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Genus Blautia

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 12
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Blautia Liu et al. 2008, gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Blautia coccoides (Kaneuchi et al. 1976) Liu et al. 2008.
Etymology: N.L. fem. n. Blautia, of Blaut, in honour of Michael Blaut, a German microbiologist, in recognition of his many contributions to human gastrointestinal microbiology.
Valid publication: LIU (C.), FINEGOLD (S.M.), SONG (Y.) and LAWSON (P.A.): Reclassification of Clostridium coccoides, Ruminococcus hansenii, Ruminococcus hydrogenotrophicus, Ruminococcus luti, Ruminococcus productus and Ruminococcus schinkii as Blautia coccoides gen. nov., comb. nov., Blautia hansenii comb. nov., Blautia hydrogenotrophica comb. nov., Blautia luti comb. nov., Blautia producta comb. nov., Blautia schinkii comb. nov. and description of Blautia wexlerae sp. nov., isolated from human faeces. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1896-1902.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: ¤ Ruminococcus obeum Moore et al. 1976 (Approved Lists 1980) is clearly a member of the genus Blautia, as currently defined. The rules of the Bacteriological Code require that the type strains of all new species and subspecies (including new combinations) be deposited in two different collections in two different countries. The type strain of ¤ Ruminococcus obeum is only deposited in the ATCC and a second independent deposit, as required by the Code, has not been possible. Consequently, the transfer of this species to the genus Blautia cannot be made because the resulting species name would not conform to the Rules of the Code governing the valid publication of species names and deposit of type material (Rules 27 and 30) and consequently would not be considered to be validly published.

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Blautia caecimuris Lagkouvardos et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SJ18=DSM 29492=KCTC 15541.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KR364746.
Whole-genome sequence accession no.: ERX1284223.
Etymology: L. n. caecum, caecum; L. gen. n. muris, of a mouse; N. L. gen. n. caecimuris, from the caecum of a mouse.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 172. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66 (2016), 4299–4305.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: Lagkouvardos, I., Pukall, R., Abt, B., Foesel, B. U., Meier-Kolthoff, J. P., Kumar, N., Bresciani, A., Martínez, I., Just, S., Ziegler, C., Brugiroux, S., Garzetti, D., Wenning, M., Bui, T. P. N., Wang, J., Hugenholtz, F., Plugge, C. M., Peterson, D. A., Hornef, M. W., Baines, J. F., Smidt, H., Walter, J., Kristiansen, K., Nielsen, H. B., Haller, D., Overmann, J., Stecher, B. and Clavel, T. 2016. The Mouse Intestinal Bacterial Collection (miBC) provides host-specific insight into cultured diversity and functional potential of the gut microbiota. Nat. Microbiol. 1, 16131.
Effective publication Online

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Blautia coccoides (Kaneuchi et al. 1976) Liu et al. 2008, comb. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 29236= DSM 935 = JCM 1395 = NCTC 11035.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB571656.
Basonym: ¤ Clostridium coccoides Kaneuchi et al. 1976 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. masc. n. coccus (from Gr. masc. n. kokkos, grain, seed), coccus; L. suff. -oides (from Gr. suff. -eides, from Gr. n. eidos, that which is seen, form, shape, figure), ressembling, similar; N.L. fem. adj. coccoides, similar to a berry, berry-shaped.
Valid publication: LIU (C.), FINEGOLD (S.M.), SONG (Y.) and LAWSON (P.A.): Reclassification of Clostridium coccoides, Ruminococcus hansenii, Ruminococcus hydrogenotrophicus, Ruminococcus luti, Ruminococcus productus and Ruminococcus schinkii as Blautia coccoides gen. nov., comb. nov., Blautia hansenii comb. nov., Blautia hydrogenotrophica comb. nov., Blautia luti comb. nov., Blautia producta comb. nov., Blautia schinkii comb. nov. and description of Blautia wexlerae sp. nov., isolated from human faeces. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1896-1902.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Blautia faecis Park et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) M25 = JCM 17205 = KCTC 5980.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HM626178.
Etymology: L. gen. n. faecis, of faeces, from which the organism was isolated.
Valid publication: PARK (S.K.), KIM (M.S.) and BAE (J.W.): Blautia faecis sp. nov., isolated from human faeces. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 599-603.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Blautia glucerasea corrig. Furuya et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) HFTH-1 = DSM 22028 = JCM 17039 = NBRC 104932.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB439724.
Etymology: N.L. n. glucerasum, GluCerase; L. fem. suff. -ea, suffix used with various meanings, but signifying in general made of or belonging to; N.L. fem. adj. glucerasea, belonging to GluCerase, intended to mean able to hydrolyze glucosylceramide (GluCer).
Valid publication: Validation List no. 134. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 1477-1479.
Effective publication: FURUYA (H.), IDE (Y.), HAMAMOTO (M.), ASANUMA (N.) and HINO (T.): Isolation of a novel bacterium, Blautia glucerasei sp. nov., hydrolyzing plant glucosylceramide to ceramide. Arch. Microbiol., 2010, 192, 365-372.
Validation List no. 134 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, glucerasei (sic), has been corrected on validation according to Rule 61.
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 134 (footnote §). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 1477-1479.
Validation List no. 134 in IJSEM Online

