Genus Brucella

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 10
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Brucella Meyer and Shaw 1920, genus. (Type genus of the family ¤ Brucellaceae Breed et al. 1957 [Approved Lists 1980]; type genus of the tribe ¤ Brucelleae Murray 1948 [Approved Lists 1980]).
Type species: ¤ Brucella melitensis (Hughes 1893) Meyer and Shaw 1920 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. fem. dim. n. Brucella, named after Sir David Bruce, who first recognized the organism causing undulant (Malta) fever.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [MEYER (K.F.) and SHAW (E.B.): A comparison of the morphologic, cultural and biochemical characteristics of B. abortus and B. melitensis from cattle. Studies on the genus Brucella nov. gen. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 1920, 27, 173-184.]

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Brucella abortus (Schmidt 1901) Meyer and Shaw 1920, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 544 = ATCC 23448 = NCTC 10093.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM158979.
Synonyms: "Bacillus of abortion" Bang 1897, "Bacterium abortus" Schmidt in Schmidt and Weis 1901.
Etymology: L. gen. n. abortus, of abortion, miscarriage.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 SCHMIDT (J.): Familie Bacteriaceae. In: J. SCHMIDT and F. WEIS (editors): Bakterienne. Naturhistorisk Grundlag for det Bakteriologiske Studium, Morten Porsild, København, 1899-1901, 1901, pp. 248-296. 2 MEYER (K.F.) and SHAW (E.B.): A comparison of the morphologic, cultural and biochemical characteristics of B. abortus and B. melitensis from cattle. Studies on the genus Brucella nov. gen. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 1920, 27, 173-184.]

¤ Brucella melitensis (Hughes 1893) Meyer and Shaw 1920 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Verger et al. 1985, biovar Abortus.

Notes:
1 According to the phylogenetic definition of a species [1], only one species, Brucella melitensis (Hughes 1893) Meyer and Shaw 1920 (Approved Lists 1980), should be recognized in the genus Brucella [2]. Brucella abortus (Schmidt 1901) Meyer and Shaw 1920 (Approved Lists 1980) is thus a later heterotypic synonym of Brucella melitensis (Hughes 1893) Meyer and Shaw 1920 (Approved Lists 1980) [2].
References:
1 WAYNE (L.G.), BRENNER (D.J.), COLWELL (R.R.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.), KANDLER (O.), KRICHEVSKY (M.I.), MOORE (L.H.), MOORE (W.E.C.), MURRAY (R.G.E.), STACKEBRANDT (E.), STARR (M.P.) and TRÜPER (H.G.): Report of the ad hoc committee on reconciliation of approaches to bacterial systematics. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 463-464.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 VERGER (J.M.), GRIMONT (F.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.) and GRAYON (M.): Brucella, a monospecific genus as shown by deoxyribonucleic acid hybridization. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 292-295.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The nomenspecies Brucella abortus can be retained for nontaxonomic purposes to avoid confusion.
Reference: ICSB, SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE TAXONOMY OF BRUCELLA: Report of the meeting, 5 September 1986, Manchester, England. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 450-452.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Brucella abortus (Schmidt 1901) Meyer and Shaw 1920 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: According to the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Brucella [1, 2], the nomenclature proposed by the Manchester meeting [3] has not found widespread support. During its meeting, 17 September 2003, Pamplona, Spain [4], the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Brucella agreed unanimously upon a proposal by B. Osterman on a return to pre-1986 taxonomic opinion on the genus Brucella, without any objections or reservations.
The fact to recognize a monospecific genus [i.e. Brucella melitensis (Hughes 1893) Meyer and Shaw 1920 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Verger et al. 1985] or a multispecific genus (i.e. the six species cited in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names) is a matter of taxonomic opinion. Consequently, according to his/her scientific opinion, a bacteriologist may use the one species concept or the six species concept.
References:
1 GARGANI (G.) and LÓPEZ-MERINO (A.): International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Brucella. Correspondence Report (Interim Report), 1991-1993. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1167-1168.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 CORBEL (M.J.) and MORIYÓN (I.): International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Brucella. Minutes of the meeting, 5 and 7 July 1994, Prague, Czech Republic. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1169-1170.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 ICSB, SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE TAXONOMY OF BRUCELLA: Report of the meeting, 5 September 1986, Manchester, England. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 450-452.
Original article in IJSEM Online
4 OSTERMAN (B.) and MORIYÓN (I.): International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Brucella. Minutes of the meeting, 17 September 2003, Pamplona, Spain. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1173-1175.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brucella canis Carmichael and Bruner 1968, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain RM6/66 = ATCC 23365 = NCTC 10854.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L37584.
Etymology: L. gen. n. canis, of the dog.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [CARMICHAEL (L.E.) and BRUNER (D.W.): Characteristics of a newly recognized species of Brucella responsible for infectious canine abortions. Cornell Veterinarian, 1968, 58, 579-592.]

