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Genus Brevibacterium

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 51
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Brevibacterium Breed 1953, genus. (Type genus of the family ¤ Brevibacteriaceae Breed 1953 [Approved Lists 1980]; type genus of the tribe ¤ Brevibacterieae Prévot 1961 [Approved Lists 1980]).
Type species: ¤ Brevibacterium linens (Wolff 1910) Breed 1953 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. adj. brevis, short; L. neut. n. bacterium, a rod; N.L. neut. n. Brevibacterium, a short rod.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BREED (R.S.): The Brevibacteriaceae fam. nov. of order Eubacteriales. Riassunti delle Communicazione VI. Congresso Internazionale di Microbiologia, Roma, 1953, 1, 13-14.

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Brevibacterium acetylicum (Levine and Soppeland 1926) Breed 1957, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 953= CCUG 32630 = CIP 82.109 = DSM 20416 = HAMBI 2009 = IFO (now NBRC) 12146 = JCM 1968.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ019167.
Synonym: "Flavobacterium acetylicum" Levine and Soppeland 1926.
Etymology: N.L. neut. n. acetylum, the organic radical acetyl; L. neut. suff. -icum, adjectival suffix used with the sense of belonging to; N.L. neut. adj. acetylicum, pertaining to acetyl.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 LEVINE (M.) and SOPPELAND (L.): Bacteria creamery wastes. Bulletin of the Iowa State agricultural College, 1926, 77, 1-72. 2 BREED (R.S.): Family IX. Brevibacteriaceae Breed, 1953. In: R.S. BREED, E.G.D. MURRAY and N.R. SMITH (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, seventh edition, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1957, pp. 490-503.

¤ Exiguobacterium acetylicum (Levine and Soppeland 1926) Farrow et al. 1994, comb. nov.

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Brevibacterium albidum Komagata and Iizuka 1964, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 15831= CIP 102693 = DSM 20512 = HAMBI 2039 = IFO (now NBRC) 15078 = JCM 1344 = VKM B-1206.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB046363.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. albidum, whitish, white.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: KOMAGATA (K.) and IIZUKA (H.): New species of Brevibacterium isolated from rice. (Studies on the microorganisms of cereal grains, Part VII). Journal of the Agricultural Chemical Society of Japan, 1964, 38, 496-502.

= ¤ Curtobacterium albidum (Komagata and Iizuka 1964) Yamada and Komagata 1972 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: Brevibacterium albidum Komagata and Iizuka 1964 (Approved Lists 1980) and Curtobacterium albidum (Komagata and Iizuka 1964) Yamada and Komagata 1972 (Approved Lists 1980) have the same type strain and therefore are homotypic synonyms [Rules 24a and 24b (1)].

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Brevibacterium album Tang et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) YIM 90718 = CCTCC AB 206112 = DSM 18261 = JCM 15617 = KCTC 19173.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF158852.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. album, white.
Valid publication: TANG (S.K.), WANG (Y.), SCHUMANN (P.), STACKEBRANDT (E.), LOU (K.), JIANG (C.L.), XU (L.H.) and LI (W.J.): Brevibacterium album sp. nov., a novel actinobacterium isolated from a saline soil in China. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 574-577.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brevibacterium ammoniagenes (Cooke and Keith 1927) Breed 1953, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 6871= CCUG 38796 = CIP 101283 = DSM 20306 = IFO (now NBRC) 12612 = JCM 1305 = NCCB 60030 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 8143 = VKM B-672.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X84440.
Synonym: "Bacterium ammoniagenes" Cooke and Keith 1927.
Etymology:
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 COOKE (J.V.) and KEITH (H.R.): A type of urea-splitting bacterium found in the human intestinal tract. Journal of Bacteriology, 1927, 13, 315-319. 2 BREED (R.S.): The Brevibacteriaceae fam. nov. of order Eubacteriales. Riassunti delle Communicazione VI. Congresso Internazionale di Microbiologia, Roma, 1953, 1, 13-14.

¤ Corynebacterium ammoniagenes (Cooke and Keith 1927) Collins 1987, comb. nov.

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Brevibacterium ammoniilyticum Kim et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) A1 = JCM 17537 = KACC 15558 = KEMC 41-098.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JF937067.
Etymology: N.L. n. ammonium, ammonia; N.L. neut. adj. lyticum (from Gr. neut. adj. lutikon), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. neut. adj. ammoniilyticum, ammonia-degrading, to reflect the activity of the bacterium.
Valid publication: KIM (J.), SRINIVASAN (S.), YOU (T.), BANG (J.J.), PARK (S.) and LEE (S.S.): Brevibacterium ammoniilyticum sp. nov., an ammonia-degrading bacterium isolated from sludge of a wastewater treatment plant. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 1111-1118.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brevibacterium antiquum Gavrish et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JCM 13317 = LMG 22206 = UCM Ac-411 = VKM Ac-2118.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY243344.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. antiquum, old, ancient.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 101. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1-2.
Effective publication: GAVRISH (E.Y.), KRAUZOVA (V.I.), POTEKHINA (N.V.), KARASEV (S.G.), PLOTNIKOVA (E.G.), ALTYNTSEVA (O.V.), KOROSTELEVA (L.A.) and EVTUSHENKO (L.I.): Three new species of brevibacteria, Brevibacterium antiquum sp. nov., Brevibacterium aurantiacum sp. nov., and Brevibacterium permense sp. nov. Mikrobiologiya, 2004, 73, 218-225 (in Russian); English translation: Microbiology, 2004, 73, 176-183.
Validation List no. 101 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 The culture collection accession number LMG 22206 has been provided on request for validation.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 101 (footnote ‡). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1-2.
Validation List no. 101 in IJSEM Online
2 The specific epithet antiquum is a "Latin adjective in the neuter gender", not a "modern noun adjective" (sic) as cited in the paper by Gavrish et al. 2005.

