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Genus Caldicellulosiruptor

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 9
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Caldicellulosiruptor Rainey et al. 1995, gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Caldicellulosiruptor saccharolyticus Rainey et al. 1995.
Etymology: L. adj. caldus, hot; N.L. n. cellulosum, cellulose; L. masc. n. ruptor, breaker; N.L. masc. n. Caldicellulosiruptor, cellulose-breaker living under hot conditions.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 52. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 197-198.
Effective publication: RAINEY (F.A.), DONNISON (A.M.), JANSSEN (P.H.), SAUL (D.), RODRIGO (A.), BERGQUIST (P.I.), DANIEL (R.M.), STACKEBRANDT (E.) and MORGAN (H.W.): Description of Caldicellulosiruptor saccharolyticus gen. nov., sp. nov.: an obligately anaerobic, extremely thermophilic, cellulolytic bacterium. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 1994, 120, 263-266.
Validation List no. 52 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Caldicellulosiruptor Rainey et al. 1995 emend. Onyenwoke et al. 2006.
Type species: ¤ Caldicellulosiruptor saccharolyticus Rainey et al. 1995.
Etymology: L. adj. caldus, hot; N.L. n. cellulosum, cellulose; L. masc. n. ruptor, breaker; N.L. masc. n. Caldicellulosiruptor, cellulose-breaker living under hot conditions.
Reference: ONYENWOKE (R.U.), LEE (Y.J.), DABROWSKI (S.), AHRING (B.K.) and WIEGEL (J.): Reclassification of Thermoanaerobium acetigenum as Caldicellulosiruptor acetigenus comb. nov. and emendation of the genus description. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1391-1395.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Caldicellulosiruptor acetigenus (Nielsen et al. 1994) Onyenwoke et al. 2006, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) X6B = ATCC BAA-1149 = DSM 7040.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY772476.
Basonym: ¤ Thermoanaerobium acetigenum Nielsen et al. 1994.
Etymology: L. n. acetum, vinegar; N.L. v. genere, to produce; N.L. masc. adj. acetigenus, vinegar- or acetic acid-producing.
Valid publication: ONYENWOKE (R.U.), LEE (Y.J.), DABROWSKI (S.), AHRING (B.K.) and WIEGEL (J.): Reclassification of Thermoanaerobium acetigenum as Caldicellulosiruptor acetigenus comb. nov. and emendation of the genus description. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1391-1395.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Caldicellulosiruptor bescii Yang et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC BAA-1888 = DSM 6725.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP001393 (complete genome).
Etymology: N.L. gen masc. n. bescii, of BESC, the BioEnergy Science Center of the US Department of Energy located in Oak Ridge, TN, USA.
Valid publication: YANG (S.J.), KATAEVA (I.), WIEGEL (J.), YIN (Y.), DAM (P.), XU (Y.), WESTPHELING (J.) and ADAMS (M.W.W.): Classification of 'Anaerocellum thermophilum' strain DSM 6725 as Caldicellulosiruptor bescii sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2011-2015.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Strain Z- 1320 of "Anaerocellum thermophilum" Svetlichnyi et al. 1990, was deposited in the DSMZ as DSM 6725. The organism was classified as a new genus "Anaerocellum" primarily based on growth physiology, cell wall type and morphology. The results of recent physiological studies and of phylogenetic and genome sequence analyses of the strain DSM 6725 show that its properties differ from those originally described for strain Z-1320. Moreover, the 16S rRNA sequence of strain DSM 6725 falls within the Caldicellulosiruptor clade. Yang et al. therefore reclassify "Anaerocellum thermophilum" as Caldicellulosiruptor bescii sp. nov. (type strain DSM 6725 = ATCC BAA-1888).

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Caldicellulosiruptor changbaiensis Bing et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CBS-Z=DSM 26941=CGMCC 1.5180.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JX280492.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. changbaiensis, pertaining to the isolation of the organism from the Changbai Mountains, PR China.
Source: Environmental.
Valid publication: BING, W., WANG, H., ZHENG, B., ZHANG, F., ZHU, G., FENG, Y. and ZHANG, Z. 2015. Caldicellulosiruptor changbaiensis sp. nov., a cellulolytic and hydrogen-producing bacterium from a hot spring. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 293-297
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Caldicellulosiruptor hydrothermalis Miroshnichenko et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 108 = DSM 18901 = VKM B-2411.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP002219 (complete genome).