¤ Brucella melitensis (Hughes 1893) Meyer and Shaw 1920 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Verger et al. 1985, biovar Canis.

Notes:
1 According to the phylogenetic definition of a species [1], only one species, Brucella melitensis (Hughes 1893) Meyer and Shaw 1920 (Approved Lists 1980), should be recognized in the genus Brucella [2]. Brucella canis Carmichael and Bruner 1968 (Approved Lists 1980) is thus a later heterotypic synonym of Brucella melitensis (Hughes 1893) Meyer and Shaw 1920 (Approved Lists 1980) [2].
References:
1 WAYNE (L.G.), BRENNER (D.J.), COLWELL (R.R.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.), KANDLER (O.), KRICHEVSKY (M.I.), MOORE (L.H.), MOORE (W.E.C.), MURRAY (R.G.E.), STACKEBRANDT (E.), STARR (M.P.) and TRÜPER (H.G.): Report of the ad hoc committee on reconciliation of approaches to bacterial systematics. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 463-464.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 VERGER (J.M.), GRIMONT (F.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.) and GRAYON (M.): Brucella, a monospecific genus as shown by deoxyribonucleic acid hybridization. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 292-295.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The nomenspecies Brucella canis can be retained for nontaxonomic purposes to avoid confusion.
Reference: ICSB, SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE TAXONOMY OF BRUCELLA: Report of the meeting, 5 September 1986, Manchester, England. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 450-452.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Brucella canis Carmichael and Bruner 1968 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: According to the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Brucella [1, 2], the nomenclature proposed by the Manchester meeting [3] has not found widespread support. During its meeting, 17 September 2003, Pamplona, Spain [4], the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Brucella agreed unanimously upon a proposal by B. Osterman on a return to pre-1986 taxonomic opinion on the genus Brucella, without any objections or reservations.
The fact to recognize a monospecific genus [i.e. Brucella melitensis (Hughes 1893) Meyer and Shaw 1920 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Verger et al. 1985] or a multispecific genus (i.e. the six species cited in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names) is a matter of taxonomic opinion. Consequently, according to his/her scientific opinion, a bacteriologist may use the one species concept or the six species concept.
References:
1 GARGANI (G.) and LÓPEZ-MERINO (A.): International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Brucella. Correspondence Report (Interim Report), 1991-1993. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1167-1168.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 CORBEL (M.J.) and MORIYÓN (I.): International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Brucella. Minutes of the meeting, 5 and 7 July 1994, Prague, Czech Republic. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1169-1170.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 ICSB, SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE TAXONOMY OF BRUCELLA: Report of the meeting, 5 September 1986, Manchester, England. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 450-452.
Original article in IJSEM Online
4 OSTERMAN (B.) and MORIYÓN (I.): International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Brucella. Minutes of the meeting, 17 September 2003, Pamplona, Spain. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1173-1175.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brucella ceti Foster et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain BCCN 94-74 = NCTC 12891.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM158982.
Etymology: L. n. cetus, large sea animal (whale, porpoise, dolphin); L. gen. n. ceti, of a large sea animal.
Reference: FOSTER (G.), OSTERMAN (B.S.), GODFROID (J.), JACQUES (I.) and CLOECKAERT (A.): Brucella ceti sp. nov. and Brucella pinnipedialis sp. nov. for Brucella strains with cetaceans and seals as their preferred hosts. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2688-2693.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Brucella ceti Foster et al. 2007 was previously known as "Brucella cetaceae" Cloeckaert et al. 2001. [CLOECKAERT (A.), VERGER (J.M.), GRAYON (M.), PAQUET (J.Y.), GARIN-BASTUJI (B.), FOSTER (G.) and GODFROID (J.): Classification of Brucella spp. isolated from marine mammals by DNA polymorphism at the omp2 locus. Microbes Infect., 2001, 3, 729-738.]
Original article Online

