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Genus Burkholderia

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 117
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Burkholderia Yabuuchi et al. 1993, gen. nov. (Type genus of the order ¤ Burkholderiales Garrity et al. 2006; type genus of the family ¤ Burkholderiaceae Garrity et al. 2006).
Type species: ¤ Burkholderia cepacia (Palleroni and Holmes 1981) Yabuuchi et al. 1993.
Etymology: N.L. fem. n. Burkholderia, named after W.H. Burkholder, American bacteriologist who discovered the etiological agent of onion rot.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 45. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 398-399.
Effective publication: YABUUCHI (E.), KOSAKO (Y.), OYAIZU (H.), YANO (I.), HOTTA (H.), HASHIMOTO (Y.), EZAKI (T.) and ARAKAWA (M.): Proposal of Burkholderia gen. nov. and transfer of seven species of the genus Pseudomonas homology group II to the new genus, with the type species Burkholderia cepacia (Palleroni and Holmes 1981) comb. nov. Microbiol. Immunol., 1992, 36, 1251-1275.
Validation List no. 45 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Burkholderia Yabuuchi et al. 1993 emend. Gillis et al. 1995.
Type species: ¤ Burkholderia cepacia (Palleroni and Holmes 1981) Yabuuchi et al. 1993.
Etymology: N.L. fem. n. Burkholderia, named after W.H. Burkholder, American bacteriologist who discovered the etiological agent of onion rot.
Reference: GILLIS (M.), VAN (T.V.), BARDIN (R.), GOOR (M.), HEBBAR (P.), WILLEMS (A.), SEGERS (P.), KERSTERS (K.), HEULIN (T.) and FERNANDEZ (M.P.): Polyphasic taxonomy in the genus Burkholderia leading to an emended description of the genus and proposition of Burkholderia vietnamiensis sp. nov. for N2-fixing isolates from rice in Vietnam. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 274-289.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Paraburkholderia Yabuuchi et al. 1993 emend. Gillis et al. 1995 emend. Sawana et al. 2015.
Reference: Sawana, A., Adeolu, M. and Gupta, R.S. 2015. Molecular signatures and phylogenomic analysis of the genus Burkholderia: proposal for division of this genus into the emended genus Burkholderia containing pathogenic organisms and a new genus Paraburkholderia gen. nov. harboring environmental species.
Original article.

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Burkholderia acidipaludis Aizawa et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SA33 = NBRC 101816 = VTCC-D6-6.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB513180.
Etymology: L. adj. acidus -a -um, sour, acid; L. gen. n. paludis, of a swamp; N.L. gen. n. acidipaludis, of an acidic swamp.
Valid publication: AIZAWA (T.), NGUYEN (B.V.), VIJARNSORN (P.), NAKAJIMA (M.) and SUNAIRI (M.): Burkholderia acidipaludis sp. nov., aluminium-tolerant bacteria isolated from Chinese water chestnut (Eleocharis dulcis) growing in highly acidic swamps in South-East Asia. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2036-2041.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Aizawa et al. 2010 the etymology is erroneously cited as N.L. adj. acidus -a -um (from L. n. acidum) acid; L. gen. n. paludis of a swamp; N.L. gen. n. acidipaludis of an acidic swamp.

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Burkholderia ambifaria Coenye et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC BAA-244 = CCUG 44356 = LMG 19182.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF043302.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. ambifaria, that has two sides, of double meaning, ambiguous; referring to the fact that isolates of this species can be used for biological control purposes but also cause infections in humans.
Valid publication: COENYE (T.), MAHENTHIRALINGAM (E.), HENRY (D.), LIPUMA (J.J.), LAEVENS (S.), GILLIS (M.), SPEERT (D.P.) and VANDAMME (P.): Burkholderia ambifaria sp. nov., a novel member of the Burkholderia cepacia complex including biocontrol and cystic fibrosis-related isolates. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1481-1490.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The specific epithet, ambifaria, is a Latin feminine adjective (ambifarius -a -um) not a Neo Latin adjective as cited in the paper by Coenye et al. 2001.
2 Burkholderia ambifaria Coenye et al. 2001 was previously known as ¤ Burkholderia cepacia (Palleroni and Holmes 1981) Yabuuchi et al. 1993 genomovar VII.

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Burkholderia andropogonis (Smith 1911) Gillis et al. 1995, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 23061= CCUG 32772 = CFBP 2421 = CIP 105771 = DSM 9511 = ICMP 2807 = JCM 10487 = LMG 2129 = NCPPB 934 = NRRL B-14296.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X67037.
Basonym: ¤ Pseudomonas andropogonis (Smith 1911) Stapp 1928 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: "Bacterium andropogoni" (sic) Smith 1911, "Aplanobacter stizolobii" Wolf 1920, "Pseudomonas stizolobii" (Wolf 1920) Stapp 1935.
Etymology: N.L. n. Andropogon (from Gr. n. aner andros, man; Gr. pogon pogonis, beard), a botanical generic name of widely distributed grasses; N.L. gen. n. andropogonis, of Andropogon.
Valid publication: GILLIS (M.), VAN (T.V.), BARDIN (R.), GOOR (M.), HEBBAR (P.), WILLEMS (A.), SEGERS (P.), KERSTERS (K.), HEULIN (T.) and FERNANDEZ (M.P.): Polyphasic taxonomy in the genus Burkholderia leading to an emended description of the genus and proposition of Burkholderia vietnamiensis sp. nov. for N2-fixing isolates from rice in Vietnam. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 274-289.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 In the paper by Gillis et al. 1995, on page 287, the type strain is incorrectly cited as LMG 2199 (sic).
2 Burkholderia andropogonis (Smith 1911) Gillis et al. 1995 and ¤ Pseudomonas woodsii (Smith 1911) Stevens 1925 (Approved Lists 1980) represent the same species. Based on Rule 42, Coenye et al. 2001 propose to retain the name Burkholderia andropogonis for this taxon.
Reference: COENYE (T.), LAEVENS (S.), GILLIS (M.) and VANDAMME (P.): Genotypic and chemotaxonomic evidence for the reclassification of Pseudomonas woodsii (Smith 1911) Stevens 1925 as Burkholderia andropogonis (Smith 1911) Gillis et al. 1995. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 183-185.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia anthina Vandamme et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) W92B = LMG 20980 = CCUG 46047.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not found.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. anthina (from Gr. fem. adj. anthinê), of flowers (referring to the origin of the majority of the isolates).
Valid publication: Validation List no. 87. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1437-1438.
Effective publication: VANDAMME (P.), HENRY (D.), COENYE (T.), NZULA (S.), VANCANNEYT (M.), LIPUMA (J.J.), SPEERT (D.P.), GOVAN (J.R.W.) and MAHENTHIRALINGAM (E.): Burkholderia anthina sp. nov. and Burkholderia pyrrocinia, two additional Burkholderia cepacia complex bacteria, may confound results of new molecular diagnostic tools. FEMS Immunol. Med. Microbiol., 2002, 33, 143-149.
Validation List no. 87 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: Burkholderia anthina Vandamme et al. 2002 is also known as ¤ Burkholderia cepacia (Palleroni and Holmes 1981) Yabuuchi et al. 1993 genomovar VIII.

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Burkholderia arationis Peeters et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LMG 29324=CUG 68405.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: LT158622.
Whole-genome sequence accession no.: FCOG02000000.
Etymology: L. gen. n. arationis, from a field.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 171. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66 (2016), 3761-3764.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: Peeters, C., Meier-Kolthoff, J. P., Verheyde, B., De Brandt, E., Cooper, V. S. and Vandamme, P. 2016. Phylogenomic study of Burkholderia glathei-like organisms, proposal of 13 novel Burkholderia species and emended descriptions of Burkholderia sordidicola, Burkholderia zhejiangensis, and Burkholderia grimmiae. Front. Microbiol. 7, 877.
Effective publication Online

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Burkholderia arboris Vanlaere et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ES0263A = R-24201 = CCUG 54561 = LMG 24066.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM747630.
Etymology: L. gen. n. arboris, of a tree (intended to mean of a forest), referring to the source of isolation of the type strain, the Morris Arboretum in Philadelphia.
Valid publication: VANLAERE (E.), LIPUMA (J.J.), BALDWIN (A.), HENRY (D.), DE BRANDT (E.), MAHENTHIRALINGAM (E.), SPEERT (D.), DOWSON (C.) and VANDAMME (P.): Burkholderia latens sp. nov., Burkholderia diffusa sp. nov., Burkholderia arboris sp. nov., Burkholderia seminalis sp. nov. and Burkholderia metallica sp. nov., novel species within the Burkholderia cepacia complex. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1580-1590.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The Latin noun arbor -oris, means a tree, not a forest as cited in the paper by Vanlaere et al. 2008.

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Burkholderia arvi Peeters et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LMG 29317=CUG 68412.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: LT158615.
Whole-genome sequence accession no.: FCOM02000000.
Etymology: L. gen. n. arvi, of a field.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 171. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66 (2016), 3761-3764.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: Peeters, C., Meier-Kolthoff, J. P., Verheyde, B., De Brandt, E., Cooper, V. S. and Vandamme, P. 2016. Phylogenomic study of Burkholderia glathei-like organisms, proposal of 13 novel Burkholderia species and emended descriptions of Burkholderia sordidicola, Burkholderia zhejiangensis, and Burkholderia grimmiae. Front. Microbiol. 7, 877.
Effective publication Online

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Burkholderia aspalathi Mavengere et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) VG1C=DSM 27239=LMG 27731.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KC817488.
Etymology: L. gen. n. aspalathi, of Aspalathus abietina, an African legume.
Source: Plant.
Valid publication: MAVENGERE, N. R., ELLIS, A. G. and LE ROUX, J. J. 2014. Burkholderia aspalathi sp. nov., isolated from root nodules of the South African legume Aspalathus abietina Thunb. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 1906-1912.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Paraburkholderia aspalathi (Mavengere et al. 2014) Sawana et al. 2017, comb. nov.

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Burkholderia bannensis Aizawa et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) E25 = BCC 36998 = NBRC 103871.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB561874.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. bannensis, of or pertaining to the Banna region of Nakhon Nayok Province, Thailand, where the first strains were isolated.
Valid publication: AIZAWA (T.), VIJARNSORN (P.), NAKAJIMA (M.) and SUNAIRI (M.): Burkholderia bannensis sp. nov., an acid-neutralizing bacterium isolated from torpedo grass (Panicum repens) growing in highly acidic swamps. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1645-1650.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia bryophila Vandamme et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 1S18 = CCUG 52993 = LMG 23644.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM489501.
Etymology: Gr. n. bruon, moss; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. fem. adj. bryophila, moss-loving.
Valid publication: VANDAMME (P.), OPELT (K.), KNÖCHEL (N.), BERG (C.), SCHÖNMANN (S.), DE BRANDT (E.), EBERL (L.), FALSEN (E.) and BERG (G.): Burkholderia bryophila sp. nov. and Burkholderia megapolitana sp. nov., moss-associated species with antifungal and plant-growth-promoting properties. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2228-2235.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia caballeronis Martinez et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) TNe-841=CIP 110324=LMG 26416.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: EF139186.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: -.
Source: Plant.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 157. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64 (2014), 1455-1458.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: MARTÍNEZ-AGUILAR, L., SALAZAR-SALAZAR, C., MÉNDEZ, R. D., CABALLERO-MELLADO, J., HIRSCH, A. M., VÁSQUEZ-MURRIETA, M. S. and ESTRADA-DE LOS SANTOS, P. 2014. Burkholderia caballeronis sp. nov., a nitrogen fixing species isolated from tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) with the ability to effectively nodulate Phaseolus vulgaris. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 104, 1063-1071.
Effective publication Online

¤ Paraburkholderia caballeronis (Martínez-Aguilar et al. 2013) Sawana et al. 2017, comb. nov.

