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Genus Chitinophaga

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 24
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Chitinophaga Sangkhobol and Skerman 1981, gen. nov. (Type genus of the family ¤ Chitinophagaceae Kämpfer et al. 2011).
Type species: ¤ Chitinophaga pinensis Sangkhobol and Skerman 1981.
Etymology: N.L. n. chitinum, chitin; Gr. v. phagein, to eat; N.L. fem. n. Chitinophaga, chitin eater, chitin destroyer.
Valid publication: SANGKHOBOL (V.) and SKERMAN (V.B.D.): Chitinophaga, a new genus of chitinolytic myxobacteria. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 285-293.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Chitinophaga Sangkhobol and Skerman 1981 emend. Kämpfer et al. 2006.
Type species: ¤ Chitinophaga pinensis Sangkhobol and Skerman 1981.
Etymology: N.L. n. chitinum, chitin; Gr. v. phagein, to eat; N.L. fem. n. Chitinophaga, chitin eater, chitin destroyer.
Reference: KÄMPFER (P.), YOUNG (C.C.), SRIDHAR (K.R.), ARUN (A.B.), LAI (W.A.), SHEN (F.T.) and REKHA (P.D.): Transfer of [Flexibacter] sancti, [Flexibacter] filiformis, [Flexibacter] japonensis and [Cytophaga] arvensicola to the genus Chitinophaga and description of Chitinophaga skermanii sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2223-2228.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Chitinophaga arvensicola (Oyaizu et al. 1983) Kämpfer et al. 2006, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) M64 = ATCC 51264= CIP 104804 = DSM 3695 = IAM 12650 = JCM 2836 = NBRC 14973.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM237311.
Basonym: ¤ Cytophaga arvensicola Oyaizu et al. 1983.
Etymology: N.L. adj. arvensis (from. L. n. arvum, a field), belonging to, living in the fields; L. suff. -cola (from L. n. incola), inhabitant; N.L. n. arvensicola, an inhabitant of fields.
Valid publication: KÄMPFER (P.), YOUNG (C.C.), SRIDHAR (K.R.), ARUN (A.B.), LAI (W.A.), SHEN (F.T.) and REKHA (P.D.): Transfer of [Flexibacter] sancti, [Flexibacter] filiformis, [Flexibacter] japonensis and [Cytophaga] arvensicola to the genus Chitinophaga and description of Chitinophaga skermanii sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2223-2228.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Chitinophaga arvensicola (Oyaizu et al. 1983) Kämpfer et al. 2006 emend. Pankratov et al. 2006.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) M64 = ATCC 51264= CIP 104804 = DSM 3695 = IAM 12650 = JCM 2836 = NBRC 14973.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM237311.
Basonym: ¤ Cytophaga arvensicola Oyaizu et al. 1983.
Etymology: N.L. adj. arvensis (from. L. n. arvum, a field), belonging to, living in the fields; L. suff. -cola (from L. n. incola), inhabitant; N.L. n. arvensicola, an inhabitant of fields.
Reference: PANKRATOV (T.A.), KULICHEVSKAYA (I.S.), LIESACK (W.) and DEDYSH (S.N.): Isolation of aerobic, gliding, xylanolytic and laminarinolytic bacteria from acidic Sphagnum peatlands and emended description of Chitinophaga arvensicola Kämpfer et al. 2006. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2761-2764.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Pankratov et al. 2006, Chitinophaga arvensicola (Oyaizu et al. 1983) Kämpfer et al. 2006 is erroneously cited as Chitinophaga arvensicola Kämpfer et al. 2006.

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Chitinophaga barathri Zhang et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) YLT18=KCTC 42472=CCTCC AB 2015054.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KR013246.
Etymology: L. gen. n. barathri, of a canyon, referring to the isolation site of the type strain.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: ZHANG, L., LIAO, S., TAN, Y., WANG, G., WANG, D. and ZHENG, S. 2015. Chitinophaga barathri sp. nov., isolated from mountain soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 4233-4238.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Chitinophaga costaii Proença et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) A37T2=CIP 110584=LMG 27458.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KC922450.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. costaii, of Costa, named after Milton S. da Costa, a Portuguese microbiologist, for his contributions to the taxonomy of Bacteria.
Source: Plant.