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Brucella inopinata Scholz et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain BO1 = BCCN 09-01 = CAPM 6436.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU053207.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. inopinata, unexpected.
Reference: SCHOLZ (H.C.), NÖCKLER (K.), GÖLLNER (C.), BAHN (P.), VERGNAUD (G.), TOMASO (H.), AL DAHOUK (S.), KÄMPFER (P.), CLOECKAERT (A.), MAQUART (M.), ZYGMUNT (M.S.), WHATMORE (A.M.), PFEFFER (M.), HUBER (B.), BUSSE (H.J.) and DE (B.K.): Brucella inopinata sp. nov., isolated from a breast implant infection. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 801-808.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Scholz et al., the type strain CAPM 6436 is erroneously cited as CPAM 6436.

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Brucella melitensis (Hughes 1893) Meyer and Shaw 1920, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 16M = ATCC 23456 = NCTC 10094.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY594215.
Synonyms: "Streptococcus Miletensis" (sic) Hughes 1893, "Micrococcus melitensis" (Hughes 1893) Bruce 1893.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. melitensis, of or pertaining to the Island of Malta (Melita) where first isolated (Bruce, 1893).
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 HUGHES (M.L.): The natural history of certain fevers occurring in the Mediterrranean. Mediterranean Nature, 1893, 2, 325-327. 2 MEYER (K.F.) and SHAW (E.B.): A comparison of the morphologic, cultural and biochemical characteristics of B. abortus and B. melitensis from cattle. Studies on the genus Brucella nov. gen. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 1920, 27, 173-184.]

Brucella melitensis (Hughes 1893) Meyer and Shaw 1920 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Verger et al. 1985.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 16M = ATCC 23456 = NCTC 10094.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY594215.
Synonyms: "Streptococcus Miletensis" (sic) Hughes 1893, "Micrococcus melitensis" (Hughes 1893) Bruce 1893.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. melitensis, of or pertaining to the Island of Malta (Melita) where first isolated (Bruce, 1893).
Reference: VERGER (J.M.), GRIMONT (F.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.) and GRAYON (M.): Brucella, a monospecific genus as shown by deoxyribonucleic acid hybridization. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 292-295.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to the phylogenetic definition of a species [1], only one species, Brucella melitensis (Hughes 1893) Meyer and Shaw 1920 (Approved Lists 1980), should be recognized in the genus Brucella [2]. So, Brucella melitensis (Hughes 1893) Meyer and Shaw 1920 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Verger et al. 1985 is an earlier synonym of ¤ Brucella abortus (Schmidt 1901) Meyer and Shaw 1920 (Approved Lists 1980), an earlier synonym of ¤ Brucella canis Carmichael and Bruner 1968 (Approved Lists 1980), an earlier synonym of ¤ Brucella neotomae Stoenner and Lackman 1957 (Approved Lists 1980), an earlier synonym of ¤ Brucella ovis Buddle 1956 (Approved Lists 1980) and an earlier synonym of ¤ Brucella suis Huddleson 1929 (Approved Lists 1980) [2].
References:
1 WAYNE (L.G.), BRENNER (D.J.), COLWELL (R.R.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.), KANDLER (O.), KRICHEVSKY (M.I.), MOORE (L.H.), MOORE (W.E.C.), MURRAY (R.G.E.), STACKEBRANDT (E.), STARR (M.P.) and TRÜPER (H.G.): Report of the ad hoc committee on reconciliation of approaches to bacterial systematics. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 463-464.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 VERGER (J.M.), GRIMONT (F.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.) and GRAYON (M.): Brucella, a monospecific genus as shown by deoxyribonucleic acid hybridization. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 292-295.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Brucella melitensis (Hughes 1893) Meyer and Shaw 1920 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: According to the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Brucella [1, 2], the nomenclature proposed by the Manchester meeting [3] has not found widespread support. During its meeting, 17 September 2003, Pamplona, Spain [4], the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Brucella agreed unanimously upon a proposal by B. Osterman on a return to pre-1986 taxonomic opinion on the genus Brucella, without any objections or reservations.
The fact to recognize a monospecific genus [i.e. Brucella melitensis (Hughes 1893) Meyer and Shaw 1920 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Verger et al. 1985] or a multispecific genus (i.e. the six species cited in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names) is a matter of taxonomic opinion. Consequently, according to his/her scientific opinion, a bacteriologist may use the one species concept or the six species concept.
References:
1 GARGANI (G.) and LÓPEZ-MERINO (A.): International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Brucella. Correspondence Report (Interim Report), 1991-1993. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1167-1168.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 CORBEL (M.J.) and MORIYÓN (I.): International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Brucella. Minutes of the meeting, 5 and 7 July 1994, Prague, Czech Republic. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1169-1170.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 ICSB, SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE TAXONOMY OF BRUCELLA: Report of the meeting, 5 September 1986, Manchester, England. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 450-452.
Original article in IJSEM Online
4 OSTERMAN (B.) and MORIYÓN (I.): International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Brucella. Minutes of the meeting, 17 September 2003, Pamplona, Spain. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1173-1175.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brucella microti Scholz et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain BCCN 07-01 = CAPM 6434 = CCM 4915.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM392286.
Etymology: L. gen. n. microti, of Microtus, after the vole genus from which the first strains of this species have been isolated.
Reference: SCHOLZ (H.C.), HUBALEK (Z.), SEDLÁČEK (I.), VERGNAUD (G.), TOMASO (H.), AL DAHOUK (S.), MELZER (F.), KÄMPFER (P.), NEUBAUER (H.), CLOECKAERT (A.), MAQUART (M.), ZYGMUNT (M.S.), WHATMORE (A.M.), FALSEN (E.), BAHN (P.), GÖLLNER (C.), PFEFFER (M.), HUBER (B.), BUSSE (H.J.) and NÖCKLER (K.): Brucella microti sp. nov., isolated from the common vole Microtus arvalis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 375-382.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brucella neotomae Stoenner and Lackman 1957, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 5K33 = ATCC 23459 = NCTC 10084.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY594216.
Etymology: N.L. n. neotoma, Neotoma lepida generic name of the desert wood rat of the Western U.S.A (Thomas); N.L. gen. n. neotomae, of the desert wood rat, the host from which the organism was first isolated.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [STOENNER (H.G.) and LACKMAN (D.B.): A new species of Brucella isolated from the desert wood rat, Neotoma lepida Thomas. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 1957, 18, 947-951.]

