkholderiella insidiosa" (McCulloch 1925) Savulescu 1947.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. insidiosus, deceitful, insidious.
Valid publication: DAVIS (M.J.), GILLASPSIE Jr. (A.G.), VIDAVER (A.K.) and HARRIS (R.W.): Clavibacter: a new genus containing some phytopathogenic coryneform bacteria, including Clavibacter xyli subsp. xyli sp. nov., subsp. nov. and Clavibacter xyli subsp. cynodontis subsp. nov., pathogens that cause ratoon stunting disease of sugarcane and Bermudagrass stunting disease. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 107-117.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The original spelling, Clavibacter michiganense (sic) subsp. insidiosum (sic), has been corrected by Zgurskaya et al. 1993.
Reference: ZGURSKAYA (H.I.), EVTUSHENKO (L.I.), AKIMOV (V.N.) and KALAKOUTSKII (L.V.): Rathayibacter gen. nov., including the species Rathayibacter rathayi comb. nov., Rathayibacter tritici comb. nov., Rathayibacter iranicus comb. nov., and six strains from annual grasses. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 143-149.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis corrig. (Smith 1910) Davis et al. 1984, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CFBP 2352 = CIP 104846 = DSM 46364 = ICMP 2550 = JCM 9665 = LMG 7333 = NCPPB 2979 = VKM Ac-1403.
Basonym: ¤ Corynebacterium michiganense (Smith 1910) Jensen 1934 (Approved Lists 1980).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X77435.
Other synonyms: ¤ Corynebacterium michiganense subsp. michiganense (Smith 1910) Jensen 1934, "Bacterium michiganense" Smith 1910, "Pseudomonas michiganensis" (Smith 1910) Stevens 1913, "Aplanobacter michiganense" (sic) (Smith 1910) Smith 1914, "Phytomonas michiganensis" (Smith 1910) Bergey et al. 1923, "Mycobacterium flavum subsp. michiganense" (Smith 1910) Krasil'nikov 1941.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. michiganensis, of or belonging to Michigan (State, U.S.A.).
Valid publication: DAVIS (M.J.), GILLASPSIE Jr. (A.G.), VIDAVER (A.K.) and HARRIS (R.W.): Clavibacter: a new genus containing some phytopathogenic coryneform bacteria, including Clavibacter xyli subsp. xyli sp. nov., subsp. nov. and Clavibacter xyli subsp. cynodontis subsp. nov., pathogens that cause ratoon stunting disease of sugarcane and Bermudagrass stunting disease. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 107-117.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The original spelling, Clavibacter michiganense (sic) subsp. michiganense (sic), has been corrected by Zgurskaya et al. 1993.
Reference: ZGURSKAYA (H.I.), EVTUSHENKO (L.I.), AKIMOV (V.N.) and KALAKOUTSKII (L.V.): Rathayibacter gen. nov., including the species Rathayibacter rathayi comb. nov., Rathayibacter tritici comb. nov., Rathayibacter iranicus comb. nov., and six strains from annual grasses. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 143-149.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. nebraskensis corrig. (Vidaver and Mandel 1974) Davis et al. 1984, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 27794= CCUG 38894 = CIP 105362 = DSM 7483 = ICMP 3298 = JCM 9666 = LMG 3700 = LMG 5627 = LMG 7223 = NCPPB 2581 = VKM Ac-1404.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X77434.
Basonym: ¤ Corynebacterium nebraskense Vidaver and Mandel 1974 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonym: ¤ Corynebacterium michiganense subsp. nebraskense (Vidaver and Mandel 1974) Carlson and Vidaver 1982.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. nebraskensis, of or belonging to Nebraska.
Valid publication: DAVIS (M.J.), GILLASPSIE Jr. (A.G.), VIDAVER (A.K.) and HARRIS (R.W.): Clavibacter: a new genus containing some phytopathogenic coryneform bacteria, including Clavibacter xyli subsp. xyli sp. nov., subsp. nov. and Clavibacter xyli subsp. cynodontis subsp. nov., pathogens that cause ratoon stunting disease of sugarcane and Bermudagrass stunting disease. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 107-117.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The original spelling, Clavibacter michiganense (sic) subsp. nebraskense (sic), has been corrected by Zgurskaya et al. 1993.
Reference: ZGURSKAYA (H.I.), EVTUSHENKO (L.I.), AKIMOV (V.N.) and KALAKOUTSKII (L.V.): Rathayibacter gen. nov., including the species Rathayibacter rathayi comb. nov., Rathayibacter tritici comb. nov., Rathayibacter iranicus comb. nov., and six strains from annual grasses. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 143-149.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. phaseoli González et al. 2014, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LPPA 982=CECT 8144=LMG 27667.
Sequence accession no. (recA) for the type strain: HF954356.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. phaseoli, of Phaseolus, referring to the isolation source of the type strain.
Source: Plant pathogen.
