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Genus Butyrivibrio

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 4
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Butyrivibrio Bryant and Small 1956, genus.
Type species: ¤ Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens Bryant and Small 1956 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. adj. butyricus, butyric; L. v. vibro, to vibrate; N.L. n. vibrio, that which vibrates, and also a bacterial genus name of bacteria possessing a curved rod shape (Vibrio); N.L. masc. n. Butyrivibrio, a butyric vibrio.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BRYANT (M.P.) and SMALL (N.): The anaerobic monotrichous butyric acid-producing curved rod-shaped bacteria of the rumen. Journal of Bacteriology, 1956, 72, 16-21.

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Butyrivibrio crossotus Moore et al. 1976, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 29175= DSM 2876 = VPI T9-40A.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR733670.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. crossotus (from Gr. masc. adj. krossôtos), tasseled.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: MOORE (W.E.C.), JOHNSON (J.L.) and HOLDEMAN (L.V.): Emendation of Bacteriodaceae and Butyrivibrio and descriptions of Desulfomonas gen. nov. and ten new species in the genera Desulfomonas, Butyrivibrio, Eubacterium, Clostridium and Ruminococcus. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1976, 26, 238-252.

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Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens Bryant and Small 1956, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 19171= DSM 3071.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U41172.
Etymology: L. n. fibra, a fibre, filament; L. part. adj. solvens, dissolving; N.L. part. adj. fibrisolvens, fiber-dissolving.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BRYANT (M.P.) and SMALL (N.): The anaerobic monotrichous butyric acid-producing curved rod-shaped bacteria of the rumen. Journal of Bacteriology, 1956, 72, 16-21.

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Butyrivibrio hungatei Kopecný et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JK 615 = ATCC BAA-456 = DSM 14810.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ428553.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. hungatei, of Hungate, named after Robert E. Hungate, an American microbiologist, who isolated similar strains in the 1960s.
Valid publication: KOPECNÝ (J.), ZOREC (M.), MRÁZEK (J.), KOBAYASHI (Y.) and MARINŠEK-LOGAR (R.): Butyrivibrio hungatei sp. nov. and Pseudobutyrivibrio xylanivorans sp. nov., butyrate-producing bacteria from the rumen. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 201-209.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Butyrivibrio proteoclasticus (Attwood et al. 1996) Moon et al. 2008, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) B316 = ATCC 51982= DSM 14932.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U37378.
Basonym: ¤ Clostridium proteoclasticum Attwood et al. 1996.
Etymology: N.L. neut. n. proteinum, protein; N.L. adj. clasticus -a -um (from Gr. adj. klastos -ê -on, broken in pieces), breaking; N.L. masc. adj. proteoclasticus, protein breaking.
Valid publication: MOON (C.D.), PACHECO (D.M.), KELLY (W.J.), LEAHY (S.C.), LI (D.), KOPEČNÝ (J.) and ATTWOOD (G.T.): Reclassification of Clostridium proteoclasticum as Butyrivibrio proteoclasticus comb. nov., a butyrate-producing ruminal bacterium. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2041-2045.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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