¤ Brucella melitensis (Hughes 1893) Meyer and Shaw 1920 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Verger et al. 1985, biovar Neotomae.

Notes:
1 According to the phylogenetic definition of a species [1], only one species, Brucella melitensis (Hughes 1893) Meyer and Shaw 1920 (Approved Lists 1980), should be recognized in the genus Brucella [2]. Brucella neotomae Stoenner and Lackman 1957 (Approved Lists 1980) is thus a later heterotypic synonym of Brucella melitensis (Hughes 1893) Meyer and Shaw 1920 (Approved Lists 1980) [2].
References:
1 WAYNE (L.G.), BRENNER (D.J.), COLWELL (R.R.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.), KANDLER (O.), KRICHEVSKY (M.I.), MOORE (L.H.), MOORE (W.E.C.), MURRAY (R.G.E.), STACKEBRANDT (E.), STARR (M.P.) and TRÜPER (H.G.): Report of the ad hoc committee on reconciliation of approaches to bacterial systematics. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 463-464.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 VERGER (J.M.), GRIMONT (F.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.) and GRAYON (M.): Brucella, a monospecific genus as shown by deoxyribonucleic acid hybridization. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 292-295.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The nomenspecies Brucella neotomae can be retained for nontaxonomic purposes to avoid confusion.
Reference: ICSB, SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE TAXONOMY OF BRUCELLA: Report of the meeting, 5 September 1986, Manchester, England. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 450-452.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Brucella neotomae Stoenner and Lackman 1957 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: According to the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Brucella [1, 2], the nomenclature proposed by the Manchester meeting [3] has not found widespread support. During its meeting, 17 September 2003, Pamplona, Spain [4], the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Brucella agreed unanimously upon a proposal by B. Osterman on a return to pre-1986 taxonomic opinion on the genus Brucella, without any objections or reservations.
The fact to recognize a monospecific genus [i.e. Brucella melitensis (Hughes 1893) Meyer and Shaw 1920 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Verger et al. 1985] or a multispecific genus (i.e. the six species cited in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names) is a matter of taxonomic opinion. Consequently, according to his/her scientific opinion, a bacteriologist may use the one species concept or the six species concept.
References:
1 GARGANI (G.) and LÓPEZ-MERINO (A.): International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Brucella. Correspondence Report (Interim Report), 1991-1993. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1167-1168.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 CORBEL (M.J.) and MORIYÓN (I.): International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Brucella. Minutes of the meeting, 5 and 7 July 1994, Prague, Czech Republic. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1169-1170.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 ICSB, SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE TAXONOMY OF BRUCELLA: Report of the meeting, 5 September 1986, Manchester, England. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 450-452.
Original article in IJSEM Online
4 OSTERMAN (B.) and MORIYÓN (I.): International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Brucella. Minutes of the meeting, 17 September 2003, Pamplona, Spain. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1173-1175.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brucella ovis Buddle 1956, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 63/290 = ATCC 25840 = NCTC 10512.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L26168.
Synonym: Not "Brucella ovis" van Drimmelen 1953.
Etymology: L. gen. n. ovis, of the sheep.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [BUDDLE (M.B.): Studies on Brucella ovis n. sp., a cause of genital disease of sheep in New Zealand and Australia. Journal of Hygiene, 1956, 54, 351-364.]