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Burkholderia caledonica Coenye et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) W50D = CCUG 42236 = CIP 107098 = JCM 21561 = LMG 19076 = NBRC 102488.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF215704.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. caledonica, Caledonian, pertaining to Caledonia (the province of the ancient Britons, now the Highlands in the northern part of Scotland), from where the strains were isolated.
Valid publication: COENYE (T.), LAEVENS (S.), WILLEMS (A.), OHLEN (M.), HANNANT (W.), GOVAN (J.R.W.), GILLIS (M.), FALSEN (E.) and VANDAMME (P.): Burkholderia fungorum sp. nov. and Burkholderia caledonica sp. nov., two new species isolated from the environment, animals and human clinical samples. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1099-1107.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia calidae Peeters et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LMG 29321=CUG 68408.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: LT158619.
Whole-genome sequence accession no.: FCOX02000000.
Etymology: L. gen. n. calidae, from warm water, because this strain was isolated from pond water in a tropical garden.
Source: Environmental - freshwater.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 171. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66 (2016), 3761-3764.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: Peeters, C., Meier-Kolthoff, J. P., Verheyde, B., De Brandt, E., Cooper, V. S. and Vandamme, P. 2016. Phylogenomic study of Burkholderia glathei-like organisms, proposal of 13 novel Burkholderia species and emended descriptions of Burkholderia sordidicola, Burkholderia zhejiangensis, and Burkholderia grimmiae. Front. Microbiol. 7, 877.
Effective publication Online

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Burkholderia caribensis Achouak et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MWAP64 = CCUG 42847 = CIP 106784 = DSM 13236 = LMG 18531.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y17009.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. caribensis, pertaining to the Caribbean Islands, where the strains were isolated.
Valid publication: ACHOUAK (W.), CHRISTEN (R.), BARAKAT (M.), MARTEL (M.H.) and HEULIN (T.): Burkholderia caribensis sp. nov., an exopolysaccharide-producing bacterium isolated from vertisol microaggregates in Martinique. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 787-794.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia caryophylli (Burkholder 1942) Yabuuchi et al. 1993, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 25418= CCUG 20834 = CFBP 2429 = CFBP 3818 = CIP 105770 = DSM 50341 = HAMBI 2159 = ICMP 512 = JCM 9310 = JCM 10488 = LMG 2155 = NCPPB 2151.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB021423.
Basonym: ¤ Pseudomonas caryophylli (Burkholder 1942) Starr and Burkholder 1942 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonym: "Phytomonas caryophylli" Burkholder 1942.
Etymology: N.L. masc. n. caryophyllus, specific epithet of Dianthus caryophyllus, carnation; N.L. gen. n. caryophylli, of the carnation.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 45. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 398-399.
Effective publication: YABUUCHI (E.), KOSAKO (Y.), OYAIZU (H.), YANO (I.), HOTTA (H.), HASHIMOTO (Y.), EZAKI (T.) and ARAKAWA (M.): Proposal of Burkholderia gen. nov. and transfer of seven species of the genus Pseudomonas homology group II to the new genus, with the type species Burkholderia cepacia (Palleroni and Holmes 1981) comb. nov. Microbiol. Immunol., 1992, 36, 1251-1275.
Validation List no. 45 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The new combination Burkholderia caryophylli (Burkholder 1942) Yabuuchi et al. 1993 was proposed without examination of the type strain of Pseudomonas caryophylli (Burkholder 1942) Starr and Burkholder 1942 (Approved Lists 1980). This defect has been corrected in subsequent studies.
Reference: YOUNG (J.M.), SADDLER (G.S.), TAKIKAWA (Y.), DE BOER (S.H.), VAUTERIN (L.), GARDAN (L.), GVOZDYAK (R.I.) and STEAD (D.E.): Names of plant pathogenic bacteria 1864-1995. Review of plant pathology, 1996, 75, 721-763.

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Burkholderia catudaia Peeters et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LMG 29318=CUG 68411.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: LT158616.
Whole-genome sequence accession no.: FCOF02000000.
Etymology: Gr. adj. catudaios, subterraneous; N.L. fem. adj. catudaia, earth-born.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 171. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66 (2016), 3761-3764.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: Peeters, C., Meier-Kolthoff, J. P., Verheyde, B., De Brandt, E., Cooper, V. S. and Vandamme, P. 2016. Phylogenomic study of Burkholderia glathei-like organisms, proposal of 13 novel Burkholderia species and emended descriptions of Burkholderia sordidicola, Burkholderia zhejiangensis, and Burkholderia grimmiae. Front. Microbiol. 7, 877.
Effective publication Online

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Burkholderia cenocepacia Vandamme et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC BAA-245 = CCM 4899 = CCUG 48434 = LMG 16656 = NCTC 13227.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF148556.
Etymology: Gr. adj. kainos, new, recent; N.L. fem. adj. cepacia, specific epithet; N.L. fem. adj. cenocepacia, new (Burkholderia) cepacia.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 92. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 935-937.
Effective publication: VANDAMME (P.), HOLMES (B.), COENYE (T.), GORIS (J.), MAHENTHIRALINGAM (E.), LIPUMA (J.J.) and GOVAN (J.R.W.): Burkholderia cenocepacia sp. nov. a new twist to an old story. Res. Microbiol., 2003, 154, 91-96.
Validation List no. 92 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: Burkholderia cenocepacia Vandamme et al. 2003 was previously known as ¤ Burkholderia cepacia (Palleroni and Holmes 1981) Yabuuchi et al. 1993 genomovar III (recA lineages IIIA, IIIB, IIIC and IIID).

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Burkholderia cepacia (Palleroni and Holmes 1981) Yabuuchi et al. 1993, comb. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Ballard 717 = 717-ICPB 25 = ATCC 25416= CCUG 12691 = CCUG 13226 = CFBP 2227 = CIP 80.24 = DSM 7288 = HAMBI 1976 = ICMP 5796 = IFO (now NBRC) 14074 = JCM 5964 = LMG 1222 = NCCB 76047 = NCPPB 2993 = NCTC 10743 = NRRL B-14810.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U96927.
Basonym: ¤ Pseudomonas cepacia (ex Burkholder 1950) Palleroni and Holmes 1981.
Etymology: L. fem. n. caepa or cepa, onion; N.L. fem. adj. cepacia, of or like an onion.
Other synonyms: "Pseudomonas cepacia" Burkholder 1950, "Pseudomonas multivorans" Stanier et al. 1966.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 45. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 398-399.
Effective publication: YABUUCHI (E.), KOSAKO (Y.), OYAIZU (H.), YANO (I.), HOTTA (H.), HASHIMOTO (Y.), EZAKI (T.) and ARAKAWA (M.): Proposal of Burkholderia gen. nov. and transfer of seven species of the genus Pseudomonas homology group II to the new genus, with the type species Burkholderia cepacia (Palleroni and Holmes 1981) comb. nov. Microbiol. Immunol., 1992, 36, 1251-1275.
Validation List no. 45 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Burkholderia choica Vandamme et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LMG 22940=CCUG 63063.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: AY949196.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. choica, of earth.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Reference: VANDAMME, P., DE BRANDT, E., HOUF, K., SALLES, J. F., DIRK VAN ELSAS, J., SPILKER, T. and LIPUMA, J. J. 2013. Burkholderia humi sp. nov., Burkholderia choica sp. nov., Burkholderia telluris sp. nov., Burkholderia terrestris sp. nov. and Burkholderia udeis sp. nov.: Burkholderia glathei-like bacteria from soil and rhizosphere soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4707-4718.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Caballeronia choica (Vandamme et al. 2013) Dobritsa and Samadpour 2016, comb. nov.

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Burkholderia cocovenenans (van Damme et al. 1960) Gillis et al. 1995, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33664= CFBP 4790 = DSM 11318 = JCM 10561 = LMG 11626 = NCIMB 9450.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB021389.
Basonym: ¤ Pseudomonas cocovenenans van Damme et al. 1960 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. n. Cocos, genus of coconut; L. v. veneno, to poison; N.L. part. adj. cocovenenans, coconut poisoning.
Valid publication: GILLIS (M.), VAN (T.V.), BARDIN (R.), GOOR (M.), HEBBAR (P.), WILLEMS (A.), SEGERS (P.), KERSTERS (K.), HEULIN (T.) and FERNANDEZ (M.P.): Polyphasic taxonomy in the genus Burkholderia leading to an emended description of the genus and proposition of Burkholderia vietnamiensis sp. nov. for N2-fixing isolates from rice in Vietnam. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 274-289.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Burkholderia gladioli (Severini 1913) Yabuuchi et al. 1993.

Note: According to Coenye et al. 1999, Burkholderia cocovenenans (van Damme et al. 1960) Gillis et al. 1995 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Burkholderia gladioli (Severini 1913) Yabuuchi et al. 1993.
Reference: COENYE (T.), HOLMES (B.), KERSTERS (K.), GOVAN (J.R.W.) and VANDAMME (P.): Burkholderia cocovenenans (van Damme et al. 1960) Gillis et al. 1995 and Burkholderia vandii Urakami et al. 1994 are junior synonyms of Burkholderia gladioli (Severini 1913) Yabuuchi et al. 1993 and Burkholderia plantarii (Azegami et al. 1987) Urakami et al. 1994, respectively. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 37-42.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia cocovenenans (van Damme et al. 1960) Zhao et al. 1995, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33664= CFBP 4790 = DSM 11318 = JCM 10561 = LMG 11626 = NCIMB 9450.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB021389.
Basonym: ¤ Pseudomonas cocovenenans van Damme et al. 1960 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. n. Cocos, genus of coconut; L. v. veneno, to poison; N.L. part. adj. cocovenenans, coconut poisoning.
Valid publication: ZHAO (N.), QU (C.), WANG (E.) and CHEN (W.): Phylogenetic evidence for the transfer of Pseudomonas cocovenenans (van Damme et al. 1960) to the genus Burkholderia as Burkholderia cocovenenans (van Damme et al. 1960) comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 600-603.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Burkholderia cocovenenans (van Damme et al. 1960) Gillis et al. 1995 has priority [Rule 24b(2)].

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Burkholderia concitans Peeters et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LMG 29315=CUG 68414.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: LT158613.
Whole-genome sequence accession no.: FCNV02000000.
Etymology: L. fem. part. pres. concitans, disturbing, upsetting; because the isolation of this bacterium from human sources, including blood, further disturbs the image of this lineage of Burkholderia, species as benign bacteria.
Source: Human.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 171. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66 (2016), 3761-3764.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: Peeters, C., Meier-Kolthoff, J. P., Verheyde, B., De Brandt, E., Cooper, V. S. and Vandamme, P. 2016. Phylogenomic study of Burkholderia glathei-like organisms, proposal of 13 novel Burkholderia species and emended descriptions of Burkholderia sordidicola, Burkholderia zhejiangensis, and Burkholderia grimmiae. Front. Microbiol. 7, 877.
Effective publication Online

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Burkholderia contaminans Vanlaere et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) J2956 = CCUG 55526 = LMG 23361.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JX986975.
Etymology: L. part. adj. contaminans, contaminating, polluting, referring to the metagenome that was recovered from the Sargasso Sea, but which probably represented a sample contaminant; ST102 isolates and other Bcc isolates grew very poorly in seawater, suggesting that the open ocean is not a natural habitat of Bcc species (Mahenthiralingam et al., 2006).
Valid publication: VANLAERE (E.), BALDWIN (A.), GEVERS (D.), HENRY (D.), DE BRANDT (E.), LIPUMA (J.J.), MAHENTHIRALINGAM (E.), SPEERT (D.P.), DOWSON (C.) and VANDAMME (P.): Taxon K, a complex within the Burkholderia cepacia complex, comprises at least two novel species, Burkholderia contaminans sp. nov. and Burkholderia lata sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 102-111.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia cordobensis Draghi et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MMP81=LMG 27620=CCUG 64368.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HG324048.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. cordobensis, pertaining to the Argentinian province of Córdoba, where the first strains were isolated.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: DRAGHI, W. O., PEETERS, C., CNOCKAERT, M., SNAUWAERT, C., WALL, L. G., ZORREGUIETA, A. and VANDAMME, P. 2014. Burkholderia cordobensis sp. nov., from agricultural soils. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 2003-2008.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Caballeronia cordobensis (Draghi et al. 2014) Dobritsa and Samadpour 2016, comb. nov.

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Burkholderia denitrificans Lee et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) KIS30-44 = DSM 24336 = KACC 12733.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU171384.
Etymology: N.L. v. denitrifico, to denitrify; N.L. part. adj. denitrificans, denitrifying.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 149. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 1-5.
Effective publication: LEE (C.M.), WEON (H.Y.), YOON (S.H.), KIM (S.J.), KOO (B.S.) and KWON (S.W.): Burkholderia denitrificans sp. nov., isolated from the soil of Dokdo Island, Korea. J. Microbiol., 2012, 50, 855-859.
Validation List no. 149 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Paraburkholderia denitrificans (Lee et al. 2013) Sawana et al. 2015, comb. nov.

