Genus Arthrobacter

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 82
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Arthrobacter Conn and Dimmick 1947, genus.
Type species: ¤ Arthrobacter globiformis (Conn 1928) Conn and Dimmick 1947 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. n. arthron, a joint; N.L. masc. n. bacter, a rod; N.L. masc. n. Arthrobacter, a jointed rod.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [CONN (H.J.) and DIMMICK (I.): Soil bacteria similar in morphology to Mycobacterium and Corynebacterium. Journal of Bacteriology, 1947, 54, 291-303.]

Arthrobacter Conn and Dimmick 1947 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Koch et al. 1995.
Type species: ¤ Arthrobacter globiformis (Conn 1928) Conn and Dimmick 1947 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. n. arthron, a joint; N.L. masc. n. bacter, a rod; N.L. masc. n. Arthrobacter, a jointed rod.
Reference: KOCH (C.), SCHUMANN (P.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Reclassification of Micrococcus agilis (Ali-Cohen 1889) to the genus Arthrobacter as Arthrobacter agilis comb. nov. and emendation of the genus Arthrobacter. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 837-839.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter agilis (Ali-Cohen 1889) Koch et al. 1995, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 966 = DSM 20550 = CCM 2390 = CIP 81.67 = IFO (now NBRC) 15319 = JCM 2584 = LMG 17244 = VKM B-1973.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X80748.
Basonym: ¤ Micrococcus agilis Ali-Cohen 1889 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. masc. adj. agilis, agile.
Reference: KOCH (C.), SCHUMANN (P.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Reclassification of Micrococcus agilis (Ali-Cohen 1889) to the genus Arthrobacter as Arthrobacter agilis comb. nov. and emendation of the genus Arthrobacter. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 837-839.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter albidus Ding et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain LC13 = CCTCC 206018 = IAM 15386 = JCM 21830.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB248533.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. albidus, whitish, referring to the colour of the colonies.
Reference: DING, (L.) HIROSE (T.) and YOKOTA (A.): Four novel Arthrobacter species isolated from filtration substrate. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 856-862.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the April 2012 issue of the IJSEM, Zhou et al. propose to transfer Arthrobacter albidus Ding et al. 2009 in the genus ¤ Sinomonas as ¤ Sinomonas albida (Ding et al. 2009) Zhou et al. 2012, comb. nov. The type strain is cited as LC13T (=IAM 15386T=CCTCC AB 206018T). The IAM number cited in the original publication is associated with a collection that had ceased to operate prior to publication of the paper. The JCM has accessed many of the IAM strains. IAM 15386 was accessed as JCM 21830. However, according to Dr. T. Kudo (JCM), the strain JCM 21830 was not available at the time of publication. So, according to Rule 30 (3b), the new combination ¤ Sinomonas albida is not validly published.
References:  
1 ZHOU (Y.), CHEN (X.), ZHANG (Y.), WANG (W.) and XU (J.): Description of Sinomonas soli sp. nov., reclassification of Arthrobacter echigonensis and Arthrobacter albidus (Ding et al. 2009) as Sinomonas echigonensis comb. nov. and Sinomonas albida comb. nov., respectively, and emended description of the genus Sinomonas. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 764-769.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 KUDO (T.): Personal communication (April 12, 2012).

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Arthrobacter albus Wauters et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CF43 = ATCC BAA-273 = CCUG 43812 = CIP 106791 = DSM 13068 = JCM 11943.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ243421.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. albus, white, because of the white colonies of the organism.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 76. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1699-1700. [WAUTERS (G.), CHARLIER (J.), JANSSENS (M.) and DELMÉE (M.): Identification of Arthrobacter oxydans, Arthrobacter luteolus sp. nov., and Arthrobacter albus sp. nov., isolated from human clinical specimens. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2000, 38, 2412-2415.]
Validation List no. 76 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format) - Effective publication Online

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Arthrobacter alkaliphilus Ding et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain LC6 = CCTCC AB 206013 = IAM 15383 = JCM 21827.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB248527.
Etymology: N.L. n. alkali (from the Arabic word al-qaliy), the ashes of saltwort; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. alkaliphilus, loving alkaline environments.
Reference: DING, (L.) HIROSE (T.) and YOKOTA (A.): Four novel Arthrobacter species isolated from filtration substrate. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 856-862.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter alpinus Zhang et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain S6-3 = CGMCC 1.8950 = DSM 22274 = JCM 17736.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ227413.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. alpinus, alpine, referring to the isolation of the type strain from an alpine environment).
Reference: ZHANG (D.C.), SCHUMANN (P.), LIU (H.C.), XIN (Y.H.), ZHOU (Y.G.), SCHINNER (F.) and MARGESIN (R.): Arthrobacter alpinus sp. nov., a psychrophilic bacterium isolated from alpine soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2149-2153.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter antarcticus Pindi et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SPC26 = LMG 24542 = NCCB 100228.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM931709.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. antarcticus, southern, used to refer to the Antarctic, referring to the isolation of the type strain from Antarctic marine sediment.
Reference: PINDI (P.K.), MANORAMA (R.), BEGUM (Z.)  and SHIVAJI (S.): Arthrobacter antarcticus sp. nov., isolated from an Antarctic marine sediment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2263-2266.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter ardleyensis Chen et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain An25 = CGMCC 1.3685 = JCM 12921.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ551163.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. ardleyensis, of or pertaining to Antartic Ardley Island, where the type strain was isolated.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 106. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2235-2238. [CHEN (M.), XIAO (X.), WANG (P.), ZENG (X.) and WANG (F.): Arthrobacter ardleyensis sp. nov., isolated from Antarctic lake sediment and deep-sea sediment. Arch. Microbiol., 2005, 183, 301-305.]
Validation List no. 106 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Arthrobacter arilaitensis Irlinger et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Re117 = CIP 108037 = DSM 16368 = JCM 13566.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ609628.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. arilaitensis, pertaining to Arilait, arbitrary epithet formed to honour Arilait-Recherches, a research association that coordinates the collective research programmes of the professional French dairy federations.
Reference: IRLINGER (F.), BIMET (F.), DELETTRE (J.), LEFEVRE (M.) and GRIMONT (P.A.D.): Arthrobacter bergerei sp. nov. and Arthrobacter arilaitensis sp. nov., novel coryneform species isolated from the surfaces of cheeses. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 457-462.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter atrocyaneus Kuhn and Starr 1960, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 13752 = CGMCC 1.1891 = CIP 102365 = DSM 20127 = IFO (now NBRC) 12956 = JCM 1329 = LMG 3814 = VKM Ac-1104.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU697388.
Etymology: L. adj. ater -tra -trum, black; L. adj. cyaneus -a -um, dark blue; N.L. masc. adj. atrocyaneus, dark blackish blue.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [KUHN (D.A.) and STARR (M.P.): Arthrobacter atrocyaneus n. sp. and its blue pigment. Archiv für Mikroliologie, 1960, 36, 175-181.]

¤ Sinomonas atrocyanea (Kuhn and Starr 1960) Zhou et al. 2009, comb. nov.

