Genus Campylobacter

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 33
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 13

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Campylobacter Sebald and Véron 1963, genus. (Type genus of the order ¤ Campylobacterales Garrity et al. 2006; type genus of the family ¤ Campylobacteraceae Vandamme and De Ley 1991).
Type species: ¤ Campylobacter fetus (Smith and Taylor 1919) Sebald and Véron 1963 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. adj. kampulos, bent, curved; N.L. masc. n. bacter, rod; N.L. masc. n. Campylobacter, a curved rod.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [SEBALD (M.) and VÉRON (M.): Teneur en bases de l'ADN et classification des vibrions. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris), 1963, 105, 897-910.]

Campylobacter Sebald and Véron 1963 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Tanner et al. 1981.
Type species: ¤ Campylobacter fetus (Smith and Taylor 1919) Sebald and Véron 1963 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. adj. kampulos, bent, curved; N.L. masc. n. bacter, rod; N.L. masc. n. Campylobacter, a curved rod.
Reference: TANNER (A.C.R.), BADGER (S.), LAI (C.H.), LISTGARTEN (M.A.), VISCONTI (R.A.) and SOCRANSKY (S.S.): Wolinella gen. nov., Wolinella succinogenes (Vibrio succinogenes Wolin et al.) comb. nov., and description of Bacteroides gracilis sp. nov., Wolinella recta sp. nov., Campylobacter concisus sp. nov., and Eikenella corrodens from humans with periodontal disease. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 432-445.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Campylobacter Sebald and Véron 1963 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Vandamme et al. 1991.
Type species: ¤ Campylobacter fetus (Smith and Taylor 1919) Sebald and Véron 1963 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. adj. kampulos, bent, curved; N.L. masc. n. bacter, rod; N.L. masc. n. Campylobacter, a curved rod.
Reference: VANDAMME (P.), FALSEN (E.), ROSSAU (R.), HOSTE (B.), SEGERS (P.), TYTGAT (R.) and DE LEY (J.): Revision of Campylobacter, Helicobacter, and Wolinella taxonomy: emendation of generic descriptions and proposal of Arcobacter gen. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 88-103.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Campylobacter Sebald and Véron 1963 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Vandamme et al. 2010.
Type species: ¤ Campylobacter fetus (Smith and Taylor 1919) Sebald and Véron 1963 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. adj. kampulos, bent, curved; N.L. masc. n. bacter, rod; N.L. masc. n. Campylobacter, a curved rod.
Reference: VANDAMME (P.), DEBRUYNE (L.), DE BRANDT (E.) and FALSEN (E.): Reclassification of Bacteroides ureolyticus as Campylobacter ureolyticus comb. nov., and emended description of the genus Campylobacter. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2016-2022.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Campylobacter avium Rossi et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 86/06 = CCUG 56292 = LMG 24591.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU623473.
Etymology: L. gen. pl. n. avium, of birds.
Reference: ROSSI (M.), DEBRUYNE (L.), ZANONI (R.G.), MANFREDA (G.), REVEZ (J.) and VANDAMME (P.): Campylobacter avium sp. nov., a hippurate-positive species isolated from poultry. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2364-2369.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Campylobacter butzleri Kiehlbauch et al. 1991, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain D2686 = ATCC 49616 = CCUG 30485 = CDC D2686 = CIP 103493 = CIP 103537 = DSM 8739 = LMG 10828 = NCTC 12481.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY621116.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. butzleri, of Butzler, in honor of Jean-Paul Butzler, a Belgian microbiologist who was one of the first scientists to emphasize the importance of Campylobacter infections in humans.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 39. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 580-581. [KIEHLBAUCH (J.A.), BRENNER (D.J.), NICHOLSON (M.A.), BAKER (C.N.), PATTON (C.M.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.) and WACHSMUTH (I.K.): Campylobacter butzleri sp. nov. isolated from humans and animals with diarrheal illness. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1991, 29, 376-385.]
Validation List no. 39 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Arcobacter butzleri (Kiehlbauch et al. 1991) Vandamme et al. 1992, comb. nov.

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Campylobacter canadensis Inglis et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain L266 = CCUG 54429 = LMG 24001.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF621894.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. canadensis, pertaining to Canada.
Reference: INGLIS (G.D.), HOAR (B.M.), WHITESIDE (D.P.) and MORCK (D.W.): Campylobacter canadensis sp. nov., from captive whooping cranes in Canada. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2636-2644.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Campylobacter cinaedi Totten et al. 1988, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Fennell 165 = CCUG 18818 = CIP 103752 = DSM 5359 = LMG 7543 = NCTC 12423.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M88150.
Etymology: L. gen. n. cinaedi, of a homosexual.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 26. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 328-329. [TOTTEN (P.), FENNELL (C.L.), TENOVER (F.C.), WEZENBERG (J.M.), PERINE (P.L.), STAMM (W.E.) and HOLMES (K.K.): Campylobacter cinaedi (sp. nov.), and Campylobacter fennelliae (sp. nov.): two new Campylobacter species associated with enteric disease in homosexual men. J. Infect. Dis., 1985, 151, 131-139.]
Validation List no. 26 in IJSM Online

Note: The strain ATCC 35683, designated as the type strain by Totten et al. 1985 [1], is not the type strain of Campylobacter cinaedi. It is a strain of ¤ Campylobacter fennelliae (¤ Helicobacter fennelliae) [2, 3].
References:
1 TOTTEN (P.), FENNELL (C.L.), TENOVER (F.C.), WEZENBERG (J.M.), PERINE (P.L.), STAMM (W.E.) and HOLMES (K.K.): Campylobacter cinaedi (sp. nov.), and Campylobacter fennelliae (sp. nov.): two new Campylobacter species associated with enteric disease in homosexual men. J. Infect. Dis., 1985, 151, 131-139.
2 KUHNERT (P.), BURNENS (A.P.), ON (S.L.W.) and VANDAMME (P.A.R.): Misidentifying Helicobacter cinaedi. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2001, 39, 2751-2752.
Original article Online
3 TANG (J.): Personal communication (May 02, 2002).

¤ Helicobacter cinaedi (Totten et al. 1988) Vandamme et al. 1991, comb. nov.

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Campylobacter coli (Doyle 1948) Véron and Chatelain 1973, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33559 = CCUG 11283 = CCUG 14540 = CIP 70.80 = DSM 4689 = JCM 2529 = LMG 6440 = NCTC 11366.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF372092.
Synonym: "Vibrio coli" Doyle 1948.
Etymology: L. n. colon or colum, large intestine, colon; L. gen. n. coli, of the colon.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 DOYLE (L.P.): The etiology of swine dysentery. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 1948, 9, 50-51. 2 VÉRON (M.) and CHATELAIN (R.): Taxonomic study of the genus Campylobacter Sebald and Véron and designation of the neotype strain for the type species, Campylobacter fetus (Smith and Taylor) Sebald and Véron. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1973, 23, 122-134.]