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Burkholderia diazotrophica Sheu et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net)StrainInfo.net) JPY461 = NKMU-JPY461 = BCRC 80259 = KCTC 23308 = LMG 26031.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HM366717.
Etymology: Gr. prefix dis, two, double; N.L. n. azotum, nitrogen; N.L. pref. diazo-, pertaining to dinitrogen; Gr. adj. trophikos, nursing, tending or feeding; N.L. fem. adj. diazotrophica, one that feeds on dinitrogen.
Valid publication: SHEU (S.Y.), CHOU (J.H.), BONTEMPS (C.), ELLIOTT (G.N.), GROSS (E.), DOS REIS JUNIOR (F.B.), MELKONIAN (R.), MOULIN (L.), JAMES (E.K.), SPRENT (J.I.), YOUNG (J.P.W.) and CHEN (W.M.): Burkholderia diazotrophica sp. nov., isolated from root nodules of Mimosa spp. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 435-441.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia diffusa Vanlaere et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) AU1075 = R-15930 = CCUG 54558 = LMG 24065.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM747629.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. diffusa, widespread.
Valid publication: VANLAERE (E.), LIPUMA (J.J.), BALDWIN (A.), HENRY (D.), DE BRANDT (E.), MAHENTHIRALINGAM (E.), SPEERT (D.), DOWSON (C.) and VANDAMME (P.): Burkholderia latens sp. nov., Burkholderia diffusa sp. nov., Burkholderia arboris sp. nov., Burkholderia seminalis sp. nov. and Burkholderia metallica sp. nov., novel species within the Burkholderia cepacia complex. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1580-1590.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia dilworthii De Meyer et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) WSM3556=LMG 27173=HAMBI 3353.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HQ698908.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. dilworthii, of Dilworth, named in honour of Michael Dilworth, who first described the acetylene reduction assay for assessment of nitrogen fixation in nodules.
Source: Plant.
Valid publication: DE MEYER, S. E., CNOCKAERT, M., ARDLEY, J. K., VAN WYK, B.-E., VANDAMME, P. A. and HOWIESON, J. G. 2014. Burkholderia dilworthii sp. nov., isolated from Lebeckia ambigua root nodules. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 1090-1095.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Paraburkholderia dilworthii (De Meyer et al. 2014) Sawana et al. 2015, comb. nov.

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Burkholderia dipogonis Sheu et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ICMP 19430=LMG 28415=HAMBI 3637.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JX009148.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. dipogonis, of Dipogon, a botanical generic name, referring to the isolation of the first strains from Dipogon lignosus.
Source: Plant.
Valid publication: SHEU, S. Y., CHEN, M. H., LIU, W. Y., ANDREWS, M., JAMES, E. K., ARDLEY, J. K., DE MEYER, S. E., JAMES, T. K., HOWIESON, J. G., COUTINHO, B. G. and CHEN, W. M. 2015. Burkholderia dipogonis sp. nov., isolated from root nodules of Dipogon lignosus in New Zealand and Western Australia. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 4716-4723.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Paraburkholderia dipogonis (Sheu et al. 2015) Dobritsa and Samadpour 2016, comb. nov.

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Burkholderia dolosa Vermis et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCUG 47727 = LMG 18943.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not found.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. dolosa, deceitful, referring to the absence of growth on a Burkholderia cepacia selective medium.
Valid publication: VERMIS (K.), COENYE (T.), LIPUMA (J.J.), MAHENTHIRALINGAM (E.), NELIS (H.J.) and VANDAMME (P.): Proposal to accommodate Burkholderia cepacia genomovar VI as Burkholderia dolosa sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 689-691.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Burkholderia dolosa Vermis et al. 2004 was previously known as Burkholderia cepacia genomovar VI.

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Burkholderia eburnea Kang et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) RR11=KEMC 7302-065=JCM 18070.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JQ692176.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. eburnea, white as ivory, referring to the colony colour of the type strain.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: KANG, S. R., SRINIVASAN, S. and LEE, S. S. 2014. Burkholderia eburnea sp. nov., isolated from peat soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 1108-1115.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Paraburkholderia eburnea (Kang et al. 2014) Sawana et al. 2015, comb. nov.

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Burkholderia endofungorum Partida-Martinez et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) HKI 456 = CIP 109454 = DSM 19003.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM420302.
Etymology: N.L. pref. endo- (from Gr. endon), within; L. gen. pl. n. fungorum, of fungi; N.L. gen. pl. n. endofungorum, referring to the endosymbiotic nature of this organism with fungi.
Valid publication: PARTIDA-MARTINEZ (L.P.), GROTH (I.), SCHMITT (I.), RICHTER (W.), ROTH (M.) and HERTWECK (C.): Burkholderia rhizoxinica sp. nov. and Burkholderia endofungorum sp. nov., bacterial endosymbionts of the plant-pathogenic fungus Rhizopus microsporus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2583-2590.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia ferrariae Valverde et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) FeGl01 = CECT 7171 = DSM 18251 = LMG 23612.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ514537.
Etymology: L. gen. n. ferrariae, of an iron mine.
Valid publication: VALVERDE (A.), DELVASTO (P.), PEIX (A.), VELÁZQUEZ (E.), SANTA-REGINA (I.), BALLESTER (A.), RODRÍGUEZ-BARRUECO (C.), GARCÍA-BALBOA (C.) and IGUAL (J.M.): Burkholderia ferrariae sp. nov., isolated from an iron ore in Brazil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2421-2425.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia fortuita Peeters et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LMG 29320=CUG 68409.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: LT158618.
Whole-genome sequence accession no.: FCNX02000000.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. fortuita, accidental, unpremeditated; referring to its fortuitous isolation when searching for Burkholderia caledonica endophytes.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 171. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66 (2016), 3761-3764.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: Peeters, C., Meier-Kolthoff, J. P., Verheyde, B., De Brandt, E., Cooper, V. S. and Vandamme, P. 2016. Phylogenomic study of Burkholderia glathei-like organisms, proposal of 13 novel Burkholderia species and emended descriptions of Burkholderia sordidicola, Burkholderia zhejiangensis, and Burkholderia grimmiae. Front. Microbiol. 7, 877.
Effective publication Online

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Burkholderia fungorum Coenye et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Croize P763-2 = CCUG 31961 = CIP 107096 = JCM 21562 = LMG 16225 = NBRC 102489.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF215705.
Etymology: L. gen. pl. n. fungorum, of fungi.
Valid publication: COENYE (T.), LAEVENS (S.), WILLEMS (A.), OHLÉN (M.), HANNANT (W.), GOVAN (J.R.W.), GILLIS (M.), FALSEN (E.) and VANDAMME (P.): Burkholderia fungorum sp. nov. and Burkholderia caledonica sp. nov., two new species isolated from the environment, animals and human clinical samples. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1099-1107.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia ginsengisoli Kim et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) KMY03 = KCTC 12389 = NBRC 100965.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB201286.
Etymology: N.L. n. ginsengum, ginseng; L. n. solum, soil; N.L. gen. n. ginsengisoli, of soil of a ginseng field, the source of the organism.
Valid publication: KIM (H.B.), PARK (M.J.), YANG (H.C.), AN (D.S.), JIN (H.Z.) and YANG (D.C.): Burkholderia ginsengisoli sp. nov., a beta -glucosidase-producing bacterium isolated from soil of a ginseng field. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2529-2533.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia ginsengiterrae Farh et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DCY85=JCM 19888=KCTC 42054.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF915802.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: N.L. n. ginsengum, ginseng; L. n. terra, -ae, soil; N.L. gen. n. ginsengiterrae, of soil of a ginseng field.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 166. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65 (2015), 3763-3767.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: Farh, M.-A., Kim, Y.-J., Van An, H., Sukweenadhi, J., Singh, P., Huq, M.A. and Yang, D.-C. 2015. Burkholderia ginsengiterrae sp. nov. and Burkholderia panaciterrae sp. nov., antagonistic bacteria against root rot pathogen Cylindrocarpon destructans, isolated from ginseng soil. Arch. Microbiol. 197, 439-447.
Effective publication Online

¤ Paraburkholderia ginsengiterrae (Farh et al. 2015) Dobritsa and Samadpour 2016, comb. nov.

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Burkholderia gladioli (Severini 1913) Yabuuchi et al. 1993, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 10248= CCUG 1782 = CFBP 2427 = CIP 105410 = DSM 4285 = HAMBI 2157 = ICMP 3950 = IFO (now NBRC) 13700 = JCM 9311 = LMG 2216 = NCCB 38018 = NCPPB 1891 = NCTC 12378 = NRRL B-793.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU024168.
Basonym: ¤ Pseudomonas gladioli Severini 1913 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. n. gladiolus, a small sword, lily, and also a botanical generic name; L. gen. n. gladioli, of lily, of Gladiolus.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 45. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 398-399.
Effective publication: YABUUCHI (E.), KOSAKO (Y.), OYAIZU (H.), YANO (I.), HOTTA (H.), HASHIMOTO (Y.), EZAKI (T.) and ARAKAWA (M.): Proposal of Burkholderia gen. nov. and transfer of seven species of the genus Pseudomonas homology group II to the new genus, with the type species Burkholderia cepacia (Palleroni and Holmes 1981) comb. nov. Microbiol. Immunol., 1992, 36, 1251-1275.
Validation List no. 45 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 The new combination Burkholderia gladioli (Severini 1913) Yabuuchi et al. 1993 was proposed without examination of the type strain of ¤ Pseudomonas gladioli Severini 1913 (Approved Lists 1980). This defect has been corrected in subsequent studies.
Reference: YOUNG (J.M.), SADDLER (G.S.), TAKIKAWA (Y.), DE BOER (S.H.), VAUTERIN (L.), GARDAN (L.), GVOZDYAK (R.I.) and STEAD (D.E.): Names of plant pathogenic bacteria 1864-1995. Review of plant pathology, 1996, 75, 721-763.
2 According to Coenye et al. 1999, Burkholderia gladioli (Severini 1913) Yabuuchi et al. 1993 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Burkholderia cocovenenans (van Damme et al. 1960) Gillis et al. 1995.
Reference: COENYE (T.), HOLMES (B.), KERSTERS (K.), GOVAN (J.R.W.) and VANDAMME (P.): Burkholderia cocovenenans (van Damme et al. 1960) Gillis et al. 1995 and Burkholderia vandii Urakami et al. 1994 are junior synonyms of Burkholderia gladioli (Severini 1913) Yabuuchi et al. 1993 and Burkholderia plantarii (Azegami et al. 1987) Urakami et al. 1994, respectively. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 37-42.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 According to Coenye et al. 2000, Burkholderia gladioli (Severini 1913) Yabuuchi et al. 1993, comb. nov. is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Pseudomonas antimicrobica Attafuah and Bradbury 1990.
Reference: COENYE (T.), GILLIS (M.) and VANDAMME (P.): Pseudomonas antimicrobica Attafuah and Bradbury 1990 is a junior synonym of Burkholderia gladioli (Severini 1913) Yabuuchi et al. 1993. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2000, 50, 2135-2139.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia glathei (Zolg and Ottow 1975) Vandamme et al. 1997, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 29195= CFBP 4791 = CIP 105421 = DSM 50014 = JCM 10563 = LMG 14190.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U96935.
Basonym: ¤ Pseudomonas glathei Zolg and Ottow 1975 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. glathei, of Glathe, named after H. Glathe of Giessen, Germany.
Valid publication: VANDAMME (P.), HOLMES (B.), VANCANNEYT (M.), COENYE (T.), HOSTE (B.), COOPMAN (R.), REVETS (H.), LAUWERS (S.), GILLIS (M.), KERSTERS (K.) and GOVAN (J.R.W.): Occurence of multiple genomovars of Burkholderia cepacia in cystic fibrosis patients and proposal of Burkholderia multivorans sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 1188-1200.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia glathei (Zolg and Ottow 1975) Viallard et al. 1998, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 29195= CFBP 4791 = CIP 105421 = DSM 50014 = JCM 10563 = LMG 14190.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U96935.
Basonym: ¤ Pseudomonas glathei Zolg and Ottow 1975 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. glathei, of Glathe, named after H. Glathe of Giessen, Germany.
Valid publication: VIALLARD (V.), POIRIER (I.), COURNOYER (B.), HAURAT (J.), WIEBKIN (S.), OPHEL-KELLER (K.) and BALANDREAU (J.): Burkholderia graminis sp. nov., a rhizospheric Burkholderia species, and reassessment of [Pseudomonas] phenazinium, [Pseudomonas] pyrrocinia and [Pseudomonas] glathei as Burkholderia. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 549-563.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Burkholderia glathei (Zolg and Ottow 1975) Vandamme et al. 1997 has priority [Rule 24b(2)].

