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Genus Brachyspira

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 9
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Brachyspira Hovind-Hougen et al. 1983, gen. nov. (Type genus of the family ¤ Brachyspiraceae Paster 2012).
Type species: ¤ Brachyspira aalborgi Hovind-Hougen et al. 1983.
Etymology: Gr. adj. brachys, short; L. fem. n. spira, a coil, spiral; N.L. fem. n. Brachyspira, a short spiral, describing a bacterium that resembles a short spiral.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 12. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 896-897.
Effective publication: HOVIND-HOUGEN (K.), BIRCH-ANDERSEN (A.), HENRIK-NIELSEN (R.), ORHOLM (M.), PEDERSEN (J.O.), TEGLBJAERG (P.S.) and THAYSEN (E.H.): Intestinal spirochetosis: morphological characterization and cultivation of the spirochete Brachyspira aalborgi gen. nov., sp. nov. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1982, 16, 1127-1136.
Validation List no. 12 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: According to Ochiai et al. 1998, Brachyspira Hovind-Hougen et al. 1983 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Serpulina Stanton 1992.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 64. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 327-328.
Effective publication: OCHIAI (S.), ADACHI (Y.) and MORI (K.): Unification of the genera Serpulina and Brachyspira, and proposal of Brachyspira hyodysenteriae comb. nov., Brachyspira innocens comb. nov. and Brachyspira pilosicoli comb. nov. Microbiol. Immunol., 1997, 41, 445-452.
Validation List no. 64 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Brachyspira aalborgi Hovind-Hougen et al. 1983, sp. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 513A = ATCC 43994= CIP 104603 = NCTC 11492.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z22781.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. aalborgi, of Aalborg, named for the Danish town Aalborg in which the rectal biopsies containing the spirochete were taken from human diarrheic patients.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 12. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 896-897.
Effective publication: HOVIND-HOUGEN (K.), BIRCH-ANDERSEN (A.), HENRIK-NIELSEN (R.), ORHOLM (M.), PEDERSEN (J.O.), TEGLBJAERG (P.S.) and THAYSEN (E.H.): Intestinal spirochetosis: morphological characterization and cultivation of the spirochete Brachyspira aalborgi gen. nov., sp. nov. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1982, 16, 1127-1136.
Validation List no. 12 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Brachyspira alvinipulli Stanton et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) C1 (91-1207/C1) = ATCC 51933= CIP 105681.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF455559.
Etymology: L. adj. alvinus -a -um, suffering from diarrhea; L. n. pullus, a young fowl, a chicken; N.L. gen. n. alvinipulli, of a diarrhaeic chicken, referring to the host animal from which spirochete was isolated.
Valid publication: STANTON (T.B.), POSTIC (D.) and JENSEN (N.S.): Serpulina alvinipulli sp. nov., a new Serpulina species that is enteropathogenic for chickens. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 669-676.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In January 1998, the unification of the genera ¤ Serpulina and Brachyspira, and the transfer of ¤ Serpulina hyodysenteriae (the type species of the genus Serpulina) to the genus Brachyspira as ¤ Brachyspira hyodysenteriae, have been validly published [1, 2]. So, according to Rule 37a, the name Serpulina must be changed to Brachyspira. In the paper by Stanton et al. [3] Brachyspira alvinipulli is designated as ¤ Serpulina alvinipulli. However, in a note added in proof, Stanton et al. [3] write: "In accordance with the rules of taxonomy, the bacterium characterized in this paper should be designated Brachyspira alvinipulli sp. nov.".
References:
1 Validation List no. 64. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 327-328.
Validation List no. 64 in IJSEM Online
2 OCHIAI (S.), ADACHI (Y.) and MORI (K.): Unification of the genera Serpulina and Brachyspira, and proposal of Brachyspira hyodysenteriae comb. nov., Brachyspira innocens comb. nov. and Brachyspira pilosicoli comb. nov. Microbiol. Immunol., 1997, 41, 445-452.
Original article Online
3 STANTON (T.B.), POSTIC (D.) and JENSEN (N.S.): Serpulina alvinipulli sp. nov., a new Serpulina species that is enteropathogenic for chickens. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 669-676.
Original article by Stanton et al. in IJSEM Online

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Brachyspira hampsonii Mirajkar et al. 2017, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NSH-16= ATCC BAA-2463 = NCTC 13792.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JX232348.
Etymology: N/A.
Source: Veterinary.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 174. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 67 (2017), 529-531.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: MIRAJKAR, N. S., PHILLIPS, N. D., LA, T., HAMPSON, D. J. and GEBHART, C. J. 2016. Characterization and recognition of Brachyspira hampsonii sp. nov., a novel intestinal spirochete that is pathogenic to pigs. J Clin Microbiol, 54, 2942-2949.
Effective publication Online