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Blautia hansenii (Holdeman and Moore 1974) Liu et al. 2008, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 27752= CIP 104219 = DSM 20583 = JCM 14655.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB534168.
Basonym: ¤ Streptococcus hansenii Holdeman and Moore 1974 (Approved Lists 1980).
Another homotypic synonym: ¤ Ruminococcus hansenii (Holdeman and Moore 1974) Ezaki et al. 1994.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. hansenii, of Hansen, named after P. Arne Hansen, a Danish-American bacteriologist.
Valid publication: LIU (C.), FINEGOLD (S.M.), SONG (Y.) and LAWSON (P.A.): Reclassification of Clostridium coccoides, Ruminococcus hansenii, Ruminococcus hydrogenotrophicus, Ruminococcus luti, Ruminococcus productus and Ruminococcus schinkii as Blautia coccoides gen. nov., comb. nov., Blautia hansenii comb. nov., Blautia hydrogenotrophica comb. nov., Blautia luti comb. nov., Blautia producta comb. nov., Blautia schinkii comb. nov. and description of Blautia wexlerae sp. nov., isolated from human faeces. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1896-1902.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Blautia hydrogenotrophica (Bernalier et al. 1997) Liu et al. 2008, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) S5a33 = DSM 10507 = JCM 14656.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X95624.
Basonym: ¤ Ruminococcus hydrogenotrophicus Bernalier et al. 1997.
Etymology: N.L. n. hydrogenum, hydrogen; Gr. adj. trophikos, nursing, tending or feeding; N.L. fem. adj. hydrogenotrophica, feeding on hydrogen, referring to the ability of the micro-organism to grow with H2/CO2 as energy source.
Valid publication: LIU (C.), FINEGOLD (S.M.), SONG (Y.) and LAWSON (P.A.): Reclassification of Clostridium coccoides, Ruminococcus hansenii, Ruminococcus hydrogenotrophicus, Ruminococcus luti, Ruminococcus productus and Ruminococcus schinkii as Blautia coccoides gen. nov., comb. nov., Blautia hansenii comb. nov., Blautia hydrogenotrophica comb. nov., Blautia luti comb. nov., Blautia producta comb. nov., Blautia schinkii comb. nov. and description of Blautia wexlerae sp. nov., isolated from human faeces. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1896-1902.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Liu et al. 2008, the basonym ¤ Ruminococcus hydrogenotrophicus is erroneously cited as Ruminococcus hydrogenotrophicus Bernalier et al. 1996.

