Title


Sign up here for LPSN updates!


Genus Arcanobacterium

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 12
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Arcanobacterium Collins et al. 1983, gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Arcanobacterium haemolyticum (ex Mac Lean et al. 1946) Collins et al. 1983.
Etymology: L. adj. arcanus, secret, hidden, secretive; L. neut. n. bacterium, a small rod; N.L. neut. n. Arcanobacterium, secretive bacterium.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 10. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 438-440.
Effective publication: COLLINS (M.D.), JONES (D.) and SCHOFIELD (G.M.): Reclassification of "Corynebacterium haemolyticum" (Mac Lean, Liebow & Rosenberg) in the genus Arcanobacterium gen. nov. as Arcanobacterium haemolyticum nom. rev., comb. nov. J. Gen. Microbiol., 1982, 128, 1279-1281.
Validation List no. 10 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Arcanobacterium Collins et al. 1983 emend. Lehnen et al. 2006.
Type species: ¤ Arcanobacterium haemolyticum (ex Mac Lean et al. 1946) Collins et al. 1983.
Etymology: L. adj. arcanus, secretive; L. neut. n. bacterium, a small rod; N.L. neut. n. Arcanobacterium, secretive bacterium.
Reference: LEHNEN (A.), BUSSE (H.J.), FRÖLICH, (K.), KRASINSKA (M.), KÄMPFER (P.) and SPECK (S.): Arcanobacterium bialowiezense sp. nov. and Arcanobacterium bonasi sp. nov., isolated from the prepuce of European bison bulls (Bison bonasus) suffering from balanoposthitis, and emended description of the genus Arcanobacterium Collins et al. 1983. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 861-866.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Arcanobacterium Collins et al. 1983 emend. Yassin et al. 2011.
Type species: ¤ Arcanobacterium haemolyticum (ex Mac Lean et al. 1946) Collins et al. 1983.
Etymology: L. adj. arcanus, secret, hidden, secretive; L. neut. n. bacterium, a small rod; N.L. neut. n. Arcanobacterium, secretive bacterium.
Reference: YASSIN (A.F.), HUPFER (H.), SIERING (C.) and SCHUMANN (P.): Comparative chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic studies on the genus Arcanobacterium Collins et al. 1982 emend. Lehnen et al. 2006: proposal for Trueperella gen. nov. and emended description of the genus Arcanobacterium. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1265-1274.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Arcanobacterium Collins et al. 1983 emend. Hijazin et al. 2012.
Type species: ¤ Arcanobacterium haemolyticum (ex Mac Lean et al. 1946) Collins et al. 1983.
Etymology: L. adj. arcanus, secret, hidden, secretive; L. neut. n. bacterium, a small rod; N.L. neut. n. Arcanobacterium, secretive bacterium.
Reference: HIJAZIN (M.), PRENGER-BERNINGHOFF (E.), SAMMRA (O.), ALBER (J.), LÄMMLER (C.), KÄMPFER (P.), GLAESER (S.P.), BUSSE (H.J.), HASSAN (A.A.), ABDULMAWJOOD (A.) and ZSCHÖCK (M.): Arcanobacterium canis sp. nov., isolated from otitis externa of a dog, and emended description of the genus Arcanobacterium Collins et al. 1983 emend. Yassin et al. 2011. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2201-2205.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Arcanobacterium abortisuis Azuma et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Murakami = ATCC BAA-1522 = DSM 19515 = JCM 14813.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB305159.
Etymology: L. n. abortus -us, an abortion; L. n. sus suis, a pig; N.L. gen. n. abortisuis, of/from an abortion of a pig.
Valid publication: AZUMA (R.), MURAKAMI (S.), OGAWA (A.), OKADA (Y.), MIYAZAKI (S.) and MAKINO (T.): Arcanobacterium abortisuis sp. nov., isolated from a placenta of a sow following an abortion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1469-1473.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Trueperella abortisuis (Azuma et al. 2009) Yassin et al. 2011, comb. nov.

   image

Arcanobacterium bernardiae (Funke et al. 1995) Pascual Ramos et al. 1997, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 51727= DSM 9152 = CCUG 33419 = CIP 104252 = LCDC 89-0504 = LMG 18721.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X79224.
Basonym: ¤ Actinomyces bernardiae Funke et al. 1995.
Etymology: N.L. gen. fem. n. bernardiae, of Bernard, named after the Canadian microbiologist Kathryn A. Bernard for her contributions to the study of asporogenous, gram positive rods.
Valid publication: PASCUAL RAMOS (C.), FOSTER (G.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Phylogenetic analysis of the genus Actinomyces based on 16S rRNA gene sequences: description of Arcanobacterium phocae sp. nov., Arcanobacterium bernardiae comb. nov., and Arcanobacterium pyogenes comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 46-53.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Trueperella bernardiae (Funke et al. 1995) Yassin et al. 2011, comb. nov.