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Brevibacterium aurantiacum Gavrish et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 9175= JCM 2590 = LMG 22546 = NCDO 739 (now NCIMB 8546) = VKM Ac-2111.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X76566.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. aurantiacum, orange-colored.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 101. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1-2.
Effective publication: GAVRISH (E.Y.), KRAUZOVA (V.I.), POTEKHINA (N.V.), KARASEV (S.G.), PLOTNIKOVA (E.G.), ALTYNTSEVA (O.V.), KOROSTELEVA (L.A.) and EVTUSHENKO (L.I.): Three new species of brevibacteria, Brevibacterium antiquum sp. nov., Brevibacterium aurantiacum sp. nov., and Brevibacterium permense sp. nov. Mikrobiologiya, 2004, 73, 218-225 (in Russian); English translation: Microbiology, 2004, 73, 176-183.
Validation List no. 101 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The culture collection accession number LMG 22546 has been provided on request for validation.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 101 (footnote §). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1-2.
Validation List no. 101 in IJSEM Online

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Brevibacterium avium Pascual and Collins 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCUG 43455 = CIP 106532 = JCM 11680 = NCIMB 703055.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y17962.
Etymology: L. n. avis, a bird; L. gen. pl. n. avium, of birds.
Valid publication: PASCUAL (C.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Brevibacterium avium sp. nov., isolated from poultry. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1527-1530.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brevibacterium casei Collins et al. 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 35513= CCM 4100 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 12214 = CCUG 29001 = CIP 102111 = DSM 20657 = IFO (now NBRC) 14812 = IMET 10997 = JCM 2594 = KCTC 3082 = KCTC 3085 = NCIMB 702048 (formerly NCDO 2048) = VKM Ac-2114.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ251418.
Etymology: L. n. caseus, cheese; L. gen. n. casei, of cheese.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 12. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 896-897.
Effective publication: COLLINS (M.D.), FARROW (J.A.E.), GOODFELLOW (M.) and MINNIKIN (D.E.): Brevibacterium casei sp. nov. and Brevibacterium epidermidis sp. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 388-395.
Validation List no. 12 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 The species Brevibacterium casei [effective publication: Collins et al. 1983, type strain: strain CMD1 = NCIMB 702048 (formerly NCDO 2048)] appears also on the Validation List no. 13 [1]. The date of valid publication of this name is in fact that of the first citation in a Validation List (List no. 12, published 17 October 1983) [2].
References:
1 Validation List no. 13. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 91-92.
Validation List no. 13 in IJSEM Online
2 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and KUDO (T.): Corrigenda to the Validation Lists. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1933-1938.
Original article by Euzéby and Kudo in IJSEM Online
2 Brevibacterium casei Collins et al. 1983 was previously known as CDC coryneform groups B-1 and B-3.

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Brevibacterium celere Ivanova et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC BAA-809 = DSM 15453 = JCM 13521 = KMM 3637.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY228463.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. celere, rapid, indicating the rapid growth on nutrient media.
Valid publication: IVANOVA (E.P.), CHRISTEN (R.), ALEXEEVA (Y.V.), ZHUKOVA (N.V.), GORSHKOVA (N.M.), LYSENKO (A.M.), MIKHAILOV (V.V.) and NICOLAU (D.V.): Brevibacterium celere sp. nov., isolated from degraded thallus of a brown alga. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 2107-2111.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brevibacterium citreum Komagata and Iizuka 1964, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 15828= CCUG 12163 = CCUG 28999 = CIP 81.26 = DSM 20528 = IFO (now NBRC) 12677 = JCM 1345 = LMG 8786 = VKM B-1207.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X77436.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. citreum, of or pertaining to the citrus-tree, intended to mean lemon colored.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: KOMAGATA (K.) and IIZUKA (H.): New species of Brevibacterium isolated from rice. (Studies on the microorganisms of cereal grains, Part VII). Journal of the Agricultural Chemical Society of Japan, 1964, 38, 496-502.

= ¤ Curtobacterium citreum (Komagata and Iizuka 1964) Yamada and Komagata 1972 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: Brevibacterium citreum Komagata and Iizuka 1964 (Approved Lists 1980) and Curtobacterium citreum (Komagata and Iizuka 1964) Yamada and Komagata 1972 (Approved Lists 1980) have the same type strain and therefore are homotypic synonyms [Rules 24a and 24b (1)].

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Brevibacterium daeguense Cui et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 2C6-41 = JCM 17458 = KCTC 19800.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HQ246162.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. daeguense, of or belonging to Daegu, Korea, from where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: CUI (Y.), KANG (M.S.), WOO (S.G.), JIN (L.), KIM (K.K.), PARK (J.), LEE (M.) and LEE (S.T.): Brevibacterium daeguense sp. nov. a nitrate-reducing bacterium isolated from a 4-chlorophenol enrichment culture. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 152-157.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brevibacterium divaricatum Su and Yamada 1960, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 14020= JCM 1307.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not found.
Etymology:
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: SU (Y.) and YAMADA (K.): Studies on L-glutamic acid fermentation. Part I. Isolation of a L-glutamic acid producing strain and its taxonomical studies. Bulletin of the Agricultural Chemical Society of Japan, 1960, 24, 69-74.

