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Genus Aureobacterium

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 14
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Aureobacterium Collins et al. 1983, gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Aureobacterium liquefaciens (ex Orla-Jensen 1919) Collins et al. 1983.
Etymology: L. adj. aureus, golden; L. neut. n. bacterium, a small rod; N.L. neut. n. Aureobacterium, a golden small rod.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 11. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 672-674.
Effective publication: COLLINS (M.D.), JONES (D.), KEDDIE (R.M.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Classification of some coryneform bacteria in a new genus Aureobacterium. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 236-252.
Validation List no. 11 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Aureobacterium Collins et al. 1983 emend. Yokota et al. 1993.
Type species: ¤ Aureobacterium liquefaciens (ex Orla-Jensen 1919) Collins et al. 1983.
Etymology: L. adj. aureus, golden; L. neut. n. bacterium, a small rod; N.L. neut. n. Aureobacterium, a golden small rod.
Reference: YOKOTA (A.), TAKEUCHI (M.), SAKANE (T.) and WEISS (N.): Proposal of six new species in the genus Aureobacterium and transfer of Flavobacterium esteraromaticum Omelianski to the genus Aureobacterium as Aureobacterium esteraromaticum comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 555-564.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Microbacterium Orla-Jensen 1919 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Takeuchi and Hatano 1998.

Note: According to phylogenetic properties and the close relationship in physiological and chemotaxonomic features, the genera Aureobacterium and ¤ Microbacterium should be unified. The name Microbacterium must be chosen for the emended genus (Principle 6, Rule 44) and the genus Aureobacterium is synonymous with the genus Microbacterium (Rule 24a).
Takeuchi and Hatano 1998 propose to transfer ¤ Aureobacterium liquefaciens (ex Orla-Jensen 1919) Collins et al. 1983, the type species of the genus Aureobacterium, to the genus ¤ Microbacterium as ¤ Microbacterium liquefaciens (Collins et al. 1983) Takeuchi and Hatano 1998, comb. nov. According to Rule 37a, bacteriologists adhering to this proposal must change the name Aureobacterium to ¤ Microbacterium.
Reference: TAKEUCHI (M.) and HATANO (K.): Union of the genera Microbacterium Orla-Jensen and Aureobacterium Collins et al. in a redefined genus Microbacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 739-747.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Aureobacterium arabinogalactanolyticum Yokota et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 51926= CIP 103814 = DSM 8611 = IFO (now NBRC) 14344 = JCM 9171 = LMG 16469 = VKM Ac-1943.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y17228.
Etymology: N.L. n. arabinogalactanum, arabinogalactan, polysaccharide produced by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis; N.L. neut. adj. lyticum (from Gr. neut. adj. lutikon), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. neut. adj. arabinogalactanolyticum, arabinogalactan dissolving.
Valid publication: YOKOTA (A.), TAKEUCHI (M.), SAKANE (T.) and WEISS (N.): Proposal of six new species in the genus Aureobacterium and transfer of Flavobacterium esteraromaticum Omelianski to the genus Aureobacterium as Aureobacterium esteraromaticum comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 555-564.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Microbacterium arabinogalactanolyticum (Yokota et al. 1993) Takeuchi and Hatano 1998, comb. nov.

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Aureobacterium barkeri (ex Dias et al. 1962) Collins et al. 1983, nom. rev., comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 15954= CCM 1928 = CCUG 33090 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 11642 = CIP 102692 = DSM 20145 = HAMBI 1894 = IAM 12585 = IFO (now NBRC) 15036 = IMET 10688 = JCM 1343 = LMG 16341 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 9658 = VKM Ac-1020.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X77446.
Synonym: "Corynebacterium barkeri" Dias et al. 1962.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. barkeri, of Barker, named for H.A. Barker, an American biochemist.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 11. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 672-674.
Effective publication: COLLINS (M.D.), JONES (D.), KEDDIE (R.M.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Classification of some coryneform bacteria in a new genus Aureobacterium. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 236-252.
Validation List no. 11 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Microbacterium barkeri (Collins et al. 1983) Takeuchi and Hatano 1998, comb. nov.