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Burkholderia glebae Peeters et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LMG 29325=CUG 68404.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: LT158623.
Whole-genome sequence accession no.: FCOJ02000000.
Etymology: L. gen. n. glebae, from a lump or clod of earth, soil.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 171. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66 (2016), 3761-3764.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: Peeters, C., Meier-Kolthoff, J. P., Verheyde, B., De Brandt, E., Cooper, V. S. and Vandamme, P. 2016. Phylogenomic study of Burkholderia glathei-like organisms, proposal of 13 novel Burkholderia species and emended descriptions of Burkholderia sordidicola, Burkholderia zhejiangensis, and Burkholderia grimmiae. Front. Microbiol. 7, 877.
Effective publication Online

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Burkholderia glumae (Kurita and Tabei 1967) Urakami et al. 1994, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33617= CCUG 20835 = CFBP 4900 = CIP 106418 = DSM 9512 = ICMP 3655 = LMG 2196 = NCPPB 2981 = NIAES 1169.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U96931.
Basonym: ¤ Pseudomonas glumae Kurita and Tabei 1967 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. n. gluma, a hull or husk; L. gen. n. glumae, of a husk.
Valid publication: URAKAMI (T.), ITO-YOSHIDA (C.), ARAKI (H.), KIJIMA (T.), SUZUKI (K.I.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Transfer of Pseudomonas plantarii and Pseudomonas glumae to Burkholderia as Burkholderia spp. and description of Burkholderia vandii sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 235-245.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia graminis Viallard et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) C4D1M = ATCC 700544= CCUG 42231 = CIP 106649 = LMG 18924.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U96939.
Etymology: L. n. gramen -inis, grass; L. gen. n. graminis, of grass,  referring to its isolation from the rhizosphere of grasses.
Valid publication: VIALLARD (V.), POIRIER (I.), COURNOYER (B.), HAURAT (J.), WIEBKIN (S.), OPHEL-KELLER (K.) and BALANDREAU (J.): Burkholderia graminis sp. nov., a rhizospheric Burkholderia species, and reassessment of [Pseudomonas] phenazinium, [Pseudomonas] pyrrocinia and [Pseudomonas] glathei as Burkholderia. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 549-563.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia grimmiae Tian et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) R27 = CGMCC 1.11013 = DSM 25160.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JN256678.
Etymology: N.L. n. Grimmia, the scientific name of a genus of moss; N.L. gen. n. grimmiae, of Grimmia, referring to the isolation of the type strain from the moss Grimmia montana.
Valid publication: TIAN (Y.), KONG (B.H.), LIU (S.L.), LI (C.L.), YU (R.), LIU (L.) and LI (Y.H.): Burkholderia grimmiae sp. nov., isolated from a xerophilous moss (Grimmia montana). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 2108-2113.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Caballeronia grimmiae (Tian et al. 2013) Dobritsa and Samadpour 2016, comb. nov.

Burkholderia grimmiae Tian et al. 2013 emend. Peeters et al. 2016.
Reference: Peeters, C., Meier-Kolthoff, J. P., Verheyde, B., De Brandt, E., Cooper, V. S. and Vandamme, P. 2016. Phylogenomic study of Burkholderia glathei-like organisms, proposal of 13 novel Burkholderia species and emended descriptions of Burkholderia sordidicola, Burkholderia zhejiangensis, and Burkholderia grimmiae. Front. Microbiol. 7, 877.
Original article.

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Burkholderia heleia Aizawa et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SA41 = NBRC 101817 = VTCC-D6-7.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB495123.
Etymology: Gr. n. heleios, a marsh, low ground, meadow; N.L. fem. adj. heleia, of or belonging to a marsh, referring to the isolation of this species from a plant growing in a marsh.
Valid publication: AIZAWA (T.), VE (N.B.), NAKAJIMA (M.) and SUNAIRI (M.): Burkholderia heleia sp. nov., a nitrogen-fixing bacterium isolated from an aquatic plant, Eleocharis dulcis, that grows in highly acidic swamps in actual acid sulfate soil areas of Vietnam. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 1152-1157.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Paraburkholderia heleia (Aizawa et al. 2010) Sawana et al. 2015, comb. nov.

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Burkholderia hospita Goris et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LMG 20598 = CCUG 43658.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY040365.
Etymology: L. fem. n. hospita, she who entertains, a hostess, to indicate that this organism can act as a host for plasmid pJP4 or pEMT1.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 89. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1-2.
Effective publication: GORIS (J.), DEJONGHE (W.), FALSEN (E.), DE CLERCK (E.), GEERAERTS (B.), WILLEMS (A.), TOP (E.M.), VANDAMME (P.) and DE VOS (P.): Diversity of transconjugants that acquired plasmid pJP4 or pEMT1 after inoculation of a donor strain in the A- and B-horizon of an agricultural soil and description of Burkholderia hospita sp. nov. and Burkholderia terricola sp. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2002, 25, 340-352.
Validation List no. 89 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Burkholderia humi Vandamme et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LMG 22934=CCUG 63059.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: AY949193.
Etymology: L. gen. n. humi, from soil.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Reference: VANDAMME, P., DE BRANDT, E., HOUF, K., SALLES, J. F., DIRK VAN ELSAS, J., SPILKER, T. and LIPUMA, J. J. 2013. Burkholderia humi sp. nov., Burkholderia choica sp. nov., Burkholderia telluris sp. nov., Burkholderia terrestris sp. nov. and Burkholderia udeis sp. nov.: Burkholderia glathei-like bacteria from soil and rhizosphere soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4707-4718.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Paraburkholderia humi ( Vandamme et al. 2013) Sawana et al. 2015, comb. nov.

¤ Caballeronia humi (Vandamme et al. 2013) Dobritsa and Samadpour 2016, comb. nov.

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Burkholderia humisilvae Lee and Whang 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Y-12=KACC 17601=NBRC 109933=NCAIM B 02543.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: FJ796457.
Etymology: L. n. humus, soil; L. n. silva, forest; N.L. gen. n. solisilvae, of/from forest soil.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: LEE, J. C. and WHANG, K. S. 2015. Burkholderia humisilvae sp. nov., Burkholderia solisilvae sp. nov. and Burkholderia rhizosphaerae sp. nov., isolated from forest soil and rhizosphere soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 2986-2992.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Paraburkholderia humisilvae (Lee and Whang 2015) Dobritsa and Samadpour 2016, comb. nov.

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Burkholderia hypogeia Peeters et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LMG 29322=CUG 68407.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: LT158620.
Whole-genome sequence accession no.: FCOA02000000.
Etymology: Gr. adj. hypogeios, subterraneous; N.L. fem. adj. hypogeia, subterraneous, earth-born.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 171. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66 (2016), 3761-3764.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: Peeters, C., Meier-Kolthoff, J. P., Verheyde, B., De Brandt, E., Cooper, V. S. and Vandamme, P. 2016. Phylogenomic study of Burkholderia glathei-like organisms, proposal of 13 novel Burkholderia species and emended descriptions of Burkholderia sordidicola, Burkholderia zhejiangensis, and Burkholderia grimmiae. Front. Microbiol. 7, 877.
Effective publication Online

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Burkholderia insulsa Rusch et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) PNG-April=DSM 28142=LMG 28183.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF733462.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. insulsa, unsalted, bland, boring; in reference to the unsurprising characteristics of the type strain.
Source: Environmental - marine.
Valid publication: RUSCH, A., ISLAM, S., SAVALIA, P. and AMEND, J. P. 2015. Burkholderia insulsa sp. nov., a facultatively chemolithotrophic bacterium isolated from an arsenic-rich shallow marine hydrothermal system. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 189-194
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Paraburkholderia insulsa (Rusch et al. 2015) Dobritsa and Samadpour 2016, comb. nov.

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Burkholderia jiangsuensis Liu et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MP-1T (LMG 27927=MCCC 1K00250.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KJ400396.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. jiangsuensis, of Jiangsu, a province of the People’s Republic of China, where the type strain was isolated.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: LIU, X.-Y., LI, C.-X., LUO, X.-J., LAI, Q.-L. and XU, J.-H. 2014. Burkholderia jiangsuensis sp. nov., a methyl parathion degrading bacterium, isolated from methyl parathion contaminated soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 3247-3253.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Caballeronia jiangsuensis (Liu et al. 2014) Dobritsa and Samadpour 2016, comb. nov.

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Burkholderia jirisanensis Kim et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JRM2-1=AIM 0373=KCTC 42072=JCM 19985.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KJ601731.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. jirisanensis, of or pertaining to Jirisan Mountain, Republic of Korea, where the type strain was isolated.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: KIM, S., GONG, G., WOO, H. M., KIM, Y. and UM, Y. 2016. Burkholderia jirisanensis sp. nov., isolated from forest soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 1260-1267,.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia kirstenboschensis Steenkamp et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Kb15=LMG 28727=SARC 695.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: NR_146352.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: JRZC00000000.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. kirstenboschensis, of Kirstenbosch, a botanical garden in South Africa, from where the type strain was isolated.
Source: Plant.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 170. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66 (2016), 2463-2466.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: STEENKAMP, E. T., VAN ZYL, E., BEUKES, C. W., AVONTUUR, J. R., CHAN, W. Y., PALMER, M., MTHOMBENI, L. S., PHALANE, F. L., SEREME, T. K., VENTER, S. N. 2015. Burkholderia kirstenboschensis sp. nov. nodulates papilionoid legumes indigenous to South Africa. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 38, 545-554.
Effective publication Online

¤ Paraburkholderia kirstenboschensis (Steenkamp et al. 2016) Dobritsa and Samadpour 2016, comb. nov.

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Burkholderia kururiensis Zhang et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) KP23 = ATCC 700977= CCUG 43663 = CIP 106643 = DSM 13646 = JCM 10599 = LMG 19447.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB024310.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. kururiensis, pertaining to Kururi, Chiba Prefecture, Japan, where the strain was isolated.
Valid publication: ZHANG (H.), HANADA (S.), SHIGEMATSU (T.), SHIBUYA (K.), KAMAGATA (Y.), KANAGAWA (T.) and KURANE (R.): Burkholderia kururiensis sp. nov., a trichloroethylene (TCE)-degrading bacterium isolated from an aquifer polluted with TCE. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 743-749.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia lata Vanlaere et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 383 = ATCC 17760= CCUG 55525 = LMG 22485.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP000150 (chromosome 3, complete sequence).
Etymology: L. fem. adj. lata, broad, wide, because it is a common Bcc species worldwide.
Valid publication: VANLAERE (E.), BALDWIN (A.), GEVERS (D.), HENRY (D.), DE BRANDT (E.), LIPUMA (J.J.), MAHENTHIRALINGAM (E.), SPEERT (D.P.), DOWSON (C.) and VANDAMME (P.): Taxon K, a complex within the Burkholderia cepacia complex, comprises at least two novel species, Burkholderia contaminans sp. nov. and Burkholderia lata sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 102-111.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia latens Vanlaere et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) FIRENZE 3 = R-5630 = CCUG 54555 = LMG 24064.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM747628.
Etymology: L. part. adj. latens, concealed, hidden, because the taxonomic status of these strains remained unclear for a long time.
Valid publication: VANLAERE (E.), LIPUMA (J.J.), BALDWIN (A.), HENRY (D.), DE BRANDT (E.), MAHENTHIRALINGAM (E.), SPEERT (D.), DOWSON (C.) and VANDAMME (P.): Burkholderia latens sp. nov., Burkholderia diffusa sp. nov., Burkholderia arboris sp. nov., Burkholderia seminalis sp. nov. and Burkholderia metallica sp. nov., novel species within the Burkholderia cepacia complex. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1580-1590.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia mallei (Zopf 1885) Yabuuchi et al. 1993, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 23344= NCTC 12938.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF110188.
Basonym: ¤ Pseudomonas mallei (Zopf 1885) Redfearn et al. 1966 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: "Bacillus mallei" Zopf 1885, "Pfeifferella mallei" (Zopf 1885) Buchanan 1918, "Malleomyces mallei" (Zopf 1885) Pribram 1933, "Actinobacillus mallei" (Zopf 1885) Thompson 1933, "Loefferella mallei" (Zopf 1885) Holden 1935, "Acinetobacter mallei" (Zopf 1885) Steel and Cowan 1964.
Etymology: L. n. malleus, a hammer, maul, the disease of glanders; L. gen. n. mallei, of glanders.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 45. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 398-399.
Effective publication: YABUUCHI (E.), KOSAKO (Y.), OYAIZU (H.), YANO (I.), HOTTA (H.), HASHIMOTO (Y.), EZAKI (T.) and ARAKAWA (M.): Proposal of Burkholderia gen. nov. and transfer of seven species of the genus Pseudomonas homology group II to the new genus, with the type species Burkholderia cepacia (Palleroni and Holmes 1981) comb. nov. Microbiol. Immunol., 1992, 36, 1251-1275.
Validation List no. 45 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Burkholderia megalochromosomata Baek et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JC2949=KACC 17925=JCM 19905.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF155693.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: PRJNA241423.
Etymology: Gr. adj. megas, megalos, large; N.L. neut. n. chromosoma, chromosome; N.L. fem. adj. megalochromosomata, having a large chromosome.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: BAEK, I., SEO, B., LEE, I., LEE, K., PARK, S.-C., YI, H. and CHUN, J. 2015. Burkholderia megalochromosomata sp. nov., isolated from grassland soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 959-964
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Caballeronia megalochromosomata (Baek et al. 2015) Dobritsa and Samadpour 2016, comb. nov.