¤ Corynebacterium glutamicum (Kinoshita et al. 1958) Abe et al. 1967 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: The type strain of Brevibacterium divaricatum is transferred to the species Corynebacterium glutamicum. So, according to Rule 37a, the name Brevibacterium divaricatum must be changed to Corynebacterium glutamicum.
Reference: LIEBL (W.), EHRMANN (M.), LUDWIG (W.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Transfer of Brevibacterium divaricatum DSM 20297T, "Brevibacterium flavum" DSM 20411, "Brevibacterium lactofermentum" DSM 20412 and DSM 1412, and Corynebacterium lilium DSM 20137T to Corynebacterium glutamicum and their distinction by rRNA gene restriction patterns. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 255-260.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brevibacterium epidermidis Collins et al. 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 35514= CCM 4098 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 12215 = CCUG 30540 = CIP 102110 = DSM 20660 = IFO (now NBRC) 14811 = IMET 10998 = JCM 2593 = KCTC 3090 = NCIMB 702286 (formerly NCDO 2286) = NCTC 12997 = VKM Ac-2108.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X76565.
Etymology: Gr. n. epidermida, the outer skin; N.L. gen. n. epidermidis, of the epidermis.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 12. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 896-897.
Effective publication: COLLINS (M.D.), FARROW (J.A.E.), GOODFELLOW (M.) and MINNIKIN (D.E.): Brevibacterium casei sp. nov. and Brevibacterium epidermidis sp. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 388-395.
Validation List no. 12 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The species Brevibacterium epidermidis [effective publication: Collins et al. 1983, type strain: strain D731 = NCIMB 702286 (formerly NCDO 2286)] appears also on the Validation List no. 13 [1]. The date of valid publication of this name is in fact that of the first citation in a Validation List (List no. 12, published 17 October 1983) [2].
References:
1 Validation List no. 13. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 91-92.
Validation List no. 13 in IJSEM Online
2 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and KUDO (T.): Corrigenda to the Validation Lists. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1933-1938.
Original article by Euzéby and Kudo in IJSEM Online

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Brevibacterium fermentans Chatelain and Second 1966, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CIP 66.11.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not found.
Etymology: L. part. adj. fermentans, fermenting.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: CHATELAIN (R.) and SECOND (L.): Taxonomie numérique de quelques Brevibacterium. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris), 1966, 111, 630-644.

Note: In the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, the type strain is erroneously cited as CIP 6611.
Reference: KUDO (T.): Personal communication (March 07, 2003).

¤ Cellulomonas cellulans (Metcalf and Brown 1957) Stackebrandt and Keddie 1988, comb. nov.

Note: E. Stackebrandt et al. 1982 [1] proposed combining Brevibacterium fermentans, ¤ Brevibacterium lyticum, ¤ Nocardia cellulans, ¤ Oerskovia xanthineolytica, and ¤ Cellulomonas cartae in one species which was named ¤ Cellulomonas cartae Stackebrandt and Kandler 1980. The proposal to combine all five species under the name Cellulomonas cartae is not in accordance with the Bacteriological Code because the specific epithet cellulans in Nocardia cellulans Metcalf and Brown 1957 has priority over the specific epithet cartae in Cellulomonas cartae Stackebrandt and Kandler 1980 [Rules 38 and 42]. Therefore, the name of the taxon under which they are united is ¤ Cellulomonas cellulans (Metcalf and Brown 1957) Stackebrandt and Keddie 1988 [2, 3].
References:
1 STACKEBRANDT (E.), SEILER (H.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Union of the genera Cellulomonas Bergey et al. and Oerskovia Prauser et al. in a redefined genus Cellulomonas. Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig., 1982, C3, 401-409.
2 STACKEBRANDT (E.) and KEDDIE (R.M.): Genus Cellulomonas Bergey et al. 1923, 154, emend. mut. char. Clark 1952, 50AL. In: P.H.A. SNEATH, N.S. MAIR, M.E. SHARPE and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 2, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1986, pp. 1325-1329.
3 Validation List no. 25. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 220-222.

¤ Cellulosimicrobium cellulans (Metcalf and Brown 1957) Schumann et al. 2001, comb. nov.

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Brevibacterium frigoritolerans Delaporte and Sasson 1967, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 25097= CCUG 43489 = CIP 67.20 = DSM 8801 = JCM 11681.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM747813.
Etymology: L. n. frigor, cold; L. part. adj. tolerans, tolerating; N.L. part. adj. frigoritolerans, cold-tolerating.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: DELAPORTE (B.) and SASSON (A.): Étude de bactéries des sols arides du Maroc: Brevibacterium halotolerans n. sp. et Brevibacterium frigoritolerans n. sp. Compte Rendu de l'Académie des Sciences, Paris, Séries D, 1967, 264, 2257-2260.

Note: According to J. Swiderski (DSMZ), the type strain DSM 8801 (= ATCC 25097= CCUG 43489 = CIP 67.20 = JCM 11681) is misclassified as Brevibacterium sp. This strain has been identified as Bacillus sp. at DSMZ. See (i) DSMZ, and (ii) NCBI, Entrez Nucleotide.

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Brevibacterium halotolerans Delaporte and Sasson 1967, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 25096= CIP 67.21 = DSM 8802 = JCM 12400.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM747812.
Etymology: Gr. n. hals halos, salt; L. part. adj. tolerans, tolerating; N.L. part. adj. halotolerans, salt tolerating.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: DELAPORTE (B.) and SASSON (A.): Étude de bactéries des sols arides du Maroc: Brevibacterium halotolerans n. sp. et Brevibacterium frigoritolerans n. sp. Compte Rendu de l'Académie des Sciences, Paris, Séries D, 1967, 264, 2257-2260.


Note: According to Dunlap et al. (2016), Bacillus axarquiensis, Bacillus malacitensis and Brevibacterium halotolerans are conspecific and distinct from Bacillus mojavensis; Bacillus malacitensis and Brevibacterium halotolerans are synonyms of Bacillus axarquiensis.
Reference: DUNLAP, C. A., BOWMAN, M. J., SCHISLER, D. A. and ROONEY, A. P. 2016. Genome analysis shows Bacillus axarquiensis is not a later heterotypic synonym of Bacillus mojavensis; reclassification of Bacillus malacitensis and Brevibacterium halotolerans as heterotypic synonyms of Bacillus axarquiensis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 2438-2443. \
Article in IJSEM Online


Note: According to Tindall (2017), Bacillus axarquiensis Ruiz-García et al. 2005, Bacillus malacitensis Ruiz-García et al. 2005 and Brevibacterium halotolerans Delaporte and Sasson 1967 (Approved Lists 1980) are heterotypic synonyms, necessitating the creation of the combination Bacillus halotolerans (Delaporte and Sasson 1967).
Reference: TINDALL, B. J. 2017. The consequences of Bacillus axarquiensis Ruiz-García et al. 2005, Bacillus malacitensis Ruiz-García et al. 2005 and Brevibacterium halotolerans Delaporte and Sasson 1967 (Approved Lists 1980) being treated as heterotypic synonyms. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 67, 175-176.
Article in IJSEM Online

¤ Bacillus halotolerans (Delaporte and Sasson 1967, Approved Lists 1980) Tindall 2017, comb. nov.