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Arthrobacter aurescens Phillips 1953, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 13344 = CIP 102364 = DSM 20116 = HAMBI 1850 = IFO (now NBRC) 12136 = JCM 1330 = LMG 3815 = NRRL B-2879 = VKM Ac-1105.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X83405.
Etymology: L. v. auresco, to become golden; L. part. adj. aurescens, becoming golden.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [PHILLIPS (H.C.): Characterizatiion of the soil globiforme bacteria. Iowa State Journal of Science, 1953, 27, 240-241.]

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Arthrobacter bergerei Irlinger et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Ca106 = CIP 108036 = DSM 16367 = JCM 13567.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ609630.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. bergeri, of Bergère, to honour Jean-Louis Bergère, a French microbiologist.
Reference: IRLINGER (F.), BIMET (F.), DELETTRE (J.), LEFÈVRE (M.) and GRIMONT (P.A.D.): Arthrobacter bergerei sp. nov. and Arthrobacter arilaitensis sp. nov., novel coryneform species isolated from the surfaces of cheeses. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 457-462.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter castelli Heyrman et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DSM 16402 = JCM 21794 = LMG 22283.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ639826.
Etymology: L. gen. n. castelli, of a castle.
Reference: HEYRMAN (J.), VERBEEREN (J.), SCHUMANN (P.), SWINGS (J.) and DE VOS (P.): Six novel Arthrobacter species isolated from deteriorated mural paintings. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1457-1464.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter chlorophenolicus Westerberg et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain A6 = ATCC 700700 = CIP 107037 = DSM 12829 = JCM 12360.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF102267, CP001341 (complete genome).
Etymology: N.L. n. chlorophenol, chlorophenol; L. masc. suff. -icus, suffix used with the sense of pertaining to; N.L. masc. adj. chlorophenolicus, pertaining to chlorophenols.
Reference: WESTERBERG (K.), ELVÄNG (A.M.), STACKEBRANDT (E.) and JANSSON (J.K.): Arthrobacter chlorophenolicus sp. nov., a new species capable of degrading high concentrations of 4-chlorophenol. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2000, 50, 2083-2092.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter citreus Sacks 1954, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 11624 = CCUG 23840 = CIP 102363 = DSM 20133 = HAMBI 89 = IFO (now NBRC) 12957 = JCM 1331 = LMG 16338 = NRRL B-1258 = VKM Ac-1106.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X80737.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. citreus, of or pertaining to the citron-tree; intended to mean lemon-yellow, lemon-colored.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [SACKS (L.E.): Observations on the morphogenesis of Arthrobacter citreus, spec. nov. Journal of Bacteriology, 1954, 67, 342-345.]

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Arthrobacter creatinolyticus Hou et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CIP 105749 = GIFU 12498 = JCM 10102.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D88211.
Etymology: N.L. n. creatininum, creatinine; N.L. masc. adj. lyticus (from Gr. masc. adj. lutikos) able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. masc. adj. creatinolyticus, creatinine-hydrolyzing.
Reference: HOU (X.G.), KAWAMURA (Y.), SULTANA (F.), SHU (S.), HIROSE (K.), GOTO (K.) and EZAKI (T.): Description of Arthrobacter creatinolyticus sp. nov., isolated from human urine. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 423-429.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter cryoconiti Margesin et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Cr6-08 = CGMCC 1.10698 = DSM 23324 = LMG 26052.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU784867.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. cryoconiti, of/from cryoconite, referring to glacier cryoconite, the isolation source of the type strain.
Reference: MARGESIN (R.), SCHUMANN (P.), ZHANG (D.C.), REDZIC (M.), ZHOU (Y.G.), LIU (H.C.) and SCHINNER (F.): Arthrobacter cryoconiti sp. nov., a psychrophilic bacterium isolated from alpine glacier cryoconite. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 397-402.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter cryotolerans Ganzert et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain LI3 = DSM 22826 = JCM 17806 = NCCB 100315.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ406812.
Etymology: Gr. n. kruos, icy cold, frost; L. part. adj. tolerans, tolerating, enduring; N.L. part. adj. cryotolerans, cold-tolerating.
Reference: GANZERT (L.), BAJERSKI (F.), MANGELSDORF (K.), LIPSKI (A.) and WAGNER (D.): Arthrobacter livingstonensis sp. nov. and Arthrobacter cryotolerans sp. nov., salt-tolerant and psychrotolerant species from Antarctic soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 979-984.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter crystallopoietes Ensign and Rittenberg 1963, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 15481 = CIP 102717 = DSM 20117 = IFO (now NBRC) 14235 = JCM 2522 = LMG 3819 = VKM Ac-1107.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X80738.
Etymology: L. n. crystallus, a crystal, Gr. v. poieo, to make, to produce, to form; N.L. masc. adj. crystallopoietes, crystal forming.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [ENSIGN (J.C.) and RITTENBERG (S.C.): A crystalline pigment produced from 2-hydroxypyridine by Arthrobacter crystallopoietes n. sp. Archiv für Mikrobiologie, 1963, 47, 137-153.]

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Arthrobacter cumminsii Funke et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 700218 = CCUG 36788 = CIP 104907 = DMMZ 445 = DSM 10493 = JCM 11675.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X93354.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. cumminsii, of Cummins, to honor Cecil S. Cummins, a prominent American microbiologist and a pioneer of chemotaxonomy.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 60. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 242. [FUNKE (G.), HUTSON (R.A.), BERNARD (K.A.), PFYFFER (G.E.), WAUTERS (G.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Isolation of Arthrobacter spp. from clinical specimens and description of Arthrobacter cumminsii sp. nov. and Arthrobacter woluwensis sp. nov. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1996, 34, 2356-2363.]
Validation List no. 60 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Arthrobacter cumminsii Funke et al. 1997 emend. Funke et al. 1998.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 700218 = CCUG 36788 = CIP 104907 = DMMZ 445 = DSM 10493 = JCM 11675.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X93354.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. cumminsii, of Cummins, to honor Cecil S. Cummins, a prominent American microbiologist and a pioneer of chemotaxonomy.
References: List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 1. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 7-8. [FUNKE (G.), PAGANO-NIEDERER (M.), SJÖDEN (B.) and FALSEN (E.): Characteristics of Arthrobacter cumminsii, the most frequently encountered Arthrobacter species in human clinical specimens. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1998, 36, 1539-1543.]
List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 1 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Arthrobacter cupressi Zhang et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain D48 = CGMCC 1.10783 = DSM 24664.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HQ657321.
Etymology: L. gen. n. cupressi, of a cypress, of Cupressus, referring to the plant, the source of the rhizosphere soil from which the type strain was isolated.
Reference: ZHANG (J.), MA (Y.) and YU (H.): Arthrobacter cupressi sp. nov., an actinomycete isolated from the rhizosphere soil of Cupressus sempervirens. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2731-2736.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter defluvii Kim et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 4C1-a = DSM 18782 = KCTC 19209.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM409361.
Etymology: L. gen. n. defluvii, of sewage.
Reference: KIM (K.K.), LEE (K.C.), OH (H.M.), KIM (M.J.), EOM (M.K.) and LEE (J.S.): Arthrobacter defluvii sp. nov., 4-chlorophenol-degrading bacteria isolated from sewage. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1916-1921.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter duodecadis Lochhead 1958, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 13347 = CIP 102696 = IAM 14868 = IFO (now NBRC) 12959 = JCM 11564 = LMG 17308 = NCIMB 9222 = VKM Ac-1108.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB072496.
Etymology: L. n. duodecas -adis, the number twelve; L. gen. n. duodecadis, of twelve, referring to the requirement of the organism for vitamin B12.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [LOCHHEAD (A.G.): Two new species of Arthrobacter requiring respectively vitamin B12 and the terregens factor. Archiv für Mikrobiologie 1958, 31, 163-170.]