Notes:
1 According to Vandamme et al. 1997, Campylobacter coli (Doyle 1948) Véron and Chatelain 1973 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Campylobacter hyoilei Alderton et al. 1995.
Reference: VANDAMME (P.), VAN DOORN (L.J.), AL RASHID (S.T.), QUINT (W.G.V.), VAN DER PLAS (J.), CHAN (V.L.) and ON (S.L.W.): Campylobacter hyoilei Alderton et al. 1995 and Campylobacter coli Véron and Chatelain 1973 are subjective synonyms. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 1055-1060.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 During recent meetings of the ICSP Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Campylobacter and related bacteria, the members agreed to discourage the use of the name ¤ Campylobacter hyoilei in favour of Campylobacter coli. However, the strains originally described as ¤ Campylobacter hyoilei may represent a variant of Campylobacter coli that is highly adapted for the porcine enteric tract, with pathologic consequences for the animal. Therefore, the epithet hyoilei could in principle be reused as an infrasubspecific designation, if reliable pathogenic, phenotypic or genetic traits can be determined for identification.
Reference: VANDAMME (P.) and ON (S.L.W.): Recommendations of the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Campylobacter and related bacteria. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 719-721.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 According to Dep et al. 2001, Campylobacter coli (Doyle 1948) Véron and Chatelain 1973 (Approved Lists 1980) and ¤ Campylobacter hyoilei Alderton et al. 1995 are different species.
Reference: DEP (M.S.), MENDZ (G.L.), TREND (M.A.), COLOE (P.J.), FRY (B.N.) and KOROLIK (V.): Differentiation between Campylobacter hyoilei and Campylobacter coli using genotypic and phenotyic analyses. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 819-826.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Campylobacter concisus Tanner et al. 1981, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain FDC 484 = ATCC 33237 = CCUG 13144 = CIP 103757 = DSM 9716 = LMG 7788 = NCTC 11485.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ174166.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. concisus, short, concise.
Reference: TANNER (A.C.R.), BADGER (S.), LAI (C.H.), LISTGARTEN (M.A.), VISCONTI (R.A.) and SOCRANSKY (S.S.): Wolinella gen. nov., Wolinella succinogenes (Vibrio succinogenes Wolin et al.) comb. nov., and description of Bacteroides gracilis sp. nov., Wolinella recta sp. nov., Campylobacter concisus sp. nov., and Eikenella corrodens from humans with periodontal disease. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 432-445.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Campylobacter corcagiensis Koziel et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CIT 045=LMG 27932=CCUG 64942.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF745861.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: JFAP00000000.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. corcagiensis, pertaining to Corcagia, the Medieval Latin name for Cork, Ireland.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: KOZIEL, M., O’DOHERTY, P., VANDAMME, P., CORCORAN, G. D., SLEATOR, R. D. and LUCEY, B. 2014. Campylobacter corcagiensis sp. nov., isolated from faeces of captive lion-tailed macaques (Macaca silenus). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 2878-2883.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Campylobacter cryaerophilus corrig. Neill et al. 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Neill A 169/B = 02766 = ATCC 43158 = CCUG 17801 = CCUG 17801 = CIP 104014 = DSM 7289 = LMG 7536 = LMG 9904 = NCTC 11885.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L14624.
Etymology: Gr. n. kruos, icy cold, frost; Gr. n. aer aeros, air; N.L. masc. adj. philus (from Gr. masc. adj. philos), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. cryaerophilus, friend of cold and air.
Reference: NEILL (S.D.), CAMPBELL (J.N.), O'BRIEN (J.J.), WEATHERUP (S.T.C.) and ELLIS (W.A.): Taxonomic position of Campylobacter cryaerophila sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 342-356.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The original spelling, Campylobacter cryaerophila (sic), has been corrected by Euzéby 1997 [1]. This corrigendum has been already suggested by Vandamme et al. 1991 [2].
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.): Revised nomenclature of specific or subspecific epithets that do not agree in gender with generic names that end in -bacter. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 585.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 VANDAMME (P.), FALSEN (E.), ROSSAU (R.), HOSTE (B.), SEGERS (P.), TYTGAT (R.) and DE LEY (J.): Revision of Campylobacter, Helicobacter, and Wolinella taxonomy: emendation of generic descriptions and proposal of Arcobacter gen. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 88-103.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Arcobacter cryaerophilus (Neill et al. 1985) Vandamme et al. 1991, comb. nov.

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Campylobacter cuniculorum Zanoni et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 150B = CCUG 56289 = LMG 24588.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ400345.
Etymology: L. gen. pl. n. cuniculorum, of rabbits.
Reference: ZANONI (R.G.), DEBRUYNE (L.), ROSSI (M.), REVEZ (J.) and VANDAMME (P.): Campylobacter cuniculorum sp. nov., from rabbits. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1666-1671.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Campylobacter curvus (Tanner et al. 1984) Vandamme et al. 1991, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 35224 = CCUG 13146 = CIP 103747 = DSM 6644 = LMG 7609 = NCTC 11649 = VPI 9584.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ174165.
Basonym: ¤ Wolinella curva Tanner et al. 1984.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. curvus, curved, bent.
Reference: VANDAMME (P.), FALSEN (E.), ROSSAU (R.), HOSTE (B.), SEGERS (P.), TYTGAT (R.) and DE LEY (J.): Revision of Campylobacter, Helicobacter, and Wolinella taxonomy: emendation of generic descriptions and proposal of Arcobacter gen. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 88-103.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Campylobacter fennelliae Totten et al. 1988, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Fennell 231 = ATCC 35684 = CCUG 18820 = CIP 103758 = DSM 7491 = NCTC 11612.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M88154.
Etymology: N.L. gen. fem. n. fennelliae, of Fennell, named after C.L. Fennell, the person who first isolated this organism from rectal swabs of homosexual males.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 26. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 328-329. [TOTTEN (P.), FENNELL (C.L.), TENOVER (F.C.), WEZENBERG (J.M.), PERINE (P.L.), STAMM (W.E.) and HOLMES (K.K.): Campylobacter cinaedi (sp. nov.), and Campylobacter fennelliae (sp. nov.): two new Campylobacter species associated with enteric disease in homosexual men. J. Infect. Dis., 1985, 151, 131-139.]
Validation List no. 26 in IJSM Online

¤ Helicobacter fennelliae (Totten et al. 1988) Vandamme et al. 1991, comb. nov.

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Campylobacter fetus (Smith and Taylor 1919) Sebald and Véron 1963, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27374 = CCUG 6823 A = CIP 53.96 = DSM 5361 = JCM 2527 = LMG 6442 = NCTC 10842.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ174127.
Synonyms: "Vibrio fetus" Smith and Taylor 1919, "Spirillum fetus" Lehmann and Neumann 1927.
Etymology: L. n. fetus -us, young, offspring, fruit; L. gen. n. fetus, of a fetus.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 SMITH (T.) and TAYLOR (M.S.): Some morphological and biochemical characters of the spirilla (Vibrio fetus, n. sp.) associated with disease of the fetal membranes in cattle. Journal of Experimental Medicine, 1919, 30, 299-311. 2 SEBALD (M.) and VÉRON (M.): Teneur en bases de l'ADN et classification des vibrions. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris), 1963, 105, 897-910.]