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Aureobacterium esteraromaticum (Omelianski 1923) Yokota et al. 1993, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 8091= CIP 103916 = DSM 8609 = IFO (now NBRC) 3751 = JCM 9172 = LMG 4020 = VKM Ac-1942.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y17231.
Basonym: ¤ Flavobacterium esteraromaticum (Omelianski 1923) Bergey et al. 1930 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonym: "Bacterium esteraromaticum" Omelianski 1923.
Etymology: N.L. n. ester, ester; L. neut. adj. aromaticum, aromatic, fragrant; N.L. neut. adj. esteraromaticum, smelling sweet due to esters.
Valid publication: YOKOTA (A.), TAKEUCHI (M.), SAKANE (T.) and WEISS (N.): Proposal of six new species in the genus Aureobacterium and transfer of Flavobacterium esteraromaticum Omelianski to the genus Aureobacterium as Aureobacterium esteraromaticum comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 555-564.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Microbacterium esteraromaticum (Omelianski 1923) Takeuchi and Hatano 1998, comb. nov.

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Aureobacterium flavescens (Lochhead 1958) Collins et al. 1983, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 13348= CCUG 29000 = CIP 102401 = DSM 20643 = HAMBI 1909 = IFO (now NBRC) 15039 = JCM 3877 = JCM 11568 = LMG 3028 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 9221 = VKM Ac-1415.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y17232.
Basonym: ¤ Arthrobacter flavescens Lochhead 1958 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. v. flavescere, to become golden yellow; L. part. adj. flavescens, becoming golden yellow.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 11. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 672-674.
Effective publication: COLLINS (M.D.), JONES (D.), KEDDIE (R.M.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Classification of some coryneform bacteria in a new genus Aureobacterium. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 236-252.
Validation List no. 11 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Microbacterium flavescens (Lochhead 1958) Takeuchi and Hatano 1998, comb. nov.

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Aureobacterium keratanolyticum Yokota et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 35057= CIP 103815 = DSM 8606 = IFO (now NBRC) 13309 = JCM 9173 = LMG 16470 = VKM Ac-1958.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB004717.
Etymology: N.L. n. keratanum, keratan, sulfur-containing polysaccharide produced by mammals; N.L. neut. adj. lyticum (from Gr. neut. adj. lutikon), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. neut. adj.keratanolyticum, keratan dissolving.
Valid publication: YOKOTA (A.), TAKEUCHI (M.), SAKANE (T.) and WEISS (N.): Proposal of six new species in the genus Aureobacterium and transfer of Flavobacterium esteraromaticum Omelianski to the genus Aureobacterium as Aureobacterium esteraromaticum comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 555-564.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Microbacterium keratanolyticum (Yokota et al. 1993) Takeuchi and Hatano 1998, comb. nov.

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Aureobacterium liquefaciens (ex Orla-Jensen 1919) Collins et al. 1983, nom. rev., comb. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 43647= BCRC (formerly CCRC) 14859 = CCUG 33091 = CIP 102402 = DSM 20638 = HAMBI 1895 = IFO (now NBRC) 15037 = JCM 3879 = LMG 16342 = NCIMB 11509 = VKM Ac-1018.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X77444.
Synonym: "Microbacterium liquefaciens" Orla-Jensen 1919.
Etymology: L. part. adj. liquefaciens, dissolving.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 11. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 672-674.
Effective publication: COLLINS (M.D.), JONES (D.), KEDDIE (R.M.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Classification of some coryneform bacteria in a new genus Aureobacterium. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 236-252.
Validation List no. 11 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Microbacterium liquefaciens (Collins et al. 1983) Takeuchi and Hatano 1998, comb. nov.

