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Genus Beneckea

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 11
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Beneckea Campbell 1957, genus.
Type species: ¤ Beneckea campbellii Baumann et al. 1971 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. fem. n. Beneckea, named for W. Benecke, the German bacteriologist who was the first to isolate chitin-decomposing bacteria.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: CAMPBELL (L.L.): Genus V. Beneckea Campbell gen. nov. In: R.S. BREED, E.G.D. MURRAY and N.R. SMITH (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, seventh edition, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1957, pp. 328-332.

¤ Vibrio Pacini 1854 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: Baumann et al. 1981 propose to transfer ¤ Beneckea campbellii Baumann et al. 1971 (Approved Lists 1980), the type species of the genus Beneckea, to the genus ¤ Vibrio as ¤ Vibrio campbellii (Baumann et al. 1971) Baumann et al. 1981, comb. nov. According to Rule 37a, bacteriologists adhering to this proposal must change the name Beneckea to ¤ Vibrio.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 6. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 215-218.
Effective publication: BAUMANN (P.), BAUMANN (L.), BANG (S.S.) and WOOLKALIS (M.J.): Reevaluation of the taxonomy of Vibrio, Beneckea, and Photobacterium: abolition of the genus Beneckea. Curr. Microbiol., 1980, 4, 127-132.
Validation List no. 6 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Beneckea alginolytica (Miyamoto et al. 1961) Baumann et al. 1971, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 17749= CAIM 516 = CCUG 4989 = CCUG 13445 = CCUG 16315 = CIP 103336 = CIP 75.3 = DSM 2171 = IFO (now NBRC) 15630 = LMG 4409 = NCCB 71013 = NCCB 77003 = NCTC 12160.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X56576.
Synonym: "Oceanomonas alginolytica" Miyamoto et al. 1961.
Etymology: N.L. n. acidum alginicum, alginic acid; N.L. fem. adj. lytica (from Gr. fem. adj. lutikê), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. fem. adj. alginolytica, alginic acid-dissolving.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 MIYAMOTO (Y.), NAKAMURA (K.) and TAKIZAWA (K.): Pathogenic halophiles. Proposals of a new genus "Oceanomonas" and of the amended species names. Japanese Journal of Microbiology, 1961, 5, 477-486. 2 BAUMANN (P.), BAUMANN (L.) and MANDEL (M.): Taxonomy of marine bacteria: the genus Beneckea. Journal of Bacteriology, 1971, 107, 268-294.

= ¤ Vibrio alginolyticus (Miyamoto et al. 1961) Sakazaki 1968 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: Beneckea alginolytica (Miyamoto et al. 1961) Baumann et al. 1971 (Approved Lists 1980) and Vibrio alginolyticus (Miyamoto et al. 1961) Sakazaki 1968 (Approved Lists 1980) have the same type strain and therefore are homotypic synonyms [Rules 24a and 24b (1)].

¤ Vibrio alginolyticus (Miyamoto et al. 1961) Sakazaki 1968 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: Baumann et al. 1981 propose to transfer the type species of the genus Beneckea to the genus Vibrio. According to Rule 37a, bacteriologists adhering to this proposal must change the name Beneckea to Vibrio.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 6. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 215-218.
Effective publication: BAUMANN (P.), BAUMANN (L.), BANG (S.S.) and WOOLKALIS (M.J.): Reevaluation of the taxonomy of Vibrio, Beneckea, and Photobacterium: abolition of the genus Beneckea. Curr. Microbiol., 1980, 4, 127-132.
Validation List no. 6 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Beneckea campbellii Baumann et al. 1971, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 25920= CAIM 315 = CCUG 4979 = CIP 75.1 = IFO (now NBRC) 15631 = LMG 11216 = NCCB 73002 = NCTC 11317.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X56575.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. campbelli, of Campbell, named to honor L.L. Campbell, an American bacteriologist.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BAUMANN (P.), BAUMANN (L.) and MANDEL (M.): Taxonomy of marine bacteria: the genus Beneckea. Journal of Bacteriology, 1971, 107, 268-294.

¤ Vibrio campbellii (Baumann et al. 1971) Baumann et al. 1981, comb. nov.