Valid publication: PROENÇA, D. N., NOBRE, M. F. and MORAIS, P. V. 2014. Chitinophaga costaii sp. nov., an endophyte of Pinus pinaster, and emended description of Chitinophaga niabensis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 1237-1243.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Chitinophaga cymbidii Li et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) R156-2 = ACCC 05363 = KCTC 23738.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JN680880.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. cymbidii, of the plant genus Cymbidium.
Valid publication: LI (L.), SUN (L.), SHI (N.), LIU (L.), GUO (H.), XU (A.), ZHANG (X.) and YAO (N.): Chitinophaga cymbidii sp. nov., isolated from Cymbidium goeringii roots. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 1800-1804.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Chitinophaga dinghuensis Lv et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DHOC24=CGMCC 1.12995=DSM 29821.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KM389531.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. dinghuensis, referring to Dinghushan Biosphere Reserve, Guangdong Province, PR China, where the organism was first isolated.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: LV, Y. Y., WANG, J., YOU, J. and QIU, L. H. 2015. Chitinophaga dinghuensis sp. nov., isolated from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 4816-4822.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Chitinophaga eiseniae Yasir et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) YC6729 = DSM 22224 = KACC 13774.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ750951.
Etymology: N.L. n. Eisenia, a genus of earthworm used for vermicomposting, which is the source of isolation of the type strain; N.L. gen. n. eiseniae, of Eisenia.
Valid publication: YASIR (M.), CHUNG (E.J.), SONG (G.C.), BIBI (F.), JEON (C.O.) and CHUNG (Y.R.): Chitinophaga eiseniae sp. nov., isolated from vermicompost. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2373-2378.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Chitinophaga filiformis (Reichenbach 1989) Kämpfer et al. 2006, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Fx e1 Reichenbach = ATCC 29495= CCUG 12809 = CIP 106401 = DSM 527 = HAMBI 1966 = JCM 21160 = NBRC 15056.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB078049.
Basonym: ¤ Flexibacter filiformis (ex Solntseva 1940) Reichenbach 1989.
Other synonym: "Myxococcus filiformis" Solntseva 1940, "Flexibacter elegans" Soriano 1945, non Lewin 1969.
Etymology: L. n. filum, a thread; L. suff. -formis (from L. n. forma, figure, shape, appearance), -like, in the shape of; N.L. fem. adj. filiformis, thread-shaped.
Valid publication: KÄMPFER (P.), YOUNG (C.C.), SRIDHAR (K.R.), ARUN (A.B.), LAI (W.A.), SHEN (F.T.) and REKHA (P.D.): Transfer of [Flexibacter] sancti, [Flexibacter] filiformis, [Flexibacter] japonensis and [Cytophaga] arvensicola to the genus Chitinophaga and description of Chitinophaga skermanii sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2223-2228.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Chitinophaga ginsengihumi Lee and Whang 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SR18=KACC 17604=NBRC 109832.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: FJ772016.
Etymology: N.L. n. ginsengum, ginseng; L. n. humus, soil; N.L. gen. n. ginsengihumi, of soil of a ginseng field.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: LEE, J.-C. and WHANG, K.-S. 2014. Chitinophaga ginsengihumi sp. nov., isolated from soil of ginseng rhizosphere. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 2599-2604.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Chitinophaga ginsengisegetis Lee et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Gsoil 040 = DSM 18108 = KCTC 12654.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB264798.
Etymology: N.L. n. ginsengum, ginseng; L. n. seges segetis, a field; N.L. gen. n. ginsengisegetis, of a ginseng field, the source of the organism.
Valid publication: LEE (H.G.), AN (D.S.), IM (W.T.), LIU (Q.M.), NA (J.R.), CHO (D.H.), JIN (C.W.), LEE (S.T.) and YANG (D.C.): Chitinophaga ginsengisegetis sp. nov. and Chitinophaga ginsengisoli sp. nov., isolated from soil of a ginseng field in South Korea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1396-1401.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Chitinophaga ginsengisoli Lee et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Gsoil 052 = DSM 18107 = KCTC 12592.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB245374.
Etymology: N.L. n. ginsengum, ginseng; L. n. solum, soil; N.L. gen. n. ginsengisoli, of soil of a ginseng field, the source of the organism.
