Genus Bradyrhizobium

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 16
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Bradyrhizobium Jordan 1982, gen. nov. (Type genus of the family ¤ Bradyrhizobiaceae Garrity et al. 2006).
Type species: ¤ Bradyrhizobium japonicum (Kirchner 1896) Jordan 1982.
Etymology: Gr. adj. bradys, slow; N.L. neut. n. Rhizobium, a bacterial generic name; N.L. neut. n. Bradyrhizobium, the slow (growing) Rhizobium.
Reference: JORDAN (D.C.) Transfer of Rhizobium japonicum Buchanan 1980 to Bradyrhizobium gen. nov., a genus of slow-growing, root nodule bacteria from leguminous plants. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 136-139.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Ramírez-Bahena et al. 2013, Bradyrhizobium Jordan 1982 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Agromonas Ohta and Hattori 1985.
Reference: RAMÍREZ-BAHENA (M.H.), CHAHBOUNE (R.), PEIX (A.) and VELÁZQUEZ (E.): Reclassification of Agromonas oligotrophica into the genus Bradyrhizobium as Bradyrhizobium oligotrophicum comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 1013-1016.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bradyrhizobium betae Rivas et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PL7HG1 = CECT 5829 = LMG 21987 = NBRC 103048.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY372184.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. betae, of Beta, a plant genus, because the organism was isolated from Beta vulgaris, sugar beet.
Reference: RIVAS (R.), WILLEMS (A.), PALOMO (J.L.), GARCÍA-BENAVIDES (P.), MATEOS (P.F.), MARTÍNEZ-MOLINA (E.), GILLIS (M.) and VELÁZQUEZ (E.): Bradyrhizobium betae sp. nov., isolated from roots of Beta vulgaris affected by tumour-like deformations. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1271-1275.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bradyrhizobium canariense Vinuesa et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain BTA-1 = ATCC BAA-1002 = CFNE 1008 = LMG 22265 = NBRC 103049.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ558025.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. canariense, pertaining to Canary Islands (Islas Canarias), where it is the dominant species nodulating endemic shrub legumes Papilionoideae: Genisteae.
Reference: VINUESA (P.), LEÓN-BARRIOS (M.), SILVA (C.), WILLEMS (A.), JARABO-LORENZO (A.), PÉREZ-GALDONA (R.), WERNER (D.) and MARTÍNEZ-ROMERO (E.): Bradyrhizobium canariense sp. nov., an acid-tolerant endosymbiont that nodulates endemic genistoid legumes (Papilionoideae: Genisteae) from the Canary Islands, along with Bradyrhizobium japonicum bv. genistearum, Bradyrhizobium genospecies alpha and Bradyrhizobium genospecies beta. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 569-575.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bradyrhizobium cytisi Chahbourne et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CTAW11 = CECT 7749 = LMG 25866.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU561065.
Etymology: L. masc. cytisus, a kind of clover and also a scientific generic name (Cytisus); L. gen. n. cytisi, of a kind of clover, of Cytisus, referring to the isolation source of this micro-organism, nodules of Cytisus villosus.
Reference: CHAHBOUNE (R.), CARRO (L.), PEIX (A.), BARRIJAL (S.), VELÁZQUEZ (E.) and BEDMAR (E.J.): Bradyrhizobium cytisi sp. nov., isolated from effective nodules of Cytisus villosus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2922-2927.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bradyrhizobium daqingense Wang et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCBAU 15774 = CGMCC 1.10947 = HAMBI 3184 = LMG 26137.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HQ231274.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. daqingense, of or belonging to Daqing city in China, where these novel bradyrhizobia were isolated.
Reference: WANG (J.Y.), WANG (R.), ZHANG (Y.M.), LIU (H.C.), CHEN (W.F.), WANG (E.T.), SUI (X.H.) and W. X. CHEN (W.X.): Bradyrhizobium daqingense sp. nov., isolated from soybean nodules. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 616-624.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bradyrhizobium denitrificans (Hirsch and Müller 1986) van Berkum et al. 2011, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 43295 = DSM 1113 = HAMBI 2266 = LMG 8443 = VKM B-2062.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X66025.
Basonym: ¤ Blastobacter denitrificans Hirsch and Müller 1986.