Note: Members of the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Campylobacter and related bacteria had noted that the specific epithet fetus was erroneously formed. This required correction of the spelling of the epithet or, alternatively, correction of the etymology. The subcommittee members reached a consensus to correct the etymology of the specific epithet fetus. The correct etymology is: fe'tus. L. masc. n. fetus, fetus, fruit; L. gen. masc. n. fetus, of a fetus.
Reference: VANDAMME (P.) and ON (S.L.W.): Recommendations of the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Campylobacter and related bacteria. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 719-721.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus (Smith and Taylor 1919) Véron and Chatelain 1973, subspecies.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27374 = CCUG 6823 A = CIP 53.96 = DSM 5361 = JCM 2527 = LMG 6442 = NCTC 10842.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ174127.
Synonyms: "Vibrio fetus subsp. intestinalis" Florent 1959, not "Campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus" Smibert 1974.
Etymology: L. n. fetus -us, young, offspring, fruit; L. gen. n. fetus, of a fetus.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 SMITH (T.) and TAYLOR (M.S.): Some morphological and biochemical characters of the spirilla (Vibrio fetus, n. sp.) associated with disease of the fetal membranes in cattle. Journal of Experimental Medicine, 1919, 30, 299-311. 2 SEBALD (M.) and VÉRON (M.): Teneur en bases de l'ADN et classification des vibrions. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris), 1963, 105, 897-910. 3 VÉRON (M.) and CHATELAIN (R.): Taxonomic study of the genus Campylobacter Sebald and Véron and designation of the neotype strain for the type species, Campylobacter fetus (Smith and Taylor) Sebald and Véron. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1973, 23, 122-134.]

Note: Members of the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Campylobacter and related bacteria had noted that the specific and subspecific epithets fetus were erroneously formed. This required correction of the spelling of the epithets or, alternatively, correction of the etymology. The subcommittee members reached a consensus to correct the etymology of the specific and subspecific epithets fetus. The correct etymology is: the following: fe'tus. L. masc. n. fetus, fetus, fruit; L. gen. masc. n. fetus, of a fetus.
Reference: VANDAMME (P.) and ON (S.L.W.): Recommendations of the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Campylobacter and related bacteria. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 719-721.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis (Florent 1959) Véron and Chatelain 1973, subspecies.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 19438 = CCUG 538 = CCUG 33899 = CIP 68.29 = JCM 2528 = LMG 6443 = NCTC 10354.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ174131.
Synonym: "Vibrio fetus subsp. venerealis" Florent 1959.
Etymology: L. adj. venereus, of Venus goddess of love; L. masc. suff. -alis, suffix denoting pertaining to; N.L. masc. adj. venerealis, of Venus, goddess of love, venereal.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 FLORENT (A.): Les deux vibrioses génitales de la bête bovine : La vibriose vénérienne, due à Vibrio fœtus venerialis, et la vibriose d'origine intestinale due à V. fœtus intestinalis. Proceedings 10th International Veterinary Congress Madrid, 1959, 2, 953-957. 2 VÉRON (M.) and CHATELAIN (R.): Taxonomic study of the genus Campylobacter Sebald and Véron and designation of the neotype strain for the type species, Campylobacter fetus (Smith and Taylor) Sebald and Véron. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1973, 23, 122-134.]

Notes:
1 On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), the type strain is erroneously cited as ATCC 19483.
Reference: TANG (J.): Personal communication (April 05, 2001).
2 Members of the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Campylobacter and related bacteria had noted that the specific epithet fetus was erroneously formed. This required correction of the spelling of the epithet or, alternatively, correction of the etymology. The subcommittee members reached a consensus to correct the etymology of the specific epithet fetus. The correct etymology is: fe'tus. L. masc. n. fetus, fetus, fruit; L. gen. masc. n. fetus, of a fetus.
Reference: VANDAMME (P.) and ON (S.L.W.): Recommendations of the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Campylobacter and related bacteria. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 719-721.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 According to P.A.R. Vandamme [1], the subspecific epithet venerealis is incorrect. The formation of venerealis is derived from a combination of the Latin adjective venereus and the suffix -alis, used to form an adjective. As, it is grammatically incorrect to combine an adjective-forming suffix to a word that is already an adjective, the subspecific epithet should be venereus. However, members of the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Campylobacter and related bacteria [2] reached a consensus to correct the etymology of the subspecific epithet venerealis. The correct etymology is: ve.ne.re.a'lis. N.L. (arbitrary) adj. venerealis, pertaining to venereal disease.
References:
1 ON (S.L.W.): International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Campylobacter and related bacteria. Minutes of the meeting, 2 September 1998, Budapest, Hungary. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1399-1400.
Original article by On 2000 in IJSEM Online
2 VANDAMME (P.) and ON (S.L.W.): Recommendations of the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Campylobacter and related bacteria. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 719-721.
Original article by Vandamme and On 2001 in IJSEM Online

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Campylobacter gracilis (Tanner et al. 1981) Vandamme et al. 1995, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain FDC 1084 = ATCC 33236 = CCUG 27720 = JCM 8538 = NCTC 12738.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ174168.
Basonym: ¤ Bacteroides gracilis Tanner et al. 1981.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. gracilis, slim, slender, thin.
Reference: VANDAMME (P.), DANESHVAR (M.I.), DEWHIRST (F.E.), PASTER (B.J.), KERSTERS (K.), GOOSSENS (H.) and MOSS (C.W.): Chemotaxonomic analyses of Bacteroides gracilis and Bacteroides ureolyticus and reclassification of B. gracilis as Campylobacter gracilis comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 145-152.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Campylobacter helveticus Stanley et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 51209 = CCUG 30682 = CIP 104877 = NCTC 12470.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U03022.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. helveticus, of or belonging to the Helvetians, Helvetian, referring to Swiss, after the country of first isolation.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 45. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 398-399. [STANLEY (J.), BURNENS (A.P.), LINTON (D.), ON (S.L.W.), COSTAS (M.) and OWEN (R.J.): Campylobacter helveticus sp. nov., a new thermophilic species from domestic animals: characterization and cloning of a species-specific DNA probe. J. Gen. Microbiol., 1992, 138, 2293-2303.]
Validation List no. 45 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Campylobacter hominis Lawson et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CH001A = CCUG 45161 = LMG 19568 = NCTC 13146.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ251584.
Etymology: L. n. homo -inis, a human being, man, person; L. gen. n. hominis, of man, from which the bacterium was first isolated.
Reference: LAWSON (A.J.), ON (S.L.W.), LOGAN (J.M.J.) and STANLEY (J.): Campylobacter hominis sp. nov., from the human gastrointestinal tract. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 651-660.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Campylobacter hominis Lawson et al. 2001 was previously known as "Candidatus Campylobacter hominis" Lawson et al. 1998.