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Brevibacterium imperiale (Steinhaus 1941) Breed 1953, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 8365= CIP 82.108 = DSM 20530 = HAMBI 117 = IFO (now NBRC) 12610 = JCM 1378 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 9888 = VKM Ac-1447.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X77442.
Synonym: "Bacterium imperiale" Steinhaus 1941.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. imperiale, imperial, named after specific epithet of name of insect host (Eacles imperialis Dru).
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 STEINHAUS (E.A.): A study of the bacteria associated with thirty species of insects. Journal of Bacteriology, 1941, 42, 757-790. 2 BREED (R.S.): The Brevibacteriaceae fam. nov. of order Eubacteriales. Riassunti delle Communicazione VI. Congresso Internazionale di Microbiologia, Roma, 1953, 1, 13-14.

¤ Microbacterium imperiale (Steinhaus 1941) Collins et al. 1983, comb. nov.

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Brevibacterium incertum (Steinhaus 1941) Breed 1953, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 8363= CCUG 38799 = CIP 104227 = CIP 106501 = DSM 20581 = IFO (now NBRC) 12145 = JCM 1969 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 9892.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y17300.
Synonym: "Bacterium incertum" Steinhaus 1941.
Etymology:   L. neut. adj. incertum, not firmly established, uncertain, undetermined, doubtful, dubious.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 STEINHAUS (E.A.): A study of the bacteria associated with thirty species of insects. Journal of Bacteriology, 1941, 42, 757-790. 2 BREED (R.S.): The Brevibacteriaceae fam. nov. of order Eubacteriales. Riassunti delle Communicazione VI. Congresso Internazionale di Microbiologia, Roma, 1953, 1, 13-14.

¤ Desemzia incerta (Steinhaus 1941) Stackebrandt et al. 1999, comb. nov.

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Brevibacterium iodinum (ex Davis 1939) Collins et al. 1981, nom. rev., comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 49514= BCRC (formerly CCRC) 12216 = DSM 20626 = IFO (now NBRC) 15230 = IMET 10995 = JCM 2591 = KCTC 3083 = NCIMB 700613 (formerly NCDO 613) = NCTC 12955 = NRRL B-1717 = VKM Ac-2106.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X83813.
Synonym: "Chromobacterium iodinum" Davis 1939.
Etymology: N.L. n. iodinum, iodine.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 6. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 215-218.
Effective publication: COLLINS (M.D.), JONES (D.), KEDDIE (R.M.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Reclassification of Chromobacterium iodinum (Davis) in a redefined genus Brevibacterium (Breed) as Brevibacterium iodinum nom. rev.; comb. nov. J. Gen. Microbiol., 1980, 120, 1-10.
Validation List no. 6 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Brevibacterium jeotgali Choi et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SJ5-8=KACC 16911=JCM 18571.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JX152779.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. jeotgali, of jeotgal, from which the organism was isolated.
Source: Food.
Valid publication: CHOI, E. J., LEE, S. H., JUNG, J. Y. and JEON, C. O. 2013. Brevibacterium jeotgali sp. nov., isolated from jeotgal, a traditional Korean fermented seafood. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 3430-3436.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brevibacterium linens (Wolff 1910) Breed 1953, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 9172= CIP 101125 = DSM 20425 = HAMBI 2038 = IFO (now NBRC) 12142 = JCM 1327 = NRRL B-4210 = VKM Ac-2112.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X77451.
Synonym: "Bacterium linens" Wolff 1910.
Etymology: L. part. adj. linens, spreading over, smearing.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 WOLFF (M.): Über eine neve Krankheit der Raupe von Bupalus piniarius L. Mitteilungen des Kaiser-Wilhelm-Instituts fur Landwirtschaft in Bromberg, 1910, 3, 69-92. 2 BREED (R.S.): The Brevibacteriaceae fam. nov. of order Eubacteriales. Riassunti delle Communicazione VI. Congresso Internazionale di Microbiologia, Roma, 1953, 1, 13-14.

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Brevibacterium liquefaciens Okabayashi and Masuo 1960, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 14929= CCUG 43493 = CIP 104276 = DSM 20579 = JCM 1970 = LMG 16159.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ251417.
Etymology: L. part. adj. liquefaciens (from L. v. liquefacio), liquefying.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: OKABAYASHI (T.) and MASUO (E.): Occurrence of nucleotides in the culture fluid of microorganisms. I. Screening of purine auxotrophs of Escherichia coli. Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin (Tokyo), 1960, 8, 1084-1088.

¤ Corynebacterium liquefaciens (Okabayashi and Masuo 1960) Lanéelle et al. 1980, comb. nov.