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Aureobacterium luteolum Yokota et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 51474= CIP 102086 = DSM 20143 = IFO (now NBRC) 15074 = JCM 9174 = LMG 16207.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB004718.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. luteolum yellowish.
Valid publication: YOKOTA (A.), TAKEUCHI (M.), SAKANE (T.) and WEISS (N.): Proposal of six new species in the genus Aureobacterium and transfer of Flavobacterium esteraromaticum Omelianski to the genus Aureobacterium as Aureobacterium esteraromaticum comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 555-564.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Microbacterium luteolum (Yokota et al. 1993) Takeuchi and Hatano 1998, comb. nov.

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Aureobacterium resistens Funke et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCUG 38312 = DMMZ 1710 = DSM 11986.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y14699.
Etymology: L. part. adj. resistens, being resistant, referring to the vancomycin resistance which is very unusual for coryneform bacteria.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 65. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 627.
Effective publication: FUNKE (G.), LAWSON (P.A.), NOLTE (F.S.), WEISS (N.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Aureobacterium resistens sp. nov., exhibiting vancomycin resistance and teicoplanin susceptibility. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 1998, 158, 89-93.
Validation List no. 65 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Microbacterium resistens (Funke et al. 1998) Behrendt et al. 2001, comb. nov.

Note: In the July 1998 issue of the International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, the union of the genera ¤ Microbacterium and Aureobacterium in a redefined genus Microbacterium Orla-Jensen 1919 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Takeuchi and Hatano 1998 has been validly published [1]. The name Aureobacterium resistens Funke et al. 1998 has been effectively published in 1998 [2] and validly published in the April 1998 issue of the International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology [3]. Of course, this name was not included in the study by Takeuchi and Hatano 1998 [1]. Thereafter, the new combination Microbacterium resistens was proposed by Behrendt et al. 2001 [4].
References:
1 TAKEUCHI (M.) and HATANO (K.): Union of the genera Microbacterium Orla-Jensen and Aureobacterium Collins et al. in a redefined genus Microbacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 739-747.
Original article by Takeuchi and Hatano in IJSEM Online
2 FUNKE (G.), LAWSON (P.A.), NOLTE (F.S.), WEISS (N.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Aureobacterium resistens sp. nov., exhibiting vancomycin resistance and teicoplanin susceptibility. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 1998, 158, 89-93.
Original article Online
3 Validation List no. 65. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 627-628.
Validation List no. 65 in IJSEM Online
4 BEHRENDT (U.), ULRICH (A.) and SCHUMANN (P.): Description of Microbacterium foliorum sp. nov. and Microbacterium phyllosphaerae sp. nov., isolated from the phyllospheres of grasses and the surface litter after mulching the sward, and reclassification of Aureobacterium resistens (Funke et al. 1998) as Microbacterium resistens comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1267-1276.
Original article by Behrendt et al 2001 in IJSEM Online

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Aureobacterium saperdae (Lysenko 1959) Collins et al. 1983, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 19272= CCUG 33092 = CCEB 366 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 12119 = CIP 104420 = DSM 20169 = HAMBI 1890 = IAM 12547 = IFO (now NBRC) 15038 = IMET 11076 = JCM 1352 = LMG 16343 = NRRL B-14833 = VKM Ac-1414.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB004719.
Basonym: ¤ Brevibacterium saperdae Lysenko 1959 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonym: ¤ Curtobacterium saperdae (Lysenko 1959) Yamada and Komagata 1972 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. saperdae, of Saperda (scientific name of a genus of insects), isolated from Saperda caracharias.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 11. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 672-674.
Effective publication: COLLINS (M.D.), JONES (D.), KEDDIE (R.M.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Classification of some coryneform bacteria in a new genus Aureobacterium. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 236-252.
Validation List no. 11 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Microbacterium saperdae (Lysenko 1959) Takeuchi and Hatano 1998, comb. nov.