¤ Tetrasphaera duodecadis (Lochhead 1958) Ishikawa and Yokota 2006, comb. nov.

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Arthrobacter echigonensis Ding et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain LC10 = CCTCC AB 206017 = IAM 15385 = JCM 21829.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB248531.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. echigonensis, of or pertaining to the Echigo region, in Japan.
Reference: DING, (L.) HIROSE (T.) and YOKOTA (A.): Four novel Arthrobacter species isolated from filtration substrate. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 856-862.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the April 2012 issue of the IJSEM, Zhou et al. propose to transfer Arthrobacter echigonensis Ding et al. 2009 in the genus ¤ Sinomonas as ¤ Sinomonas echigonensis (Ding et al. 2009) Zhou et al. 2012, comb. nov. The type strain is cited as LC10T (=IAM 15385T=CCTCC AB 206017T). The IAM number cited in the original publication is associated with a collection that had ceased to operate prior to publication of the paper. The JCM has accessed many of the IAM strains. IAM 15386 was accessed as JCM 21829. However, according to Dr. T. Kudo (JCM), the strain JCM 21829 was not available at the time of publication. So, according to Rule 30 (3b), the new combination ¤ Sinomonas echigonensis is not validly published.
References:  
1 ZHOU (Y.), CHEN (X.), ZHANG (Y.), WANG (W.) and XU (J.): Description of Sinomonas soli sp. nov., reclassification of Arthrobacter echigonensis and Arthrobacter albidus (Ding et al. 2009) as Sinomonas echigonensis comb. nov. and Sinomonas albida comb. nov., respectively, and emended description of the genus Sinomonas. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 764-769.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 KUDO (T.): Personal communication (April 12, 2012).

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Arthrobacter equi Yassin et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain IMMIB L-1606 = CCUG 59597 = DSM 23395.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FN673551.
Etymology: L. gen. n. equi, of the horse.
Reference: YASSIN (A.F.), SPRÖER (C.), SIERING (C.), HUPFER (H.) and SCHUMANN (P.): Arthrobacter equi sp. nov., isolated from veterinary clinical material. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2089-2094.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter flavescens Lochhead 1958, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 13348 = CCUG 29000 = CIP 102401 = DSM 20643 = HAMBI 1909 = IFO (now NBRC) 15039 = JCM 3877 = JCM 11568 = LMG 3028 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 9221 = VKM Ac-1415.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y17232.
Etymology: L. v. flavescere, to become golden yellow; L. part. adj. flavescens, becoming golden yellow.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [LOCHHEAD (A.G.): Two new species of Arthrobacter requiring respectively vitamin B12 and the terregens factor. Archiv für Mikrobiologie 1958, 31, 163-170.]

¤ Aureobacterium flavescens (Lochhead 1958) Collins et al. 1983, comb. nov.

¤ Microbacterium flavescens (Lochhead 1958) Takeuchi and Hatano 1998, comb. nov.

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Arthrobacter flavus Reddy et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CMS 19Y = JCM 11496 = MTCC 3476.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB537168.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. flavus, yellow, the color of a pigment that the bacterium produces.
Reference: REDDY (G.S.N.), AGGARWAL (R.K.), MATSUMOTO (G.I.) and SHIVAJI (S.): Arthrobacter flavus sp. nov., a psychrophilic bacterium isolated from a pond in McMurdo Dry Valley, Antarctica. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1553-1561.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter gandavensis Storms et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DSM 15046 = JCM 13316 = LMG 21285.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ316140.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. gandavensis, of or belonging to Gandavum, the Latin name for Ghent, referring to the place where these strains were first isolated.
Reference: STORMS (V.), DEVRIESE (L.A.), COOPMAN (R.), SCHUMANN (P.), VYNCKE (F.) and GILLIS (M.): Arthrobacter gandavensis sp. nov., for strains of veterinary origin. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1881-1884.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter gangotriensis Gupta et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Lz1y = DSM 15796 = JCM 12166.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ606061.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. gangotriensis, of or pertaining to the Indian Antarctic station Dakshin Gangotri.
Reference: GUPTA (P.), REDDY (G.S.N.), DELILLE (D.) and SHIVAJI (S.): Arthrobacter gangotriensis sp. nov. and Arthrobacter kerguelensis sp. nov. from Antarctica. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 2375-2378.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter globiformis (Conn 1928) Conn and Dimmick 1947, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain AS 1.1894 = ATCC 8010 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 10598 = CCUG 581 = CCUG 12157 = CCUG 28997 = CIP 81.84 = DSM 20124 = HAMBI 88 = HAMBI 1863 = IAM 12438 = ICPB 3434 = IFO (now NBRC) 12137 = JCM 1332 = LMG 3813 = NCIMB 8907 = NRIC 0151 = NRRL B-2979 = VKM Ac-1112.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X80736.
Synonyms: "Bacterium globiforme" Conn 1928, "Achromobacter globiformis" (Conn 1928) Bergey et al. 1930, "Mycobacterium globiforme" (Conn 1928) Krasil'nikov 1941, "Corynebacterium globiforme" (Conn 1928) Wood 1950.
Etymology: L. n. globus, ball, globe; L. adj. suffix -formis -is -e (from L. n. forma, figure, shape, appearance), -like, in the shape of; N.L. masc. adj. globiformis, like a ball, spherical.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 CONN (H.J.): A type of bacteria abundant in productive soils, but apparently lacking in certain soils of low productivity. New York State Agricultural Experimental Station Technical Bulletin, 1928, 138, 3-26. 2 CONN (H.J.) and DIMMICK (I.): Soil bacteria similar in morphology to Mycobacterium and Corynebacterium. Journal of Bacteriology, 1947, 54, 291-303.]

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Arthrobacter gyeryongensis Hoang et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DCY72=KCTC 33072=JCM 18514.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JX141781.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. gyeryongensis, of or belonging to the Gyeryong mountain.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Reference: HOANG, V.-A., KIM, Y.-J., NGUYEN, N.-L. and YANG, D.-C. 2014. Arthrobacter gyeryongensis sp. nov., isolated from soil of a Gynostemma pentaphyllum field. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 420-425.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter halodurans Chen et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain JSM 078085 = DSM 21081 = KCTC 19430.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU583729.
Etymology: Gr. n. hals halos, salt; L. part. adj. durans, enduring; N.L. part. adj. halodurans, salt-enduring.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 148. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2549-2554. [CHEN (Y.G.), TANG (S.K.), ZHANG (Y.Q.), LI (Z.Y.), YI (L.B.), WANG (Y.X.), LI (W.J.) and CUI (X.L.): Arthrobacter halodurans sp. nov., a new halotolerant bacterium isolated from sea water. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2009, 96, 63-70.]
Validation List no. 148 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Arthrobacter histidinolovorans Adams 1954, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 11442 = CCUG 23888 = CIP 106988 = DSM 20115 = IFO (now NBRC) 15510 = JCM 2520 = LMG 3822 = VKM Ac-1978.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X83406.
Etymology: N.L. n. histidinolum, histidinol; L. part. adj. vorans, devouring, consuming; N.L. part. adj. histidinolovorans, histidinol destroying.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [ADAMS (E.): The enzymic synthesis of histidine from histidinol. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 1954, 209, 829-846.]

