Title


Sign up here for LPSN updates!


Genus Chlamydophila

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 6
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Chlamydophila Everett et al. 1999, gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Chlamydophila psittaci (Lillie 1930) Everett et al. 1999.
Etymology: Gr. n. chlamus -udos, a cloak, short mantle; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. fem. n. Chlamydophila, dear to the cloak
Reference: EVERETT (K.D.E.), BUSH (R.M.) and ANDERSEN (A.A.): Emended description of the order Chlamydiales, proposal of Parachlamydiaceae fam. nov. and Simkaniaceae fam. nov., each containing one monotypic genus, revised taxonomy of the family Chlamydiaceae, including a new genus and five new species, and standards for the identification of organisms. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 415-440.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 In a "Letter to the Editor", several bacteriologists [1] strongly object to the proposal of the new genus Chlamydophila. See also, the reply by Everett and Andersen [2].
References:
1 SCHACHTER (J.), STEPHENS (R.S.), TIMMS (P.), KUO (C.), BAVOIL (P.M.), BIRKELUND (S.), BOMAN (J.), CALDWELL (H.), CAMPBELL (L.A.), CHERNESKY (M.), CHRISTIANSEN (G.), CLARKE (I.N.), GAYDOS (C.), GRAYSTON (J.T.), HACKSTADT (T.), HSIA (R.), KALTENBOEK (B.), LEINONNEN (M.), OJCIUS (D.) [not OCJIUS as cited in the paper published by IJSEM], McCLARTY (G.), ORFILA (J.), PEELING (R.), PUOLAKKAINEN (M.), QUINN (T.C.), RANK (R.G.), RAULSTON (J.), RIDGEWAY (G.L.), SAIKKU (P.), STAMM (W.E.), TAYLOR -ROBINSON (D.), WANG (S.P.) and WYRICK (P.B.): Radical changes to chlamydial taxonomy are not necessary just yet. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 249-249.
Original letter by Schachter in IJSEM Online
2 EVERETT (K.D.E.) and ANDERSEN (A.A.): Radical changes to chlamydial taxonomy are not necessary just yet -reply. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 251-253.
Original reply by Everett and Andersen in IJSEM Online
2 All members of the subcommittee on the taxonomy of the Chlamydiae [1, 2] consider that a single genus, Chlamydia, should be used for species of the genera Chlamydia and Chlamydophila sensu Everett et al. This position is supported by growing evidence [2]. As an example, the percentage of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between two members of the genus Chlamydophila, Chlamydophila felis and Chlamydophila pneumoniae, is only 95.1 %, whereas this similarity is 94.9 % between Chlamydophila felis and Chlamydia trachomatis, which were classified in different genera by Everett et al. [2].
References:
1 GREUB (G.): International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Subcommittee on the taxonomy of the Chlamydiae. Minutes of the inaugural closed meeting, 21 March 2009, Little Rock, AR, USA. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2691-2693.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 GREUB (G.): International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Subcommittee on the taxonomy of the Chlamydiae. Minutes of the closed meeting, 21 June 2010, Hof bei Salzburg, Austria. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2694-2694.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Chlamydophila abortus Everett et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) B577 = Ovine Chlamydial Abortion strain B-577 = ATCC VR-656.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D85709.
Etymology: L. gen. n. abortus, of an abortion, miscarriage, referring to the principal symptom of infection.
Valid publication: EVERETT (K.D.E.), BUSH (R.M.) and ANDERSEN (A.A.): Emended description of the order Chlamydiales, proposal of Parachlamydiaceae fam. nov. and Simkaniaceae fam. nov., each containing one monotypic genus, revised taxonomy of the family Chlamydiaceae, including a new genus and five new species, and standards for the identification of organisms. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 415-440.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 Chlamydophila abortus Everett et al. 1999 includes abortion isolates previously belonging to Chlamydia psittaci (Lillie 1930) Page 1968 (Approved Lists 1980).
2 In the paper by Everett et al. 1999, the type strain is erroneously cited as ATCC VR 656 (without dash).
Reference: TANG (J.): Personal communication (May 30, 2001).
3 The type strain ATCC VR-149 is uncataloged.
Reference: TANG (J.): Personal communication (November 05, 2001).

   image

Chlamydophila caviae Everett et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) GPIC = ATCC VR-813.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D85708.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. caviae, of Cavia, of the guinea pig (Cavia cobaya) because the type strain was isolated from Cavia cobaya.
Valid publication: EVERETT (K.D.E.), BUSH (R.M.) and ANDERSEN (A.A.): Emended description of the order Chlamydiales, proposal of Parachlamydiaceae fam. nov. and Simkaniaceae fam. nov., each containing one monotypic genus, revised taxonomy of the family Chlamydiaceae, including a new genus and five new species, and standards for the identification of organisms. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 415-440.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 Chlamydophila caviae Everett et al. 1999 includes guinea pig inclusion conjunctivitis isolates previously belonging to Chlamydia psittaci (Lillie 1930) Page 1968 (Approved Lists 1980).
2 In the paper by Everett et al. 1999, the type strain is erroneously cited as ATCC VR 813 (without dash).
Reference: TANG (J.): Personal communication (May 30, 2001).