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Blautia luti (Simmering et al. 2002) Liu et al. 2008, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) BInIX = CCUG 45635 = DSM 14534.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ133124.
Basonym: ¤ Ruminococcus luti Simmering et al. 2002.
Etymology: L. gen. n. luti, of mud.
Valid publication: LIU (C.), FINEGOLD (S.M.), SONG (Y.) and LAWSON (P.A.): Reclassification of Clostridium coccoides, Ruminococcus hansenii, Ruminococcus hydrogenotrophicus, Ruminococcus luti, Ruminococcus productus and Ruminococcus schinkii as Blautia coccoides gen. nov., comb. nov., Blautia hansenii comb. nov., Blautia hydrogenotrophica comb. nov., Blautia luti comb. nov., Blautia producta comb. nov., Blautia schinkii comb. nov. and description of Blautia wexlerae sp. nov., isolated from human faeces. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1896-1902.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Blautia obeum Lawson and Finegold 2015, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 29174=DSM 25238=KCTC 15206.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: X85101.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Basonym: ¤ Ruminococcus obeum Moore et al. 1976
Etymology: Gr. n. obeum, egg, referring to the ovoid shape of the cells.
Source: Human.
Valid publication: LAWSON, P. A. and FINEGOLD, S. M. 2015. Reclassification of Ruminococcus obeum as Blautia obeum comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 789-793
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Blautia producta (Prévot 1941) Liu et al. 2008, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 27340= CCUG 9990 = CCUG 10976 = DSM 2950 = JCM 1471.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X94966.
Basonym: ¤ Peptostreptococcus productus (Prévot 1941) Smith 1957 (Approved Lists 1980).
Another homotypic synonym: ¤ Ruminococcus productus (Prévot 1941) Ezaki et al. 1994.
Another synonym: "Streptococcus productus" Prévot 1941.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. producta, lengthened, extended.
Valid publication: LIU (C.), FINEGOLD (S.M.), SONG (Y.) and LAWSON (P.A.): Reclassification of Clostridium coccoides, Ruminococcus hansenii, Ruminococcus hydrogenotrophicus, Ruminococcus luti, Ruminococcus productus and Ruminococcus schinkii as Blautia coccoides gen. nov., comb. nov., Blautia hansenii comb. nov., Blautia hydrogenotrophica comb. nov., Blautia luti comb. nov., Blautia producta comb. nov., Blautia schinkii comb. nov. and description of Blautia wexlerae sp. nov., isolated from human faeces. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1896-1902.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The Latin adjective productus -a -um has several meaning. According to L.D.S. Smith 1957, this epithet means lengthened (i.e. the cells lengthen in culture; see Hauduroy et al. 1953), not produces (sic) as cited in the paper by Liu et al. 2008.
References:
1 SMITH (L.D.S.): Genus V. Peptostreptococcus Kluyver and van Niel, 1936, In: R.S. BREED, E.G.D. MURRAY and N.R. SMITH (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 7th edition, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1957, pp. 533-541.
2 HAUDUROY (P.), EHRINGER (G.), GUILLOT (G.), MAGROU (J.), PRÉVOT (A.R.), ROSSET and URBAIN (A.): Dictionnaire des Bactéries Pathogènes, 2nd ed., Masson, Paris, 1953, pp. 1-692.

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Blautia schinkii (Rieu-Lesme et al. 1997) Liu et al. 2008, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) B = CCUG 53897 = CIP 105464 = DSM 10518 =  = JCM 14657.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X94964.
Basonym: ¤ Ruminococcus schinkii Rieu-Lesme et al. 1997.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. schinkii, of Schink, named after Bernard Schink, a German bacteriologist.
Valid publication: LIU (C.), FINEGOLD (S.M.), SONG (Y.) and LAWSON (P.A.): Reclassification of Clostridium coccoides, Ruminococcus hansenii, Ruminococcus hydrogenotrophicus, Ruminococcus luti, Ruminococcus productus and Ruminococcus schinkii as Blautia coccoides gen. nov., comb. nov., Blautia hansenii comb. nov., Blautia hydrogenotrophica comb. nov., Blautia luti comb. nov., Blautia producta comb. nov., Blautia schinkii comb. nov. and description of Blautia wexlerae sp. nov., isolated from human faeces. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1896-1902.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Blautia stercoris Park et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) GAM6-1 = JCM 17204 = KCTC 5981.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HM626177.
Etymology: L. gen. n. stercoris, of dung, excrement, ordure.
Valid publication: PARK (S.K.), KIM (M.S.), ROH (S.W.) and BAE (J.W.): Blautia stercoris sp. nov., isolated from human faeces. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 776-779.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Blautia wexlerae Liu et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) WAL 14507 = ATCC BAA-1564 = DSM 19850.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF036467.
Etymology: N.L. fem. gen. n. wexlerae, of Wexler, in honour of the American microbiologist Hannah M. Wexler, who has contributed significantly to our knowledge of anaerobic bacteria, particularly with regard to antimicrobial susceptibility testing and studies of mechanisms of antimicrobial resistance.
Valid publication: LIU (C.), FINEGOLD (S.M.), SONG (Y.) and LAWSON (P.A.): Reclassification of Clostridium coccoides, Ruminococcus hansenii, Ruminococcus hydrogenotrophicus, Ruminococcus luti, Ruminococcus productus and Ruminococcus schinkii as Blautia coccoides gen. nov., comb. nov., Blautia hansenii comb. nov., Blautia hydrogenotrophica comb. nov., Blautia luti comb. nov., Blautia producta comb. nov., Blautia schinkii comb. nov. and description of Blautia wexlerae sp. nov., isolated from human faeces. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1896-1902.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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