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Genus Anaerococcus

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 8
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Anaerococcus Ezaki et al. 2001, gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Anaerococcus prevotii (Foubert and Douglas 1948) Ezaki et al. 2001.
Etymology: Gr. prep. an, not; Gr. n. aer aeros, air; N.L. masc. n. coccus (from Gr. masc. n. kokkos), berry, coccus; N.L. masc. n. Anaerococcus, anaerobic coccus.
Valid publication: EZAKI (T.), KAWAMURA (Y.), LI (N.), LI (Z.Y.), ZHAO (L.) and SHU (S.): Proposal of the genera Anaerococcus gen. nov., Peptoniphilus gen. nov. and Gallicola gen. nov. for members of the genus Peptostreptococcus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1521-1528.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Anaerococcus hydrogenalis (Ezaki et al. 1990) Ezaki et al. 2001, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 49630= DSM 7454 = JCM 7635 = GIFU 7662.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D14140.
Basonym: ¤ Peptostreptococcus hydrogenalis Ezaki et al. 1990.
Etymology: N.L. n. hydrogenum (from Gr. n. hudôr, water; and Gr. v. gennaô, to produce), hydrogen (that which produces water, so called because it forms water when exposed to oxygen); L. masc. suff. -alis, suffix used with the sense of pertaining to; N.L. masc. adj. hydrogenalis, pertaining to hydrogen, because this organism produces hydrogen.
Valid publication: EZAKI (T.), KAWAMURA (Y.), LI (N.), LI (Z.Y.), ZHAO (L.) and SHU (S.): Proposal of the genera Anaerococcus gen. nov., Peptoniphilus gen. nov. and Gallicola gen. nov. for members of the genus Peptostreptococcus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1521-1528.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Anaerococcus lactolyticus (Li et al. 1992) Ezaki et al. 2001, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 51172= CCUG 31351 = CIP 103725 = DSM 7456 = JCM 8140 = GIFU 8586.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF542233.
Basonym: ¤ Peptostreptococcus lactolyticus Li et al. 1992.
Etymology: L. n. lac lactis, milk; N.L. masc. adj. lyticus (from Gr. masc. adj. lutikos), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. masc. adj. lactolyticus, milk-dissolving.
Valid publication: EZAKI (T.), KAWAMURA (Y.), LI (N.), LI (Z.Y.), ZHAO (L.) and SHU (S.): Proposal of the genera Anaerococcus gen. nov., Peptoniphilus gen. nov. and Gallicola gen. nov. for members of the genus Peptostreptococcus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1521-1528.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Anaerococcus murdochii Song et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) WAL 17230 = ATCC BAA-1385 = CCUG 53340 = JCM 15630.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ911243.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. murdochii, of Murdoch, to honor D.A. Murdoch, who has contributed a great deal to our knowledge of anaerobic cocci.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 134. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 1477-1479.
Effective publication: SONG (Y.), LIU (C.) and FINEGOLD (S.M.): Peptoniphilus gorbachii sp. nov., Peptoniphilus olsenii sp. nov. and Anaerococcus murdochii sp. nov. isolated from clinical specimens of human origin. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2007, 45, 1746-1752.
Validation List no. 134 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Anaerococcus octavius (Murdoch et al. 1997) Ezaki et al. 2001, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DSM 11663 = NCTC 9810.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y07841.
Basonym: ¤ Peptostreptococcus octavius Murdoch et al. 1997.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. octavius (sic), eight, referring to the fact that the organism was previously assigned to Hare group VIII.
Valid publication: EZAKI (T.), KAWAMURA (Y.), LI (N.), LI (Z.Y.), ZHAO (L.) and SHU (S.): Proposal of the genera Anaerococcus gen. nov., Peptoniphilus gen. nov. and Gallicola gen. nov. for members of the genus Peptostreptococcus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1521-1528.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this name is not validly published because the effective publication only documents deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Anaerococcus octavius (Murdoch et al. 1997) Ezaki et al. 2001 is to be considered to be validly published.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online
2 The correct Latin adjective is octavus, not octavius as cited by Murdoch et al. 1997.