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Beneckea gazogenes (ex Harwood 1978) Harwood et al. 1980, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) PB1 = ATCC 29988= CIP 103173 = JCM 21187 = NBRC 103151.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X74705.
Synonym: "Beneckea gazogenes" Harwood 1978.
Etymology: N.L. n. gazum (from Fr. n. gaz, probably derived from Gk. n. khaos "empty space"), gas; N.L. suff. -genes (from Gr. v. gennaô, to produce), producing; N.L. adj. gazogenes, gas-producing.
Valid publication: HARWOOD (C.S.), BANG (S.S.), BAUMANN (P.) and NEALSON (K.H.): Photobacterium logei sp. nov., nom. rev.; Beneckea nereida sp. nov., nom. rev.; and Beneckea gazogenes sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 655.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Vibrio gazogenes (Harwood et al. 1980) Baumann et al. 1981, comb. nov.

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Beneckea harveyi (Johnson and Shunk 1936) Reichelt and Baumann 1973, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 14126= CAIM 512 = CCUG 28584 = CIP 103192 = IFO (now NBRC) 15634 = LMG 4044 = NCCB 80033 = NCTC 12970.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY750575.
Synonyms: "Achromobacter harveyi" Johnson and Shunk 1936, "Pseudmonas harveyi" (Johnson and Shunk 1936) Breed 1948, "Photobacterium harveyi" (Johnson and Shunk 1936) Breed and Lessel 1954.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. harveyi, of Harvey; named to honor E.N. Harvey, a biologist who was a pioneer in the systematic study of bioluminescence.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 JOHNSON (F.H.) and SHUNK (I.V.): An interesting new species of luminous bacteria. Journal of Bacteriology, 1936, 31, 585-592. 2 REICHELT (J.L.) and BAUMANN (P.): Taxonomy of the marine, luminous bacteria. Archiv für Mikrobiologie, 1973, 94, 283-330.

= ¤ Lucibacterium harveyi (Johnson and Shunk 1936) Hendrie et al. 1970 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: Beneckea harveyi (Johnson and Shunk 1936) Reichelt and Baumann 1973 (Approved Lists 1980) and Lucibacterium harveyi (Johnson and Shunk 1936) Hendrie et al. 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) have the same type strain and therefore are homotypic synonyms [Rules 24a and 24b (1)].

¤ Vibrio harveyi (Johnson and Shunk 1936) Baumann et al. 1981, comb. nov.

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Beneckea natriegens (Payne et al. 1961) Baumann et al. 1971, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 14048= CAIM 12 = CCUG 4980 A = CCUG 16371 = CIP 103193 = DSM 759 = IFO (now NBRC) 15636 = LMG 10935 = NCCB 73019.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X74714.
Synonyms: "Pseudomonas natriegens" Payne et al. 1961, "Vibrio natriegens" Webb and Payne 1971.
Etymology: N.L. n. natrium, sodium; L. part. adj. egens, needing, being in need; N.L. part. adj. natriegens, sodium-requiring.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 PAYNE (W.J.), EAGON (R.G.) and WILLIAMS (A.K.): Some observations on the physiology of Pseudomonas natriegens nov. spec. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek Journal of Microbiology and Serology, 1961, 27, 121-128. 2 BAUMANN (P.), BAUMANN (L.) and MANDEL (M.): Taxonomy of marine bacteria: the genus Beneckea. Journal of Bacteriology, 1971, 107, 268-294.

¤ Vibrio natriegens (Payne et al. 1961) Baumann et al. 1981, comb. nov.

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Beneckea nereis corrig. (ex Baumann et al. 1971) Harwood et al. 1980, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 80 = ATCC 25917= CAIM 322 = CCUG 28585 = CIP 103194 = IFO (now NBRC) 15637 = JCM 21190 = LMG 3895 = NCCB 73020.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X74716.
Synonym: "Beneckea nereida" Baumann et al. 1971.
Etymology: L. n. nereis, a sea nymph.
Valid publication: HARWOOD (C.S.), BANG (S.S.), BAUMANN (P.) and NEALSON (K.H.): Photobacterium logei sp. nov., nom. rev.; Beneckea nereida sp. nov., nom. rev.; and Beneckea gazogenes sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 655.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The original spelling, Beneckea nereida (sic), has been corrected by Baumann et al. 1984.
Reference: BAUMANN (P.), FURNISS (A.L.) and LEE (J.V.): Genus I. Vibrio Pacini 1854, 411AL. In: N.R. KRIEG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 1, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1984, pp. 518-538.