Etymology: N.L. part. adj. denitrificans, denitrifying.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 139. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1011-1013. [VAN BERKUM (P.), LEIBOLD (J.M.) and EARDLY (B.D.): Proposal for combining Bradyrhizobium spp. (Aeschynomene indica) with Blastobacter denitrificans and to transfer Blastobacter denitrificans (Hirsh and Muller, 1985) to the genus Bradyrhizobium as Bradyrhizobium denitrificans (comb. nov.). Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2006, 29, 207-215.]
Validation List no. 139 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: In the paper by van Berkum et al. 2006, Blastobacter denitrificans Hirsch and Müller 1986 is erroneously cited as Blastobacter denitrificans Hirsch and Muller 1985.
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 139 (footnote §). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1011-1013.
Validation List no. 139 in IJSEM Online

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Bradyrhizobium diazoefficiens Delamuta et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) USDA 110=IAM 13628=CCRC 13528=NRRL B-4361=NRRL B-4450=TAL 102=BCRC 13528=JCM 10833=TISTR 339=SEMIA 5032=3I1B110=ACCC 15034=CCT 4249=NBRC 14792=R-12974=CNPSo 46.
Sequence accession no. (complete genome) for the type strain: NC_004463.1.
Etymology: L. inseparable particle dis, twice, doubly; N.L. n. azotum, nitrogen; N.L. pref. diazo-, pertaining to dinitrogen; L. part. adj. efficiens, efficient; N.L. part. adj. diazoefficiens, dinitrogen efficient, referring to the efficiency in nitrogen fixation displayed by several strains of the species.
Source: Plant.
Reference: DELAMUTA, J. R. M., RIBEIRO, R. A., ORMEÑO-ORRILLO, E., MELO, I. S., MARTÍNEZ-ROMERO, E. and HUNGRIA, M. 2013. Polyphasic evidence supporting the reclassification of Bradyrhizobium japonicum group Ia strains as Bradyrhizobium diazoefficiens sp. nov.. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 3342-3351.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bradyrhizobium elkanii Kuykendall et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain USDA 76 = ATCC 49852 = DSM 11554 = IFO (now NBRC) 14791 = LMG 6134.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U35000.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. elkanii, of Elkan, named after  G.H. Elkan.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 45. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 398-399. [KUYKENDALL (L.D.), SAXENA (B.), DEVINE (T.E.) and UDELL (S.E.): Genetic diversity in Bradyrhizobium japonicum Jordan 1982 and a proposal for Bradyrhizobium elkanii sp. nov. Can. J. Microbiol., 1992, 38, 501-505.]
Validation List no. 45 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Bradyrhizobium huanghuaihaiense Zhang et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCBAU 23303 = CGMCC 1.10948 = HAMBI 3180 = LMG 26136.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HQ231463.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. huanghuaihaiense, of or belonging to Huang-Huai-Hai Plain, China, referring to the fact that the first strains were isolated from root nodules of soybean grown on the Huang-Huai-Hai Plain.
Reference: ZHANG (Y.M.), LI (Y.J.), CHEN (W.F.), WANG (E.T.), SUI (X.H.), LI (Q.Q.), ZHANG (Y.Z.), ZHOU (Y.G.) and CHEN (W.X.): Bradyrhizobium huanghuaihaiense sp. nov., an effective symbiotic bacterium isolated from soybean (Glycine max L.) nodules. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1951-1957.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bradyrhizobium iriomotense Islam et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain EK05 = LMG 24129 = NBRC 102520.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB300992.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. iriomotense, of or belonging to Iriomote Island of Okinawa, the province in Japan where the bacterium was first isolated.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 132. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 469-472. [ISLAM (M.S.), KAWASAKI (H.), MURAMATSU (Y.), NAKAGAWA (Y.) and SEKI (T.): Bradyrhizobium iriomotense sp. nov., isolated from a tumor-like root of the legume Entada koshunensis from Iriomote Island in Japan. Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem., 2008, 72, 1416-1429.]
Validation List no. 132 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Bradyrhizobium japonicum (Kirchner 1896) Jordan 1982, comb. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 10324 = CCUG 27876 = CIP 106093 = DSM 30131 = HAMBI 2314 = IFO (now NBRC) 14783 = JCM 20679 = LMG 6138 = NRRL B-4507 = NRRL L-241 = USDA 6 = VKM B-1967.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U69638.
Basonym: ¤ Rhizobium japonicum (Kirchner 1896) Buchanan 1926 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonym: "Rhizobacterium japonicum" Kirchner 1896.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. japonicum, pertaining to Japan.