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Campylobacter hyoilei Alderton et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain RMIT 32A = CCUG 33450 = CCUG 33768 A.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L19738.
Etymology: Gr. n. hus huos, a hog, pig; L. n. ileum, the entrails of animals, intestines; N.L. gen. n. hyoilei, of/from the intestines of pigs.
Reference: ALDERTON (M.R.), KOROLIK (V.), COLOE (P.J.), DEWHIRST (F.E.) and PASTER (B.J.): Campylobacter hyoilei sp. nov., associated with porcine proliferative enteritis. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 61-66.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Campylobacter coli (Doyle 1948) Véron and Chatelain 1973 (Approved Lists 1980).

Notes:
1 According to Vandamme et al. 1997, Campylobacter hyoilei Alderton et al. 1995 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Campylobacter coli (Doyle 1948) Véron and Chatelain 1973 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: VANDAMME (P.), VAN DOORN (L.J.), AL RASHID (S.T.), QUINT (W.G.V.), VAN DER PLAS (J.), CHAN (V.L.) and ON (S.L.W.): Campylobacter hyoilei Alderton et al. 1995 and Campylobacter coli Véron and Chatelain 1973 are subjective synonyms. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 1055-1060.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 During recent meetings of the ICSP Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Campylobacter and related bacteria, the members agreed to discourage the use of the name Campylobacter hyoilei in favour of ¤ Campylobacter coli. However, the strains originally described as Campylobacter hyoilei may represent a variant of ¤ Campylobacter coli that is highly adapted for the porcine enteric tract, with pathologic consequences for the animal. Therefore, the epithet hyoilei could in principle be reused as an infrasubspecific designation, if reliable pathogenic, phenotypic or genetic traits can be determined for identification.
Reference: VANDAMME (P.) and ON (S.L.W.): Recommendations of the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Campylobacter and related bacteria. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 719-721.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Campylobacter hyoilei Alderton et al. 1995.

Notes:
1 Genotypic and phenotypic data indicate that Campylobacter hyoilei Alderton et al. 1995 is a unique Campylobacter species.
Reference: DEP (M.S.), MENDZ (G.L.), TREND (M.A.), COLOE (P.J.), FRY (B.N.) and KOROLIK (V.): Differentiation between Campylobacter hyoilei and Campylobacter coli using genotypic and phenotyic analyses. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 819-826.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The "Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Campylobacter and related bacteria" reviewed the results by Dep et al. 2001, and agreed again to discourage the use of the name Campylobacter hyoilei in favour of ¤ Campylobacter coli.
Reference: ON (S.L.W.): International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Campylobacter and related bacteria. Minutes of the meetings, 2 and 4 September 2001, Freiburg, Germany. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 2339-2341.
Minutes of the meetings, 2 and 4 September 2001, Freiburg, Germany in IJSEM Online

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Campylobacter hyointestinalis Gebhart et al. 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 80-4577-4 = ATCC 35217 = CCUG 14169 = CIP 103746 = LMG 7817 = NCTC 11608.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF097689.
Etymology: Gr. n. hus huos, a hog, pig; L. n. intestinum, intestines; L. masc. suff. -alis, suffix denoting pertaining to; N.L. adj. intestinalis, pertaining to the intestines; N.L. gen. n. hyointestinalis, of a hog's intestine.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 19. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 535. [GEBHART (C.J.), EDMONDS (P.), WARD (G.E.), KURTZ (H.J.) and BRENNER (D.J.): "Campylobacter hyointestinalis" sp. nov.: a new species of Campylobacter found in the intestines of pigs and other animals. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1985, 21, 715-720.]
Validation List no. 19 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Campylobacter hyointestinalis Gebhart et al. 1985 emend. On et al. 1995.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 80-4577-4 = NCTC 11608 = LMG 7817 = CCUG 14169 = ATCC 35217.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF097689.
Etymology: Gr. n. hus huos, a hog, pig; L. n. intestinum, intestines; L. masc. suff. -alis, suffix denoting pertaining to; N.L. adj. intestinalis, pertaining to the intestines; N.L. gen. n. hyointestinalis, of a hog's intestine.
Reference: ON (S.L.W.), BLOCH (B.), HOLMES (B.), HOSTE (B.) and VANDAMME (P.): Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. lawsonii subsp. nov., isolated from the porcine stomach, and an emended description of Campylobacter hyointestinalis. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 767-774.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

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Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. hyointestinalis (Gebhart et al. 1985) On et al. 1995, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 80-4577-4 = ATCC 35217 = CCUG 14169 = CIP 103746 = LMG 7817 = NCTC 11608.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF097689.
Etymology: Gr. n. hus huos, a hog, pig; L. n. intestinum, intestines; L. masc. suff. -alis, suffix denoting pertaining to; N.L. adj. intestinalis, pertaining to the intestines; N.L. gen. n. hyointestinalis, of a hog's intestine.
Reference: ON (S.L.W.), BLOCH (B.), HOLMES (B.), HOSTE (B.) and VANDAMME (P.): Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. lawsonii subsp. nov., isolated from the porcine stomach, and an emended description of Campylobacter hyointestinalis. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 767-774.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1
The original authorship, Gebhart et al. 1985, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 :
The subspecies name Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. hyointestinalis (Gebhart et al. 1985) On et al. 1995 is automatically created by the valid publication of Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. lawsonii On et al. 1995 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].

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Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. lawsonii On et al. 1995, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CHY 5 = CCUG 34538 = CIP 104686 = LMG 14432 = NCTC 12901.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF097685.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. lawsonii, of Lawson, in honor of Gordon H.K. Lawson, a bacteriologist at Edinburgh University whose studies on enteric disease in pigs led to the delineation of Campylobacter mucosalis and the bacterium Lawsonia intracellularis.
Reference: ON (S.L.W.), BLOCH (B.), HOLMES (B.), HOSTE (B.) and VANDAMME (P.): Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. lawsonii subsp. nov., isolated from the porcine stomach, and an emended description of Campylobacter hyointestinalis. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 767-774.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Campylobacter insulaenigrae Foster et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCUG 48653 = NCTC 12927.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ174183.
Etymology: L. n. insula, isle, island; L. adj. niger -gra -grum, black; N.L. gen. n. insulaenigrae, of the Black Isle, a region of northern Scotland.
Reference: FOSTER (G.), HOLMES (B.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), LAWSON (P.A.), THORNE (P.), BYRER (D.E.), ROSS (H.M.), XERRY (J.), THOMPSON (P.M.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Campylobacter insulaenigrae sp. nov., isolated from marine mammals. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 2369-2373.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Campylobacter jejuni (Jones et al. 1931) Véron and Chatelain 1973, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33560 = CCUG 11284 = CIP 70.2 = DSM 4688 = LMG 8841 = NCTC 11351.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF372091.
Synonyms: "Vibrio jejuni" Jones et al. 1931, "Vibrio hepaticus" Mathey and Rissberger 1964, "Campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni" Smibert 1974.
Etymology: N.L. gen. neut. n. jejuni, of the jejunum.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 JONES (F.S.), ORCUTT (M.) and LITTLE (R.B.): Vibrios (Vibrio jejuni n. sp.) associated with intestinal disorders of cows and calves. Journal of Experimental Medicine, 1931, 53, 853-864. 2 VÉRON (M.) and CHATELAIN (R.): Taxonomic study of the genus Campylobacter Sebald and Véron and designation of the neotype strain for the type species, Campylobacter fetus (Smith and Taylor) Sebald and Véron. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1973, 23, 122-134.]

