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Genus Capnocytophaga

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 9
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Capnocytophaga Leadbetter et al. 1982, gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Capnocytophaga ochracea (Prévot et al. 1956) Leadbetter et al. 1982.
Etymology: Gr. n. kapnos, smoke; N.L. fem. n. Cytophaga, a bacterial genus name; N.L. fem. n. Capnocytophaga, bacteria requiring carbon dioxide and related to the cytophagas
Valid publication: Validation List no. 8. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 266-268.
Effective publication: LEADBETTER (E.R.), HOLT (S.C.) and SOCRANSKY (S.S.): Capnocytophaga: new genus of gram-negative gliding bacteria. I. General characteristics, taxonomic considerations and significance. Arch. Microbiol., 1979, 122, 9-16.
Validation List no. 8 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Capnocytophaga canimorsus Brenner et al. 1990, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 7120 = ATCC 35979= CIP 103936 = NCTC 12242.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY643075.
Etymology: L. n. canis -is, a dog; L. n. morsus -us, bite, biting; N.L. gen. n. canimorsus, of a dog bite.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 32. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 105-106.
Effective publication: BRENNER (D.J.), HOLLIS (D.G.), FANNING (G.R.) and WEAVER (R.E.): Capnocytophaga canimorsus sp. nov. (formerly CDC group DF-2), a cause of septicemia following dog bite, and C. cynodegmi sp. nov., a cause of localized wound infection following dog bite. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1989, 27, 231-235.
Validation List no. 32 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: Capnocytophaga canimorsus Brenner et al. 1990 was previously known as CDC group DF-2.

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Capnocytophaga canis Renzi et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CcD38=DSM 101831=LMG 29146.
Sequence accession no. (whole genome shotgun sequencing project) for the type strain: NZ_CDOI01000000.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: NZ_CDOI01000000.
Etymology: L. gen. n. canis, from dog.
Source: Clinical.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 170. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66 (2016), 2463-2466.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: RENZI, F., DOL, M., RAYMACKERS, A., MANFREDI, P., CORNELIS, G. R. 2016. Only a subset of C. canimorsus strains is dangerous for humans. Emerg. Microbes Infect. 5, e29.
Effective publication Online

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Capnocytophaga cynodegmi Brenner et al. 1990, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) E6447 = ATCC 49044= CCUG 24742 = CIP 103937 = LMG 11513 = NCTC 12243.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY643076.
Etymology: Gr. kuôn kynos, dog; Gr. n. dêgmos, a bite; N.L. gen. n. cynodegmi, of a dog bite.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 32. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 105-106.
Effective publication: BRENNER (D.J.), HOLLIS (D.G.), FANNING (G.R.) and WEAVER (R.E.): Capnocytophaga canimorsus sp. nov. (formerly CDC group DF-2), a cause of septicemia following dog bite, and C. cynodegmi sp. nov., a cause of localized wound infection following dog bite. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1989, 27, 231-235.
Validation List no. 32 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: Capnocytophaga cynodegmi Brenner et al. 1990 was previously known as CDC group DF-2 like.