Valid publication: LEE (H.G.), AN (D.S.), IM (W.T.), LIU (Q.M.), NA (J.R.), CHO (D.H.), JIN (C.W.), LEE (S.T.) and YANG (D.C.): Chitinophaga ginsengisegetis sp. nov. and Chitinophaga ginsengisoli sp. nov., isolated from soil of a ginseng field in South Korea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1396-1401.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The DSM accession number for the type strain of Chitinophaga ginsengisoli sp. nov. is DSM 18107 and not DSM 18017 as given in the abstract and species description.
Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2672.
Erratum in IJSEM Online

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Chitinophaga japonensis (Fujita et al. 1997) Kämpfer et al. 2006, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 758 = CIP 105790 = DSM 13484 = JCM 9735 = NBRC 16041.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB078055.
Basonym: ¤ Flexibacter japonensis Fujita et al. 1997.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. japonensis, pertaining to Japan, the source of the soil from which the organism was isolated.
Valid publication: KÄMPFER (P.), YOUNG (C.C.), SRIDHAR (K.R.), ARUN (A.B.), LAI (W.A.), SHEN (F.T.) and REKHA (P.D.): Transfer of [Flexibacter] sancti, [Flexibacter] filiformis, [Flexibacter] japonensis and [Cytophaga] arvensicola to the genus Chitinophaga and description of Chitinophaga skermanii sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2223-2228.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Chitinophaga jiangningensis Wang et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JN53=CCTCC AB 2013166=JCM 19354.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF150362.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. jiangningensis, referring to Jiangning district, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, PR China, where the organism was first isolated.
Source: Environmental.
Valid publication: WANG, Q., CHENG, C., HE, L. Y., HUANG, Z. and SHENG, X. F. 2014. Chitinophaga jiangningensis sp. nov., a mineral-weathering bacterium. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 260-265.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Chitinophaga longshanensis Gao et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Z29=CCTCC AB 2014066=LMG 28237.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KJ579707.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. longshanensis, referring to Xiao Longshan district, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, PR China, where the type strain was isolated.
Source: Environmental.
Valid publication: GAO, S., ZHANG, W.-B., SHENG, X.-F., HE, L.-Y. and HUANG, Z. 2015. Chitinophaga longshanensis sp. nov., a mineral-weathering bacterium isolated from weathered rock. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 418-423
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Chitinophaga niabensis Weon et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JS13-10 = JCM 15440 = KACC 12952.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU714259.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. niabensis, pertaining to NIAB, the National Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology (Suwon, Republic of Korea), where taxonomic studies were conducted.
Valid publication: WEON (H.Y.), YOO (S.H.), KIM (Y.J.), SON (J.A.), KIM (B.Y.), KWON (S.W.) and KOO (B.S.): Chitinophaga niabensis sp. nov. and Chitinophaga niastensis sp. nov., isolated from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1267-1271.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Chitinophaga niabensis Weon et al. 2009 emend. Proença et al. 2014.
Reference: PROENÇA, D. N., NOBRE, M. F. and MORAIS, P. V. 2014. Chitinophaga costaii sp. nov., an endophyte of Pinus pinaster, and emended description of Chitinophaga niabensis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 1237-1243.
Original article.

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Chitinophaga niastensis Weon et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JS16-4 = JCM 15441 = KACC 12954.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU714260.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. niastensis, pertaining to NIAST, the National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology (Suwon, Republic of Korea), where taxonomic studies were conducted.
Valid publication: WEON (H.Y.), YOO (S.H.), KIM (Y.J.), SON (J.A.), KIM (B.Y.), KWON (S.W.) and KOO (B.S.): Chitinophaga niabensis sp. nov. and Chitinophaga niastensis sp. nov., isolated from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1267-1271.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Chitinophaga oryziterrae Chung et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) YC7001 = JCM 16595 = KACC 14533.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JF710262.
Etymology: L. n. oryza -ae, rice; L. n. terra -ae, earth, soil; N.L. gen. n. oryziterrae, of the rice soil or field, referring to the source of isolation of the type strain.
Valid publication: CHUNG (E.J.), PARK (T.S.), JEON (C.O.) and CHUNG (Y.R.): Chitinophaga oryziterrae sp. nov., isolated from the rhizosphere soil of rice (Oryza sativa L.). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 3030-3035.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Chitinophaga pinensis Sangkhobol and Skerman 1981, sp. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ACM 2034 = ATCC 43595= DSM 2588 = IFO (now NBRC) 15968 = LMG 13176 = UQM 2034.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP001699 (complete genome).