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. hydrothermalis, hydrothermal, pertaining to hydrothermal vents.
Valid publication: MIROSHNICHENKO (M.L.), KUBLANOV (I.V.), KOSTRIKINA (N.A.), TOUROVA (T.P.), KOLGANOVA (T.V.), BIRKELAND (N.K.) and BONCH-OSMOLOVSKAYA (E.A.): Caldicellulosiruptor kronotskyensis sp. nov. and Caldicellulosiruptor hydrothermalis sp. nov., two extremely thermophilic, cellulolytic, anaerobic bacteria from Kamchatka thermal springs. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1492-1496.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Caldicellulosiruptor kristjanssonii Bredholt et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) I77R1B = ATCC 700853= DSM 12137.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP002326 (complete genome).
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. kristjanssonii, of Kristjansson, named after Jakob K. Kristjansson.
Valid publication: BREDHOLT (S.), SONNE-HANSEN (J.), NIELSEN (P.), MATHRANI (I.M.) and AHRING (B.K.): Caldicellulosiruptor kristjanssonii sp. nov., a cellulolytic, extremely thermophilic, anaerobic bacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol, 1999, 49, 991-996.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Caldicellulosiruptor kronotskyensis Miroshnichenko et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 2002 = DSM 18902 = VKM B-2412.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP002330 (complete genome).
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. kronotskyensis, pertaining to Kronotsky National Park, Kamchatka, Russia, from where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: MIROSHNICHENKO (M.L.), KUBLANOV (I.V.), KOSTRIKINA (N.A.), TOUROVA (T.P.), KOLGANOVA (T.V.), BIRKELAND (N.K.) and BONCH-OSMOLOVSKAYA (E.A.): Caldicellulosiruptor kronotskyensis sp. nov. and Caldicellulosiruptor hydrothermalis sp. nov., two extremely thermophilic, cellulolytic, anaerobic bacteria from Kamchatka thermal springs. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1492-1496.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Caldicellulosiruptor lactoaceticus Mladenovska et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 6A = DSM 9545.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X82842 , CP003001 (complete genome).
Etymology: N.L. adj. lacticum (from L. n. lac lactis, milk), lactic; N.L. adj. aceticus (from L. n. acetum, vinegar), acetic; N.L. masc. adj. lactoaceticus, referring to production of lactic and acetic acids as major fermentation products.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 63. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 1274.
Effective publication: MLADENOVSKA (Z.), MATHRANI (I.M.) and AHRING (B.K.): Isolation and characterization of Caldicellulosiruptor lactoaceticus sp. nov., an extremely thermophilic, cellulolytic, anaerobic bacterium. Arch. Microbiol., 1995, 163, 223-230.
Validation List no. 63 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Caldicellulosiruptor owensensis Huang et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) OL = ATCC 700167= DSM 13100.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP002216 (complete genome).
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. owensensis, pertaining to Owens Lake, CA, USA.
Valid publication: HUANG (C.Y.), PATEL (B.K.), MAH (R.A.) and BARESI (L.): Caldicellulosiruptor owensensis sp. nov., an anaerobic, extremely thermophilic, xylanolytic bacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 91-97.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Caldicellulosiruptor saccharolyticus Rainey et al. 1995, sp. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Tp8T 6331 = ATCC 43494= DSM 8903.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L09178.
Etymology: Gr. n. sakchâr, sugar; N.L. masc. adj. lyticus (from Gr. masc. adj. lutikos), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. masc. adj. saccharolyticus, breaking up polysaccharides.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 52. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 197-198.
Effective publication: RAINEY (F.A.), DONNISON (A.M.), JANSSEN (P.H.), SAUL (D.), RODRIGO (A.), BERGQUIST (P.I.), DANIEL (R.M.), STACKEBRANDT (E.) and MORGAN (H.W.): Description of Caldicellulosiruptor saccharolyticus gen. nov., sp. nov.: an obligately anaerobic, extremely thermophilic, cellulolytic bacterium. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 1994, 120, 263-266.
Validation List no. 52 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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