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Anaerococcus prevotii (Foubert and Douglas 1948) Ezaki et al. 2001, comb. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 9321= CCUG 41932 = CIP 105881 = DSM 20548 = JCM 6508 = NCTC 11806.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP001708 (complete genome).
Basonym: ¤ Peptococcus prevotii (Foubert and Douglas 1948) Douglas 1957 (Approved Lists 1980). 
Other synonyms: ¤ Peptostreptococcus prevotii (Foubert and Douglas 1948) Ezaki et al. 1983, "Micrococcus prevotii" Foubert and Douglas 1948.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. prevotii, of Prévot, named after André Romain Prévot, a French microbiologist.
Valid publication: EZAKI (T.), KAWAMURA (Y.), LI (N.), LI (Z.Y.), ZHAO (L.) and SHU (S.): Proposal of the genera Anaerococcus gen. nov., Peptoniphilus gen. nov. and Gallicola gen. nov. for members of the genus Peptostreptococcus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1521-1528.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this name is not validly published because the effective publication only documents deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Anaerococcus prevotii (Foubert and Douglas 1948) Ezaki et al. 2001 is to be considered to be validly published.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

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Anaerococcus senegalensis Lagier et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JC48=CSUR P156=DSM 25366.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JF824805.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: CAEK01000000.
Etymology: L. gen. masc. n. senegalensis, pertaining to, or originating from Senegal, the country from which the specimen was isolated.
Source: Human.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 155. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64 (2014), 1-5.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: LAGIER, J.-C., EL KARKOURI, K., NGUYEN, T.-T., ARMOUGOM, F., RAOULT, D. and FOURNIER, P.-E. 2012. Non-contiguous finished genome sequence and description of Anaerococcus senegalensis sp. nov. Stand. Genomic Sci., 6, 116-125.
Effective publication Online

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Anaerococcus tetradius (Ezaki et al. 1983) Ezaki et al. 2001, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 35098= CCM 3634 = CCUG 17637 = CIP 103927 = DSM 2951 = GIFU 7672 = JCM 1964 = LMG 14264.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF542234.
Basonym: ¤ Peptostreptococcus tetradius (ex Choukévitch 1911) Ezaki et al. 1983.
Other synonyms: "Tetracoccus anaerobius" Choukévitch 1911, "Gaffkya anaerobius" (sic) (Choukévitch 1911) Prévot 1933.
Etymology: Gr. adj. tetradikos, consisting of four; N.L. masc. adj. tetradius, occurring in groups of four.
Valid publication: EZAKI (T.), KAWAMURA (Y.), LI (N.), LI (Z.Y.), ZHAO (L.) and SHU (S.): Proposal of the genera Anaerococcus gen. nov., Peptoniphilus gen. nov. and Gallicola gen. nov. for members of the genus Peptostreptococcus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1521-1528.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Anaerococcus vaginalis (Li et al. 1992) Ezaki et al. 2001, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 51170= CCUG 31349 = CIP 103621 = DSM 7457 = GIFU 12669 = JCM 8138.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF542229.
Basonym: ¤ Peptostreptococcus vaginalis Li et al. 1992.
Etymology: L. n. vagina, sheath, vagina;  L. masc. suff. -alis, suffix denoting pertaining to; N.L. masc. adj. vaginalis, pertaining to vagina, of the vagina.
Valid publication: EZAKI (T.), KAWAMURA (Y.), LI (N.), LI (Z.Y.), ZHAO (L.) and SHU (S.): Proposal of the genera Anaerococcus gen. nov., Peptoniphilus gen. nov. and Gallicola gen. nov. for members of the genus Peptostreptococcus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1521-1528.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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