Notes:
1 Members of the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Campylobacter and related bacteria had noted that the specific epithet jejuni was erroneously formed. This required correction of the spelling of the epithet or, alternatively, correction of the etymology. The subcommittee members reached a consensus to correct the etymology of the specific epithet jejuni. The correct etymology is: je.ju'ni. N.L. gen. neut. n. jejuni, of the jejunum.
Reference: VANDAMME (P.) and ON (S.L.W.): Recommendations of the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Campylobacter and related bacteria. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 719-721.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

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Campylobacter jejuni subsp. doylei Steele and Owen 1988, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 093 = ATCC 49349 = CCUG 24567 = CIP 103751 = IMVS 1141 = LMG 8843 = NCTC 11951.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ174144.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. doylei, of Doyle, named in honor of L.P. Doyle, an American veterinarian.
Reference: STEELE (T.W.) and OWEN (R.J.): Campylobacter jejuni subsp. doylei subsp. nov., a subspecies of nitrate-negative campylobacters isolated from human clinical specimens. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 316-318.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Members of the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Campylobacter and related bacteria had noted that the specific epithet jejuni was erroneously formed. This required correction of the spelling of the epithet or, alternatively, correction of the etymology. The subcommittee members reached a consensus to correct the etymology of the specific epithet jejuni. The correct etymology is: je.ju'ni. N.L. gen. neut. n. jejuni, of the jejunum.
Reference: VANDAMME (P.) and ON (S.L.W.): Recommendations of the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Campylobacter and related bacteria. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 719-721.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Campylobacter jejuni subsp. jejuni (Jones et al. 1931) Steele and Owen 1988, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33560 = CCUG 11284 = CIP 70.2 = DSM 4688 = LMG 8841 = NCTC 11351.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF372091.
Etymology:   N.L. gen. neut. n. jejuni, of the jejunum.
Reference: HOWEY (R.T.), LOCK (C.M.) and MOORE (L.V.H.): Subspecies names automatically created by Rule 46. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 317-319.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, (Jones et al. 1931) Véron and Chatelain 1973, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The subspecies name Campylobacter jejuni subsp. jejuni (Jones et al. 1931) Steele and Owen 1988 is automatically created by the valid publication of Campylobacter jejuni subsp. doylei Steele and Owen 1988 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].
3 Members of the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Campylobacter and related bacteria had noted that the specific and the subspecific epithets jejuni were erroneously formed. This required correction of the spelling of the epithets or, alternatively, correction of the etymology. The subcommittee members reached a consensus to correct the etymology of the specific and of the subspecific epithets jejuni. The correct etymology is: je.ju'ni. N.L. gen. neut. n. jejuni, of the jejunum.
Reference: VANDAMME (P.) and ON (S.L.W.): Recommendations of the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Campylobacter and related bacteria. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 719-721.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Campylobacter lanienae Logan et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCUG 44467 = CIP 106785 = NCTC 13004.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF043425.
Etymology: L. gen. n. lanienae, of/from a butcher's stall, abattoir; named after place of work of human carriers from whom the bacterium was first isolated.
Reference: LOGAN (J.M.J.), BURNENS (A.), LINTON (D.), LAWSON (A.J.) and STANLEY (J.): Campylobacter lanienae sp. nov., a new species isolated from workers in an abattoir. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 865-872.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Campylobacter lanienae has been found to cluster between Campylobacter hyointestinalis subspecies when 16S rRNA gene comparisons were used. Campylobacter lanienae had not originally been compared with strains of ¤ Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. lawsonii but it was now evident that these taxa are phenotypically similar. Whole-cell protein patterns of Campylobacter lanienae and Campylobacter hyointestinalis are also similar, although AFLP analysis indicate that Campylobacter lanienae is a ditinct species. According to the "Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Campylobacter and related bacteria", further work is needed in order to resolve the issue.
Reference: ON (S.L.W.): International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Campylobacter and related bacteria. Minutes of the meetings, 2 and 4 September 2001, Freiburg, Germany. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 2339-2341.
Minutes of the meetings, 2 and 4 September 2001, Freiburg, Germany in IJSEM Online

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Campylobacter lari corrig. Benjamin et al. 1984, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 35221 = CCUG 23947 = CIP 102722 = DSM 11375 = JCM 2530 = LMG 8846 = NCTC 11352 = WRI 3034/77.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY621114.
Etymology: L. n. larus, a ravenous sea-bird, the mew, gull; L. gen. n. lari, of a gull.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 14. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 270-271. [BENJAMIN (J.), LEAPER (S.), OWEN (R.J.) and SKIRROW (M.B.): Description of Campylobacter laridis, a new species comprising the nalidixic acid resistant thermophilic Campylobacter (NARTC) group. Curr. Microbiol., 1983, 8, 231-238.]
Validation List no. 14 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 The original spelling, Campylobacter laridis (sic), has been corrected by Von Graevenitz 1990.
Reference: Von GRAEVENITZ (A.): Revised nomenclature of Campylobacter laridis, Enterobacter intermedium, and "Flavobacterium branchiophila". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 211.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

Campylobacter lari corrig. Benjamin et al. 1984 emend. Debruyne et al. 2009.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 35221 = CCUG 23947 = CIP 102722 = DSM 11375 = JCM 2530 = LMG 8846 = NCTC 11352 = WRI 3034/77.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY621114.
Etymology: L. n. larus, a ravenous sea-bird, the mew, gull; L. gen. n. lari, of a gull.
Reference: DEBRUYNE (L.), ON (S.L.W.), DE BRANDT (E.) and VANDAMME (P.): Novel Campylobacter lari-like bacteria from humans and molluscs: description of Campylobacter peloridis sp. nov., Campylobacter lari subsp. concheus subsp. nov. and Campylobacter lari subsp. lari subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1126-1132.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Campylobacter lari subsp. concheus Debruyne et al. 2009, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 2897R = CCUG 55786 = LMG 21009.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM922330.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. concheus, of or pertaining to, shellfish.
Reference: DEBRUYNE (L.), ON (S.L.W.), DE BRANDT (E.) and VANDAMME (P.): Novel Campylobacter lari-like bacteria from humans and molluscs: description of Campylobacter peloridis sp. nov., Campylobacter lari subsp. concheus subsp. nov. and Campylobacter lari subsp. lari subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1126-1132.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Campylobacter lari subsp. lari (Benjamin et al. 1984) Debruyne et al. 2009, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 35221 = CCUG 23947 = CIP 102722 = DSM 11375 = JCM 2530 = LMG 8846 = NCTC 11352 = WRI 3034/77.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY621114.
Etymology: L. n. larus, a ravenous sea-bird, the mew, gull; L. gen. n. lari, of a gull.
Reference: DEBRUYNE (L.), ON (S.L.W.), DE BRANDT (E.) and VANDAMME (P.): Novel Campylobacter lari-like bacteria from humans and molluscs: description of Campylobacter peloridis sp. nov., Campylobacter lari subsp. concheus subsp. nov. and Campylobacter lari subsp. lari subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1126-1132.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, Benjamin et al. 1984, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The subspecies Campylobacter lari subsp. lari (Benjamin et al. 1984) Debruyne et al. 2009 is automatically created by the valid publication of ¤ Campylobacter lari subsp. concheus Debruyne et al. 2009 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].