Reference: JORDAN (D.C.) Transfer of Rhizobium japonicum Buchanan 1980 to Bradyrhizobium gen. nov., a genus of slow-growing, root nodule bacteria from leguminous plants. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 136-139.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bradyrhizobium jicamae Ramírez-Bahena et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PAC68 = CECT 7395 = LMG 24556.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY624134.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. jicamae, of the jicama, native American name for the legume Pachyrhizus.
Reference: RAMÍREZ-BAHENA (M.H.), PEIX (A.), RIVAS (R.), CAMACHO (M.), RODRÍGUEZ-NAVARRO (D.N.), MATEOS (P.F.), MARTÍNEZ-MOLINA (E.), WILLEMS (A.) and VELÁZQUEZ (E.): Bradyrhizobium pachyrhizi sp. nov. and Bradyrhizobium jicamae sp. nov., isolated from effective nodules of Pachyrhizus erosus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1929-1934.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bradyrhizobium lablabi Chang et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCBAU 23086 = HAMBI 3052 = LMG 25572.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU433448.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. lablabi, of Lablab, referring to the fact that the bacterium was isolated from a root nodule of Lablab purpureus.
Reference: CHANG (Y.L.), WANG (J.Y.), WANG (E.T.), LIU (H.C.), SUI (X.H.) and CHEN (W.X.): Bradyrhizobium lablabi sp. nov., isolated from effective nodules of Lablab purpureus and Arachis hypogaea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2496-2502.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bradyrhizobium liaoningense Xu et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 2281 = ATCC 700350 = CIP 104858 = NBRC 100396 = LMG 18230.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF208513.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. liaoningense, pertaining  to Liaoning Province, a province in China where they originated.
Reference: XU (L.M.), GE (C.), CUI (Z.), LI (J.) and FAN (H.): Bradyrhizobium liaoningense sp. nov., isolated from the root nodules of soybeans. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 706-711.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bradyrhizobium oligotrophicum (Ohta and Hattori 1985) Ramírez-Bahena et al. 2013, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 43045 = JCM 1494 = LMG 10732.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JQ619230.
Basonym: ¤ Agromonas oligotrophica Ohta and Hattori 1985.
Etymology: Gr. adj. oligos, little, small, few; N.L. neut. adj. trophicum (from Gr. neut. adj. trophikon), nursing, tending or feeding; N.L. neut. adj. oligotrophicum, oligotrophic, eating little nutrient.
Reference: RAMÍREZ-BAHENA (M.H.), CHAHBOUNE (R.), PEIX (A.) and VELÁZQUEZ (E.): Reclassification of Agromonas oligotrophica into the genus Bradyrhizobium as Bradyrhizobium oligotrophicum comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 1013-1016.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bradyrhizobium pachyrhizi Ramírez-Bahena et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PAC48 = CECT 7396 = LMG 24246.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY624135.
Etymology: N.L. masc. n. Pachyrhizus, botanical name of a genus of legume; N.L. gen. n. pachyrhizi, of Pachyrhizus, referring to the isolation source of the first strains, nodules of Pachyrhizus erosus.
Reference: RAMÍREZ-BAHENA (M.H.), PEIX (A.), RIVAS (R.), CAMACHO (M.), RODRÍGUEZ-NAVARRO (D.N.), MATEOS (P.F.), MARTÍNEZ-MOLINA (E.), WILLEMS (A.) and VELÁZQUEZ (E.): Bradyrhizobium pachyrhizi sp. nov. and Bradyrhizobium jicamae sp. nov., isolated from effective nodules of Pachyrhizus erosus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1929-1934.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bradyrhizobium yuanmingense Yao et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCBAU 10071 = CFNEB 101 = CIP 108027 = NBRC 100594.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF193818.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. yuanmingense, pertaining to Yuanmingyuan; referring to the royal garden Yuanmingyuan in Beijing, China, from where the bacterium was isolated
Reference: YAO (Z.Y.), KAN (F.L.), WANG (E.T.), WEI (G.H.) and CHEN (W.X.): Characterization of rhizobia that nodulate legume species of the genus Lespedeza and description of Bradyrhizobium yuanmingense sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 2219-2230.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this name is not validly published, because the original publication makes reference to the deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Bradyrhizobium yuanmingense Yao et al. 2002 is considered to be validly published, since deposit in a second culture collection in a different country has been documented.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

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