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Arthrobacter humicola Kageyama et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain KV-653 = JCM 15921 = NBRC 102056 = NRRL B-24479.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB279890.
Etymology: L. n. humus, soil; L. suff. -cola (from L. n. incola), inhabitant, dweller; N.L. n. humicola, soil dweller.
Reference: KAGEYAMA (A.), MORISAKI (K.), ŌMURA (S.) and TAKAHASHI (Y.): Arthrobacter oryzae sp. nov. and Arthrobacter humicola sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 53-56.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter ilicis Collins et al. 1982, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 14264 = DSM 20138 = NCPPB 1228.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X83407.
Etymology: N.L. n. Ilex -icis, a scientific botanical genus name; N.L. gen. n. ilicis, of Ilex.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 9. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 384-385. [COLLINS (M.D.), JONES (D.) and KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.): Reclassification of Corynebacterium ilicis (Mandel, Guba and Litsky) in the genus Arthrobacter as Arthrobacter ilicis comb. nov. Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig., 1981, C2, 318-323.]
Validation List no. 9 in IJSEM Online

Note:
Arthrobacter
ilicis was first proposed as Arthrobacter ilicis (Mandel et al. 1961) Collins et al. 1982, comb. nov. [basonym ¤ Corynebacterium ilicis Mandel et al. 1961 (Approved Lists 1980)], type strain ATCC 14264 = NCPPB 1228.
Strain ATCC 14264 = DSM 20138 = NCPPB 1228 does not exhibit one of the original diagnostic features of ¤ Corynebacterium ilicis, namely pathogenesis on American holly (Ilex opaca), and cannot represent this species.
Following a Request for an Opinion [1], the Judicial Commission [2] has therefore ruled (i) that ATCC 14264 = DSM 20138 = NCPPB 1228 cannot serve as the type of the species ¤ Corynebacterium ilicis, but may serve as the type of a different taxon, ¤ Arthrobacter ilicis Collins et al. 1982; and (ii) that the name ¤ Corynebacterium ilicis Mandel et al. 1961 (Approved Lists 1980) is represented by the type strain ICMP 2608 = ICPB CI144.
Consequently, (i) Arthrobacter ilicis is not a homotypic synonym of ¤ Corynebacterium ilicis Mandel et al. 1961 (Approved Lists 1980); (ii) reference to Mandel et al. 1961 in the author citation Arthrobacter ilicis (Mandel et al. 1961) Collins et al. 1982 is to be removed; (iii) Arthrobacter ilicis Collins et al. 1982 is a new species, not a new combination as cited in the Validation List no. 9; and (iv) any reference to Mandel et al. 1961 is not to be included in any future descriptions.
References:
1 YOUNG (J.M.), WATSON (D.R.W.) and DYE (D.W.): Reconsideration of Arthrobacter ilicis (Mandel et al. 1961) Collins et al. 1982 as a plant-pathogenic species. Proposal to emend the authority and description of the species. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 303-305.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Corynebacterium ilicis is typified by ICMP 2608 =ICPB CI144, Arthrobacter ilicis is typified by DSM 20138 =ATCC 14264 =NCPPB 1228 and the two are not homotypic synonyms, and clarification of the authorship of these two species. Opinion 87. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1976-1978.
Opinion 87 in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter kerguelensis Gupta et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain KGN15 = DSM 15797 = JCM 12165.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ606062.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. kerguelensis, of or pertaining to Kerguelen Islands, Antarctica.
Reference: GUPTA (P.), REDDY (G.S.N.), DELILLE (D.) and SHIVAJI (S.): Arthrobacter gangotriensis sp. nov. and Arthrobacter kerguelensis sp. nov. from Antarctica. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 2375-2378.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter koreensis Lee et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CA15-8 = IFO (now NBRC) 16787 = JCM 12361 = KCTC 9922.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY116496.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. koreensis, of or pertaining to Korea, where the organisms were isolated.
Reference: LEE (J.S.), LEE (K.C.), PYUN (Y.R.) and BAE (K.S.): Arthrobacter koreensis sp. nov., a novel alkalitolerant bacterium from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1277-1280.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter livingstonensis Ganzert et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain LI2 = DSM 22825 = JCM 17807 = NCCB 100314.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ406811.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. livingstonensis, of or pertaining to Livingston Island, Antarctica, the sampling location of the soil from which the type strain was isolated.
Reference: GANZERT (L.), BAJERSKI (F.), MANGELSDORF (K.), LIPSKI (A.) and WAGNER (D.): Arthrobacter livingstonensis sp. nov. and Arthrobacter cryotolerans sp. nov., salt-tolerant and psychrotolerant species from Antarctic soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 979-984.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter luteolus Wauters et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CF25 = ATCC BAA-272 = CCUG 43811 = CIP 106789 = DSM 13067 = JCM 11676.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ243422.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. luteolus, yellowish, because of the yellow-pigmented colonies.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 76. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1699-1700. [WAUTERS (G.), CHARLIER (J.), JANSSENS (M.) and DELMÉE (M.): Identification of Arthrobacter oxydans, Arthrobacter luteolus sp. nov., and Arthrobacter albus sp. nov., isolated from human clinical specimens. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2000, 38, 2412-2415.]
Validation List no. 76 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format) - Effective publication Online

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Arthrobacter methylotrophus Borodina et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain TGA = ATCC BAA-111 = DSM 14008 = JCM 13519.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF235090.
Etymology: N.L. n. methylum (from French méthyle, back-formation from French méthylène, coined from Gr. n. methu, wine and Gr. n. hulê, wood), the methyl radical; N.L. pref. methylo-, pertaining to the methyl radical; Gr. n. trophos, feeder, rearer, one who feeds; N.L. masc. adj. methylotrophus, feeding on methyl groups.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 85. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 685-690. [BORODINA (E.), KELLY (D.P.), SCHUMANN (P.), RAINEY (F.A.), WARD-RAINEY (N.L.) and WOOD (A.P.): Enzymes of dimethylsulfone metabolism and the phylogenetic characterization of the facultative methylotrophs Arthrobacter sulfonivorans sp. nov., Arthrobacter methylotrophus sp. nov., and Hyphomicrobium sulfonivorans sp. nov. Arch. Microbiol., 2002, 177, 173-183.]
Validation List no. 85 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format) - Effective publication Online

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Arthrobacter monumenti Heyrman et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DSM 16405 = JCM 21770 = LMG 19502.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ315070.
Etymology: L. gen. n. monumenti, of a monument.
Reference: HEYRMAN (J.), VERBEEREN (J.), SCHUMANN (P.), SWINGS (J.) and DE VOS (P.): Six novel Arthrobacter species isolated from deteriorated mural paintings. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1457-1464.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter mysorens Nand and Rao 1972, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33408 = CIP 102716 = JCM 11565 = LMG 16219 = NBRC 103060 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 10583.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ617482.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. mysorens, of or pertaining to Mysore, where the organisms were isolated.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [NAND (K.) and RAO (D.V.): Arthrobacter mysorens- a new species excreting L-glutamic acid. Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1972, 127, 324-331.]

