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Genus Brachybacterium

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 19
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Brachybacterium Collins et al. 1988, gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Brachybacterium faecium Collins et al. 1988.
Etymology: Gr. adj. brachys, short; L. neut. n. bacterium, a rod; N.L. neut. n. Brachybacterium, a small rod.
Valid publication: COLLINS (M.D.), BROWN (J.) and JONES (D.): Brachybacterium faecium gen. nov., sp. nov., a coryneform bacterium from poultry deep litter. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 45-48.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brachybacterium alimentarium Schubert et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 700067= CCUG 50349 = CIP 104811 = CNRZ 925 = DSM 10672 = IFO (now NBRC) 16118 = JCM 11607 = LMG 19551.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X91031.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. alimentarium, pertaining to food.
Valid publication: SCHUBERT (K.), LUDWIG (W.), SPRINGER (N.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.), ACCOLAS (J.P.) and FIEDLER (F.): Two coryneform bacteria isolated from the surface of French Gruyère and Beaufort cheeses are new species of the genus Brachybacterium: Brachybacterium alimentarium sp. nov. and Brachybacterium tyrofermentans sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 81-87.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brachybacterium aquaticum Kaur et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) KWS-1=MTCC 11836=DSM 28796=JCM 30059.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF701619.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: .
Etymology: L. neut. adj. aquaticum, living in water, referring to the isolation of the type strain from water.
Source: Environmental - marine.
Valid publication: KAUR, G., KUMAR, N., MUAL, P., KUMAR, A., KUMAR, R. M. and MAYILRAJ, S. 2016. Brachybacterium aquaticum sp. nov., a novel actinobacterium isolated from seawater. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 4705-4710.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brachybacterium conglomeratum (ex Migula 1900) Takeuchi et al. 1995, nom. rev., comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) AJ 1015 = Komagata 5-2 = CCM 2589 = CCUG 50160 = CCUG 50354 = CIP 104400 = DSM 10241 = IFO (now NBRC) 15472 = JCM 11608 = VKM Ac-1975.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB537169.
Synonym: "Micrococcus conglomeratus" Migula 1900.
Etymology: L. part. neut. adj. conglomeratum, rolled together.
Valid publication: TAKEUCHI (M.), FANG (C.X.) and YOKOTA (A.): Taxonomic study of the genus Brachybacterium: proposal of Brachybacterium conglomeratum sp. nov., nom. rev., Brachybacterium paraconglomeratum sp. nov., and Brachybacterium rhamnosum sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 160-168.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brachybacterium faecium Collins et al. 1988, sp. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Schefferle 6-10 = ATCC 43885= CCUG 32293 = CIP 103333 = DSM 4810 = IEGM 403 = IFO (now NBRC) 14762 = JCM 11609 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 9860 = VKM Ac-1423.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP001643 (complete genome).
Etymology: L. n. faex faecis, feces, dregs; L. gen. pl. n. faecium, of feces.
Valid publication: COLLINS (M.D.), BROWN (J.) and JONES (D.): Brachybacterium faecium gen. nov., sp. nov., a coryneform bacterium from poultry deep litter. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 45-48.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brachybacterium fresconis Heyrman et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCUG 50350 = DSM 14564 = JCM 12138 = LMG 20336.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ415378.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. fresconis, pertaining or belonging to fresco(es).
Valid publication: HEYRMAN (J.), BALCAEN (A.), DE VOS (P.), SCHUMANN (P.) and SWINGS (J.): Brachybacterium fresconis sp. nov. and Brachybacterium sacelli sp. nov., isolated from deteriorated parts of a medieval wall painting of the chapel of Castle Herberstein (Austria). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1641-1646.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brachybacterium ginsengisoli Hoang et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DCY80=KCTC 29226=JCM 19356.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KC876052.