   image

Arcanobacterium bialowiezense Lehnen et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 1(W3/01) = DSM 17162 = NCTC 13354.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ879696.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. bialowiezense, of or pertaining to Bialowieza, Poland, where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: LEHNEN (A.), BUSSE (H.J.), FRÖLICH, (K.), KRASINSKA (M.), KÄMPFER (P.) and SPECK (S.): Arcanobacterium bialowiezense sp. nov. and Arcanobacterium bonasi sp. nov., isolated from the prepuce of European bison bulls (Bison bonasus) suffering from balanoposthitis, and emended description of the genus Arcanobacterium Collins et al. 1983. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 861-866.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Trueperella bialowiezensis (Lehnen et al. 2006) Yassin et al. 2011, comb. nov.

   image

Arcanobacterium bonasi Lehnen et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 2(W106/04) = DSM 17163 = NCTC 13355.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ879697.
Etymology: L. n. bonasus -i, a species of bull in Pœonia, with the hair of a horse, and with horns unfit for fighting; L. gen. n. bonasi, of bonasus, of the European bison (Bison bonasus) from which the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: LEHNEN (A.), BUSSE (H.J.), FRÖLICH, (K.), KRASINSKA (M.), KÄMPFER (P.) and SPECK (S.): Arcanobacterium bialowiezense sp. nov. and Arcanobacterium bonasi sp. nov., isolated from the prepuce of European bison bulls (Bison bonasus) suffering from balanoposthitis, and emended description of the genus Arcanobacterium Collins et al. 1983. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 861-866.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Trueperella bonasi (Lehnen et al. 2006) Yassin et al. 2011, comb. nov.

   image

Arcanobacterium canis Hijazin et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) P6775 = CCM 7958 = CCUG 61573 = CIP 110339.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR846134.
Etymology: L. gen. n. canis, of a dog.
Valid publication: HIJAZIN (M.), PRENGER-BERNINGHOFF (E.), SAMMRA (O.), ALBER (J.), LÄMMLER (C.), KÄMPFER (P.), GLAESER (S.P.), BUSSE (H.J.), HASSAN (A.A.), ABDULMAWJOOD (A.) and ZSCHÖCK (M.): Arcanobacterium canis sp. nov., isolated from otitis externa of a dog, and emended description of the genus Arcanobacterium Collins et al. 1983 emend. Yassin et al. 2011. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2201-2205.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Arcanobacterium haemolyticum (ex Mac Lean et al. 1946) Collins et al. 1983, nom. rev., comb. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 9345= CCUG 17215 = CCUG 33552 = CIP 103370 = DSM 20595 = IFO (now NBRC) 15585 = LMG 16163 = NCTC 8452.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ234059.
Synonym: "Corynebacterium haemolyticum" Mac Lean et al. 1946.
Etymology: Gr. n. haima (Latin transliteration haema), blood; N.L. adj. lyticus -a -um (from Gr. adj. lutikos -ê -on), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. neut. adj. haemolyticum, blood-dissolving, haemolytic.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 10. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 438-440.
Effective publication: COLLINS (M.D.), JONES (D.) and SCHOFIELD (G.M.): Reclassification of "Corynebacterium haemolyticum" (Mac Lean, Liebow & Rosenberg) in the genus Arcanobacterium gen. nov. as Arcanobacterium haemolyticum nom. rev., comb. nov. J. Gen. Microbiol., 1982, 128, 1279-1281.
Validation List no. 10 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