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Campylobacter mucosalis (Lawson et al. 1981) Roop et al. 1985, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain FS253/72 = ATCC 43264 = CCUG 6822 = CIP 103750 = NCTC 11000.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ174173.
Basonym: ¤ Campylobacter sputorum subsp. mucosalis (ex Lawson and Rowland 1974) Lawson et al. 1981.
Etymology: N.L. n. tunica mucosa, mucous membrane; L. masc. suff. -alis, suffix denoting pertaining to; N.L. masc. adj. mucosalis, pertaining to the mucous membrane (tunica mucosa).
Reference: ROOP II (R.M.), SMIBERT (R.M.), JOHNSON (J.L.) and KRIEG (N.R.): Campylobacter mucosalis (Lawson, Leaver, Pettigrew, and Rowland 1981) comb. nov.: emended description. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 189-192.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Members of the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Campylobacter and related bacteria had noted that the specific epithet mucosalis was erroneously formed. This required correction of the spelling of the epithet or, alternatively, correction of the etymology. The subcommittee members reached a consensus to correct the etymology of the specific epithet mucosalis. The correct etymology is: mu.co.sa'lis. N.L. adj. mucosalis, pertaining to the (tunica) mucosa mucous membrane.
Reference: VANDAMME (P.) and ON (S.L.W.): Recommendations of the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Campylobacter and related bacteria. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 719-721.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Campylobacter mustelae (Fox et al. 1988) Fox et al. 1989, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain R85-13-6 = ATCC 43772 = CCUG 25715 = CIP 103759 = NCTC 12198.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M35048.
Basonym: ¤ Campylobacter pylori subsp. mustelae Fox et al. 1988.
Etymology: L. n. mustela, a weasel, and also a generic name (Mustela); L. gen. n. mustelae, intended to mean of a ferret (Mustela putorius furo).
Reference: FOX (J.G.), CHILVERS (T.), GOODWIN (C.S.), TAYLOR (N.S.), EDMONDS (P.), SLY (L.I.) and BRENNER (D.J.): Campylobacter mustelae, a new species resulting from the elevation of Campylobacter pylori subsp. mustelae to species status. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 301-303.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The name Campylobacter pylori subsp. mustelae Fox et al. 1988 has been proposed for strains isolated from ferrets because high levels of deoxyribonucleic acid relatedness of these strains to the type strain of Campylobacter pylori corrig. Marshall et al. 1985. Subsequent deoxyribonucleic acid relatedness studies indicate that the original results were in error. The strains isolated from ferrets are members of a species that is distinct from Campylobacter pylori and elevated to species status.

¤ Helicobacter mustelae (Fox et al. 1988) Goodwin et al. 1989, comb. nov.

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Campylobacter nitrofigilis McClung et al. 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CI = ATCC 33309 = CCUG 15893 = CCUG 15892 = CIP 103745 = DSM 7299 = LMG 7604 = NCTC 12251.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP001999 (complete genome).
Etymology: L. n. nitrum, native soda, natron, nitrate; L. v. figo, to fix, attach; L. masc. adj. suff. -ilis, suffix denoting an active quality, able to; N.L. masc. adj. nitrofigilis, able to fix (nitrogen as) nitrate.
Reference: McCLUNG (C.R.), PATRIQUIN (D.G.) and DAVIS (R.E.): Campylobacter nitrofigilis sp. nov., a nitrogen-fixing bacterium associated with roots of Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 605-612.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Arcobacter nitrofigilis (McClung et al. 1983) Vandamme et al. 1991, comb. nov.

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Campylobacter peloridis Debruyne et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 2314BVA = CCUG 55787 = LMG 23910.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM922331.
Etymology: L. n. peloris -idis, a large shellfish, the giant mussel; L. gen. n. peloridis, of a large shellfish, of the giant mussel.
Reference: DEBRUYNE (L.), ON (S.L.W.), DE BRANDT (E.) and VANDAMME (P.): Novel Campylobacter lari-like bacteria from humans and molluscs: description of Campylobacter peloridis sp. nov., Campylobacter lari subsp. concheus subsp. nov. and Campylobacter lari subsp. lari subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1126-1132.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Campylobacter pylori corrig. Marshall et al. 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Royal Perth Hospital 13487 = ATCC 43504 = CCUG 15815 B = CCUG 17874 = CCUG 39500 = CIP 103995 = DSM 4867 = JCM 12093 = LMG 18041 = LMG 19449 = NCTC 11637.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U01330.
Etymology: L. n. pylorus (from Gr. n. pulôros, gate keeper), the lower orifice of the stomach, the pylorus; L. gen. n. pylori, of the pylorus.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 17. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 223-225. [MARSHALL (B.J.), ROYCE (H.), ANNEAR (D.I.), GOODWIN (C.S.), PEARMAN (J.W.), WARREN (J.R.) and ARMSTRONG (J.A.): Original isolation of Campylobacter pyloridis from human gastric mucosa. Microbios. Lett., 1984, 25, 83-88.]
Validation List no. 17 in IJSEM Online

Note: The original spelling, Campylobacter pyloridis (sic), has been corrected by Marshall and Goodwin 1987.
Reference: MARSHALL (B.J.) and GOODWIN (C.S.): Revised nomenclature of Campylobacter pyloridis. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 68.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Campylobacter pylori corrig. Marshall et al. 1985 emend. Fox et al. 1988.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Royal Perth Hospital 13487 = ATCC 43504 = CCUG 15815 B = CCUG 17874 = CCUG 39500 = CIP 103995 = DSM 4867 = JCM 12093 = LMG 18041 = LMG 19449 = NCTC 11637.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U01330.
Etymology: L. n. pylorus (from Gr. n. pulôros, gate keeper), the lower orifice of the stomach, the pylorus; L. gen. n. pylori, of the pylorus.
Reference: FOX (J.G.), TAYLOR (N.S.), EDMONDS (P.) and BRENNER (D.J.): Campylobacter pylori subsp. mustelae subsp. nov. isolated from the gastric mucosa of ferrets (Mustela putorius furo), and an emended description of Campylobacter pylori. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 367-370.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