Brevibacterium liquefaciens Okabayashi and Masuo 1960 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: The strain ATCC 14929used by M.A. Lanéelle et al. [1] was mislabeled. With a new copy of the type strain ATCC 14929, the results were unlike those reported by M.A. Lanéelle et al. [1]. The authors, therefore, withdraw all of theirs recommendations for the assignment of Brevibacterium liquefaciens to the genus Corynebacterium [2].
References:
1 LANÉELLE (M.A.), ASSELINEAU (J.), WELBY (M.), NORGARD (M.V.), IMAEDA (T.), POLLICE (M.C.) and BARKSDALE (L.): Biological and chemical bases for the reclassification of Brevibacterium vitarumen (Bechdel et al.) Breed (Approved Lists, 1980) as Corynebacterium vitarumen (Bechdel et al.) comb. nov. and Brevibacterium liquefaciens Okabayashi and Masuo (Approved Lists, 1980) as Corynebacterium liquefaciens (Okabayashi and Masuo) comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 539-546.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 Erratum (Author's correction). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 274.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Arthrobacter nicotianae Giovannozzi-Sermanni 1959 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: According to Gelsomino et al. 2004, Brevibacterium liquefaciens Okabayashi and Masuo 1960 (Approved Lists 1980) is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Arthrobacter nicotianae Giovannozzi-Sermanni 1959 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: GELSOMINO (R.), VANCANNEYT (M.) and SWINGS (J.): Reclassification of Brevibacterium liquefaciens Okabayashi and Masuo 1960 as Arthrobacter nicotianae Giovannozzi-Sermanni 1959. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 615-616.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brevibacterium luteolum corrig. Wauters et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CF87 = CCUG 46604 = DSM 15022 = JCM 12367.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ488509.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. luteolum, yellowish, because colonies exhibit a yellow pigment.
Valid publication: WAUTERS (G.), AVESANI (V.), LAFFINEUR (K.), CHARLIER (J.), JANSSENS (M.), VAN BOSTERHAUT (B.) and DELMÉE (M.): Brevibacterium lutescens sp. nov., from human and environmental samples. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1321-1325.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Wauters et al. 2003 proposed the specific epithet lutescens. However, lutescens (L. part. adj. from L. v. lutesco) means becoming muddy, not yellowish as cited in the paper by Wauters et al. Consequently, this specific epithet has been corrected on notification with the authors' agreement.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Notification List Notification that new names and new combinations have appeared in volume 53, part 5 of the IJSEM (footnote *). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 3-6.
Notification List in IJSEM Online

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Brevibacterium lutescens Wauters et al. 2003, sp. nov., see ¤ Brevibacterium luteolum corrig.

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Brevibacterium luteum Komagata and Iizuka 1964, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 15830= CCUG 23848 = CIP 102694 = DSM 20542 = IAM 1623 = IFO (now NBRC) 12676 = JCM 1480 = LMG 8787 = VKM B-1210.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X77437.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. luteum, golden-yellow, saffron-yellow.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: KOMAGATA (K.) and IIZUKA (H.): New species of Brevibacterium isolated from rice. (Studies on the microorganisms of cereal grains, Part VII). Journal of the Agricultural Chemical Society of Japan, 1964, 38, 496-502.

= ¤ Curtobacterium luteum (Komagata and Iizuka 1964) Yamada and Komagata 1972 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: Brevibacterium luteum Komagata and Iizuka 1964 (Approved Lists 1980) and Curtobacterium luteum (Komagata and Iizuka 1964) Yamada and Komagata 1972 (Approved Lists 1980) have the same type strain and therefore are homotypic synonyms [Rules 24a and 24b (1)].

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Brevibacterium lyticum Takayama et al. 1960, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 15921= CGMCC 1.1920 = JCM 1972.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU208866.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. lyticum (from Gr. neut. adj. lutikon), able to loosen, able to dissolve.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: TAKAYAMA (K.), UDAGAWA (K.) and ABE (S.): Studies on the lytic enzyme produced by Brevibacterium. Part 1. Production of the lytic substance. Journal of the Agricultural Chemical Society of Japan, 1960, 34, 652-656.

¤ Cellulomonas cellulans (Metcalf and Brown 1957) Stackebrandt and Keddie 1988, comb. nov.

Note: E. Stackebrandt et al. 1982 [1] proposed combining Brevibacterium lyticum, ¤ Brevibacterium fermentans, ¤ Nocardia cellulans, ¤ Oerskovia xanthineolytica, and ¤ Cellulomonas cartae in one species which was named ¤ Cellulomonas cartae Stackebrandt and Kandler 1980. The proposal to combine all five species under the name Cellulomonas cartae is not in accordance with the Bacteriological Code because the specific epithet cellulans in Nocardia cellulans Metcalf and Brown 1957 has priority over the specific epithet cartae in Cellulomonas cartae Stackebrandt and Kandler 1980 [Rules 38 and 42]. Therefore, the name of the taxon under which they are united is ¤ Cellulomonas cellulans (Metcalf and Brown 1957) Stackebrandt and Keddie 1988 [2, 3].
References:
1 STACKEBRANDT (E.), SEILER (H.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Union of the genera Cellulomonas Bergey et al. and Oerskovia Prauser et al. in a redefined genus Cellulomonas. Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig., 1982, C3, 401-409.
2 STACKEBRANDT (E.) and KEDDIE (R.M.): Genus Cellulomonas Bergey et al. 1923, 154, emend. mut. char. Clark 1952, 50AL. In: P.H.A. SNEATH, N.S. MAIR, M.E. SHARPE and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 2, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1986, pp. 1325-1329.
3 Validation List no. 25. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 220-222.

¤ Cellulosimicrobium cellulans (Metcalf and Brown 1957) Schumann et al. 2001, comb. nov.

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Brevibacterium marinum Lee 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) HFW-26 = DSM 18964 = JBRI 2001 = JCM 15618 = KCTC 19221.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM421807.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. marinum, of the sea, marine.
Valid publication: LEE (S.D.): Brevibacterium marinum sp. nov., isolated from seawater. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 500-504.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brevibacterium massiliense Roux and Raoult 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 5401308 = CCUG 53855 = CIP 109422 = CSUR P26 = JCM 18108.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU868814.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. massiliense, pertaining to Massilia, the old Roman name for Marseille, where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: ROUX (V.) and RAOULT (D.): Brevibacterium massiliense sp. nov., isolated from a human ankle discharge. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1960-1964.
Original article in IJSEM Online