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Burkholderia megapolitana Vandamme et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) A3 = CCUG 53006 = LMG 23650.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM489502.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. megapolitana, pertaining to Megapolis, the Latin name of Mecklenburg, the region from which the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: VANDAMME (P.), OPELT (K.), KNÖCHEL (N.), BERG (C.), SCHÖNMANN (S.), DE BRANDT (E.), EBERL (L.), FALSEN (E.) and BERG (G.): Burkholderia bryophila sp. nov. and Burkholderia megapolitana sp. nov., moss-associated species with antifungal and plant-growth-promoting properties. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2228-2235.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia metallica Vanlaere et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) AU0553 = R-16017 = CCUG 54567 = LMG 24068.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM747632.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. metallica, metallic, referring to the metallic shine on the colony surface of the four known isolates.
Valid publication: VANLAERE (E.), LIPUMA (J.J.), BALDWIN (A.), HENRY (D.), DE BRANDT (E.), MAHENTHIRALINGAM (E.), SPEERT (D.), DOWSON (C.) and VANDAMME (P.): Burkholderia latens sp. nov., Burkholderia diffusa sp. nov., Burkholderia arboris sp. nov., Burkholderia seminalis sp. nov. and Burkholderia metallica sp. nov., novel species within the Burkholderia cepacia complex. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1580-1590.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia metalliresistens Guo et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) D414=CICC 10561=DSM 26823.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF601211.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: -.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 165. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65 (2015), 2777-2783.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: Guo, J.K., Ding, Y.Z., Feng, R.W., Wang, R.G., Xu, Y.M., Chen, C., Wei, X.L. and Chen, W.M. 2015. Burkholderia metalliresistens sp. nov., a multiple metal-resistant and phosphate-solubilising species isolated from heavy metal-polluted soil in Southeast China. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 107, 1591-1598.
Effective publication Online

¤ Paraburkholderia metalliresistens (Guo et al. 2015) Dobritsa and Samadpour 2016, comb. nov.

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Burkholderia mimosarum Chen et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) PAS44 = BCRC 17516 = LMG 23256.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY752958.
Etymology: N.L. gen. pl. n. mimosarum, of mimosas (of Mimosa spp.), from which all the strains, including the type strain, were isolated.
Valid publication: CHEN (W.M.), JAMES (E.K.), COENYE (T.), CHOU (J.H.), BARRIOS (E.), DE FARIA (S.M.), ELLIOTT (G.N.), SHEU (S.Y.), SPRENT (J.I.) and VANDAMME (P.): Burkholderia mimosarum sp. nov., isolated from root nodules of Mimosa spp. from Taiwan and South America. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1847-1851.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia monticola Baek et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JC2948=JCM 19904=KACC 17924.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF155692.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: PRJNA240348.
Etymology: L. n. mons, montis, mountain; -cola, from L. n. incola, an inhabitant; N.L. fem. n. monticola, mountain-dwelling.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: BAEK, I., SEO, B., LEE, I., YI, H. and CHUN, J. 2015. Burkholderia monticola sp. nov., isolated from mountain soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 504-509
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Paraburkholderia monticola (Baek et al. 2015) Dobritsa and Samadpour 2016, comb. nov.

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Burkholderia multivorans Vandamme et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC BAA-247 = CCUG 34080 = CIP 105495 = DSM 13243 = LMG 13010 = NCTC 13007.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y18703.
Etymology: L. adj. multus, much; L. part. adj. vorans, devouring, eating; N.L. part. adj. multivorans, devouring many compounds.
Valid publication: VANDAMME (P.), HOLMES (B.), VANCANNEYT (M.), COENYE (T.), HOSTE (B.), COOPMAN (R.), REVETS (H.), LAUWERS (S.), GILLIS (M.), KERSTERS (K.) and GOVAN (J.R.W.): Occurence of multiple genomovars of Burkholderia cepacia in cystic fibrosis patients and proposal of Burkholderia multivorans sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 1188-1200.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Burkholderia multivorans Vandamme et al. 1997 was previously known as ¤ Burkholderia cepacia (Palleroni and Holmes 1981) Yabuuchi et al. 1993 genomovar II.

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Burkholderia nodosa Chen et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Br3437 = BCRC 17575 = LMG 23741.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY773189.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. nodosa, knotty or swollen, indicating that the type strain was isolated from root nodules.
Valid publication: CHEN (W.M.), DE FARIA (S.M.), JAMES (E.K.), ELLIOTT (G.N.), LIN (K.Y.), CHOU (J.H.), SHEU (S.Y.), CNOCKAERT (M.), SPRENT (J.I.) and VANDAMME (P.): Burkholderia nodosa sp. nov., isolated from root nodules of the woody Brazilian legumes Mimosa bimucronata and Mimosa scabrella. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1055-1059.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia norimbergensis Wittke et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) R2 = ATCC BAA-65 = CCUG 39188 = CFBP 4792 = DSM 11628 = CIP 105463 = JCM 10565 = LMG 18379.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y09879.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. norimbergensis, pertaining to Nurnberg, referring to its place of isolation.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 66. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 631-632.
Effective publication: WITTKE (R.), LUDWIG (W.), PEIFFER (S.) and KLEINER (D.): Isolation and characterization of Burkholderia norimbergensis sp. nov., a mildly alkaliphilic sulfur oxidizer. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1997, 20, 549-553.
Validation List no. 66 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Pandoraea norimbergensis (Wittke et al. 1998) Coenye et al. 2000, comb. nov.

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Burkholderia oklahomensis Glass et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) C6786 = CCUG 51349 = LMG 23618 = NCTC 13387.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ108388.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. oklahomensis, pertaining to Oklahoma, of Oklahoma.
Valid publication: GLASS (M.B.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), JORDAN (J.G.), WILKINS (P.P.) and GEE (J.E.): Burkholderia oklahomensis sp. nov., a Burkholderia pseudomallei-like species formerly known as the Oklahoma strain of Pseudomonas pseudomallei. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2171-2176.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia oxyphila Otsuka et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) OX-01 = DSM 22550 = NBRC 105797.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB488693.
Etymology: Gr. adj. oxus, sharp, acidic; N.L. fem. adj. phila (from Gr. fem. adj. philê), loving; N.L. fem. adj. oxyphila, loving an acidic habitat.
Valid publication: OTSUKA (Y.), MURAMATSU (Y.), NAKAGAWA (Y.), MATSUDA (M.), NAKAMURA (M.) and MURATA (H.): Burkholderia oxyphila sp. nov., a bacterium isolated from acidic forest soil that catabolizes (+)-catechin and its putative aromatic derivatives. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 249-254.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia panaciterrae Farh et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DCY85-1=JCM 19889=KCTC 42055.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF999960.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: N.L. n. Panax -acis, scientific name for ginseng; L. n. terra, soil; N.L. gen. n. panaciterrae, of soil of a ginseng field.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 166. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65 (2015), 3763-3767.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: Farh, M.-A., Kim, Y.-J., Van An, H., Sukweenadhi, J., Singh, P., Huq, M.A. and Yang, D.-C. 2015. Burkholderia ginsengiterrae sp. nov. and Burkholderia panaciterrae sp. nov., antagonistic bacteria against root rot pathogen Cylindrocarpon destructans, isolated from ginseng soil. Arch. Microbiol. 197, 439-447.
Effective publication Online

¤ Paraburkholderia panaciterrae (Farh et al. 2015) Dobritsa and Samadpour 2016, comb. nov.

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Burkholderia pedi Peeters et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LMG 29323=CUG 68406.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: LT158621.
Whole-genome sequence accession no.: FCOE02000000.
Etymology: Gr. n. pedon, soil, earth; N. L. gen. n. pedi, from soil.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 171. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66 (2016), 3761-3764.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: Peeters, C., Meier-Kolthoff, J. P., Verheyde, B., De Brandt, E., Cooper, V. S. and Vandamme, P. 2016. Phylogenomic study of Burkholderia glathei-like organisms, proposal of 13 novel Burkholderia species and emended descriptions of Burkholderia sordidicola, Burkholderia zhejiangensis, and Burkholderia grimmiae. Front. Microbiol. 7, 877.
Effective publication Online

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Burkholderia peredens Peeters et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LMG 29314=CUG 68415.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: LT158612.
Whole-genome sequence accession no.: FCOH02000000.
Etymology: L. fem. part. pres. peredens, consuming, devouring; referring to the capacity of this bacterium to degrade fenitrothion.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 171. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66 (2016), 3761-3764.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: Peeters, C., Meier-Kolthoff, J. P., Verheyde, B., De Brandt, E., Cooper, V. S. and Vandamme, P. 2016. Phylogenomic study of Burkholderia glathei-like organisms, proposal of 13 novel Burkholderia species and emended descriptions of Burkholderia sordidicola, Burkholderia zhejiangensis, and Burkholderia grimmiae. Front. Microbiol. 7, 877.
Effective publication Online