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Arthrobacter nasiphocae Collins et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain M597/99/10 = CCUG 42953 = CIP 107054 = JCM 11677.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ292364.
Etymology: L. n. nasus, nose; L. n. phoca, a seal; N.L. gen. n. nasiphocae, of the nose of a seal.
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), HOYLES (L.), FOSTER (G.), FALSEN (E.) and WEISS (N.): Arthrobacter nasiphocae sp. nov., from the common seal (Phoca vitulina). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 569-571.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter nicotianae Giovannozzi-Sermanni 1959, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain AS 1.1895 = ATCC 15236 = CCM 1648 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 11219 = CCUG 23842 = CDA 883 = CIP 82.107 = DSM 20123 = HAMBI 1859 = IAM 12342 = IFO (now NBRC) 14234 = IMET 10353 = JCM 1333 = LMG 16305 = NCIMB 9458 = NRIC 0153.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X80739.
Etymology: N.L. n. Nicotiana, a scientific generic name, N.L. gen. n. nicotianae, of Nicotiana, of the tobacco plant.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [GIOVANNOZZI-SERMANNI (G.): Una nuova species di Arthrobacter determinante la degradazione della nicotina: Arthrobacter nicotinae. Il Tabacco (Rome), 1959, 63, 83-86.]

Note: According to Gelsomino et al. 2004, Arthrobacter nicotianae Giovannozzi-Sermanni 1959 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier synonym of ¤ Brevibacterium liquefaciens Okabayashi and Masuo 1960 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: GELSOMINO (R.), VANCANNEYT (M.) and SWINGS (J.): Reclassification of Brevibacterium liquefaciens Okabayashi and Masuo 1960 as Arthrobacter nicotianae Giovannozzi-Sermanni 1959. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 615-616.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter nicotinovorans Kodama et al. 1992, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 49919 = CIP 106990 = DSM 420 = IFO (now NBRC) 15511 = JCM 3874 = LMG 16253 = VKM Ac-1988.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X80743.
Etymology: N.L. n. nicotinum, nicotine; L. part. adj. vorans, devouring, destroying; N.L. part. adj. nicotinovorans, nicotine devouring.
Reference: KODAMA (Y.), YAMAMOTO (H.), AMANO (N.) and AMACHI (T.): Reclassification of two strains of Arthrobacter oxydans and proposal of Arthrobacter nicotinovorans sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 234-239.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter niigatensis Ding et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain LC4 = CCTCC AB 206012 = IAM 15382 = JCM 21826.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB248526.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. niigatensis, of or pertaining to the Niigata region, Japan.
Reference: DING, (L.) HIROSE (T.) and YOKOTA (A.): Four novel Arthrobacter species isolated from filtration substrate. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 856-862.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter nitroguajacolicus Kotoučková et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain G2-1 = CCM 4924 = DSM 15232 = JCM 14115.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ512504.
Etymology: N.L. neut. n. nitroguajacol, nitroguaiacol; L. suff. -icus -a -um, suffix used with the sense of belonging to; N.L. masc. adj. nitroguajacolicus, pertaining to nitroguaiacol.
Reference: KOTOUČKOVÁ (L.), SCHUMANN (P.), DURNOVÁ (E.), SPRÖER (C.), SEDLÁČEK (I.), NEČA (J.), ZDRÁHAL (Z.) and NĚMEC (M.): Arthrobacter nitroguajacolicus sp. nov., a novel 4-nitroguaiacol-degrading actinobacterium. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 773-777.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter oryzae Kageyama et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain KV-651 = JCM 15922 = NBRC 102055 = NRRL B-24478.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB279889.
Etymology: L. gen. n. oryzae, of rice.
Reference: KAGEYAMA (A.), MORISAKI (K.), ŌMURA (S.) and TAKAHASHI (Y.): Arthrobacter oryzae sp. nov. and Arthrobacter humicola sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 53-56.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter oxydans Sguros 1954, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain AS 1.1925 = ATCC 14358 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 11573 = CCUG 17757 = CIP 107005 = DSM 20119 = HAMBI 1857 = IFO (now NBRC) 12138 = IMET 10684 = JCM 2521 = LMG 3816 = NCIMB 9333 = NRIC 0154 = VKM Ac-1114.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X83408.
Etymology: N.L. part. adj. oxydans, oxidizing.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [SGUROS (P.L.): Taxonomy and nutrition of a new species of nicotinophilic bacterium. Bacteriological Proceedings, 1954, 21-22.]

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Arthrobacter parietis Heyrman et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DSM 16404 = JCM 14917 = LMG 22281.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ639830.
Etymology: L. gen. n. parietis, of a wall.
Reference: HEYRMAN (J.), VERBEEREN (J.), SCHUMANN (P.), SWINGS (J.) and DE VOS (P.): Six novel Arthrobacter species isolated from deteriorated mural paintings. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1457-1464.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter pascens Lochhead and Burton 1953, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 13346 = CCUG 23843 = CIP 102362 = DSM 20545 = HAMBI 1862 = IFO (now NBRC) 12139 = JCM 11606 = LMG 16255 = NRRL B-1814 = VKM Ac-1116.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X80740.
Etymology: L. part adj. pascens, feeding, nourishing..
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [LOCHHEAD (A.G.) and BURTON (M.O.): An essential bacterial growth factor produced by microbial synthesis. Canadian Journal of Botany, 1953, 31, 7-22.]

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Arthrobacter phenanthrenivorans Kallimanis et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Sphe3 = DSM 18606 = JCM 16027 = LMG 23796.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP002379 (complete genome).
Etymology: N.L. n. phenanthrenum, phenanthrene; L. v. vorare, to devour; L. part. adj. vorans, devouring, digesting; N.L. part. adj. phenanthrenivorans, digesting phenanthrene.
Reference: KALLIMANIS (A.), KAVAKIOTIS (K.), PERISYNAKIS (A.), SPRÖER (C.), PUKALL (R.), DRAINAS (C.) and KOUKKOU (A.I.): Arthrobacter phenanthrenivorans sp. nov., to accommodate the phenanthrene-degrading bacterium Arthrobacter sp. strain Sphe3. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 275-279.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter picolinophilus Tate and Ensign 1974, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27854 = DSM 20665 = JCM 11573 = LMG 16262.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY017116.
Etymology: N.L. n. acidum picolinicum, picolinic acid; N.L. masc. adj. philus (from Gr. masc. adj. philos), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. picolinophilus, loving picolinic acid, intended to mean degrading picolinic acid.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [TATE (R.L.) and ENSIGN (J.C.): A new species of Arthrobacter which degrades picolinic acid. Canadian Journal of Microbiology, 1974, 20, 691-694.]