¤ Brucella melitensis (Hughes 1893) Meyer and Shaw 1920 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Verger et al. 1985, biovar Ovis.

Notes:
1 According to the phylogenetic definition of a species [1], only one species, Brucella melitensis (Hughes 1893) Meyer and Shaw 1920 (Approved Lists 1980), should be recognized in the genus Brucella [2]. Brucella ovis Buddle 1956 (Approved Lists 1980) is thus a later heterotypic synonym of Brucella melitensis (Hughes 1893) Meyer and Shaw 1920 (Approved Lists 1980) [2].
References:
1 WAYNE (L.G.), BRENNER (D.J.), COLWELL (R.R.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.), KANDLER (O.), KRICHEVSKY (M.I.), MOORE (L.H.), MOORE (W.E.C.), MURRAY (R.G.E.), STACKEBRANDT (E.), STARR (M.P.) and TRÜPER (H.G.): Report of the ad hoc committee on reconciliation of approaches to bacterial systematics. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 463-464.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 VERGER (J.M.), GRIMONT (F.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.) and GRAYON (M.): Brucella, a monospecific genus as shown by deoxyribonucleic acid hybridization. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 292-295.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The nomenspecies Brucella ovis can be retained for nontaxonomic purposes to avoid confusion.
Reference: ICSB, SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE TAXONOMY OF BRUCELLA: Report of the meeting, 5 September 1986, Manchester, England. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 450-452.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Brucella ovis Buddle 1956 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: According to the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Brucella [1, 2], the nomenclature proposed by the Manchester meeting [3] has not found widespread support. During its meeting, 17 September 2003, Pamplona, Spain [4], the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Brucella agreed unanimously upon a proposal by B. Osterman on a return to pre-1986 taxonomic opinion on the genus Brucella, without any objections or reservations.
The fact to recognize a monospecific genus [i.e. Brucella melitensis (Hughes 1893) Meyer and Shaw 1920 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Verger et al. 1985] or a multispecific genus (i.e. the six species cited in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names) is a matter of taxonomic opinion. Consequently, according to his/her scientific opinion, a bacteriologist may use the one species concept or the six species concept.
References:
1 GARGANI (G.) and LÓPEZ-MERINO (A.): International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Brucella. Correspondence Report (Interim Report), 1991-1993. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1167-1168.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 CORBEL (M.J.) and MORIYÓN (I.): International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Brucella. Minutes of the meeting, 5 and 7 July 1994, Prague, Czech Republic. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1169-1170.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 ICSB, SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE TAXONOMY OF BRUCELLA: Report of the meeting, 5 September 1986, Manchester, England. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 450-452.
Original article in IJSEM Online
4 OSTERMAN (B.) and MORIYÓN (I.): International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Brucella. Minutes of the meeting, 17 September 2003, Pamplona, Spain. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1173-1175.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brucella pinnipedialis Foster et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain BCCN 94-73 = NCTC 12890.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM158981.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. pinnipedialis, pertaining to pinnipeds.
Reference: FOSTER (G.), OSTERMAN (B.S.), GODFROID (J.), JACQUES (I.) and CLOECKAERT (A.): Brucella ceti sp. nov. and Brucella pinnipedialis sp. nov. for Brucella strains with cetaceans and seals as their preferred hosts. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2688-2693.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 Brucella pinnipedialis Foster et al. 2007 was previously known as "Brucella pinnipediae" Cloeckaert et al. 2001 [CLOECKAERT (A.), VERGER (J.M.), GRAYON (M.), PAQUET (J.Y.), GARIN-BASTUJI (B.), FOSTER (G.) and GODFROID (J.): Classification of Brucella spp. isolated from marine mammals by DNA polymorphism at the omp2 locus. Microbes Infect., 2001, 3, 729-738.]
Original article Online
2 Brucella pinnipedialis Foster et al. 2007 encompasses the proposed type strain of "Brucella maris" Jahans et al. 1997 [JAHANS (K.L.), FOSTER (G.) and BROUGHTON (E.S.): The characterisation of Brucella strains isolated from marine mammals. Vet. Microbiol. 1997, 57, 373-382.]

