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Genus Cardiobacterium

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 2
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Cardiobacterium Slotnick and Dougherty 1964, genus. (Type genus of the order ¤ Cardiobacteriales Garrity et al. 2005; type genus of the family ¤ Cardiobacteriaceae Dewhirst et al. 1990).
Type species: ¤ Cardiobacterium hominis Slotnick and Dougherty 1964 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. n. kardia, heart; L. neut. n. bacterium, small rod; N.L. neut. n. Cardiobacterium, bacterium of the heart.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: SLOTNICK (I.J.) and DOUGHERTY (M.): Further characterization of an unclassified group of bacteria causing endocarditis in man: Cardiobacterium hominis gen. et sp. n. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek Journal of Microbiology and Serology, 1964, 30, 261-272.

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Cardiobacterium hominis Slotnick and Dougherty 1964, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 15826= CCUG 2711 = CIP 70.70 = DSM 8339 = LMG 3916 = NCTC 10426.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M35014.
Etymology: L. gen. n. hominis, of a human being, of a man.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: SLOTNICK (I.J.) and DOUGHERTY (M.): Further characterization of an unclassified group of bacteria causing endocarditis in man: Cardiobacterium hominis gen. et sp. n. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek Journal of Microbiology and Serology, 1964, 30, 261-272.

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Cardiobacterium valvarum Han et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MDA3079 = ATCC BAA-694 = CCUG 48245 = NCTC 13294.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF506987.
Etymology: L. fem. n. valva, a folding-door, referring to the heart valve; L. gen. pl. n. valvarum, of heart valves.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 99. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1425-1426.
Effective publication: HAN (X.Y.), MELTZER (M.C.), WOODS (J.T.) and FAINSTEIN (V.): Endocarditis with ruptured cerebral aneurysm caused by Cardiobacterium valvarum sp. nov. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2004, 42, 1590-1595.
Validation List no. 99 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Cardiobacterium valvarum Han et al. 2004 emend. Han and Falsen 2005.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MDA3079 = ATCC BAA-694 = CCUG 48245 = NCTC 13294.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF506987.
Etymology: L. fem. n. valva, a folding-door, referring to the heart valve; L. gen. pl. n. valvarum, of heart valves.
References: List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 3. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 11. [HAN (X.Y.) and FALSEN (E.): Characterization of oral strains of Cardiobacterium valvarum and emended description of the organism. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2005, 43, 2370-2374.]
List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 3 in IJSEM Online - Original article on line

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