Valid publication: GONZÁLEZ, A. J. and TRAPIELLO, E. A. 2014. Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. phaseoli subsp. nov., pathogenic in bean. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 1752-1755.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus corrig. (Spieckermann and Kotthoff 1914) Davis et al. 1984, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33113= CCUG 23908 = CIP 104844 = CFBP 2049 = DSM 20744 = ICMP 2535 = JCM 9667 = LMG 2889 = NCPPB 2137 = VKM Ac-1405.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM410694 (complete genome: AM849034).
Basonym: ¤ Corynebacterium sepedonicum (Spieckermann and Kotthoff 1914) Skaptason and Burkholder 1942 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: ¤ Corynebacterium michiganense subsp. sepedonicum (Spieckermann and Kotthoff 1914) Carlson and Vidaver 1982, "Bacterium sepedonicum" Spieckermann and Kotthoff 1914, "Aplanobacter sepedonicum" (sic) (Spieckermann and Kotthoff 1914) Smith 1920, "Phytomonas sepedonica" (Spieckermann and Kotthoff 1914) Magrou 1937, "Mycobacterium sepedonicum" (Spieckermann and Kotthoff 1914) Krasil'nikov 1949, "Pseudobacterium sepedonicum" (Spieckermann and Kotthoff 1914) Krasil'nikov 1949.
Etymology: Gr. n. sepedon, rottenness, decay, putrefaction; L. masc. suff. -icus, suffix used with the sense of pertaining to; N.L. masc. adj. sepedonicus, pertaining to decay, intended to mean leading to decay.
Valid publication: DAVIS (M.J.), GILLASPSIE Jr. (A.G.), VIDAVER (A.K.) and HARRIS (R.W.): Clavibacter: a new genus containing some phytopathogenic coryneform bacteria, including Clavibacter xyli subsp. xyli sp. nov., subsp. nov. and Clavibacter xyli subsp. cynodontis subsp. nov., pathogens that cause ratoon stunting disease of sugarcane and Bermudagrass stunting disease. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 107-117.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The original spelling, Clavibacter michiganense (sic) subsp. sepedonicum (sic), has been corrected by Zgurskaya et al. 1993.
Reference: ZGURSKAYA (H.I.), EVTUSHENKO (L.I.), AKIMOV (V.N.) and KALAKOUTSKII (L.V.): Rathayibacter gen. nov., including the species Rathayibacter rathayi comb. nov., Rathayibacter tritici comb. nov., Rathayibacter iranicus comb. nov., and six strains from annual grasses. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 143-149.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. tessellarius corrig. (Carlson and Vidaver 1982) Davis et al. 1984, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 78181 = ATCC 33566= CCUG 38896 = CIP 105364 = DSM 20741 = ICMP 7221 = JCM 9668 = LMG 7294 = NCPPB 3664 = PDDCC 7221 = VKM Ac-1406.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U30254.
Basonym: ¤ Corynebacterium michiganense subsp. tessellarius Carlson and Vidaver 1982.
Etymology: L. masc. n. tessellarius (nominative in apposition), a mosaic stone maker.
Valid publication: DAVIS (M.J.), GILLASPSIE Jr. (A.G.), VIDAVER (A.K.) and HARRIS (R.W.): Clavibacter: a new genus containing some phytopathogenic coryneform bacteria, including Clavibacter xyli subsp. xyli sp. nov., subsp. nov. and Clavibacter xyli subsp. cynodontis subsp. nov., pathogens that cause ratoon stunting disease of sugarcane and Bermudagrass stunting disease. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 107-117.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The original spelling, Clavibacter michiganense (sic) subsp. tessellarius, has been corrected by Zgurskaya et al. 1993.
Reference: ZGURSKAYA (H.I.), EVTUSHENKO (L.I.), AKIMOV (V.N.) and KALAKOUTSKII (L.V.): Rathayibacter gen. nov., including the species Rathayibacter rathayi comb. nov., Rathayibacter tritici comb. nov., Rathayibacter iranicus comb. nov., and six strains from annual grasses. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 143-149.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Clavibacter rathayi (Smith 1913) Davis et al. 1984, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CFBP 2406 = CIP 104036 = DSM 7485 = ICMP 2574 = JCM 9307 = LMG 7288 = NCPPB 2980 = VKM Ac-1601.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X77439.
Basonym: ¤ Corynebacterium rathayi (Smith 1913) Dowson 1942 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: "Aplanobacter rathayi" Smith 1913, "Bacterium rathayi" (Smith 1913) Aujeszky 1914, "Phytomonas rathayi" (Smith 1913) Bergey et al. 1923, "Erwinia rathayi" (Smith 1913) Gram et al. 1929, "Agrobacterium rathayi" (Smith 1913) Savulescu 1947, "Pseudobacterium rathayi" (Smith 1913) Krasil'nikov 1949.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. rathayi, of Rathay, named for E. Rathay, an Australian plant pathologist, who first isolated the organism.
Valid publication: DAVIS (M.J.), GILLASPIE Jr. (A.G.), VIDAVER (A.K.) and HARRIS (R.W.): Clavibacter: a new genus containing some phytopathogenic coryneform bacteria, including Clavibacter xyli subsp. xyli sp. nov., subsp. nov. and Clavibacter xyli subsp. cynodontis subsp. nov., pathogens that cause ratoon stunting disease of sugarcane and Bermudagrass stunting disease. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 107-117.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Rathayibacter rathayi (Smith 1913) Zgurskaya et al. 1993, comb. nov.