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Brachyspira hyodysenteriae (Harris et al. 1972) Ochiai et al. 1998, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) B78 = ATCC 27164= CCUG 46668 = NCTC 13041.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U14930.
Basonym: ¤ Treponema hyodysenteriae Harris et al. 1972 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: ¤ Serpula hyodysenteriae (Harris et al. 1972) Stanton et al. 1991, ¤ Serpulina hyodysenteriae (Harris et al. 1972) Stanton 1992.
Etymology: Gr. n. hyos, hog, pig; L. n. dysenteria, a flux, dysentery; N.L. gen. n. hyodysenteriae, of hog dysentery. In recognition of the species as the etiologic agent of swine dysentery.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 64. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 327-328.
Effective publication: OCHIAI (S.), ADACHI (Y.) and MORI (K.): Unification of the genera Serpulina and Brachyspira, and proposal of Brachyspira hyodysenteriae comb. nov., Brachyspira innocens comb. nov. and Brachyspira pilosicoli comb. nov. Microbiol. Immunol., 1997, 41, 445-452.
Validation List no. 64 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Brachyspira innocens (Kinyon and Harris 1979) Ochiai et al. 1998, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) B256 = ATCC 29796= CCUG 17081.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U14920.
Basonym: ¤ Treponema innocens Kinyon and Harris 1979 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: ¤ Serpula innocens (Kinyon and Harris 1979) Stanton et al. 1991, ¤ Serpulina innocens (Kinyon and Harris 1979) Stanton 1992.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. innocens, harmless, inoffensive (referring to non-pathogenic nature of the species for swine).
Valid publication: Validation List no. 64. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 327-328.
Effective publication: OCHIAI (S.), ADACHI (Y.) and MORI (K.): Unification of the genera Serpulina and Brachyspira, and proposal of Brachyspira hyodysenteriae comb. nov., Brachyspira innocens comb. nov. and Brachyspira pilosicoli comb. nov. Microbiol. Immunol., 1997, 41, 445-452.
Validation List no. 64 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Brachyspira intermedia (Stanton et al. 1997) Hampson and La 2006, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) PWS/A = ATCC 51140= CIP 105833.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U23033, CP002874 (complete genome).
Basonym: ¤ Serpulina intermedia Stanton et al. 1997.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. intermedia, that is between, intermediate, referring to the fact that the biochemical reactivities of this organism are intermediate between those characteristically possessed by Brachyspira hyodysenteriae and by Brachyspira innocens.
Valid publication: HAMPSON (D.J.) and LA (T.): Reclassification of Serpulina intermedia and Serpulina murdochii to the genus Brachyspira as Brachyspira intermedia comb. nov. and Brachyspira murdochii comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1009-1012.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brachyspira murdochii (Stanton et al. 1997) Hampson and La 2006, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 56-150 = ATCC 51284= CIP 105832 = DSM 12563.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP001959 (complete genome).
Basonym: ¤ Serpulina murdochii Stanton et al. 1997.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. murdochii, of Murdoch, in recognition of work conducted at Murdoch University in Western Australia, where the type strain was identified.
Valid publication: HAMPSON (D.J.) and LA (T.): Reclassification of Serpulina intermedia and Serpulina murdochii to the genus Brachyspira as Brachyspira intermedia comb. nov. and Brachyspira murdochii comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1009-1012.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brachyspira pilosicoli (Trott et al. 1996) Ochiai et al. 1998, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 51139.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY155458.
Basonym: ¤ Serpulina pilosicoli Trott et al. 1996.
Etymology: L. adj. pilosus -a -um, hairy, shaggy; L. n. colon or colum, the colon; N.L. gen. n. pilosicoli, of a hairy colon (referring to the fact that infection and attachment by this intestinal spirochete can result in the histological appearance of a hairy covering, false brush border, on the surface of the colon).
Valid publication: Validation List no. 64. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 327-328.
Effective publication: OCHIAI (S.), ADACHI (Y.) and MORI (K.): Unification of the genera Serpulina and Brachyspira, and proposal of Brachyspira hyodysenteriae comb. nov., Brachyspira innocens comb. nov. and Brachyspira pilosicoli comb. nov. Microbiol. Immunol., 1997, 41, 445-452.
Validation List no. 64 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Brachyspira suanatina Mushtaq et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) AN4859/03=ATCC BAA-2592=DSM 100974.
Sequence accession no. (whole genome shotgun sequence) for the type strain: CVLB01000001.
Whole-genome sequence accession no.: CVLB01000001.
Etymology: L. masc. n. sus, pig; L. fem. adj. anatina, from/of a duck, N.L. fem. adj. suanatina, of pig and duck, referring to the host animals (pigs and mallards) from which this spirochete was isolated.
Source: Veterinary.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 172. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66 (2016), 4299–4305.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: Mushtaq, M., Zubair, S., Råsbäck, T., Bongcam-Rudloff, E. and Jansson, D. S. 2015. Brachyspira suanatina sp. nov., an enteropathogenic intestinal spirochaete isolated from pigs and mallards: genomic and phenotypic characteristics. BMC Microbiol. 15, 208.
Effective publication Online

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