Title


Sign up here for LPSN updates!


Genus Beijerinckia

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 5
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 4

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Beijerinckia Derx 1950, genus. (Type genus of the family ¤ Beijerinckiaceae Garrity et al. 2006).
Type species: ¤ Beijerinckia indica (Starkey and De 1939) Derx 1950 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. fem. n. Beijerinckia, named after M.W. Beijerinck, the Dutch microbiologist (1851-1931).
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: DERX (H.G.): Beijerinckia, a new genus of nitrogen-fixing bacteria occurring in tropical soils. Proceedings Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen Series C, 1950, 53, 140-147.

   image

Beijerinckia derxii Tchan 1957, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Q13 of Tchan = ATCC 49361= DSM 2328 = LMG 3899 = UQM 1968.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ563933.
Synonym: "Beijerinckia venezuelae" Materassi et al. 1966.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. derxii, of Derx; named after H.G. Derx, the Dutch microbiologist (1894-1953).
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: TCHAN (Y.T.): Studies of nitrogen-fixing bacteria. VI. A new species of nitrogen-fixing bacteria. Proceedings of the Linnean Society New South Wales, 1957, 82, 314-316.

Note: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

   image

Beijerinckia derxii subsp. derxii (Tchan 1957) Thompson and Skerman 1981, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Q13 of Tchan = ATCC 49361= DSM 2328 = LMG 3899 = UQM 1968.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ563933.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. derxii, of Derx; named after H.G. Derx, the Dutch microbiologist (1894-1953).
Valid publication: HOWEY (R.T.), LOCK (C.M.) and MOORE (L.V.H.): Subspecies names automatically created by Rule 46. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 317-319.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, Tchan 1957, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The subspecies name Beijerinckia derxii subsp. derxii (Tchan 1957) Thompson and Skerman 1981 is automatically created by the valid publication of Beijerinckia derxii subsp. venezuelae Thompson and Skerman 1981 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].

   image

Beijerinckia derxii subsp. venezuelae corrig. Thompson and Skerman 1981, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 2 of Materassi = WR-222 = DSM 2329.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ563934.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. venezuelae, of Venezuela, South America.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 6. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 215-218.
Effective publication: THOMPSON (J.P.) and SKERMAN (V.B.D.): Azotobacteraceae: the taxonomy and ecology of the aerobic nitrogen-fixing bacteria. Academic Press, London, 1980, 405 pp.
Validation List no. 6 in IJSEM Online

Note: On the Validation List no. 6, this name is incorrectly cited as Beijerinckia derxia (sic) subsp. venezuelae.
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.) and KUDO (T.): Corrigenda to the Validation Lists. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1933-1938.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Beijerinckia doebereinerae Oggerin et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CECT 7311 = LMG 2819.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU401905.
Etymology: N.L. gen. fem. n. doebereinerae, of Döbereiner, to honour the Brazilian microbiologist Johanna Döbereiner, in recognition of her contribution to the study of nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
Valid publication: OGGERIN (M.), ARAHAL (D.R.), RUBIO (V.) and MARÍN (I.): Identification of Beijerinckia fluminensis strains CIP 106281T and UQM 1685T as Rhizobium radiobacter strains, and proposal of Beijerinckia doebereinerae sp. nov. to accommodate Beijerinckia fluminensis LMG 2819. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2323-2328.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Oggerin et al. 2009, the etymology of the epithet is erroneously cited as follows: N.L. fem. n. doebereinerae to honour the Brazilian microbiologist Johanna Doebereiner, in recognition of her contribution to the study of nitrogen-fixing bacteria.

   image

Beijerinckia fluminensis Döbereiner and Ruschel 1958, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CIP 106281 = UQM 1685 (see also the footnote).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU401907.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. fluminensis, pertaining to  Fluminense, named after the locality “Baixada Fluminense”, State Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from which soil it was first isolated.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: DÖBEREINER (J.) and RUSCHEL (A.P.): Uma nova espécie de Beijerinckia. Revista de Biologia, 1958, 1, 261-272.