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Brucella suis Huddleson 1929, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 1330 = ATCC 23444 = NCTC 10316.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM158980.
Synonym: "Organism resembling Bacillus abortus" Traum 1914.
Etymology: L. gen. n. suis, of the pig.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [HUDDLESON (I.F.): The differentiation of the species of the genus Brucella. Michigan State College Agricultural Experimental Station Technical Bulletin, 1929, 100, 1-16.]

¤ Brucella melitensis (Hughes 1893) Meyer and Shaw 1920 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Verger et al. 1985, biovar Suis.

Notes:
1 According to the phylogenetic definition of a species [1], only one species, Brucella melitensis (Hughes 1893) Meyer and Shaw 1920 (Approved Lists 1980), should be recognized in the genus Brucella [2]. Brucella suis Huddleson 1929 (Approved Lists 1980) is thus a later heterotypic synonym of Brucella melitensis (Hughes 1893) Meyer and Shaw 1920 (Approved Lists 1980) [2].
References:
1 WAYNE (L.G.), BRENNER (D.J.), COLWELL (R.R.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.), KANDLER (O.), KRICHEVSKY (M.I.), MOORE (L.H.), MOORE (W.E.C.), MURRAY (R.G.E.), STACKEBRANDT (E.), STARR (M.P.) and TRÜPER (H.G.): Report of the ad hoc committee on reconciliation of approaches to bacterial systematics. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 463-464.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 VERGER (J.M.), GRIMONT (F.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.) and GRAYON (M.): Brucella, a monospecific genus as shown by deoxyribonucleic acid hybridization. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 292-295.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The nomenspecies Brucella suis can be retained for nontaxonomic purposes to avoid confusion.
Reference: ICSB, SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE TAXONOMY OF BRUCELLA: Report of the meeting, 5 September 1986, Manchester, England. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 450-452.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Brucella suis Huddleson 1929 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: According to the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Brucella [1, 2], the nomenclature proposed by the Manchester meeting [3] has not found widespread support. During its meeting, 17 September 2003, Pamplona, Spain [4], the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Brucella agreed unanimously upon a proposal by B. Osterman on a return to pre-1986 taxonomic opinion on the genus Brucella, without any objections or reservations.
The fact to recognize a monospecific genus [i.e. Brucella melitensis (Hughes 1893) Meyer and Shaw 1920 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Verger et al. 1985] or a multispecific genus (i.e. the six species cited in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names) is a matter of taxonomic opinion. Consequently, according to his/her scientific opinion, a bacteriologist may use the one species concept or the six species concept.
References:
1 GARGANI (G.) and LÓPEZ-MERINO (A.): International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Brucella. Correspondence Report (Interim Report), 1991-1993. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1167-1168.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 CORBEL (M.J.) and MORIYÓN (I.): International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Brucella. Minutes of the meeting, 5 and 7 July 1994, Prague, Czech Republic. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1169-1170.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 ICSB, SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE TAXONOMY OF BRUCELLA: Report of the meeting, 5 September 1986, Manchester, England. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 450-452.
Original article in IJSEM Online
4 OSTERMAN (B.) and MORIYÓN (I.): International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Brucella. Minutes of the meeting, 17 September 2003, Pamplona, Spain. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1173-1175.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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