¤ Vibrio nereis (Harwood et al. 1980) Baumann et al. 1981, comb. nov.

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Beneckea nigripulchritudo corrig. Baumann et al. 1971, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 27043= CAIM 323 = CCUG 28586 = CIP 103195 = LMG 3896.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X74717.
Etymology: L. adj. niger, black; L. n. pulchritudo, a beauty; N.L. n. nigripulchritudo, a black beauty, which refers to its striking blue-black colonies.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BAUMANN (P.), BAUMANN (L.), MANDEL (M.) and ALLEN (R.D.): Taxonomy of marine bacteria: Beneckea nigrapulchrituda sp. n. Journal of Bacteriology, 1971, 108, 1380-1383.

Note: The original spelling, Beneckea nigrapulchrituda (sic), has been corrected by Baumann et al. 1984.
Reference: BAUMANN (P.), FURNISS (A.L.) and LEE (J.V.): Genus I. Vibrio Pacini 1854, 411AL. In: N.R. KRIEG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 1, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1984, pp. 518-538.

¤ Vibrio nigripulchritudo (Baumann et al. 1971) Baumann et al. 1981, comb. nov.

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Beneckea parahaemolytica (Fujino et al. 1951) Baumann et al. 1971, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 17802= CAIM 320 = CCUG 4224 = CCUG 14474 = CCUG 15657 = CIP 75.2 = DSM 10027 = IFO (now NBRC) 12711 = LMG 2850 = NCCB 77010 = NCCB 77018 = NCTC 10903 = NRRL B-4167.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF388386.
Synonyms: "Pasteurella parahaemolytica" Fujino et al. 1951, "Oceanomonas parahaemolytica" (Fujino et al. 1951) Miyamoto et al. 1961.
Etymology: Gr. prep. para, by the side of, beside; Gr. n. haima (Latin transliteration haema) blood; N.L. fem. adj. lytica (from Gr. masc. adj. lutikê), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. fem. adj. parahaemolytica, similar to (Pasteurella) haemolytica (now Mannheimia haemolytica).
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 FUJINO (T.), OKUNO (Y.), NAKADA (D.), AOYAMA (A.), FUKAI (K.), MUKAI (T.) and UEHO (T.): On the bacteriological examination of shirasu food poisoning (in Japanese). Journal of the Japanese Association of Infectious Diseases, 1951, 25, 11. 2 BAUMANN (P.), BAUMANN (L.) and MANDEL (M.): Taxonomy of marine bacteria: the genus Beneckea. Journal of Bacteriology, 1971, 107, 268-294.

Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Beneckea parahaemolytica (Fujino et al. 1965 [sic]) Baumann et al. 1971.
Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.
Original article in IJSEM Online

= ¤ Vibrio parahaemolyticus (Fujino et al. 1951) Sakazaki et al. 1963 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: Beneckea parahaemolytica (Fujino et al. 1951) Baumann et al. 1971 (Approved Lists 1980) and Vibrio parahaemolyticus (Fujino et al. 1951) Sakazaki et al. 1963 (Approved Lists 1980) have the same type strain and therefore are homotypic synonyms [Rules 24a and 24b (1)].