Note:
Strains UQM 1685, CIP 106281, and any other equivalents derived from them (CCUG 53676, NCAIM B.01797) do not conform to the description of the type strain of Beijerinckia fluminensis Döbereiner and Ruschel 1958 (Approved Lists 1980) [1]. Strains UQM 1685 and CIP 106281 were identified as ¤ Rhizobium radiobacter [1], leaving Beijerinckia fluminensis without an authentic type.
In July 2011, Oggerin et al. [2] propose that the Judicial Commission places the name Beijerinckia fluminensis on the list of rejected names (see Rule 56a), unless a suitable replacement type strain or a neotype is found or proposed (see Rule 18c).
References:
1 OGGERIN (M.), ARAHAL (D.R.), RUBIO (V.) and MARÍN (I.): Identification of Beijerinckia fluminensis strains CIP 106281T and UQM 1685T as Rhizobium radiobacter strains, and proposal of Beijerinckia doebereinerae sp. nov. to accommodate Beijerinckia fluminensis LMG 2819. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2323-2328.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 OGGERIN (M.), RUBIO (V.), MARÍN (I.) and ARAHAL (D.R.): The status of the species Beijerinckia fluminensis Döbereiner and Ruschel 1958. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1757-1759.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Beijerinckia indica (Starkey and De 1939) Derx 1950, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Delft E.III.12.1.1 = ATCC 9039= DSM 1715 = HAMBI 2265 = LMG 2817 = NCCB 38007.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP001016 (complete genome).
Synonyms: "Azotobacter sp." Altson 1936, "Azotobacter indicum" (sic) Starkey and De 1939, "Azotobacter lacticogenes" Kauffmann and Toussaint 1951, "Azotobacter acida" (sic) Roy 1958, "Beijerinckia acida" (Roy 1958) Petersen (not Peterson) 1959, "Beijerinckia congensis" Hilger 1965.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. indica, Indian, pertaining to India.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 STARKEY (R.L.) and DE (P.K.): A new species of Azotobacter. Soil Science, 1939, 47, 329-343. 2 DERX (H.G.): Beijerinckia, a new genus of nitrogen-fixing bacteria occurring in tropical soils. Proceedings Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen Series C, 1950, 53, 140-147.

Note: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

   image

Beijerinckia indica subsp. indica (Starkey and De 1939) Thompson and Skerman 1981, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Delft E.III.12.1.1 = ATCC 9039= DSM 1715 = HAMBI 2265 = LMG 2817 = NCCB 38007.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP001016 (complete genome).
Etymology: L. fem. adj. indica, Indian, pertaining to India.
Valid publication: HOWEY (R.T.), LOCK (C.M.) and MOORE (L.V.H.): Subspecies names automatically created by Rule 46. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 317-319.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, (Starkey and De 1939) Derx 1950, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The subspecies name Beijerinckia indica subsp. indica (Starkey and De 1939) Thompson and Skerman 1981 is automatically created by the valid publication of Beijerinckia indica subsp. lacticogenes Thompson and Skerman 1981 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].

   image

Beijerinckia indica subsp. lacticogenes Thompson and Skerman 1981, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) WR-119 = ATCC 19361= DSM 1719 = LMG 2818 = NRRL B-14651.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ563931.
Etymology: N.L. n. acidum lacticum, lactic acid; N.L. suff. -genes (from Gr. v. gennaô, to produce), producing; N.L. part. adj. lacticogenes, lactic acid producing (which is an error: acetic acid is produced).
Valid publication: Validation List no. 6. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 215-218.
Effective publication: THOMPSON (J.P.) and SKERMAN (V.B.D.): Azotobacteraceae: the taxonomy and ecology of the aerobic nitrogen-fixing bacteria. Academic Press, London, 1980, 405 pp.
Validation List no. 6 in IJSEM Online

   image

Beijerinckia mobilis Derx 1950, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 35011= DSM 2326 = LMG 3912 = NCCB 50027 = UQM 1969.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ563932.
Synonyms: "Beijerinckia mobile" (sic) Derx 1950.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. mobilis, movable, motile.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: DERX (H.G.): Further researches on Beijerinckia. Bogoriensis, 1950, 1, 1-12.

   image