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Burkholderia phenazinium (Bell and Turner 1973) Viallard et al. 1998, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33666= CCUG 20836 = CFBP 4793 = CIP 106502 = DSM 10684 = JCM 10564 = LMG 2247 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 11027.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U96936.
Basonym: ¤ Pseudomonas phenazinium Bell and Turner 1973 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Orthography and etymology uncertain; possibly refers to iodinin, which is a phenazine pigment.
Valid publication: VIALLARD (V.), POIRIER (I.), COURNOYER (B.), HAURAT (J.), WIEBKIN (S.), OPHEL-KELLER (K.) and BALANDREAU (J.): Burkholderia graminis sp. nov., a rhizospheric Burkholderia species, and reassessment of [Pseudomonas] phenazinium, [Pseudomonas] pyrrocinia and [Pseudomonas] glathei as Burkholderia. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 549-563.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia phenoliruptrix Coenye et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) AC1100 = CCUG 48558 = LMG 22037.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY435213.
Etymology: N.L. neut. n. phenol, phenol; L. masc. n. ruptor, a breaker, destroyer; N.L. fem. n. ruptrix, a breaker, destroyer; N.L. fem. n. (nominative in apposition) phenoliruptrix, breaker of phenol, referring to the organism ability to degrade various halogenated phenol compounds.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 102. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 547-549.
Effective publication: COENYE (T.), HENRY (D.), SPEERT (D.P.) and VANDAMME (P.): Burkholderia phenoliruptrix sp. nov., to accommodate the 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid and halophenol-degrading strain AC1100. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2004, 27, 623-627.
Validation List no. 102 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Burkholderia phymatum Vandamme et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) STM815 = LMG 21445 = CCUG 47179.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ302312.
Etymology: Gr. n. phuma, tumour, tubercle; N.L. gen. pl. n. phymatum, of nodules.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 91. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 627-628.
Effective publication: VANDAMME (P.), GORIS (J.), CHEN (W.M.), DE VOS (P.) and WILLEMS (A.): Burkholderia tuberum sp. nov. and Burkholderia phymatum sp. nov., nodulate the roots of tropical legumes. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2002, 25, 507-512.
Validation List no. 91 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Burkholderia phytofirmans Sessitsch et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) PsJN = CCUG 49060 = LMG 22146.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY497470.
Etymology: Gr. n. phyton, plant; L. part. adj. firmans, strengthening; N.L. part. adj. phytofirmans, plant-strengthening.
Valid publication: SESSITSCH (A.), COENYE (T.), STURZ (A.V.), VANDAMME (P.), AIT BARKA (E.), SALLES (J.F.), VAN ELSAS (J.D.), FAURE (D.), REITER (B.), GLICK (B.R.), WANG-PRUSKI (G.) and NOWAK (J.): Burkholderia phytofirmans sp. nov., a novel plant-associated bacterium with plant-beneficial properties. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1187-1192.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia pickettii (Ralston et al. 1973) Yabuuchi et al. 1993, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 27511= CCUG 3318 = CFBP 2459 = CIP 73.23 = DSM 6297 = HAMBI 2158 = JCM 5969 = LMG 5942 = NBRC 102503 = NCTC 11149.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY741342.
Basonym: ¤ Pseudomonas pickettii Ralston et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. pickettii, of Pickett; named after M.J. Pickett.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 45. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 398-399.
Effective publication: YABUUCHI (E.), KOSAKO (Y.), OYAIZU (H.), YANO (I.), HOTTA (H.), HASHIMOTO (Y.), EZAKI (T.) and ARAKAWA (M.): Proposal of Burkholderia gen. nov. and transfer of seven species of the genus Pseudomonas homology group II to the new genus, with the type species Burkholderia cepacia (Palleroni and Holmes 1981) comb. nov. Microbiol. Immunol., 1992, 36, 1251-1275.
Validation List no. 45 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Ralstonia pickettii (Ralston et al. 1973) Yabuuchi et al. 1996, comb. nov.

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Burkholderia plantarii (Azegami et al. 1987) Urakami et al. 1994, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) AZ 8201 = ATCC 43733= CFBP 3573 = CFBP 3997 = CIP 105769 = DSM 9509 = ICMP 9424 = JCM 5492 = LMG 9035 = NCPPB 3590 = NIAES 1723.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U96933.
Basonym: ¤ Pseudomonas plantarii Azegami et al. 1987.
Etymology: L. n. plantarium, nursery, seedbed; L. gen. n. plantarii, of seedbed.
Valid publication: URAKAMI (T.), ITO-YOSHIDA (C.), ARAKI (H.), KIJIMA (T.), SUZUKI (K.I.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Transfer of Pseudomonas plantarii and Pseudomonas glumae to Burkholderia as Burkholderia spp. and description of Burkholderia vandii sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 235-245.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Coenye et al. 1999, Burkholderia plantarii (Azegami et al. 1987) Urakami et al. 1994 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Burkholderia vandii Urakami et al. 1994.
Reference: COENYE (T.), HOLMES (B.), KERSTERS (K.), GOVAN (J.R.W.) and VANDAMME (P.): Burkholderia cocovenenans (van Damme et al. 1960) Gillis et al. 1995 and Burkholderia vandii Urakami et al. 1994 are junior synonyms of Burkholderia gladioli (Severini 1913) Yabuuchi et al. 1993 and Burkholderia plantarii (Azegami et al. 1987) Urakami et al. 1994, respectively. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 37-42.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia pseudomallei (Whitmore 1913) Yabuuchi et al. 1993, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) WRAIR 286 = ATCC 23343= NCTC 12939.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ108392.
Basonym: ¤ Pseudomonas pseudomallei (Whitmore 1913) Haynes 1957 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: "Bacillus pseudomallei" Whitmore 1913, "Bacterium whitmori" Stanton and Fletcher 1921, "Malleomyces pseudomallei" Breed 1939, "Loefflerella pseudomallei" Brindle and Cowan 1951.
Etymology: Gr. adj.  pseudês, false; L. n. malleus, a hammer, maul, the disease of glanders, and also a specific epithet; N.L. gen. n. pseudomallei, of false glanders, the false (Burkholderia) mallei.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 45. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 398-399.
Effective publication: YABUUCHI (E.), KOSAKO (Y.), OYAIZU (H.), YANO (I.), HOTTA (H.), HASHIMOTO (Y.), EZAKI (T.) and ARAKAWA (M.): proposal of Burkholderia gen. nov. and transfer of seven species of the genus Pseudomonas homology group II to the new genus, with the type species Burkholderia cepacia (Palleroni and Holmes 1981) comb. nov. Microbiol. Immunol., 1992, 36, 1251-1275.
Validation List no. 45 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: This species name was inadvertently omitted from Validation List no. 45. The effective date of validation is that of List no. 45 (April 1993).
Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 625.

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Burkholderia pseudomultivorans Peeters et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LMG 26883=CCUG 62895.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HE962386.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: Gr. adj. pseudes, false; N.L. part. adj. multivorans, a bacterial specific epithet; N.L. part. adj. pseudomultivorans, the false (Burkholderia) multivorans, referring to the fact that isolates of this species are very similar to B. multivorans isolates.
Source: Human/plant.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 155. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64 (2014), 1-5.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: PEETERS, C., ZLOSNIK, J. E. A., SPILKER, T., HIRD, T. J., LIPUMA, J. J. and VANDAMME, P. 2013. Burkholderia pseudomultivorans sp. nov., a novel Burkholderia cepacia complex species from human respiratory samples and the rhizosphere. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 36, 483-489.
Effective publication Online

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Burkholderia ptereochthonis Peeters et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LMG 29326=CUG 68403.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: LT158624.
Whole-genome sequence accession no.: FCOB02000000.
Etymology: Gr. n. pteris, fern; Gr. n. chthon, soil; N. L. gen. n. ptereochthonis, from fern soil.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 171. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66 (2016), 3761-3764.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: Peeters, C., Meier-Kolthoff, J. P., Verheyde, B., De Brandt, E., Cooper, V. S. and Vandamme, P. 2016. Phylogenomic study of Burkholderia glathei-like organisms, proposal of 13 novel Burkholderia species and emended descriptions of Burkholderia sordidicola, Burkholderia zhejiangensis, and Burkholderia grimmiae. Front. Microbiol. 7, 877.
Effective publication Online

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Burkholderia pyrrocinia (Imanaka et al. 1965) Vandamme et al. 1997, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 15958= CCUG 41877 = CFBP 4794 = CIP 105874 = DSM 10685 = LMG 14191.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U96930.
Basonym: ¤ Pseudomonas pyrrocinia Imanaka et al. 1965 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Etymology uncertain, possibly N.L. adj. pyrrocinia, referring to the antibiotic properties of pyrrolnitrin, which is produced by strains of this species.
Valid publication: VANDAMME (P.), HOLMES (B.), VANCANNEYT (M.), COENYE (T.), HOSTE (B.), COOPMAN (R.), REVETS (H.), LAUWERS (S.), GILLIS (M.), KERSTERS (K.) and GOVAN (J.R.W.): Occurence of multiple genomovars of Burkholderia cepacia in cystic fibrosis patients and proposal of Burkholderia multivorans sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 1188-1200.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 In the paper by Vandamme et al. 1997, H. Imanaka is incorrectly spelled as H. Imananka (sic).
2 Analysis of the Burkholderia pyrrocinia type strain indicates that this soil bacterium represents a ninth ¤ Burkholderia cepacia complex genomovar.
Reference: VANDAMME (P.), HENRY (D.), COENYE (T.), NZULA (S.), VANCANNEYT (M.), LIPUMA (J.J.), SPEERT (D.P.), GOVAN (J.R.W.) and MAHENTHIRALINGAM (E.): Burkholderia anthina sp. nov. and Burkholderia pyrrocinia, two additional Burkholderia cepacia complex bacteria, may confound results of new molecular diagnostic tools. FEMS Immunol. Med. Microbiol., 2002, 33, 143-149.
Original article Online

Burkholderia pyrrocinia (Imanaka et al. 1965) Vandamme et al. 1997 emend. Storms et al. 2004.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 15958= CFBP 4794 = CIP 105874 = DSM 10685 = LMG 14191.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U96930.
Basonym: ¤ Pseudomonas pyrrocinia Imanaka et al. 1965 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Etymology uncertain, possibly N.L. adj. pyrrocinia, referring to the antibiotic properties of pyrrolnitrin, which is produced by strains of this species.
References: List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 1. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 7-8. [STORMS (V.), VAN DEN VREKEN (N.), COEYNYE (T.), MAHENTHIRALINGAM (E.), LiPUMA (J.J.), GILLIS (M.) and VANDAMME (P.): Polyphasic characterisation of Burkholderia cepacia-like isolates leading to the emended description of Burkholderia pyrrocinia. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2004, 27, 517-526.]
List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 1 in IJSEM Online - Original article Online

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Burkholderia pyrrocinia (Imanaka et al. 1965) Viallard et al. 1998, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 15958= CCUG 41877 = CFBP 4794 = CIP 105874 = DSM 10685 = LMG 14191.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U96930.
Basonym: ¤ Pseudomonas pyrrocinia Imanaka et al. 1965 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Etymology uncertain, possibly N.L. adj. pyrrocinia, referring to the antibiotic properties of pyrrolnitrin, which is produced by strains of this species.
Valid publication: VIALLARD (V.), POIRIER (I.), COURNOYER (B.), HAURAT (J.), WIEBKIN (S.), OPHEL-KELLER (K.) and BALANDREAU (J.): Burkholderia graminis sp. nov., a rhizospheric Burkholderia species, and reassessment of [Pseudomonas] phenazinium, [Pseudomonas] pyrrocinia and [Pseudomonas] glathei as Burkholderia. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 549-563.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Burkholderia pyrrocinia (Imanaka et al. 1965) Vandamme et al. 1997 has priority [Rule 24b(2)].

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Burkholderia rhizosphaerae Lee and Whang 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) WR43=KACC 17603=NBRC 109935=NCAIM B 02541.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: AB365791.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -. =
Etymology: Gr. n. rhiza, root; L. n. sphaera, a ball, sphere; N.L. n. rhizosphaera, rhizosphere; N.L. gen. n. rhizosphaerae, of the rhizosphere.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: LEE, J. C. and WHANG, K. S. 2015. Burkholderia humisilvae sp. nov., Burkholderia solisilvae sp. nov. and Burkholderia rhizosphaerae sp. nov., isolated from forest soil and rhizosphere soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 2986-2992.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Paraburkholderia rhizosphaerae (Lee and Whang 2015) Dobritsa and Samadpour 2016, comb. nov.

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Burkholderia rhizoxinica Partida-Martinez et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) HKI 454 = CIP 109453 = DSM 19002.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ938142.
Etymology: N.L. n. rhizoxinum, rhizoxin; L. fem. suff. -ica, suffix used with various meanings; N.L. fem. adj. rhizoxinica, referring to the ability of this organism to produce the antimitotic agent rhizoxin.
Valid publication: PARTIDA-MARTINEZ (L.P.), GROTH (I.), SCHMITT (I.), RICHTER (W.), ROTH (M.) and HERTWECK (C.): Burkholderia rhizoxinica sp. nov. and Burkholderia endofungorum sp. nov., bacterial endosymbionts of the plant-pathogenic fungus Rhizopus microsporus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2583-2590.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia rhynchosiae De Meyer et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) WSM3937=LMG 27174=HAMBI 3354.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: EU219865.
Etymology: N.L. fem. n. Rhynchosia, botanical name of a genus of leguminous plants; N.L. gen. n. rhynchosiae, of Rhynchosia, referring to the host from which this species was first isolated.
Source: Plant.
Valid publication: DE MEYER, S. E., CNOCKAERT, M., ARDLEY, J. K., TRENGOVE, R. D., GARAU, G., HOWIESON, J. G. and VANDAMME, P. 2013. Burkholderia rhynchosiae sp. nov., isolated from Rhynchosia ferulifolia root nodules. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 3944-3949.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Paraburkholderia rhynchosiae (De Meyer et al. 2013) Sawana et al. 2017, comb. nov.