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Aureobacterium schleiferi Yokota et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 51473= CIP 102087 = DSM 20489 = IFO (now NBRC) 15075 = JCM 9175 = LMG 16153 = VKM Ac-1946.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y17237.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. schleiferi of Schleifer, named after K.H. Schleifer, a German microbiologist who contributed to the elucidation of the primary structure of peptidoglycan and to taxonomic studies of the strains belonging to this species.
Valid publication: YOKOTA (A.), TAKEUCHI (M.), SAKANE (T.) and WEISS (N.): Proposal of six new species in the genus Aureobacterium and transfer of Flavobacterium esteraromaticum Omelianski to the genus Aureobacterium as Aureobacterium esteraromaticum comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 555-564.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Microbacterium schleiferi (Yokota et al. 1993) Takeuchi and Hatano 1998, comb. nov.

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Aureobacterium terrae Yokota et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 51476= CIP 103816 = DSM 8610 = IFO (now NBRC) 15300 = JCM 9176 = LMG 16471 = VKM Ac-1945.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB004720.
Etymology: L. n. terra, soil; L. gen. n. terrae, of soil.
Valid publication: YOKOTA (A.), TAKEUCHI (M.), SAKANE (T.) and WEISS (N.): Proposal of six new species in the genus Aureobacterium and transfer of Flavobacterium esteraromaticum Omelianski to the genus Aureobacterium as Aureobacterium esteraromaticum comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 555-564.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Microbacterium terrae (Yokota et al. 1993) Takeuchi and Hatano 1998, comb. nov.

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Aureobacterium terregens (Lochhead and Burton 1953) Collins et al. 1983, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 13345= CCUG 23845 = CIP 103038 = DSM 20449 = HAMBI 1910 = IFO (now NBRC) 12961 = JCM 1342 = LMG 17311 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 8909 = NRRL B-1824 = VKM Ac-2083.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB004721.
Basonym: ¤ Arthrobacter terregens Lochhead and Burton 1953 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. n. terra, soil; L. part. adj. egens, requiring; N.L. part. adj. terregens, soil-requiring.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 11. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 672-674.
Effective publication: COLLINS (M.D.), JONES (D.), KEDDIE (R.M.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Classification of some coryneform bacteria in a new genus Aureobacterium. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 236-252.
Validation List no. 11 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Microbacterium terregens (Lochhead and Burton 1953) Takeuchi and Hatano 1998, comb. nov.

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Aureobacterium testaceum (Komagata and Iizuka 1964) Collins et al. 1983, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 15829= CCM 2299 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 12120 = CCUG 23849 = CIP 104324 = DSM 20166 = IAM 1561 = IFO (now NBRC) 12675 = IMET 10361 = JCM 1353 = LMG 16344 = VKM Ac-1019.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X77445.
Basonym: ¤ Brevibacterium testaceum Komagata and Iizuka 1964 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonym: ¤ Curtobacterium testaceum (Komagata and Iizuka 1964) Yamada and Komagata 1972 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. neut. adj. testaceum, brick-colored.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 11. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 672-674.
Effective publication: COLLINS (M.D.), JONES (D.), KEDDIE (R.M.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Classification of some coryneform bacteria in a new genus Aureobacterium. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 236-252.
Validation List no. 11 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Microbacterium testaceum (Komagata and Iizuka 1964) Takeuchi and Hatano 1998, comb. nov.

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Aureobacterium trichothecenolyticum Yokota et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 51475= CIP 103817 = DSM 8608 = IFO (now NBRC) 15077 = JCM 1358 = LMG 16696 = VKM Ac-1948.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y17240.
Etymology: N.L. n. trichothecenum, trichothecene, a mycotoxin produced by the fungus Trichothecium roseum; N.L. neut. adj. lyticum (from Gr. neut. adj. lutikon), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. neut. adj. trichothecenolyticum, trichothecene decomposing.
Valid publication: YOKOTA (A.), TAKEUCHI (M.), SAKANE (T.) and WEISS (N.): Proposal of six new species in the genus Aureobacterium and transfer of Flavobacterium esteraromaticum Omelianski to the genus Aureobacterium as Aureobacterium esteraromaticum comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 555-564.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Microbacterium trichothecenolyticum (Yokota et al. 1993) Takeuchi and Hatano 1998, comb. nov.

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