   image

Clavibacter toxicus Riley and Ophel 1992, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CS14 = ATCC 49908= CIP 104617 = DSM 7488 = ICMP 9525 = JCM 9669 = NCPPB 3552.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D84127.
Etymology: The etymology provided by Riley and Ophel 1992 is the following: L. m. toxicus (sic), poison.
Reference: RILEY (I.T.) and OPHEL (K.M.): Clavibacter toxicus sp. nov., the bacterium responsible for annual ryegrass toxicity in Australia. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 64-68.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Rathayibacter toxicus (Riley and Ophel 1992) Sasaki et al. 1998, comb. nov.

   image

Clavibacter tritici (Carlson and Vidaver 1982) Davis et al. 1984, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 11403= CCUG 23914 = CFBP 1385 = CIP 104038 = DSM 7486 = ICMP 2626 = JCM 9309 = LMG 3728 = NCPPB 1857 = VKM Ac-1603.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X77438.
Basonym: ¤ Corynebacterium tritici (ex Hutchinson 1917) Carlson and Vidaver 1982.
Other synonyms: "Pseudomonas tritici" Hutchinson 1917, "Corynebacterium tritici" (Hutchinson 1917) Burkholder 1948.
Etymology: L. n. triticum, wheat, and also  the generic name of wheat (Triticum); L. gen. n. tritici, of wheat, of Triticum.
Valid publication: DAVIS (M.J.), GILLASPIE Jr. (A.G.), VIDAVER (A.K.) and HARRIS (R.W.): Clavibacter: a new genus containing some phytopathogenic coryneform bacteria, including Clavibacter xyli subsp. xyli sp. nov., subsp. nov. and Clavibacter xyli subsp. cynodontis subsp. nov., pathogens that cause ratoon stunting disease of sugarcane and Bermudagrass stunting disease. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 107-117.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Rathayibacter tritici (Carlson and Vidaver 1982) Zgurskaya et al. 1993, comb. nov.