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Burkholderia sabiae Chen et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Br3407 = BCRC 17587 = LMG 24235.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY773186.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. sabiae, of/from sabiá, the Portuguese name of Mimosa caesalpiniifolia, the tree from which the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: CHEN (W.M.), DE FARIA (S.M.), CHOU (J.H.), JAMES (E.K.), ELLIOTT (G.N.), SPRENT (J.I.), BONTEMPS (C.), YOUNG (J.P.W.) and VANDAMME (P.): Burkholderia sabiae sp. nov., isolated from root nodules of Mimosa caesalpiniifolia. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2174-2179.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia sacchari Brämer et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCT 6771 = CCUG 46043 = CIP 107211 = IPT 101 = LMG 19450.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF263278.
Etymology: L. gen. n. sacchari, of sugar, referring to the location of isolation of the strain, soil of a sugar-cane (Saccharum officinarum) plantation.
Valid publication: BRÄMER (C.O.), VANDAMME (P.), da SILVA (L.F.), GOMEZ (J.G.C.) and STEINBÜCHEL (A.): Burkholderia sacchari sp. nov., a polyhydroxyalkanoate-accumulating bacterium isolated from soil of a sugar-cane plantation in Brazil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1709-1713.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The specific epithet is a "L. genitive noun", not a "N.L. adjective" as cited in the paper by Brämer et al. 2001.

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Burkholderia sartisoli Vanlaere et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) RP007 = CCUG 53604 = ICMP 13529 = LMG 24000.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF061872.
Etymology: L. adj. sartus, mended, repaired, put in order; L. n. solum, soil; N.L. gen. n. sartisoli, of cured soil.
Valid publication: VANLAERE (E.), VAN DER MEER (J.R.), FALSEN (E.), SALLES (J.F.), DE BRANDT (E.) and VANDAMME (P.): Burkholderia sartisoli sp. nov., isolated from a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-contaminated soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 420-423.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia sediminicola Lim et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) HU2-65W = KCTC 22086 = LMG 24238.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU035613.
Etymology: L. n. sedimen -inis, sediment; L. suff. -cola, inhabitant, dweller; N.L. n. sediminicola, sediment-dweller, referring to the source of the type strain.
Valid publication: LIM (J.H.), BAEK (S.H.) and LEE (S.T.): Burkholderia sediminicola sp. nov., isolated from freshwater sediment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 565-569.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Paraburkholderia sediminicola ( Lim et al. 2008) Sawana et al. 2015, comb. nov.

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Burkholderia seminalis Vanlaere et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) AU0475 = R-24196 = CCUG 54564 = LMG 24067.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM747631.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. seminalis, pertaining to the seed, referring to the rice seed surface, from which several strains were isolated.
Valid publication: VANLAERE (E.), LIPUMA (J.J.), BALDWIN (A.), HENRY (D.), DE BRANDT (E.), MAHENTHIRALINGAM (E.), SPEERT (D.), DOWSON (C.) and VANDAMME (P.): Burkholderia latens sp. nov., Burkholderia diffusa sp. nov., Burkholderia arboris sp. nov., Burkholderia seminalis sp. nov. and Burkholderia metallica sp. nov., novel species within the Burkholderia cepacia complex. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1580-1590.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia silvatlantica Perin et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SRMrh-20 = ATCC BAA-1244 = LMG 23149.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY965240.
Etymology: L. n. silva, wood, forest; L. fem. adj. atlantica, pertaining to the Atlantic Ocean; N.L. fem. adj. silvatlantica, pertaining to the Atlantic forest of Brazil.
Valid publication: PERIN (L.), MARTÍNEZ-AGUILAR (L.), PAREDES-VALDEZ (G.), BALDANI (J.I.), ESTRADA-DE LOS SANTOS (P.), REIS (V.M.) and CABALLERO-MELLADO (J.): Burkholderia silvatlantica sp. nov., a diazotrophic bacterium associated with sugar cane and maize. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1931-1937.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia solanacearum (Smith 1896) Yabuuchi et al. 1993, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) A. Kelman 60-1 = ATCC 11696= CCUG 14272 = CFBP 2047 = CIP 104762 = DSM 9544 = ICMP 5712 = JCM 10489 = LMG 2299 = NCAIM B.01459 = NCPPB 325 = NRRL B-3212.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF016361.
Basonym: ¤ Pseudomonas solanacearum (Smith 1896) Smith 1914 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonym: "Bacillus solanacearum" Smith 1896.
Etymology: N.L. fem. pl. n. Solanaceae, the nightshade family; N.L. fem. pl. gen. n. solanacearum, of the Solanaceae.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 45. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 398-399.
Effective publication: YABUUCHI (E.), KOSAKO (Y.), OYAIZU (H.), YANO (I.), HOTTA (H.), HASHIMOTO (Y.), EZAKI (T.) and ARAKAWA (M.): Proposal of Burkholderia gen. nov. and transfer of seven species of the genus Pseudomonas homology group II to the new genus, with the type species Burkholderia cepacia (Palleroni and Holmes 1981) comb. nov. Microbiol. Immunol., 1992, 36, 1251-1275.
Validation List no. 45 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: In the paper by Yabuuchi et al. 1992, and on the Validation List no. 45, the type strain is incorrectly cited as strain ATCC 10696.
Reference: Erratum in Microbiology and Immunology

¤ Ralstonia solanacearum (Smith 1896) Yabuuchi et al. 1996, comb. nov.

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Burkholderia soli Yoo et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) GP25-8 = DSM 18235 = KACC 11589.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ465451.
Etymology: L. gen. n. soli, of soil, the source of the type strain.
Valid publication: YOO (S.H.), KIM (B.Y.), WEON (H.Y.), KWON (S.W.), GO (S.J.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Burkholderia soli sp. nov., isolated from soil cultivated with Korean ginseng. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 122-125.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia solisilvae Lee and Whang 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Y-47=KACC 17602=NBRC 109934 =NCAIM B 02539.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: FJ772068.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -. =
Etymology: L. n. solum, soil; L. n. silva, forest; N.L. gen. n. solisilvae, of/from forest soil.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: LEE, J. C. and WHANG, K. S. 2015. Burkholderia humisilvae sp. nov., Burkholderia solisilvae sp. nov. and Burkholderia rhizosphaerae sp. nov., isolated from forest soil and rhizosphere soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 2986-2992.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Paraburkholderia solisilvae (Lee and Whang 2015) Dobritsa and Samadpour 2016, comb. nov.

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Burkholderia sordidicola Lim et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCUG 49583 = JCM 11778 = KCTC 12081.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF512827.
Etymology: N.L. n. sordida, from Phanerochaete sordida, a species of white-rot fungus; L. suff. n. -cola, inhabitant; N.L. n. sordidicola, inhabitant of Phanerochaete sordida.
Valid publication: LIM (Y.W.), BAIK (K.S.), HAN (S.K.), KIM (S.B.) and BAE (K.S.): Burkholderia sordidicola sp. nov., isolated from the white-rot fungus Phanerochaete sordida. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1631-1636.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Caballeronia sordidicola (Lim et al. 2003) Dobritsa and Samadpour 2016, comb. nov.

Burkholderia sordidicola Lim et al. 2003 emend. Peeters et al. 2016.
Reference: Peeters, C., Meier-Kolthoff, J. P., Verheyde, B., De Brandt, E., Cooper, V. S. and Vandamme, P. 2016. Phylogenomic study of Burkholderia glathei-like organisms, proposal of 13 novel Burkholderia species and emended descriptions of Burkholderia sordidicola, Burkholderia zhejiangensis, and Burkholderia grimmiae. Front. Microbiol. 7, 877.
Original article.


Original article.

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Burkholderia sprentiae De Meyer et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) WSM5005=LMG 27175=HAMBI 3357.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HF549035.
Etymology: N.L. fem. gen. n. sprentiae, of Sprent, named after Janet Sprent, a scientist who has devoted her life to legume research.
Source: Plant.
Valid publication: DE MEYER, S. E., CNOCKAERT, M., ARDLEY, J. K., MAKER, G., YATES, R., HOWIESON, J. G. and VANDAMME, P. 2013. Burkholderia sprentiae sp. nov., isolated from Lebeckia ambigua root nodules. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 3950-3957.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Paraburkholderia sprentiae (De Meyer et al. 2013) Sawana et al. 2015, comb. nov.

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Burkholderia stabilis Vandamme et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC BAA-67 = CCUG 34168 = CIP 106845 = LMG 14294 = NCTC 13011.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF097533.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. stabilis, stable, permanent, referring to the relative genomic stability of this Burkholderia cepacia genomovar.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 75. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1415-1417.
Effective publication: VANDAMME (P.), MAHENTHIRALINGAM (E.), HOLMES (B.), COENYE (T.), HOSTE (B.), DE VOS (P.), HENRY (D.) and SPEERT (D.P.): Identification and population structure of Burkholderia stabilis sp. nov. (formerly Burkholderia cepacia genomovar IV). J. Clin. Microbiol., 2000, 38, 1042-1047.
Validation List no. 75 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: Burkholderia stabilis Vandamme et al. 2000 was previously known as ¤ Burkholderia cepacia genomovar IV.

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Burkholderia stagnalis De Smet et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LMG 28156=CCUG 65686.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: LK023502.
Etymology: L. n. stagnum, pond, lagoon, lake; -alis, adjective forming suffix; N.L. fem. adj. stagnalis, pertaining to a lagoon.
Source: Environmental.
Valid publication: DE SMET, B., MAYO, M., PEETERS, C., ZLOSNIK, J. E., SPILKER, T., HIRD, T. J., LIPUMA, J. J., KIDD, T. J., KAESTLI, M., GINTHER, J. L., WAGNER, D. M., KEIM, P., BELL, S. C., JACOBS, J. A., CURRIE, B. J. and VANDAMME, P. 2015. Burkholderia stagnalis sp. nov. and Burkholderia territorii sp. nov., two novel Burkholderia cepacia complex species from environmental and human sources. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 2265-2271.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia susongensis Gu et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) L226=CCTCC AB2014142=JCM 30231.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KJ746438.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. susongensis, referring to Susong county, Anhui Province, PR China, where the organism was isolated.
Source: Environmental.
Valid publication: GU, J.-Y., ZANG, S.-G., SHENG, X.-F., HE, L.-Y., HUANG, Z. and WANG, Q. 2015. Burkholderia susongensis sp. nov., a mineral-weathering bacterium isolated from weathered rock surface. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 1031-1037
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Paraburkholderia susongensis (Gu et al. 2015) Dobritsa and Samadpour 2016, comb. nov.

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Burkholderia symbiotica Sheu et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JPY-345 = NKMU-JPY-345 = BCRC 80258 = KCTC 23309 = LMG 26032.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HM357233.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. symbiotica (from Gr. n. sumbios, a companion, partner), living together, symbiotic.
Valid publication: SHEU (S.Y.), CHOU (J.H.), BONTEMPS (C.), ELLIOTT (G.N.), GROSS (E.), JAMES (E.K.), SPRENT (J.I.), YOUNG (J.P.W.) and CHEN (W.M.): Burkholderia symbiotica sp. nov., isolated from root nodules of Mimosa spp. native to north-east Brazil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2272-2278.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia telluris Vandamme et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LMG 22936=CCUG 63060.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HE981727.
Etymology: L. gen. n. telluris, from soil.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Reference: VANDAMME, P., DE BRANDT, E., HOUF, K., SALLES, J. F., DIRK VAN ELSAS, J., SPILKER, T. and LIPUMA, J. J. 2013. Burkholderia humi sp. nov., Burkholderia choica sp. nov., Burkholderia telluris sp. nov., Burkholderia terrestris sp. nov. and Burkholderia udeis sp. nov.: Burkholderia glathei-like bacteria from soil and rhizosphere soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4707-4718.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Caballeronia telluris (Vandamme et al. 2013) Dobritsa and Samadpour 2016, comb. nov.