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Capnocytophaga gingivalis Leadbetter et al. 1982, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 27 = ATCC 33624= CCUG 9715 = CIP 102945 = DSM 3290 = JCM 12953 = LMG 11514 = NCTC 12372.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X67608.
Etymology: L. n. gingiva, gum; L. fem. suff. -alis, suffix denoting pertaining to; N.L. fem. adj. gingivalis, pertaining to the gums, gingival.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 8. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 266-268.
Effective publication: LEADBETTER (E.R.), HOLT (S.C.) and SOCRANSKY (S.S.): Capnocytophaga: new genus of gram-negative gliding bacteria. I. General characteristics, taxonomic considerations and significance. Arch. Microbiol., 1979, 122, 9-16.
Validation List no. 8 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Capnocytophaga gingivalis Leadbetter et al. 1982 emend. London et al. 1985.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 27 = ATCC 33624= CCUG 9715 = CIP 102945 = DSM 3290 = JCM 12953 = LMG 11514 = NCTC 12372.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X67608.
Etymology: L. n. gingiva, gum; L. fem. suff. -alis, suffix denoting pertaining to; N.L. fem. adj. gingivalis, pertaining to the gums, gingival.
Reference: LONDON (J.), CELESK (R.A.), KAGERMEIER (A.) and JOHNSON (J.L.): Emended description of Capnocytophaga gingivalis. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 369-370.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Capnocytophaga granulosa Yamamoto et al. 1994, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) B0611 = ATCC 51502= CCUG 32991 = CIP 104128 = DSM 11449 = JCM 8566 = LMG 16022 = NCTC 12948.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U41347.
Etymology: L. n. granulum, a small grain; L. fem. suff. -osa, suffix meaning full of; N.L. fem. adj. granulosa, granular.
Valid publication: YAMAMOTO (T.), KAJIURA (S.), HIRAI (Y.) and WATANABE (T.): Capnocytophaga haemolytica sp. nov. and Capnocytophaga granulosa sp. nov., from human dental plaque. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 324-329.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Capnocytophaga haemolytica Yamamoto et al. 1994, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) A0404 = ATCC 51501= CCUG 32990 = CIP 104125 = DSM 11385 = JCM 8565 = LMG 16021 = NCTC 12947.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X97247.
Etymology: Gr. n. haima (Latin transliteration haema), blood; N.L. adj. lyticus -a -um (from Gr. adj. lutikos -ê -on), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. fem. adj. haemolytica, blood dissolving.
Valid publication: YAMAMOTO (T.), KAJIURA (S.), HIRAI (Y.) and WATANABE (T.): Capnocytophaga haemolytica sp. nov. and Capnocytophaga granulosa sp. nov., from human dental plaque. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 324-329.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Capnocytophaga leadbetteri Frandsen et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) AHN8855 = CCUG 51857 = NCTC 13375.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ009623.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. leadbetteri, of Leadbetter, in honour of E. R. Leadbetter, the American microbiologist who (as first author) described and proposed the genus Capnocytophaga.
Valid publication: FRANDSEN (E.V.G.), POULSEN (K.), KÖNÖNEN (E.) and KILIAN (M.): Diversity of Capnocytophaga species in children and description of Capnocytophaga leadbetteri sp. nov. and Capnocytophaga genospecies AHN8471. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 324-336.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Frandsen et al. 2008, the authors also propose the description of Capnocytophaga genomospecies AHN8471 (reference strain AHN8471 = CCUG 51856 = NCTC 13374; GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number: DQ009622). This genomospecies is not phenotypically distinguishable from ¤ Capnocytophaga ochracea (Prévot et al. 1956) Leadbetter et al. 1982 and ¤ Capnocytophaga sputigena Leadbetter et al. 1982.
Reference: FRANDSEN (E.V.G.), POULSEN (K.), KÖNÖNEN (E.) and KILIAN (M.): Diversity of Capnocytophaga species in children and description of Capnocytophaga leadbetteri sp. nov. and Capnocytophaga genospecies AHN8471. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 324-336.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Capnocytophaga ochracea (Prévot et al. 1956) Leadbetter et al. 1982, comb. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 27872= CCUG 9716 = CIP 103448 = DSM 7271 = JCM 12966 = NCTC 12371.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP001632 (complete genome).
Basonym: ¤ Bacteroides ochraceus (Prévot et al. 1956) Holdeman and Moore 1972 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: "Fusiformis nucleatus var. ochraceus" Prévot et al. 1956, "Ristella ochraceus" (sic) (Prévot 1956) Sebald 1962.
Etymology: L. n. ochra, ochre, yellow ochre; N.L. fem. adj. ochracea, of the color of ochre.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 8. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 266-268.
Effective publication: LEADBETTER (E.R.), HOLT (S.C.) and SOCRANSKY (S.S.): Capnocytophaga: new genus of gram-negative gliding bacteria. I. General characteristics, taxonomic considerations and significance. Arch. Microbiol., 1979, 122, 9-16.
Validation List no. 8 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 On the Validation List no. 8, Capnocytophaga ochracea is cited as a new species (Capnocytophaga ochracea Leadbetter et al. 1982, sp. nov.) and the type strain is strain 25 = ATCC 33596 In the effective publication by Leadbetter et al., the type strain is ATCC 27872 [1]. However, in a footnote, the associate editor, IJSB, wrote: "Through a clerical error, the wrong strain was cited as the type in the original publication; the strain cited here is the actual type (S. Holt, personal communication to the editor, IJSB)" [2].
2 The type strain 25 = ATCC 33596of Capnocytophaga ochracea Leadbetter et al. 1982, sp. nov. has 77% DNA homology with the type strain ATCC 27872of ¤ Bacteroides ochraceus (Prévot et al. 1956) Holdeman and Moore 1972 (Approved Lists 1980). Therefore, Capnocytophaga ochracea should be a new combination, Capnocytophaga ochracea (Prévot et al. 1956) Leadbetter et al. 1982 and the type strain should be ATCC 27872 [3].
3 In the first edition of the Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Capnocytophaga ochracea is erroneously (?) cited as Capnocytophaga ochracea Leadbetter, Holt and Socransky 1982 and the type strain is strain 25 = ATCC 33596 [4].
References:
1 LEADBETTER (E.R.), HOLT (S.C.) and SOCRANSKY (S.S.): Capnocytophaga: new genus of gram-negative gliding bacteria. I. General characteristics, taxonomic considerations and significance. Arch. Microbiol., 1979, 122, 9-16.
Original article Online
2 ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Validation List no. 8 (footnote e). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 266-268.
Validation List no. 8 in IJSEM Online
3 MOORE (W.E.C.), CATO (E.P.) and MOORE (L.V.H.): Index of the bacterial and yeast nomenclatural changes published in the International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology since the 1980 Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (1 January 1980 to 1 January 1985). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 382-407.
Original article in IJSEM Online
4 HOLT (S.C.) and KINDER (A.): Genus II. Capnocytophaga Leadbetter, Holt and Socransky 1982, 266VP (Effective publication: Leadbetter, Holt and Socransky 1979, 13). In: J.T. STALEY, M.P. BRYANT, N. PFENNIG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 3, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1989, pp. 2050-2058.

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Capnocytophaga sputigena Leadbetter et al. 1982, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 4 = ATCC 33612= CCUG 9714 = CIP 104301 = DSM 3292 = DSM 7273 = JCM 12967 = LMG 11518 = NCTC 11653.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X67609.
Etymology: L. n. sputum, spit, sputum; L. suff. -genus -a -um (from L. v. gigno, to produce, give birth to, beget), born from; N.L. fem. adj. sputigena, sputum-produced.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 8. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 266-268.
Effective publication: LEADBETTER (E.R.), HOLT (S.C.) and SOCRANSKY (S.S.): Capnocytophaga: new genus of gram-negative gliding bacteria. I. General characteristics, taxonomic considerations and significance. Arch. Microbiol., 1979, 122, 9-16.
Validation List no. 8 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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