¤ Rhodococcus erythropolis (Gray and Thornton 1928) Goodfellow and Alderson 1979 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: According to Koch et al. 1995, Arthrobacter picolinophilus Tate and Ensign 1974 (Approved Lists 1980) is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Rhodococcus erythropolis (Gray and Thornton 1928) Goodfellow and Alderson 1979 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: KOCH (C.), KLATTE (S.), SCHUMANN (P.), BURGHARDT (J.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Transfer of Arthrobacter picolinophilus Tate and Ensign 1974 to Rhodococcus erythropolis. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 576-577.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter pigmenti Heyrman et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DSM 16403 = JCM 21771 = LMG 22284.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ639827.
Etymology: L. gen. n. pigmenti, of a color, paint, pigment.
Reference: HEYRMAN (J.), VERBEEREN (J.), SCHUMANN (P.), SWINGS (J.) and DE VOS (P.): Six novel Arthrobacter species isolated from deteriorated mural paintings. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1457-1464.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter polychromogenes Schippers-Lammertse et al. 1963, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 15216 = CIP 106989 = DSM 20136 = IFO (now NBRC) 15512 = JCM 2523 = LMG 3821 = VKM Ac-1955.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X80741.
Etymology: Gr. adj. polu, many; Gr. n. chroma, color; Gr. v. gennaio, produce; N.L. part. adj. polychromogenes, producing many colors.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [SCHIPPERS-LAMMERTSE (A.F.), MUIJSERS (A.O.) and KLATSER-OEDEKERK (K.B.): Arthrobacter polychromogenes nov spec., its pigments and a bacteriophage of this species. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek Journal of Microbiology and Serology, 1963, 29, 1-15.]

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Arthrobacter protophormiae (Lysenko 1959) Stackebrandt et al. 1984, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 19271 = CIP 106987 = DSM 20168 = IFO (now NBRC) 12128 = JCM 1973 = LMG 16324 = VKM Ac-2104.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X80745.
Basonym: ¤ Brevibacterium protophormiae Lysenko 1959 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. protophormiae, of Protophormia (a genus of dipteran insects), isolated from Protophormia terraenovae.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 14. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 270-271. [STACKEBRANDT (E.), FOWLER (V.J.), FIEDLER (F.) and SEILER (H.): Taxonomic studies on Arthrobacter nicotianae and related taxa: description of Arthrobacter uratoxydans sp. nov. and Arthrobacter sulfureus sp. nov. and reclassification of Brevibacterium protophormiae as Arthrobacter protophormiae comb. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 470-486.]
Validation List no. 14 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Arthrobacter psychrochitiniphilus Wang et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain GP3 = CGMCC 1.6355 = JCM 13874.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB588633.
Etymology: Gr. adj. psuchros, cold; N.L. n. chitinum, chitin; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), loving; N.L. masc. adj. psychrochitiniphilus, a cold, chitin-loving bacterium.
Reference: WANG (F.), GAI (Y.), CHEN (M.) and XIAO (X.): Arthrobacter psychrochitiniphilus sp. nov., a psychrotrophic bacterium isolated from Antarctica. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2759-2762.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter psychrolactophilus Loveland-Curtze et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain B7 = ATCC 700733 = JCM 12399.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF134179.
Etymology: Gr. adj. psuchros, cold; L. n. lac lactis, milk; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), loving; N.L. masc. adj. psychrolactophilus, a cold, milk (sugar)-loving (bacterium).
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 72. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 3-4. [LOVELAND-CURTZE (J.), SHERIDAN (P.P.), GUTSHALL (K.R.) and BRENCHLEY (J.E.): Biochemical and phylogenetic analyses of psychrophilic isolates belonging to the Arthrobacter subgroup and description of Arthrobacter psychrolactophilus, sp. nov. Arch. Microbiol., 1999, 171, 355-363.]
Validation List no. 72 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format) - Effective publication Online

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Arthrobacter psychrophenolicus Margesin et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain AG31 = DSM 15454 = JCM 13568 = LMG 21914.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ616763.
Etymology: Gr. adj. psuchros, cold; N.L. masc. adj. phenolicus, relating to phenol; N.L. masc. adj. psychrophenolicus, relating to phenol [degradation] at low temperature.
Reference: MARGESIN (R.), SCHUMANN (P.), SPRÖER (C.) and GOUNOT (A.M.): Arthrobacter psychrophenolicus sp. nov., isolated from an alpine ice cave. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 2067-2072.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter radiotolerans Yoshinaka et al. 1973, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 51242 = CIP 106991 = DSM 5868 = IAM 12072 = IFO (now NBRC) 14777 = JCM 2153 = VKM Ac-1989.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U65647.
Etymology: L. n. radius, a beam or ray; N.L. pref. radio-, pertaining to radiation; L. part. adj. tolerans, tolerating; N.L. part. adj. radiotolerans, (γ-ray) radiation-tolerating.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [YOSHINAKA (T.), YANO (K.) and YAMAGUCHI (H.): Isolation of highly radioresistant bacterium. Arthrobacter radiotolerans nov. sp. Agricultural and Biological Chemistry, 1973, 37, 2269-2275.]

¤ Rubrobacter radiotolerans (Yoshinaka et al. 1973) Suzuki et al. 1989, comb. nov.

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Arthrobacter ramosus Jensen 1960, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 13727 = CIP 102361 = DSM 16186 = IFO (now NBRC) 12958 = JCM 1334 = LMG 17309 = NRRL B-3159 = VKM Ac-1117.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM039435.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. ramosus, having many branches, branched, branching.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [JENSEN (V.): Arthrobacter ramosus spec. nov. A new Arthrobacter species isolated from forest soils. Kongelige Veterinaer-og Landbohojskole Arsskrift, 1960, pp. 123-132.]
Note: The DSMZ accession number DSM 20546 is incorrect and has been replaced by DSM 16186 and the corresponding 16S sequence accession number is AM039435 (personal communication, Cathrin Spröer, DSMZ).

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Arthrobacter rhombi Osorio et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain F.98.3HR.69 = CCUG 38813 = JCM 11678.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y15885.
Etymology: L. masc. n. rhombus, flatfish; L. gen. n. rhombi, of flatfish.
Reference: OSORIO (C.R.), BARJA (J.L.), HUTSON (R.A.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Arthrobacter rhombi sp. nov., isolated from Greenland halibut (Reinhardtius hippoglossoides). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol, 1999, 49, 1217-1220.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter roseus Reddy et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CMS 90r = DSM 14508 = JCM 11881 = MTCC 3712.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ278870.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. roseus, rose-colored, rosy.
Reference: REDDY (G.S.N.), PRAKASH (J.S.S.), MATSUMOTO (G.I.), STACKEBRANDT (E.) and SHIVAJI (S.): Arthrobacter roseus sp. nov., a psychrophilic bacterium isolated from an Antarctic cyanobacterial mat sample. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1017-1021.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter russicus Li et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain A1-3 = DSM 14555 = GTC 863 = JCM 11414.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB071950.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. russicus, pertaining to Russia (Russian space station).
Reference: LI (Y.), KAWAMURA (Y.), FUJIWARA (N.), NAKA (T.), LIU (H.), HUANG (X.), KOBAYASHI (K.) and EZAKI (T.): Rothia aeria sp. nov., Rhodococcus baikonurensis sp. nov. and Arthrobacter russicus sp. nov., isolated from air in the Russian space laboratory Mir. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 827-835.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The specific epithet russicus is a N.L. adj., not a L. adj. as cited in the paper by Li et al. 2004.