¤ Vibrio parahaemolyticus (Fujino et al. 1951) Sakazaki et al. 1963 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: Baumann et al. 1981 propose to transfer the type species of the genus Beneckea to the genus Vibrio. According to Rule 37a, bacteriologists adhering to this proposal must change the name Beneckea to Vibrio.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 6. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 215-218.
Effective publication: BAUMANN (P.), BAUMANN (L.), BANG (S.S.) and WOOLKALIS (M.J.): Reevaluation of the taxonomy of Vibrio, Beneckea, and Photobacterium: abolition of the genus Beneckea. Curr. Microbiol., 1980, 4, 127-132.
Validation List no. 6 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Beneckea pelagia Baumann et al. 1971, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 25916= CAIM 324 = CECT 4202 = CCUG 16398 = CIP 102762 = IFO (now NBRC) 15639 = JCM 21191 = LMG 3897 = NCCB 76038 = NCIMB 1900 = NCTC 11316.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ293802.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. pelagia, of or belonging to the sea.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BAUMANN (P.), BAUMANN (L.) and MANDEL (M.): Taxonomy of marine bacteria: the genus Beneckea. Journal of Bacteriology, 1971, 107, 268-294.

Note: Baumann et al. deposited the type strain of Beneckea pelagia at the American Type Culture Collection as ATCC 25916, and at the National Collections of Industrial Food and Marine Bacteria as NCIMB (formerly NCMB) 1900. According to Macián et al. 2000, the strain ATCC 25916and strains directly derived from ATCC 25916(i.e. strain CECT 4202) really represent the originally described type strain whereas strain NCIMB 1900 and strains derived from NCIMB 1900 (i.e. strain CIP 102762) highly likely are representatives of ¤ Vibrio natriegens (Payne et al. 1961) Baumann et al. 1981.
Reference: MACIÁN (M.C.), LUDWIG (W.), SCHLEIFER (K.H.), GARAY (E.) and PUJALTE (M.J.): Vibrio pelagius: differences of the type strain deposited at various culture collections. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2000, 23, 373-375.
Effective publication Online

¤ Vibrio pelagius (Baumann et al. 1971) Baumann et al. 1981, comb. nov.

¤ Listonella pelagia (Baumann et al. 1971) MacDonell and Colwell 1986, comb. nov.

Note: Thompson et al. 2011 propose to use the name Vibrio pelagius (Baumann et al. 1971) Baumann et al. 1981 in place of ¤ Listonella pelagia (Baumann et al. 1971) MacDonell and Colwell 1986. Reference: THOMPSON (F.L.), THOMPSON (C.C.), DIAS (G.M.), NAKA (H.), DUBAY (C.) and CROSA (J.H.): The genus Listonella MacDonell and Colwell 1986 is a later heterotypic synonym of the genus Vibrio Pacini 1854 (Approved Lists 1980)-a taxonomic opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 3023-3027.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Beneckea splendida (Beijerinck 1900) Reichelt et al. 1979, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33125= CIP 102893 = IFO (now NBRC) 15643 = LMG 4042 = LMG 19031 = NCCB 53037 = NCIMB 1.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ515230.
Synonym: "Photobacter splendidum" (sic) Beijerinck 1900.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. splendida, brilliant.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 BEIJERINCK (M.W.): On different forms of hereditary variation in microbes. Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences (Amsterdam), 1900, 3, 352-365. 2 REICHELT (J.L.), BAUMANN (P.) and BAUMANN (L.): Study of genetic relationships among marine species of the genera Beneckea and Photobacterium by means of in vitro DNA/DNA hybridization. Archives of Microbiology, 1976, 110, 101-120.

¤ Vibrio splendidus (Beijerinck 1900) Baumann et al. 1981, comb. nov.

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Beneckea vulnifica Reichelt et al. 1979, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 324 = ATCC 27562= CAIM 610 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 12905 = CCUG 13448 = CCUG 16394 = CIP 75.4 = DSM 10143 = IFO (now NBRC) 15645 = JCM 3725 = LMG 13545.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X76333.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. vulnifica, wound-making, wound-inflicting.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 REICHELT (J.L.), BAUMANN (P.) and BAUMANN (L.): Study of genetic relationships among marine species of the genera Beneckea and Photobacterium by means of in vitro DNA/DNA hybridization. Archives of Microbiology, 1976, 110, 101-120. 2 Validation of the publication of new names and new combinations previously effectively published outside the IJSB. List no. 2. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1979, 29, 79-80.

¤ Vibrio vulnificus (Reichelt et al. 1979) Farmer 1980, comb. nov.

¤ Vibrio vulnificus (Reichelt et al. 1979) Farmer 1980 emend. West et al. 1986.

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