   image

Clavibacter xyli Davis et al. 1984, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) L1A = ATCC 33974= ICMP 7127 = LMG 7352 = NCPPB 3152 = PDDCC 7127.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not found.
Etymology: Gr. n. xulon, wood; N.L. gen. n. xyli, of wood, intended to mean of the xylem.
Valid publication: DAVIS (M.J.), GILLASPIE Jr. (A.G.), VIDAVER (A.K.) and HARRIS (R.W.): Clavibacter: a new genus containing some phytopathogenic coryneform bacteria, including Clavibacter xyli subsp. xyli sp. nov., subsp. nov. and Clavibacter xyli subsp. cynodontis subsp. nov., pathogens that cause ratoon stunting disease of sugarcane and Bermudagrass stunting disease. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 107-117.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Suzuki et al. 1999 [1], the type strain (L1A = NCPPB 3152 = PDDCC 7127 = ATCC 33974= LMG 7352) of Clavibacter xyli Davis et al. 1984 is no more available from the authors of the species, the NCPPB, the ICMP (= the PDDCC), the ATCC, and the LMG. However, the strain ICMP 7127 seems available from the ICMP [2].
References:
1 SUZUKI (K.), SUZUKI (M.), SASAKI (J.), PARK (Y.H.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Leifsonia gen. nov., a genus for 2,4-diaminobutyric acid-containing actinomycetes to accomodate "Corynebacterium aquaticum" Leifson 1962 and Clavibacter xyli subsp. cynodontis Davis et al. 1984. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 1999, 45, 253-262.
Original article Online
2 ICMP website, Living Culture Search, November 17, 2010.

¤ Leifsonia xyli (Davis et al. 1984) Evtushenko et al. 2000, comb. nov.

   image

Clavibacter xyli subsp. cynodontis Davis et al. 1984, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Bermudagrass TB1A = ATCC 33973= CIP 104615 = DSM 46306 = ICMP 8790 = JCM 9733 = LMG 7552 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 11927 = VKM Ac-2041.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB016985.
Etymology: N.L. n. Cynodon, genus of Bermudagrass; N.L. gen. n. cynodontis, of Bermudagrass.
Valid publication: DAVIS (M.J.), GILLASPIE Jr. (A.G.), VIDAVER (A.K.) and HARRIS (R.W.): Clavibacter: a new genus containing some phytopathogenic coryneform bacteria, including Clavibacter xyli subsp. xyli sp. nov., subsp. nov. and Clavibacter xyli subsp. cynodontis subsp. nov., pathogens that cause ratoon stunting disease of sugarcane and Bermudagrass stunting disease. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 107-117.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Leifsonia xyli subsp. cynodontis (Davis et al. 1984) Evtushenko et al. 2000, comb. nov.

   image

Clavibacter xyli subsp. xyli Davis et al. 1984, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) L1A = ATCC 33974= ICMP 7127 = LMG 7352 = NCPPB 3152 = PDDCC 7127.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not found.
Etymology: Gr. n. xulon, wood; N.L. gen. n. xyli, of wood, intended to mean of the xylem.
Valid publication: DAVIS (M.J.), GILLASPIE Jr. (A.G.), VIDAVER (A.K.) and HARRIS (R.W.): Clavibacter: a new genus containing some phytopathogenic coryneform bacteria, including Clavibacter xyli subsp. xyli sp. nov., subsp. nov. and Clavibacter xyli subsp. cynodontis subsp. nov., pathogens that cause ratoon stunting disease of sugarcane and Bermudagrass stunting disease. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 107-117.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The type strain (L1A = NCPPB 3152 = PDDCC 7127 = ATCC 33974= LMG 7352) of Clavibacter xyli subsp. xyli Davis et al. 1984 is no more available from the authors of the species, the NCPPB, the ICMP (= the PDDCC), the ATCC, and the LMG. In the opinion of Suzuki et al. 1999 [1], the subspecies Clavibacter xyli subsp. xyli automatically lost the taxonomic status. However this opinion is not sustained by the Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision) and the matter should be referred to the Judicial Commission [2].
References:
1 SUZUKI (K.), SUZUKI (M.), SASAKI (J.), PARK (Y.H.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Leifsonia gen. nov., a genus for 2,4-diaminobutyric acid-containing actinomycetes to accomodate "Corynebacterium aquaticum" Leifson 1962 and Clavibacter xyli subsp. cynodontis Davis et al. 1984. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 1999, 45, 253-262.
Original article Online
2 ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 75 (footnote ||). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1415-1417.
Validation List no. 75 in IJSEM Online
2 To date (November 17, 2010), the strain ICMP 7127 seems available from the ICMP.
Reference: ICMP website, Living Culture Search, November 17, 2010.

¤ Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (Davis et al. 1984) Evtushenko et al. 2000, comb. nov.

   image