Note: According to an analysis by Bernard et al. (2016), the name Brevibacterium massiliense is a later heterotypic synonym of Brevibacterium ravenspurgense.
Reference: BERNARD, K. A., PACHECO, A. L., BURDZ, T., WIEBE, D., HUYNH, C., BONNER, C., GERMAN, G. J. and BERNIER, A. M. 2016. Brevibacterium massiliense (Roux and Raoult 2009) is a later heterotypic synonym of Brevibacterium ravenspurgense (Mages, Frodl, Bernard and Funke 2009), using whole-genome sequence analysis as a comparative tool. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 4440-4444.
Article in IJSEM Online

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Brevibacterium mcbrellneri McBride et al. 1994, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) E2cr = ATCC 49030= CCUG 37313 = DSM 9583 = JCM 11682.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X93594.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. mcbrellneri, of McBrEllner, named for two of the authors (McBride and Ellner) of the publication describing its isolation and characteristics.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 51. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 852.
Effective publication: McBRIDE (M.E.), ELLNER (K.M.), BLACK (H.S.), CLARRIDGE (J.E.) and WOLF (J.E.): A new Brevibacterium sp. isolated from infected genital hair of patients with white piedra. J. Med. Microbiol., 1993, 39, 225-261.
Validation List no. 51 in IJSEM Online

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Brevibacterium oceani Bhadra et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) BBH7 = LMG 23457 = IAM 15353 = JCM 21798.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM158906.
Etymology: L. gen. n. oceani, of the ocean.
Valid publication: BHADRA (B.), RAGHUKUMAR (C.), PINDI (P.K.) and SHIVAJI (S.): Brevibacterium oceani sp. nov., isolated from deep-sea sediment of the Chagos Trench, Indian Ocean. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 57-60.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brevibacterium otitidis Pascual et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) A37/73 = ATCC 700348= CCUG 37257 = CIP 105044 = DSM 10718 = JCM 11683 = NCIMB 703053 (formerly NCFB 3053).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF133534.
Etymology: Gr. n. ous otos, ear; L. suff. -itis -idis, suffix used in names of inflammations; N.L. gen. n. otitidis, of inflammation of the ear.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 59. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 1189-1190.
Effective publication: PASCUAL (C.), COLLINS (M.D.), FUNKE (G.) and PITCHER (D.G.): Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of two Brevibacterium strains from the human ear: description of Brevibacterium otitidis sp. nov. Med. Microbiol. Lett., 1996, 5, 113-123.
Validation List no. 59 in IJSEM Online

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Brevibacterium oxydans Chatelain and Second 1966, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DSM 20578 = CIP 66.12 = IFO (now NBRC) 15586 = JCM 12414 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 9944 = VKM Ac-2116.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y17227.
Etymology: N.L. v. oxydo (from Gr. adj. oxus, sour, acid), to oxidize; N.L. part. adj. oxydans, oxidizing.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: CHATELAIN (R.) and SECOND (L.): Taxonomie numérique de quelques Brevibacterium. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris), 1966, 111, 630-644.

¤ Microbacterium oxydans (Chatelain and Second 1966) Schumann et al. 1999, comb. nov.

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Brevibacterium paucivorans Wauters et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CF62 = CCUG 45688 = DSM 13657 = JCM 11567 = LMG 19814.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ251463.
Etymology: L. adj. paucus, little; L. part. adj. vorans, eating; N.L. part. ad. paucivorans, eating little, because few substrates are assimilated.
Valid publication: WAUTERS (G.), CHARLIER (J.), JANSSENS (M.) and DELMÉE (M.): Brevibacterium paucivorans sp. nov., from human clinical specimens. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1703-1707.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brevibacterium permense Gavrish et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JCM 13318 = LMG 22207 = UCM Ac-413 = VKM Ac-2280.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY243343.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. permense, pertaining to Perm, a region of Russia.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 101. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1-2.
Effective publication: GAVRISH (E.Y.), KRAUZOVA (V.I.), POTEKHINA (N.V.), KARASEV (S.G.), PLOTNIKOVA (E.G.), ALTYNTSEVA (O.V.), KOROSTELEVA (L.A.) and EVTUSHENKO (L.I.): Three new species of brevibacteria, Brevibacterium antiquum sp. nov., Brevibacterium aurantiacum sp. nov., and Brevibacterium permense sp. nov. Mikrobiologiya, 2004, 73, 218-225 (in Russian); English translation: Microbiology, 2004, 73, 176-183.
Validation List no. 101 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The culture collection accession number LMG 22207 has been provided on request for validation.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 101 (footnote ||). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1-2.
Validation List no. 101 in IJSEM Online

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Brevibacterium picturae Heyrman et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DSM 16132 = JCM 13319 = LMG 22061.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ620364.
Etymology: L. gen. n. picturae, of a painting.
Valid publication: HEYRMAN (J.), VERBEEREN (J.), SCHUMANN (P.), DEVOS (J.), SWINGS (J.) and DE VOS (P.): Brevibacterium picturae sp. nov., isolated from a damaged mural painting at the Saint-Catherine chapel (Castle Herberstein, Austria). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1537-1541.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brevibacterium pityocampae Kati et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Tp12 = DSM 21720 = JCM 17808 = NCCB 100255.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU484189.
Etymology: L. fem. n. pityocampa, a pine grub; L. fem. gen. n. pityocampae, of a pine grub, referring to the isolation of the type strain from larvae of Thaumetopoea pityocampa.
Valid publication: KATI (H.), INCE (I.A.), DEMIR (I.) and DEMIRBAG (Z.): Brevibacterium pityocampae sp. nov., isolated from caterpillars of Thaumetopoea pityocampa (Lepidoptera, Thaumetopoeidae). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 312-316.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brevibacterium protophormiae Lysenko 1959, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 19271= CIP 106987 = DSM 20168 = IFO (now NBRC) 12128 = JCM 1973 = LMG 16324 = VKM Ac-2104.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X80745.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. protophormiae, of Protophormia (a genus of dipteran insects), isolated from Protophormia terraenovae.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: LYSENKO (O.): The occurrence of species of the genus Brevibacterium in insects. Journal of Insect Pathology, 1959, 1, 34-42.