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Arthrobacter sanguinis Mages et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCUG 46407 = DSM 21259.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU086805.
Etymology: L. gen. n. sanguinis, of blood, indicating that the bacterium was isolated from a blood culture.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 125. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1-2. [MAGES (I.S.), FRODL (R.), BERNARD (K.A.) and FUNKE (G.): Identities of Arthrobacter spp. and Arthrobacter-like bacteria encountered in human clinical specimens. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2008, 46, 2980-2986.]
Validation List no. 125 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Arthrobacter scleromae Huang et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain YH-2001 = CGMCC 1.3601 = JCM 12642.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF330692.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. scleromae, of scleroma.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 105. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1743-1745. [HUANG (Y.), ZHAO (N.), HE (L.), WANG (L.), LIU (Z.), YOU (M.) and GUAN (F.): Arthrobacter scleromae sp. nov. isolated from human clinical specimens. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2005, 43, 1451-1455.]
Validation List no. 105 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 In the effective publication, the strain CGMCC 1.3601 is cited as AS 1.3601. The culture collection accession number JCM 12642 has been provided on request for validation.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 105 (footnote ‡). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1743-1745.
Validation List no. 105 in IJSEM Online
2 The epithet scleromae is a N.L. gen. n., not a L. adj. as cited in the paper by Huang et al. 2005.

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Arthrobacter siccitolerans SantaCruz-Calvo et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 4J27=CECT 8257=LMG 27359.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: GU815139.
Etymology: L. adj. siccus, dry, L. part. adj. tolerans, tolerating; N.L. part. adj. siccitolerans, dry-tolerating.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Reference: SANTACRUZ-CALVO, L., GONZÁLEZ-LÓPEZ, J. and MANZANERA, M. 2013. Arthrobacter siccitolerans sp. nov., a highly desiccation-tolerant, xeroprotectant-producing strain isolated from dry soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4174-4180.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter siderocapsulatus Dubinina and Zhdanov 1975, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain BKM-B N 1122 = LMG 16206 = NCIMB 11286.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF226713.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. siderocapsulatus, related to "Siderocapsa" (Dubinina and Zhdanov consider that the iron bacteria classified in the genus "Siderocapsa" and, indeed, the entire "Siderocapsaceae" should be considered members of the genus Arthrobacter).
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [DUBININA (G.) and ZHDANOV (A.V.): Recognition of the iron bacteria "Siderocapsa" as arthrobacters and description of Arthrobacter siderocapsulatus sp. nov. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1975, 25, 340-350.]

Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Arthrobacter siderocapsulatus Dubinin (sic) and Zhdanov 1975.
Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Pseudomonas putida (Trevisan 1889) Migula 1895 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: According to Chun et al. 2001, Arthrobacter siderocapsulatus Dubinina and Zhdanov 1975 (Approved Lists 1980) is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Pseudomonas putida (Trevisan 1889) Migula 1895 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: CHUN (J.), RHEE (M.S.), HAN (J.I.) and BAE (K.S.): Arthrobacter siderocapsulatus Dubinina and Zhdanov 1975AL is a later subjective synonym of Pseudomonas putida (Trevisan 1889) Migula 1895AL. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 169-170.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter simplex (Jensen 1934) Lochhead 1957, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain AJ 1420 = ATCC 6946 = CCUG 23611 = CIP 82.106 = DSM 20130 = HAMBI 90 = HAMBI 1861 = IAM 1660 = IFO (now NBRC) 12069 = JCM 1363 = LMG 16261 = VKM Ac-1118.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF005009.
Synonym: "Corynebacterium simplex" Jensen 1934.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. simplex, simple.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 JENSEN (H.L.): Studies on saprophytic mycobactera and corynebacteria. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, 1934, 59, 19-61. 2 LOCHHEAD (A.G.): Genus VI. Arthrobacter. In: R.S. BREED, E.G.D. MURRAY and N.R. SMITH (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, seventh edition, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1957, pp. 605-612.]

¤ Pimelobacter simplex (Jensen 1934) Suzuki and Komagata 1983, comb. nov.

Note: ¤ Pimelobacter simplex (Jensen 1934) Suzuki and Komagata 1983 is an earlier homotypic synonym of ¤ Nocardioides simplex (Jensen 1934) O'Donnell et al. 1983.

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Arthrobacter soli Roh et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SYB2 = DSM 19449 = KCTC 19291.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF660748.
Etymology: L. gen. n. soli, of soil, the source of the type strain.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 123. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1993-1994. [ROH (S.W.), SUNG (Y.), NAM (Y.D.), CHANG (H.W.), KIM (K.H.), YOON (J.H.), JEON (C.O.), OH (H.M.) and BAE (J.W.): Arthrobacter soli sp. nov., a novel bacterium isolated from wastewater reservoir sediment. J. Microbiol., 2008, 46, 40-44.]
Validation List no. 123 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Arthrobacter stackebrandtii Tvrzová et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCM 2783 = DSM 16005 = JCM 14116.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ640198.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. stackebrandtii, of Stackebrandt, named in honour of Erko Stackebrandt for his pioneering contributions to our insight into the phylogenetic structure of the suborder Micrococcineae and of the genus Arthrobacter in particular.
Reference: TVRZOVÁ (L.), SCHUMANN (P.), SPRÖER (C.), SEDLÁČEK (I.), VERBARG (S.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.) and PÁČOVÁ (Z.): Polyphasic taxonomic study of strain CCM 2783 resulting in the description of Arthrobacter stackebrandtii sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 805-808.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter subterraneus Chang et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CH7 = DSM 17585 = KCTC 9997.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ097525.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. subterraneus, under the earth, indicating the source of isolation.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 123. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1993-1994. [CHANG (H.W.), BAE (J.W.), NAM (Y.D.), KWON (H.Y.), PARK (J.R.), SHIN (K.S.), KIM (K.H.), QUAN (Z.X.) RHEE (S.K.), AN (K.G.) and PARK (Y.H.): Arthrobacter subterraneus sp. nov., isolated from deep subsurface water of the South Coast of Korea. J. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 2007, 17, 1875-1879.]
Validation List no. 123 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Arthrobacter sulfonivorans Borodina et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ALL = ATCC BAA-112 = DSM 14002 = JCM 13520.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF235091.
Etymology: N.L. n. sulfonum, sulfone group, L. v. vorare, to devour, N.L. part. adj. sulfonivorans, sulfone-devouring.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 85. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 685-690. [BORODINA (E.), KELLY (D.P.), SCHUMANN (P.), RAINEY (F.A.), WARD-RAINEY (N.L.) and WOOD (A.P.): Enzymes of dimethylsulfone metabolism and the phylogenetic characterization of the facultative methylotrophs Arthrobacter sulfonivorans sp. nov., Arthrobacter methylotrophus sp. nov., and Hyphomicrobium sulfonivorans sp. nov. Arch. Microbiol., 2002, 177, 173-183.]
Validation List no. 85 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format) - Effective publication Online