Etymology: L. n. pinus, a pine, pine-tree; N.L. fem. adj. pinensis, pertaining to pines.
Valid publication: SANGKHOBOL (V.) and SKERMAN (V.B.D.): Chitinophaga, a new genus of chitinolytic myxobacteria. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 285-293.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Chitinophaga polysaccharea Han et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MRP-15=KACC 17184=NCAIMB 02530.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KC430923.
Etymology: Gr. adj. polu, many; Gr. n. sakchâr, sugar; L. fem. suff. -ea suffix denoting made of or belonging to; N.L. fem. adj. polysaccharea, with many saccharides.
Source: Plant.
Valid publication: HAN, S.-I., LEE, H.-J. and WHANG, K.-S. 2014. Chitinophaga polysaccharea sp. nov., an exopolysaccharide-producing bacterium isolated from the rhizoplane of Dioscorea japonica. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 55-59.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Chitinophaga qingshengii Cheng et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JN246=CCTCC AB 2014201=JCM 30026.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF150484.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. qingshengii, of Qing-sheng, to honour Qing-sheng Fan, a Chinese soil microbiologist, for his contribution to the development of microbiology in China.
Source: Environmental.
Valid publication: CHENG, C., WANG, Q., HE, L.-Y., HUANG, Z. and SHENG, X.-F. 2015. Chitinophaga qingshengii sp. nov., isolated from weathered rock surface. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 280-285
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Chitinophaga rupis Lee et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CS5-B1 = DSM 21039 = KCTC 22170.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FM865977.
Etymology: L. gen. n. rupis, of a cliff, the location where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: LEE (D.W.), LEE (J.E.) and LEE (S.D.): Chitinophaga rupis sp. nov., isolated from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2830-2833.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Chitinophaga sancti (Lewin 1969) Kämpfer et al. 2006, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 23092= DSM 784 = HAMBI 1988 = LMG 8377 = NBRC 15057 = VKM B-1428.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB078066.
Basonym: ¤ Flexibacter sancti Lewin 1969 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. gen. n. sancti, of a saint; named perhaps in honor of Dr. Santos Soriano, from whose laboratory the type strain was supplied (etymology is not clear!).
Valid publication: KÄMPFER (P.), YOUNG (C.C.), SRIDHAR (K.R.), ARUN (A.B.), LAI (W.A.), SHEN (F.T.) and REKHA (P.D.): Transfer of [Flexibacter] sancti, [Flexibacter] filiformis, [Flexibacter] japonensis and [Cytophaga] arvensicola to the genus Chitinophaga and description of Chitinophaga skermanii sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2223-2228.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Chitinophaga skermanii Kämpfer et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CC-SG1B = CCUG 52510 = CIP 109140.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ062743.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. skermanii, of Skerman, in honour of V. B. D. Skerman, an Australian microbiologist, in recognition of his numerous contributions to the taxonomy of micro-organisms.
Valid publication: KÄMPFER (P.), YOUNG (C.C.), SRIDHAR (K.R.), ARUN (A.B.), LAI (W.A.), SHEN (F.T.) and REKHA (P.D.): Transfer of [Flexibacter] sancti, [Flexibacter] filiformis, [Flexibacter] japonensis and [Cytophaga] arvensicola to the genus Chitinophaga and description of Chitinophaga skermanii sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2223-2228.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Chitinophaga taiwanensis Lin et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CC-ALB-1=BCRC 80570=JCM 18895.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KC479802.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. taiwanensis, of or pertaining to Taiwan, where the type strain was isolated.
Source: Plant.
Valid publication: LIN, S.-Y., HAMEED, A., LIU, Y.-C., HSU, Y.-H., LAI, W.-A., HUANG, H.-I. and YOUNG, C.-C. 2014. Chitinophaga taiwanensis sp. nov., isolated from the rhizosphere of Arabidopsis thaliana. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 426-430.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Chitinophaga terrae Kim and Jung 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) KP01 = KCTC 12836 = LMG 24015.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB278570.
Etymology: L. gen. n. terrae, of the earth.
Valid publication: KIM (M.K.) and JUNG (H.Y.): Chitinophaga terrae sp. nov., isolated from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1721-1724.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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