Campylobacter pylori corrig. Marshall et al. 1985 emend. Fox et al. 1989.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Royal Perth Hospital 13487 = ATCC 43504 = CCUG 15815 B = CCUG 17874 = CCUG 39500 = CIP 103995 = DSM 4867 = JCM 12093 = LMG 18041 = LMG 19449 = NCTC 11637.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U01330.
Etymology: L. n. pylorus (from Gr. n. pulôros, gate keeper), the lower orifice of the stomach, the pylorus; L. gen. n. pylori, of the pylorus.
Reference: FOX (J.G.), CHILVERS (T.), GOODWIN (C.S.), TAYLOR (N.S.), EDMONDS (P.), SLY (L.I.) and BRENNER (D.J.): Campylobacter mustelae, a new species resulting from the elevation of Campylobacter pylori subsp. mustelae to species status. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 301-303.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The subspecies Campylobacter pylori subsp. mustelae Fox et al. 1988 is elevated to species rank as Campylobacter mustelae (Fox et al. 1988) Fox et al. 1989, comb. nov. and the subspecies Campylobacter pylori subsp. pylori (Marshall et al. 1985) Fox et al. 1988 is abolished.

¤ Helicobacter pylori (Marshall et al. 1985) Goodwin et al. 1989, comb. nov.

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Campylobacter pylori subsp. mustelae Fox et al. 1988, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain R85-13-6 = ATCC 43772 = CCUG 25715 = CIP 103759 = NCTC 12198.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M35048.
Etymology: L. n. mustela, a weasel, and also a generic name (Mustela); L. gen. n. mustelae, intended to mean of a ferret (Mustela putorius furo).
Reference: FOX (J.G.), TAYLOR (N.S.), EDMONDS (P.) and BRENNER (D.J.): Campylobacter pylori subsp. mustelae subsp. nov. isolated from the gastric mucosa of ferrets (Mustela putorius furo), and an emended description of Campylobacter pylori. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 367-370.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Campylobacter mustelae (Fox et al. 1988) Fox et al. 1989, comb. nov.

¤ Helicobacter mustelae (Fox et al. 1988) Goodwin et al. 1989, comb. nov.

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Campylobacter pylori subsp. pylori (Marshall et al. 1985) Fox et al. 1988, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Royal Perth Hospital 13487 = ATCC 43504 = CCUG 15815 B = CCUG 17874 = CCUG 39500 = CIP 103995 = DSM 4867 = JCM 12093 = LMG 18041 = LMG 19449 = NCTC 11637.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U01330.
Etymology: L. n. pylorus (from Gr. n. pulôros, gate keeper), the lower orifice of the stomach, the pylorus; L. gen. n. pylori, of the pylorus.
Reference: FOX (J.G.), TAYLOR (N.S.), EDMONDS (P.) and BRENNER (D.J.): Campylobacter pylori subsp. mustelae subsp. nov. isolated from the gastric mucosa of ferrets (Mustela putorius furo), and an emended description of Campylobacter pylori. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 367-370.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, Marshall et al. 1985, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The subspecies name Campylobacter pylori subsp. pylori (Marshall et al. 1985) Fox et al. 1988 is automatically created by the valid publication of Campylobacter pylori subsp. mustelae Fox et al. 1988 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].

¤ Campylobacter pylori corrig. Marshall et al. 1985 emend. Fox et al. 1989.

Note: The subspecies Campylobacter pylori subsp. mustelae Fox et al. 1988 is elevated to species rank as Campylobacter mustelae (Fox et al. 1988) Fox et al. 1989, comb. nov. and the subspecies Campylobacter pylori subsp. pylori is abolished.

¤ Helicobacter pylori (Marshall et al. 1985) Goodwin et al. 1989, comb. nov.

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Campylobacter rectus (Tanner et al. 1981) Vandamme et al. 1991, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain FDC 371 = ATCC 33238 = CCUG 20446 B = CIP 103748 = DSM 3260 = JCM 6301 = NCTC 11489.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ174169.
Basonym: ¤ Wolinella recta Tanner et al. 1981.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. rectus, straight.
Reference: VANDAMME (P.), FALSEN (E.), ROSSAU (R.), HOSTE (B.), SEGERS (P.), TYTGAT (R.) and DE LEY (J.): Revision of Campylobacter, Helicobacter, and Wolinella taxonomy: emendation of generic descriptions and proposal of Arcobacter gen. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 88-103.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Campylobacter showae Etoh et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SU A4 = ATCC 51146 = CCUG 30254 = CIP 103970 = JCM 12989 = LMG 12635.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ174155.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. showae, of Showa, referring to Showa University, Japan, where several of the first strains were isolated.
Reference: ETOH (Y.), DEWHIRST (F.E.), PASTER (B.J.), YAMAMOTO (A.) and GOTO (N.): Campylobacter showae sp. nov., isolated from the human oral cavity. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 631-639.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Campylobacter sputorum (Prévot 1940) Véron and Chatelain 1973, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Forsyth ER33.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not found.
Synonym: "Vibrio sputorum" Prévot 1940.
Etymology: L. n. sputum, spit, sputum; L. gen. pl. n. sputorum, of sputa.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 PRÉVOT (A.R.): Etude de la systématique bactérienne. V - Essai de classification des vibrions anaérobies. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris), 1940, 64, 117-125. 2 VÉRON (M.) and CHATELAIN (R.): Taxonomic study of the genus Campylobacter Sebald and Véron and designation of the neotype strain for the type species, Campylobacter fetus (Smith and Taylor) Sebald and Véron. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1973, 23, 122-134.]

Campylobacter sputorum (Prévot 1940) Véron and Chatelain 1973 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Roop et al. 1986.
Neotype strain: strain VPI S-17 = ATCC 33562 = ATCC 35980 = CCUG 9728 = CIP 103749 = LMG 7795 = NCTC 11528.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X67775.
Etymology: L. n. sputum, spit, sputum; L. gen. pl. n. sputorum, of sputa.
Reference: ROOP II (R.M.), SMIBERT (R.M.), JOHNSON (J.L.) and KRIEG (N.R.): Designation of the neotype strain for Campylobacter sputorum (Prévot) Véron and Chatelain 1973. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 348.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Roop et al. 1986 propose a neotype strain because the type strain Forsyth ER33 is no longer extant (Rule 18c).