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Arthrobacter sulfureus Stackebrandt et al. 1984, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 19098 = CIP 106986 = DSM 20167 = IFO (now NBRC) 12678 = JCM 1338 = LMG 16694 = NRRL B-14730.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X83409.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. sulfureus, of or like sulfur, meaning sulfur-colored.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 14. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 270-271. [STACKEBRANDT (E.), FOWLER (V.J.), FIEDLER (F.) and SEILER (H.): Taxonomic studies on Arthrobacter nicotianae and related taxa: description of Arthrobacter uratoxydans sp. nov. and Arthrobacter sulfureus sp. nov. and reclassification of Brevibacterium protophormiae as Arthrobacter protophormiae comb. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 470-486.]
Validation List no. 14 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Arthrobacter tecti Heyrman et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DSM 16407 = JCM 21772 = LMG 22282.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ639829.
Etymology: L. gen. n. tecti, of a ceiling.
Reference: HEYRMAN (J.), VERBEEREN (J.), SCHUMANN (P.), SWINGS (J.) and DE VOS (P.): Six novel Arthrobacter species isolated from deteriorated mural paintings. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1457-1464.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter terregens Lochhead and Burton 1953, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 13345 = CCUG 23845 = CIP 103038 = DSM 20449 = HAMBI 1910 = IFO (now NBRC) 12961 = JCM 1342 = LMG 17311 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 8909 = NRRL B-1824 = VKM Ac-2083.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB004721.
Etymology: L. n. terra, soil; L. part. adj. egens, requiring; N.L. part. adj. terregens, soil-requiring.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [LOCHHEAD (A.G.) and BURTON (M.O.): An essential bacterial growth factor produced by microbial synthesis. Canadian Journal of Botany, 1953, 31, 7-22.]

¤ Aureobacterium terregens (Lochhead and Burton 1953) Collins et al. 1983, comb. nov.

¤ Microbacterium terregens (Lochhead and Burton 1953) Takeuchi and Hatano 1998, comb. nov.

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Arthrobacter tumbae Heyrman et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DSM 16406 = JCM 21773 = LMG 19501.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ315069.
Etymology: L. gen. n. tumbae, of a tomb.
Reference: HEYRMAN (J.), VERBEEREN (J.), SCHUMANN (P.), SWINGS (J.) and DE VOS (P.): Six novel Arthrobacter species isolated from deteriorated mural paintings. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1457-1464.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Arthrobacter tumescens (Jensen 1934) Conn and Dimmick 1947, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 6947 = CCUG 23928 = CIP 102515 = DSM 20308 = IAM 12345 = IFO (now NBRC) 12960 = JCM 1365 = LMG 3818 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 8914 = NRRL B-4012 = VKM Ac-1120.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF005023.
Synonym: "Corynebacterium tumescens" Jensen 1934.
Etymology: L. part. adj. tumescens, swelling up.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 JENSEN (H.L.): Studies on saprophytic mycobactera and corynebacteria. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, 1934, 59, 19-61. 2 CONN (H.J.) and DIMMICK (I.): Soil bacteria similar in morphology to Mycobacterium and Corynebacterium. Journal of Bacteriology, 1947, 54, 291-303.]

¤ Pimelobacter tumescens (Jensen 1934) Suzuki and Komagata 1983, comb. nov.

¤ Terrabacter tumescens (Jensen 1934) Collins et al. 1989, comb. nov.

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Arthrobacter uratoxydans Stackebrandt et al. 1984, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 21749 = CIP 102367 = DSM 20647 = IFO (now NBRC) 15515 = JCM 11944 = LMG 16220 = VKM Ac-1979.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X83410.
Etymology: N.L. n. uratum, salt of uric acid; N.L. part. adj. oxydans, oxidizing; N.L. part. adj. uratoxydans, uric acid oxidizing.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 14. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 270-271. [STACKEBRANDT (E.), FOWLER (V.J.), FIEDLER (F.) and SEILER (H.): Taxonomic studies on Arthrobacter nicotianae and related taxa: description of Arthrobacter uratoxydans sp. nov. and Arthrobacter sulfureus sp. nov. and reclassification of Brevibacterium protophormiae as Arthrobacter protophormiae comb. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 470-486.]
Validation List no. 14 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Arthrobacter ureafaciens (Krebs and Eggleston 1939) Clark 1955, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 7562 = CIP 67.3 = DSM 20126 = IFO (now NBRC) 12140 = JCM 1337 = LMG 3812 = VKM Ac-1121.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X80744.
Synonym: "Corynebacterium ureafaciens" Krebs and Eggleston 1939.
Etymology: N.L. n. urea, urea; L. v. facio, to make, to produce; N.L. part. adj. ureafaciens, urea-producing.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 KREBS (H.A.) and EGGLESTON (L.V.): Bacterial urea formation (Metabolism of Corynebacterium ureafaciens). Enzymologia, 1939, 7, 310-320. 2 CLARK (F.E.): The designation of Corynebacterium ureafaciens Krebs and Eggleston as Arthrobacter ureafaciens (Krebs and Eggleston) comb. nov. International Bulletin of Bacteriological Nomenclature and Taxonomy, 1955, 5, 111-113.]

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Arthrobacter variabilis Müller 1961, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 15753 = CCUG 45246 = CIP 102112 = DSM 20132 = HAMBI 1872 = IFO (now NBRC) 15286 = JCM 2154 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 9455 = NRRL B-4201 = VKM Ac-1122.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ222815.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. variabilis, changeable, variable.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [MÜLLER (G.): Mikrobiologische Untersuchungen über die "Futterverpilzung durch Selbsterhitzung". III. Mitteilung: Ausfuhrliche Beschreibung neuer Bakerien-Species. Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1961, 114, 520-537.]

¤ Corynebacterium variabile corrig. (Müller 1961) Collins 1987, comb. nov.

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Arthrobacter viscosus Gasdorf et al. 1965, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 19584 = CIP 82.105 = DSM 7307 = JCM 11566 = LMG 16473 = NRRL B-1973.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ639832.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. viscosus, viscous, sticky; referring to exopolysaccharide production and viscous colonies.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [GASDORF (H.J.), BENEDICT (R.G.), CADMUS (M.C.), ANDERSON (R.F.) and JACKSON (R.W.): Polymer-producing species of Arthrobacter. Journal of Bacteriology, 1965, 90, 147-150.]

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Arthrobacter woluwensis Funke et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CUL 1808 = ATCC 700220 = CCUG 36790 = CIP 104908 = DSM 10495 = JCM 11679.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X93353.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. woluwensis, of or belonging to Woluwe, a town near Brussels, Belgium, where the type strain was isolated from a patient.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 60. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 242. [FUNKE (G.), HUTSON (R.A.), BERNARD (K.A.), PFYFFER (G.E.), WAUTERS (G.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Isolation of Arthrobacter spp. from clinical specimens and description of Arthrobacter cumminsii sp. nov. and Arthrobacter woluwensis sp. nov. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1996, 34, 2356-2363.]
Validation List no. 60 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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