¤ Arthrobacter protophormiae (Lysenko 1959) Stackebrandt et al. 1984, comb. nov.

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Brevibacterium pusillum Iizuka and Komagata 1965, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 19096= CIP 81.24 = DSM 20527 = IFO (now NBRC) 12674 = JCM 1350 = LMG 8788 = VKM Ac-2099.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ784400.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. pusillum, very small.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: IIZUKA (H.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Microbiological studies on petroleum and natural gas. III. Determination of Brevibacterium, Arthrobacter, Micrococcus, Sarcina, Alcaligenes and Achromobacter isolated from oil-brines in Japan. Journal of General and Applied Microbiology, 1965, 11, 1-14.

= ¤ Curtobacterium pusillum (Iizuka and Komagata 1965) Yamada and Komagata 1972 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: Brevibacterium pusillum Iizuka and Komagata 1965 (Approved Lists 1980) and Curtobacterium pusillum (Iizuka and Komagata 1965) Yamada and Komagata 1972 (Approved Lists 1980) have the same type strain and therefore are homotypic synonyms [Rules 24a and 24b (1)].

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Brevibacterium ravenspurgense Mages et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCUG 56047 = DSM 21258.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU086793.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: LQQC00000000.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. ravenspurgense, pertaining to Ravenspurgum, latin name of the town Ravensburg, Germany, where the type strain of this species was isolated.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 125. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1-2.
Effective publication: MAGES (I.S.), FRODL (R.), BERNARD (K.A.) and FUNKE (G.): Identities of Arthrobacter spp. and Arthrobacter-like bacteria encountered in human clinical specimens. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2008, 46, 2980-2986.
Validation List no. 125 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Brevibacterium ravenspurgense Mages et al. 2009 emend. Bernard et al. 2016.
Reference: BERNARD, K. A., PACHECO, A. L., BURDZ, T., WIEBE, D., HUYNH, C., BONNER, C., GERMAN, G. J. and BERNIER, A. M. 2016. Brevibacterium massiliense (Roux and Raoult 2009) is a later heterotypic synonym of Brevibacterium ravenspurgense (Mages, Frodl, Bernard and Funke 2009), using whole-genome sequence analysis as a comparative tool. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 4440-4444.
Original article.


Note: According to an analysis by Bernard et al. (2016), the name Brevibacterium massiliense is a later heterotypic synonym of Brevibacterium ravenspurgense.
Reference: BERNARD, K. A., PACHECO, A. L., BURDZ, T., WIEBE, D., HUYNH, C., BONNER, C., GERMAN, G. J. and BERNIER, A. M. 2016. Brevibacterium massiliense (Roux and Raoult 2009) is a later heterotypic synonym of Brevibacterium ravenspurgense (Mages, Frodl, Bernard and Funke 2009), using whole-genome sequence analysis as a comparative tool. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 4440-4444.
Article in IJSEM Online

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Brevibacterium salitolerans Guan et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) TRM 415 = CCTCC AB 208328 = JCM 15900 = KCTC 19616.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU117109.
Etymology: L. n. sal salis, salt; L. part. adj. tolerans, tolerating; N.L. part. adj. salitolerans, salt tolerating, originating from a saline habitat.
Valid publication: GUAN (T.W.), ZHAO (K.), XIAO (J.), LIU (Y.), XIA (Z.F.), ZHANG (X.P.) and ZHANG (L.L.): Brevibacterium salitolerans sp. nov., an actinobacterium isolated from salt-lake sediment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2991-2995.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brevibacterium samyangense Lee 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SST-8 = JCM 14546 = NRRL B-41420 = KCCM 42316.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ344485.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. samyangense, of Samyang Beach, Jeju, Republic of Korea, from where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: LEE (S.D.): Brevibacterium samyangense sp. nov., an actinomycete isolated from a beach sediment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1889-1892.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brevibacterium sandarakinum Kämpfer et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 01-Je-003 = CCM 7649 = DSM 22082.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FN293377.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. sandarakinum (from Gr. adj. sandarakinos -e -on), of light-red colour.
Valid publication: KÄMPFER (P.), SCHÄFER (J.), LODDERS (N.) and BUSSE (H.J.): Brevibacterium sandarakinum sp. nov., isolated from a wall of an indoor environment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 909-913.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brevibacterium sanguinis Wauters et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CF63 = CCUG 47857 = DSM 15677 = JCM 13386.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ564859.
Etymology: L. gen. n. sanguinis, of blood, because most strains were from blood.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 99. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1425-1426.
Effective publication: WAUTERS (G.), HAASE (G.), AVESANI (V.), CHARLIER (J.), JANSSENS (M.), VAN BROECK (J.) and DELMÉE (M.): Identification of a novel Brevibacterium species isolated from humans and description of Brevibacterium sanguinis sp. nov. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2004, 42, 2829-2832.
Validation List no. 99 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Brevibacterium saperdae Lysenko 1959, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 19272= CCUG 33092 = CCEB 366 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 12119 = CIP 104420 = DSM 20169 = HAMBI 1890 = IAM 12547 = IFO (now NBRC) 15038 = IMET 11076 = JCM 1352 = LMG 16343 = NRRL B-14833 = VKM Ac-1414.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB004719.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. saperdae, of Saperda (scientific name of a genus of insects), isolated from Saperda caracharias.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: LYSENKO (O.): The occurrence of species of the genus Brevibacterium in insects. Journal of Insect Pathology, 1959, 1, 34-42.

= ¤ Curtobacterium saperdae (Lysenko 1959) Yamada and Komagata 1972 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: Brevibacterium saperdae Lysenko 1959 (Approved Lists 1980) and Curtobacterium saperdae (Lysenko 1959) Yamada and Komagata 1972 (Approved Lists 1980) have the same type strain and therefore are homotypic synonyms [Rules 24a and 24b (1)].