   image

Arcanobacterium hippocoleae Hoyles et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) M401624/00/2 = CCUG 44697 = CIP 106850.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ300767.
Etymology: Gr. n. hippos, a horse, mare; Gr. n. koleos, sheath, vagina; N.L. gen. n. hippocoleae, of the horse vagina.
Valid publication: HOYLES (L.), FALSEN (E.), FOSTER (G.), ROGERSON (F.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Arcanobacterium hippocoleae sp. nov., from the vagina of a horse. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 617-619.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Arcanobacterium phocae Pascual Ramos et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) M1590/94/3 = CIP 105740 = DSM 10002 = LMG 18722.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR749960 (type strain DSM 10002, clone 1), FR749961 (type strain DSM 10002, clone 2), FR749962 (type strain DSM 10002, clone 3).
Etymology: L. gen. n. phocae, of a seal, isolated from common seals (Phoca vitulina) and grey seals (Halichoerus grypus).
Valid publication: PASCUAL RAMOS (C.), FOSTER (G.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Phylogenetic analysis of the genus Actinomyces based on 16S rRNA gene sequences: description of Arcanobacterium phocae sp. nov., Arcanobacterium bernardiae comb. nov., and Arcanobacterium pyogenes comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 46-53.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Arcanobacterium phocisimile Hijazin et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 2698 = CCM 8430 = LMG 27073.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FN562996.
Etymology: L. gen. n. phocae, of a seal and also a bacterial epithet (Arcanobacterium phocae); L. neut. adj. simile, like, resembling, similar; N.L. neut. adj. phocisimile, resembling (Arcanobacterium) phocae.
Valid publication: HIJAZIN (M.), SAMMRA (O.), ÜLBEGI-MOHYLA (H.), NAGIB (S.), ALBER (J.), LÄMMLER (C.), KÄMPFER (P.), GLAESER (S.P.), BUSSE (H.J.), KASSMANNHUBER (J.), PRENGER-BERNINGHOFF (E.), WEISS (R.), SIEBERT (U.), HASSAN (A.A.), ABDULMAWJOOD (A.) and ZSCHÖCK (M.): Arcanobacterium phocisimile sp. nov., isolated from harbour seals. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 2019-2024.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Arcanobacterium pinnipediorum Sammra et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 2710=DSM 28752=LMG 28298.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KJ596349.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: N.L. gen. pl. n. pinnipediorum, of Pinnipedia, a group of semi-aquatic marine animals.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: SAMMRA, O., BALBUTSKAYA, A., ULBEGI-MOHYLA, H., NAGIB, S., LAMMLER, C., KAMPFER, P., GLAESER, S. P., GOLKE, J., BUSSE, H. J., PRENGER-BERNINGHOFF, E., SIEBERT, U., ABDULMAWJOOD, A. and KLEIN, G. 2015. Arcanobacterium pinnipediorum sp. nov., isolated from a harbour seal. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 4539-4543.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Arcanobacterium pluranimalium Lawson et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) M430/94/2 = CCUG 42575 = CIP 106442 = DSM 13483.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ250959.
Etymology: L. comp. adj. plus pluris, more, in greater number; L. gen. pl. n. animalium, of animals; N.L. gen. pl. n. pluranimalium, of/from many animals.
Valid publication: LAWSON (P.A.), FALSEN (E.), FOSTER (G.), ERIKSSON (E.), WEISS (N.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Arcanobacterium pluranimalium sp. nov., isolated from porpoise and deer. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 55-59.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this new species is not validly published, because the protologue of the effective publication makes reference to the deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However, another recognized culture collection in a different country is cited in the abstract. According to the Judicial Opinion 81, Arcanobacterium pluranimalium Lawson et al. 2001 is to be considered to be validly published.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online
2 The etymology of the specific epithet should be changed from L. adj. pluris (sic), many to L. comp. pl. plures, more, several, many.

   image

Arcanobacterium pyogenes (Glage 1903) Pascual Ramos et al. 1997, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) C-100 = ATCC 19411= CCUG 13230 = CIP 103129 = DSM 20630 = LMG 16162 = NCTC 5224.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X79225.
Basonym: ¤ Corynebacterium pyogenes (Glage 1903) Eberson 1918 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: ¤ Actinomyces pyogenes (Glage 1903) Reddy et al. 1982, not ¤ Actinomyces pyogenes (Glage 1903) Collins and Jones 1983, "Bacillus pyogenes" Glage 1903.
Etymology: Gr. n. puon (Latin transliteration pyum), discharge from a sore, pus; N.L. suff. -genes (from Gr. v. gennaô, to produce) producing; N.L. adj. pyogenes, pus-producing.
Valid publication: PASCUAL RAMOS (C.), FOSTER (G.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Phylogenetic analysis of the genus Actinomyces based on 16S rRNA gene sequences: description of Arcanobacterium phocae sp. nov., Arcanobacterium bernardiae comb. nov., and Arcanobacterium pyogenes comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 46-53.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Trueperella pyogenes (Glage 1903) Yassin et al. 2011, comb. nov.

   image