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Burkholderia temeraria Peeters et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LMG 29319=CUG 68410.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: LT158617.
Whole-genome sequence accession no.: FCOI02000000.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. temeraria, accidental, inconsiderate; referring to its accidental isolation when searching for Burkholderia caledonica endophytes.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 171. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66 (2016), 3761-3764.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: Peeters, C., Meier-Kolthoff, J. P., Verheyde, B., De Brandt, E., Cooper, V. S. and Vandamme, P. 2016. Phylogenomic study of Burkholderia glathei-like organisms, proposal of 13 novel Burkholderia species and emended descriptions of Burkholderia sordidicola, Burkholderia zhejiangensis, and Burkholderia grimmiae. Front. Microbiol. 7, 877.
Effective publication Online

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Burkholderia terrae Yang et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) KMY02 = KCTC 12388 = NBRC 100964.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB201285.
Etymology: L. gen. n. terrae, of the earth.
Valid publication: YANG (H.C.), IM (W.T.), KIM (K.K.), AN (D.S.) and LEE (S.T.): Burkholderia terrae sp. nov., isolated from a forest soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 453-457.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia terrestris Vandamme et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LMG 22937=CCUG 63062.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HE981726.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. terrestris, of the earth.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Reference: VANDAMME, P., DE BRANDT, E., HOUF, K., SALLES, J. F., DIRK VAN ELSAS, J., SPILKER, T. and LIPUMA, J. J. 2013. Burkholderia humi sp. nov., Burkholderia choica sp. nov., Burkholderia telluris sp. nov., Burkholderia terrestris sp. nov. and Burkholderia udeis sp. nov.: Burkholderia glathei-like bacteria from soil and rhizosphere soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4707-4718.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Caballeronia terrestris (Vandamme et al. 2013) Dobritsa and Samadpour 2016, comb. nov.

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Burkholderia terricola Goris et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCUG 44527 = LMG 20594.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY040362.
Etymology: L. n. terricola, a dweller upon earth, a terrestrial, a soil-dweller, referring to the isolation of these strains from soil.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 89. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1-2.
Effective publication: GORIS (J.), DEJONGHE (W.), FALSEN (E.), DE CLERCK (E.), GEERAERTS (B.), WILLEMS (A.), TOP (E.M.), VANDAMME (P.) and DE VOS (P.): Diversity of transconjugants that acquired plasmid pJP4 or pEMT1 after inoculation of a donor strain in the A- and B-horizon of an agricultural soil and description of Burkholderia hospita sp. nov. and Burkholderia terricola sp. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2002, 25, 340-352.
Validation List no. 89 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Burkholderia territorii De Smet et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LMG 28158=CCUG 65687.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: LK023503.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -. =
Etymology: L. gen. n. territorii, of the territory; referring to the (Northern) Territory of Australia, where this organism has been recovered from environmental groundwater samples.
Source: Environmental.
Valid publication: DE SMET, B., MAYO, M., PEETERS, C., ZLOSNIK, J. E., SPILKER, T., HIRD, T. J., LIPUMA, J. J., KIDD, T. J., KAESTLI, M., GINTHER, J. L., WAGNER, D. M., KEIM, P., BELL, S. C., JACOBS, J. A., CURRIE, B. J. and VANDAMME, P. 2015. Burkholderia stagnalis sp. nov. and Burkholderia territorii sp. nov., two novel Burkholderia cepacia complex species from environmental and human sources. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 2265-2271.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia thailandensis Brett et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) E264 = ATCC 700388= CCUG 48851 = CIP 106301 = DSM 13276.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U91838.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. thailandensis, pertaining to Thailand, where the organism was originally isolated.
Valid publication: BRETT (P.J.), DESHAZER (D.) and WOODS (D.E.): Burkholderia thailandensis sp. nov., a Burkholderia pseudomallei-like species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 317-320.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Burkholderia thailandensis Brett et al. 1998 was previously known as Burkholderia pseudomallei-like species.

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Burkholderia tropica Reis et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Ppe8 = ATCC BAA-831 = DSM 15359 = LMG 22274.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ420332.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. tropica, tropical.
Valid publication: REIS (V.M.), ESTRADA-DE LOS SANTOS (P.), TENORIO-SALGADO (S.), VOGEL (J.), STOFFELS (M.), GUYON (S.), MAVINGUI (P.), BALDANI (V.L.D.), SCHMID (M.), BALDANI (J.I.), BALANDREAU (J.), HARTMANN (A.) and CABALLERO-MELLADO (J.): Burkholderia tropica sp. nov., a novel nitrogen-fixing, plant-associated bacterium. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 2155-2162.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia tuberum Vandamme et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) STM678 = CCUG 47178 = LMG 21444.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ302311.
Etymology: L. n. tuber -eris, swelling, tumor, protuberance; L. gen. pl. n. tuberum, of nodules, tubers, referring to the fact that these bacteria were isolated from root nodules.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 91. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 627-628.
Effective publication: VANDAMME (P.), GORIS (J.), CHEN (W.M.), DE VOS (P.) and WILLEMS (A.): Burkholderia tuberum sp. nov. and Burkholderia phymatum sp. nov., nodulate the roots of tropical legumes. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2002, 25, 507-512.
Validation List no. 91 in IJSEM Online- Effective publication Online

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Burkholderia turbans Peeters et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LMG 29316=CUG 68413.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: LT158614.
Whole-genome sequence accession no.: FCOD02000000.
Etymology: L. fem. part. pres. turbans, disturbing, agitating, because the isolation of this bacterium from human pleural fluid further disturbs the image of this lineage of Burkholderia species as benign bacteria.
Source: Human.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 171. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66 (2016), 3761-3764.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: Peeters, C., Meier-Kolthoff, J. P., Verheyde, B., De Brandt, E., Cooper, V. S. and Vandamme, P. 2016. Phylogenomic study of Burkholderia glathei-like organisms, proposal of 13 novel Burkholderia species and emended descriptions of Burkholderia sordidicola, Burkholderia zhejiangensis, and Burkholderia grimmiae. Front. Microbiol. 7, 877.
Effective publication Online

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Burkholderia ubonensis corrig. Yabuuchi et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) EY 3383 = CCUG 48852 = CIP 107078 = NCTC 13147.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB030584.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. ubonensis, pertaining to Ubon Ratchathani, Thailand, where the organism was originally isolated.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 75. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1415-1417.
Effective publication: YABUUCHI (E.), KAWAMURA (Y.), EZAKI (T.), IKEDO (M.), DEJSIRILERT (S.), FUJIWARA (N.), NAKA (T.) and KOBAYASHI (K.): Burkholderia uboniae sp. nov., L-arabinose-assimilating but different from Burkholderia thailandensis and Burkholderia vietnamiensis. Microbiol. Immunol., 2000, 44, 307-317.
Validation List no. 75 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The spelling of the specific epithet, uboniae (sic), has been corrected on validation according to Rule 61 of the Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision).
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 75 (footnote ‡). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1415-1417.
Validation List no. 75 in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia udeis Vandamme et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LMG 27134=CCUG 63061.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: AY154367.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. udeis (from Gr. gen. n. oudeos), from ground.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Reference: VANDAMME, P., DE BRANDT, E., HOUF, K., SALLES, J. F., DIRK VAN ELSAS, J., SPILKER, T. and LIPUMA, J. J. 2013. Burkholderia humi sp. nov., Burkholderia choica sp. nov., Burkholderia telluris sp. nov., Burkholderia terrestris sp. nov. and Burkholderia udeis sp. nov.: Burkholderia glathei-like bacteria from soil and rhizosphere soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4707-4718.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Caballeronia udeis (Vandamme et al. 2013) Dobritsa and Samadpour 2016, comb. nov.

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Burkholderia unamae Caballero-Mellado et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MTl-641 = ATCC BAA-744 = CIP 107921.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY221956.
Etymology: N.L. gen. fem. n. unamae, of UNAM, arbitrary name formed from UNAM, acronym for Universidad Nacional Autonóma de México. This name was chosen to commemorate the 450th anniversary of the University, which occured in the same year as the first isolation of the species (2001).
Valid publication: CABALLERO-MELLADO (J.), MARTÍNEZ-AGUILAR (L.), PAREDES-VALDEZ (G.) and ESTRADA-DE LOS SANTOS (P.): Burkholderia unamae sp. nov., an N2-fixing rhizospheric and endophytic species. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1165-1172.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia vandii Urakami et al. 1994, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) VA-1316 = ATCC 51545= CFBP 4795 = JCM 7957 = LMG 16020.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U96932.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. vandii, of Vanda, a genus of orchids.
Valid publication: URAKAMI (T.), ITO-YOSHIDA (C.), ARAKI (H.), KIJIMA (T.), SUZUKI (K.I.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Transfer of Pseudomonas plantarii and Pseudomonas glumae to Burkholderia as Burkholderia spp. and description of Burkholderia vandii sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 235-245.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Burkholderia plantarii (Azegami et al. 1987) Urakami et al. 1994.

Note: According to Coenye et al. 1999, Burkholderia vandii Urakami et al. 1994 is a later heterotypic synonym of Burkholderia plantarii (Azegami et al. 1987) Urakami et al. 1994.
Reference: COENYE (T.), HOLMES (B.), KERSTERS (K.), GOVAN (J.R.W.) and VANDAMME (P.): Burkholderia cocovenenans (van Damme et al. 1960) Gillis et al. 1995 and Burkholderia vandii Urakami et al. 1994 are junior synonyms of Burkholderia gladioli (Severini 1913) Yabuuchi et al. 1993 and Burkholderia plantarii (Azegami et al. 1987) Urakami et al. 1994, respectively. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 37-42.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia vietnamiensis Gillis et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) TVV75 = ATCC BAA-248 = CCUG 34169 = CFBP 4796 = CIP 105875 = DSM 11319 = JCM 10562 = LMG 10929.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF097534.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. vietnamiensis, pertaining to Vietnam, where the rice strains were isolated.
Valid publication: GILLIS (M.), VAN (T.V.), BARDIN (R.), GOOR (M.), HEBBAR (P.), WILLEMS (A.), SEGERS (P.), KERSTERS (K.), HEULIN (T.) and FERNANDEZ (M.P.): Polyphasic taxonomy in the genus Burkholderia leading to an emended description of the genus and proposition of Burkholderia vietnamiensis sp. nov. for N2-fixing isolates from rice in Vietnam. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 274-289.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Burkholderia vietnamiensis Gillis et al. 1995 was previously known as ¤ Burkholderia cepacia (Palleroni and Holmes 1981) Yabuuchi et al. 1993 genomovar V.

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Burkholderia xenovorans Goris et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LB400 = CCUG 46959 = LMG 21463 = NRRL B-18064.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U86373.
Etymology: Gr. adj. xenos, foreign; L. part. adj. vorans, devouring, digesting; N.L. part. adj. xenovorans, digesting foreign (xenobiotic) compounds.
Valid publication: GORIS (J.), DE VOS (P.), CABALLERO-MELLADO (J.), PARK (J.), FALSEN (E.), QUENSEN III (J.F.), TIEDJE (J.M.) and VANDAMME (P.): Classification of the biphenyl- and polychlorinated biphenyl-degrading strain LB400(T) and relatives as Burkholderia xenovorans sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1677-1681.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Burkholderia zhejiangensis Lu et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) OP-1 = CCTCC AB 2010354 = KCTC 23300.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HM802212.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. zhejiangensis, of or pertaining to Zhejiang, the province where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: LU (P.), ZHENG (L.Q.), SUN (J.J.), LIU (H.M.), LI (S.P.), HONG (Q.) and LI (W.J.): Burkholderia zhejiangensis sp. nov., a methyl-parathion-degrading bacterium isolated from a wastewater-treatment system. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1337-1341.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Paraburkholderia zhejiangensis (Lu et al. 2012) Sawana et al. 2015, comb. nov.

¤ Caballeronia zhejiangensis (Lu et al. 2012) Dobritsa and Samadpour 2016, comb. nov.

Burkholderia zhejiangensis Lu et al. 2012 emend. Peeters et al. 2016.
Reference: Peeters, C., Meier-Kolthoff, J. P., Verheyde, B., De Brandt, E., Cooper, V. S. and Vandamme, P. 2016. Phylogenomic study of Burkholderia glathei-like organisms, proposal of 13 novel Burkholderia species and emended descriptions of Burkholderia sordidicola, Burkholderia zhejiangensis, and Burkholderia grimmiae. Front. Microbiol. 7, 877.
Original article.

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