¤ Aureobacterium saperdae (Lysenko 1959) Collins et al. 1983, comb. nov.

¤ Microbacterium saperdae (Lysenko 1959) Takeuchi and Hatano 1998, comb. nov.

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Brevibacterium sediminis Chen et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) FXJ8.269=CGMCC 1.15472=DSM 102229.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KX356313.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: .
Etymology: L. gen. n. sediminis, of sediment.
Source: Environmental - marine.
Valid publication: CHEN, P., ZHANG, L., WANG, J., RUAN, J., HAN, X. and HUANG, Y. 2016. Brevibacterium sediminis sp. nov., isolated from deep-sea sediments from the Carlsberg and Southwest Indian Ridges. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 5268-5274.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brevibacterium senegalense Kokcha et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JC43=CSUR P155=DSM 25783 .
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JF824806.
Etymology: L. gen. neut. n. senegalense, pertaining to, or originating from Senegal, the country from which the specimen was isolated.
Source: Human.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 153. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63 (2013), 3131-3134.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: KOKCHA, S., RAMASAMY, D., LAGIER, J.-C., ROBERT, C., RAOULT, D. and FOURNIER, P.-E. 2012. Non-contiguous-finished genome sequence and description of Brevibacterium senegalense sp. nov. Stand. Genomic Sci., 7, 233-245.
Effective publication Online

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Brevibacterium siliguriense Kumar et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MB18 = DSM 23676 = LMG 25772.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM937247.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. siliguriense, of or pertaining to the town Siliguri, the location from where the water sample was collected.
Valid publication: KUMAR (A.), INCE (I.A.), KATI (A.) and CHAKRABORTY (R.): Brevibacterium siliguriense sp. nov., a facultatively oligotrophic bacterium isolated from river water. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 511-515.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brevibacterium stationis (ZoBell and Upham 1944) Breed 1953, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 14403= CCUG 43497 = CIP 104228 = DSM 20302 = IFO (now NBRC) 12144 = JCM 11611 = VKM B-1228.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ172667.
Synonym: "Achromobacter stationis" ZoBell and Upham 1944.
Etymology: L. n. statio -onis, that which is fixed in position, a station; L. gen. n. stationis, of a fixed position.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 ZOBELL (C.E.) and UPHAM (H.C.): A list of marine bacteria including descriptions of sixty new species. Bulletin Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California (Technical Series), 1944, 5, 239-292. 2 BREED (R.S.): The Brevibacteriaceae fam. nov. of order Eubacteriales. Riassunti delle Communicazione VI. Congresso Internazionale di Microbiologia, Roma, 1953, 1, 13-14.

¤ Corynebacterium stationis (ZoBell and Upham 1944) Bernard et al. 2010, comb. nov.

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Brevibacterium testaceum Komagata and Iizuka 1964, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 15829= CCM 2299 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 12120 = DSM 20166 = IAM 1561 = IFO (now NBRC) 12675 = IMET 10361 = VKM Ac-1019 = JCM 1353.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X77445.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. testaceum, brick-colored.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: KOMAGATA (K.) and IIZUKA (H.): New species of Brevibacterium isolated from rice. (Studies on the microorganisms of cereal grains, Part VII). Journal of the Agricultural Chemical Society of Japan, 1964, 38, 496-502.

= ¤ Curtobacterium testaceum (Komagata and Iizuka 1964) Yamada and Komagata 1972 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: Brevibacterium testaceum Komagata and Iizuka 1964 (Approved Lists 1980) and Curtobacterium testaceum (Komagata and Iizuka 1964) Yamada and Komagata 1972 (Approved Lists 1980) have the same type strain and therefore are homotypic synonyms [Rules 24a and 24b (1)].

¤ Aureobacterium testaceum (Komagata and Iizuka 1964) Collins et al. 1983, comb. nov.

¤ Microbacterium testaceum (Komagata and Iizuka 1964) Takeuchi and Hatano 1998, comb. nov.

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Brevibacterium vitarumen (Bechdel et al. 1928) Breed 1957, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 10234= CCUG 28792 = CIP 82.7 = DSM 20294 = IFO (now NBRC) 12143 = JCM 1323 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 9291 = VKM B-1211.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY438066.
Synonym: "Flavobacterium vitarumen" Bechdel et al. 1928.
Etymology: L. n. vita, life; L. n. rumen, the throat, gullet, rumen; N.L. n. vitarumen (sic), rumen life.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 BECHDEL (S.I.), HONEYWELL (H.E.), DUTSCHER (R.A.) and KNUTSEN (M.H.): Synthesis of vitamin B in the rumen of the cow. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 1928, 80, 231-238. 2 BREED (R.S.): Family IX. Brevibacteriaceae Breed, 1953. In: R.S. BREED, E.G.D. MURRAY and N.R. SMITH (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, seventh edition, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1957, pp. 490-503.

Note: The specific epithet vitarumen (sic) has been corrected in the new combination Corynebacterium vitaeruminis [see, ¤ Corynebacterium vitaeruminis corrig. (Bechdel et al. 1928) Lanéelle et al. 1980, comb. nov.]. However the name "Brevibacterium vitaeruminis" corrig. has never been formally proposed before December 14, 2000 (date of publication of the amended Rule 61; see Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, page 2239, column 2). Consequently, in the "List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature", the epithet vitarumen (sic) has been maintained for Brevibacterium vitarumen.

¤ Corynebacterium vitaeruminis corrig. (Bechdel et al. 1928) Lanéelle et al. 1980, comb. nov.

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Brevibacterium yomogidense Tonouchi et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MN-6-a = DSM 24850 = JCM 17779.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB609748.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. yomogidense, of or pertaining to Yomogida Village, Aomori, Japan, where the soil conditioner, the source of isolate, was produced.
Valid publication: TONOUCHI (A.), KITAMURA (K.) and FUJITA (T.): Brevibacterium yomogidense sp. nov., isolated from a soil conditioner made from poultry manure. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 516-520.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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