Etymology: N.L. n. ginsengum, ginseng; L. n. solum, soil; N.L. gen. n. ginsengisoli, of soil of a ginseng field.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: HOANG, V.-A., KIM, Y.-J., NGUYEN, N.-L. and YANG, D.-C. 2014. Brachybacterium ginsengisoli sp. nov., isolated from soil of a ginseng field. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 3063-3068.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brachybacterium hainanense Liu et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NR2=DSM 29535=CICC 10874.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KJ934258.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. hainanense, of Hainan, China, from where the type strain was isolated.
Source: Plant.
Valid publication: LIU, Y., ZHAI, L., YAO, S., CAO, Y., CAO, Y., ZHANG, X., SU, J., GE, Y., ZHAO, R. and CHENG, C. 2015. Brachybacterium hainanense sp. nov., isolated from noni (Morinda citrifolia L.) branch. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 4196-4201.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brachybacterium horti Singh et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) THG-S15-4=KCTC 39563=CCTCC AB 2015116.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KM073966.
Etymology: L. gen. n. horti, of/from a garden.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: SINGH, H., DU, J., YANG, J. E., SHIK YIN, C., KOOK, M. and YI, T. H. 2016. Brachybacterium horti sp. nov., isolated from garden soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 189-195.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brachybacterium huguangmaarense Liu et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) M1=CCTCC AB 2012866=DSM 26370.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JX398975.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. huguangmaarense of, or belonging to the Huguang Maar Lake, Zhanjiang, Guangdong Province, China.
Source: Environmental - freshwater.
Valid publication: LIU, Y., XIE, Q.-Y., SHI, W., LI, L., AN, J.-Y., ZHAO, Y.-M. and HONG, K. 2014. Brachybacterium huguangmaarense sp. nov., isolated from lake sediment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 1673-1678.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brachybacterium muris Buczolits et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) C3H-21 = CCM 7047 = CCUG 50352 = DSM 15460 = JCM 14117.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ537574.
Etymology: L. gen. n. muris, of the mouse; the type strain was isolated from a mouse.
Valid publication: BUCZOLITS (S.), SCHUMANN (P.), WEIDLER (G.), RADAX (C.) and BUSSE (H.J.): Brachybacterium muris sp. nov., isolated from the liver of a laboratory mouse strain. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1955-1960.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Buczolits et al. 2003, the strain DSM 15460 is erroneously cited as DSM 14560.
References:
1 KUDO (T.): Personal communication (August 16, 2006).
2 Erratum: Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2505.
Erratum in IJSEM Online

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Brachybacterium nesterenkovii Gvozdyak et al. 1992, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 35 = CIP 104813 = DSM 9573 = IFO (now NBRC) 15384 = IMV Ac-752 = JCM 11648 = LMG 19549.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X91033.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. nesterenkovii, of Nesterenko, named for O. A. Nesterenko, a Ukrainian microbiologist who has made a valuable contribution to the systematics of coryneform and nocardioform bacteria.
Valid publication: GVOZDYAK (O.R.), NOGINA (T.M.) and SCHUMANN (P.): Taxonomic study of the genus Brachybacterium: Brachybacterium nesterenkovii sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 74-78.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brachybacterium paraconglomeratum Takeuchi et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 51843= CIP 103334 = DSM 46341 = IEGM 404 = IFO (now NBRC) 15224 = JCM 11649 = JCM 17781 = LMG 19861 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 9861 = VKM Ac-1425.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ415377.
Etymology: Gr. prep. para, alongside of, like; L. neut. part. adj. conglomeratum, specific epithet of Brachybacterium conglomeratum; N.L. neut. part. adj. paraconglomeratum, resembling Brachybacterium conglomeratum.
Valid publication: TAKEUCHI (M.), FANG (C.X.) and YOKOTA (A.): Taxonomic study of the genus Brachybacterium: proposal of Brachybacterium conglomeratum sp. nov., nom. rev., Brachybacterium paraconglomeratum sp. nov., and Brachybacterium rhamnosum sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 160-168.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brachybacterium phenoliresistens Chou et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) phenol-A = BCRC 17589  = JCM 15157 = LMG 23707.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ822566.