   image

Chlamydophila felis Everett et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) FP Baker = ATCC VR-120.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D85701.
Etymology: L. gen. n. felis, of the cat, because the domestic cat is the primary host of the strains identified to date.
Valid publication: EVERETT (K.D.E.), BUSH (R.M.) and ANDERSEN (A.A.): Emended description of the order Chlamydiales, proposal of Parachlamydiaceae fam. nov. and Simkaniaceae fam. nov., each containing one monotypic genus, revised taxonomy of the family Chlamydiaceae, including a new genus and five new species, and standards for the identification of organisms. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 415-440.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 Chlamydophila felis Everett et al. 1999 includes feline isolates previously belonging to Chlamydia psittaci (Lillie 1930) Page 1968 (Approved Lists 1980).
2 In the paper by Everett et al. 1999, the type strain is erroneously cited as ATCC VR 120 (without dash).
Reference: TANG (J.): Personal communication (May 30, 2001).

¤ Chlamydia felis (Everett et al. 1999) Sachse et al. 2015, comb. nov.

   image

Chlamydophila pecorum (Fukushi and Hirai 1992) Everett et al. 1999, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) E58 (Bo/E58) = ATCC VR-628.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D88317.
Basonym: ¤ Chlamydia pecorum Fukushi and Hirai 1992.
Etymology: L. gen. pl. n. pecorum, of flocks of sheep or herds of cattle.
Valid publication: EVERETT (K.D.E.), BUSH (R.M.) and ANDERSEN (A.A.): Emended description of the order Chlamydiales, proposal of Parachlamydiaceae fam. nov. and Simkaniaceae fam. nov., each containing one monotypic genus, revised taxonomy of the family Chlamydiaceae, including a new genus and five new species, and standards for the identification of organisms. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 415-440.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Everett et al. 1999, the type strain is erroneously cited as ATCC VR 628 (without dash).
Reference: TANG (J.): Personal communication (May 30, 2001).

   image

Chlamydophila pneumoniae (Grayston et al. 1989) Everett et al. 1999, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) TWAR strain TW-183 = TW-183 = ATCC VR-2282.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AE009440 (complete genome).
Basonym: ¤ Chlamydia pneumoniae Grayston et al. 1989 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. n. pneumonia, disease of the lungs, pneumonia (inflammation of the lungs); N.L. gen. n. pneumoniae, of pneumonia.
Valid publication: EVERETT (K.D.E.), BUSH (R.M.) and ANDERSEN (A.A.): Emended description of the order Chlamydiales, proposal of Parachlamydiaceae fam. nov. and Simkaniaceae fam. nov., each containing one monotypic genus, revised taxonomy of the family Chlamydiaceae, including a new genus and five new species, and standards for the identification of organisms. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 415-440.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 Based on genetic and biological differences, Everett et al. 1999 propose three biovars within Chlamydophila pneumoniae: Chlamydophila pneumoniae biovar TWAR (reference strain: TW-183), Chlamydophila pneumoniae biovar Koala (reference strain: LPCon), and Chlamydophila pneumoniae biovar Equine (reference strain: N16).
2 In the paper by Everett et al. 1999, the type strain is erroneously cited as ATCC VR 2282 (without dash).
Reference: TANG (J.): Personal communication (May 30, 2001).

   image

Chlamydophila psittaci (Lillie 1930) Everett et al. 1999, comb. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 6BC = Psittacosis strain 6 BC = ATCC VR-125.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U68447.
Basonym: ¤ Chlamydia psittaci (Lillie 1930) Page 1968 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: "Rickettsia psittaci" Lillie 1930, "Ehrlichia psittaci" (Lillie 1930) Moshkovski 1945, "Rickettsiaformis psittacosis" Zhdanov and Korenblit 1950, "Chlamydozoon psittaci" (Lillie 1930) Ryzhkov 1950.
Etymology: L. n. psittacus, a parrot; L. gen. n. psittaci, of a parrot.
Valid publication: EVERETT (K.D.E.), BUSH (R.M.) and ANDERSEN (A.A.): Emended description of the order Chlamydiales, proposal of Parachlamydiaceae fam. nov. and Simkaniaceae fam. nov., each containing one monotypic genus, revised taxonomy of the family Chlamydiaceae, including a new genus and five new species, and standards for the identification of organisms. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 415-440.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The species Chlamydophila psittaci (Lillie 1930) Everett et al. 1999 has eight known serovars (A, B, C, D, E, F, M56, WC).
2 In the paper by Everett et al. 1999, the type strain is erroneously cited as ATCC VR 125 (without dash).
Reference: TANG (J.): Personal communication (May 30, 2001).

   image