Campylobacter sputorum (Prévot 1940) Véron and Chatelain 1973 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. On et al. 1998.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain VPI S-17 = ATCC 33562 = ATCC 35980 = CCUG 9728 = CIP 103749 = LMG 7795 = NCTC 11528.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X67775.
Etymology: L. n. sputum, spit, sputum; L. gen. pl. n. sputorum, of sputa.
Reference: ON (S.L.W.), ATABAY (H.I.), CORRY (J.E.L.), HARRINGTON (C.S.) and VANDAMME (P.): Emended description of Campylobacter sputorum and revision of its infrasubspecific (biovar) divisions, including C. sputorum biovar paraureolyticus, a urease-producing variant from cattle and humans. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 195-206.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: On et al. 1998 [1] propose that the infrasubspecific divisions of Campylobacter sputorum should be revised to include biovar Sputorum for catalase- and urease-negative strains; biovar Faecalis corrig. for catalase-positive and urease-negative strains; and biovar Paraureolyticus, bv. nov., for catalase-negative and urease-positive strains [suitable reference strains: LMG 11764 (human isolate) and LMG 17590 = CCUG 37579 (bovine isolate)]. The Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Campylobacter and related bacteria [2] agreed to endorse this revised biovar nomenclature and to correct the spelling of the biovar name Fecalis (sic) to Faecalis.
References:
1 ON (S.L.W.), ATABAY (H.I.), CORRY (J.E.L.), HARRINGTON (C.S.) and VANDAMME (P.): Emended description of Campylobacter sputorum and revision of its infrasubspecific (biovar) divisions, including C. sputorum biovar paraureolyticus, a urease-producing variant from cattle and humans. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 195-206.
Original article by On et al. 1998 in IJSEM Online
2 VANDAMME (P.) and ON (S.L.W.): Recommendations of the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Campylobacter and related bacteria. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 719-721.
Original article by Vandamme and On 2001 in IJSEM Online

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Campylobacter sputorum subsp. bubulus (Florent 1953) Véron and Chatelain 1973, subspecies.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CIP 53.103 = CCUG 11289 = NCTC 11367.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ174151.
Synonyms: "Vibrio bubulus" Florent 1953, "Campylobacter bubulus" (Florent 1953) Sebald and Véron 1963.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. bubulus, of or pertaining to cattle or oxen.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 FLORENT (A.): Isolement d'un vibrion du sperme de taureau et du vagin de la vache (Vibrio bubulus). Comptes Rendus des Séances de la Société de Biologie, 1953, 147, 2066-2069. 2 VÉRON (M.) and CHATELAIN (R.): Taxonomic study of the genus Campylobacter Sebald and Véron and designation of the neotype strain for the type species, Campylobacter fetus (Smith and Taylor) Sebald and Véron. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1973, 23, 122-134.]

Note: In the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, the type strain CIP 53.103 is erroneously cited as CIP 53103.

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Campylobacter sputorum subsp. mucosalis (ex Lawson and Rowland 1974) Lawson et al. 1981, subsp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain FS253/72 = ATCC 43264 = CCUG 6822 = CIP 103750 = NCTC 11000.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ174173.
Synonym: "Campylobacter sputorum subsp. mucosalis" Lawson and Rowland 1974.
Etymology: N.L. n. tunica mucosa, mucous membrane; L. masc. suff. -alis, suffix denoting pertaining to; N.L. masc. adj. mucosalis, pertaining to the mucous membrane (tunica mucosa).
Reference: LAWSON (G.H.K.), LEAVER (J.L.), PETTIGREW (G.W.) and ROWLAND (A.C.): Some features of Campylobacter sputorum subsp. mucosalis subsp. nov., nom. rev. and their taxonomic significance. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 385-391.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Campylobacter mucosalis (Lawson et al. 1981) Roop et al. 1985, comb. nov.

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Campylobacter sputorum subsp. sputorum (Prévot 1940) Véron and Chatelain 1973, subspecies.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Forsyth ER33.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not found.
Etymology: L. n. sputum, spit, sputum; L. gen. pl. n. sputorum, of sputa.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 PRÉVOT (A.R.): Etude de la systématique bactérienne. V - Essai de classification des vibrions anaérobies. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris), 1940, 64, 117-125. 2 VÉRON (M.) and CHATELAIN (R.): Taxonomic study of the genus Campylobacter Sebald and Véron and designation of the neotype strain for the type species, Campylobacter fetus (Smith and Taylor) Sebald and Véron. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1973, 23, 122-134.]

Campylobacter sputorum subsp. sputorum (Prévot 1940) Véron and Chatelain 1973 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Roop et al. 1986.
Neotype strain: strain VPI S-17 = ATCC 35980 = CCUG 9728 = CIP 103749 = LMG 7795 = NCTC 11528.
Etymology: L. n. sputum, spit, sputum; L. gen. pl. n. sputorum, of sputa.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X67775.
Reference: ROOP II (R.M.), SMIBERT (R.M.), JOHNSON (J.L.) and KRIEG (N.R.): Designation of the neotype strain for Campylobacter sputorum (Prévot) Véron and Chatelain 1973. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 348.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Roop et al. 1986 propose a neotype strain because the type strain Forsyth ER33 is no longer extant (Rule 18c).

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Campylobacter subantarcticus Debruyne et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain R-3023 = CCUG 38513 = LMG 24377.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM933371.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. subantarcticus, pertaining to the sub-Antarctic region, from where the organism was first isolated.
Reference: DEBRUYNE (L.), BROMAN (T.), BERGSTRÖM (S.), OLSEN (B.), ON (S.L.W.) and VANDAMME (P.): Campylobacter subantarcticus sp. nov., isolated from birds in the sub-Antarctic region. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 815-819.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Campylobacter upsaliensis Sandstedt and Ursing 1991, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain C231 = ATCC 43954 = CCUG 14913 = CIP 103681 = DSM 5365 = NCTC 11541.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ174157.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. upsaliensis, pertaining to Uppsala, a Swedish city.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 37. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 331. [SANDSTEDT (K.) and URSING (J.): Description of Campylobacter upsaliensis sp. nov. previously known as the CNW group. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1991, 14, 39-45.]
Validation List no. 37 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: Campylobacter upsaliensis Sandstedt and Ursing 1991 was previously known as the CNW group (catalase-negative or weak group of campylobacteria).

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Campylobacter ureolyticus (Jackson and Goodman 1978) Vandamme et al. 2010, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33387 = CCUG 7319 = DSM 20703 = LMG 6451 = NCTC 10941.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L04321.
Basonym: ¤ Bacteroides ureolyticus Jackson and Goodman 1978 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. fem. n. urea, urea; N.L. masc. adj. lyticus (from Gr. masc. adj. lutikos), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. masc. adj. ureolyticus, urea dissolving.
Reference: VANDAMME (P.), DEBRUYNE (L.), DE BRANDT (E.) and FALSEN (E.): Reclassification of Bacteroides ureolyticus as Campylobacter ureolyticus comb. nov., and emended description of the genus Campylobacter. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2016-2022.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Campylobacter volucris Debruyne et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCUG 57498 = LMG 24380.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FM883694.
Etymology: L. gen. n. volucris, of a bird.
Reference: DEBRUYNE (L.), BROMAN (T.), BERGSTRÖM (S.), OLSEN (B.), ON (S.L.W.) and VANDAMME (P.): Campylobacter volucris sp. nov., isolated from black-headed gulls (Larus ridibundus). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 1870-1875.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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