Etymology: N.L. neut. n. phenol, phenol; L. part. adj. resistens, resisting; N.L. part. adj. phenoliresistens, phenol resisting, referring to the organism's ability to resist phenol.
Valid publication: CHOU (J.H.), LIN (K.Y.), LIN (M.C.), SHEU (S.Y.), WEI (Y.H.), ARUN (A.B.), YOUNG (C.C.) and CHEN (W.M.): Brachybacterium phenoliresistens sp. nov., isolated from oil-contaminated coastal sand. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2674-2679.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brachybacterium rhamnosum Takeuchi et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) H-6S = ATCC 51844= CIP 104398 = DSM 10240 = IFO (now NBRC) 15203 = JCM 11650 = LMG 19848 = VKM Ac-1976.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ415376.
Etymology: L. n. rhamnosum, rhamnose, referring to the abundance of rhamnose in the cell wall.
Valid publication: TAKEUCHI (M.), FANG (C.X.) and YOKOTA (A.): Taxonomic study of the genus Brachybacterium: proposal of Brachybacterium conglomeratum sp. nov., nom. rev., Brachybacterium paraconglomeratum sp. nov., and Brachybacterium rhamnosum sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 160-168.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brachybacterium sacelli Heyrman et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCUG 50347 = DSM 14566 = JCM 12139 = LMG 20345.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ415384.
Etymology: L. gen. n. sacelli, of a little sanctuary, of a chapel.
Valid publication: HEYRMAN (J.), BALCAEN (A.), DE VOS (P.), SCHUMANN (P.) and SWINGS (J.): Brachybacterium fresconis sp. nov. and Brachybacterium sacelli sp. nov., isolated from deteriorated parts of a medieval wall painting of the chapel of Castle Herberstein (Austria). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1641-1646.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brachybacterium saurashtrense Gontia et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JG 06 = DSM 23186 = IMCC 252.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU937750.
Etymology: N.L. neutr. adj. saurashtrense, of or belonging to Saurashtra, the name of the Western coast in Gujarat State, India, where Salicornia plants grow and from where this strain was isolated.
Valid publication: GONTIA (I.), KAVITA (K.), SCHMID (M.), HARTMANN (A.) and JHA (B.): Brachybacterium saurashtrense sp. nov., a halotolerant root-associated bacterium with plant growth-promoting potential. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2799-2804.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brachybacterium squillarum Park et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) M-6-3 = JCM 16464 = KACC 14221.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ339911.
Etymology: L. gen. pl. n. squillarum, of/from shrimp.
Valid publication: PARK (S.K.), KIM (M.S.), JUNG (M.J.), NAM (Y.D.), PARK (E.J.), ROH (S.W.) and BAE (J.W.): Brachybacterium squillarum sp. nov., isolated from salt-fermented seafood. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1118-1122.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brachybacterium tyrofermentans Schubert et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 700068= CCUG 50353 = CIP 104812 = CNRZ 926 = DSM 10673 = IFO (now NBRC) 16119 = JCM 11610 = LMG 19552.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X91657.
Etymology: Gr. n. turos, cheese; L. part. adj. fermentans, leavening, fermenting; N.L. part. adj. tyrofermentans, fermenting cheese.
Valid publication: SCHUBERT (K.), LUDWIG (W.), SPRINGER (N.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.), ACCOLAS (J.P.) and FIEDLER (F.): Two coryneform bacteria isolated from the surface of French Gruyère and Beaufort cheeses are new species of the genus Brachybacterium: Brachybacterium alimentarium sp. nov. and Brachybacterium tyrofermentans sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 81-87.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Brachybacterium zhongshanense Zhang et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JB = CGMCC 1.6508 = DSM 18832  = JCM 15471 = LMG 23926.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF125186.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. zhongshanense, of or pertaining to Zhongshan, a city in China, from where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: ZHANG (G.), ZENG (G.), CAI (X.), DENG (S.), LUO (H.) and SUN (G.): Brachybacterium zhongshanense sp. nov., a cellulose-decomposing bacterium from sediment along the Qijiang River, Zhongshan City, China. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2519-2524.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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