Genus Alteromonas

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 31
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Alteromonas Baumann et al. 1972, genus. (Type genus of the order ¤ Alteromonadales Bowman and McMeekin 2005; type genus of the family ¤ Alteromonadaceae Ivanova and Mikhailov 2001).
Type species: ¤ Alteromonas macleodii Baumann et al. 1972 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. adj. alter -tera -terum, another, different; L. fem. n. monas, a monad, unit; N.L. fem. n. Alteromonas, another monad.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [BAUMANN (L.), BAUMANN (P.), MANDEL (M.) and ALLEN (R.D.): Taxonomy of aerobic marine eubacteria. Journal of Bacteriology, 1972, 110, 402-429.]

Alteromonas Baumann et al. 1972 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Novick and Tyler 1985.
Type species: ¤ Alteromonas macleodii Baumann et al. 1972 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. adj. alter -tera -terum, another, different; L. fem. n. monas, a monad, unit; N.L. fem. n. Alteromonas, another monad.
Reference: NOVICK (N.J.) and TYLER (M.E.): Isolation and characterization of Alteromonas luteoviolacea strains with sheathed flagella. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 111-113.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Alteromonas Baumann et al. 1972 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Gauthier et al. 1995.
Type species: ¤ Alteromonas macleodii Baumann et al. 1972 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. adj. alter -tera -terum, another, different; L. fem. n. monas, a monad, unit; N.L. fem. n. Alteromonas, another monad.
Reference: GAUTHIER (G.), GAUTHIER (M.) and CHRISTEN (R.): Phylogenetic analysis of the genera Alteromonas, Shewanella and Moritella using genes coding for small-subunit rRNA sequences and division of the genus Alteromonas into two genera, Alteromonas (emended) and Pseudoalteromonas gen. nov., and proposal of twelve new species combinations. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 755-761.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Alteromonas Baumann et al. 1972 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Van Trappen et al. 2004.
Type species: ¤ Alteromonas macleodii Baumann et al. 1972 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. adj. alter -tera -terum, another, different; L. fem. n. monas, a monad, unit; N.L. fem. n. Alteromonas, another monad.
Reference: VAN TRAPPEN (S.), TAN (T.L.), YANG (J.), MERGAERT (J.) and SWINGS (J.): Alteromonas stellipolaris sp. nov., a novel, budding, prosthecate bacterium from Antarctic seas, and emended description of the genus Alteromonas. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1157-1163.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Alteromonas addita Ivanova et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain R10SW13 = KCTC 12195 = KMM 3600 = LMG 22532.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY682202.
Etymology: L. fem. part. adj. addita, added, joined to the genus.
Reference: IVANOVA (E.P.), BOWMAN (J.P.), LYSENKO (A.M.), ZHUKOVA (N.V.), GORSHKOVA (N.M.), SERGEEV (A.F.) and MIKHAILOV (V.V.): Alteromonas addita sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1065-1068.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Alteromonas atlantica Akagawa-Matsushita et al. 1992, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 19262 = CIP 104721 = IAM 12927 = JCM 8845 = NBRC 103033 = NCIMB 301.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X82134.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. atlantica, pertaining to the Atlantic Ocean.
Reference: AKAGAWA-MATSUSHITA (M.), MATSUO (M.), KOGA (Y.) and YAMASATO (K.): Alteromonas atlantica sp. nov. and Alteromonas carrageenovora sp. nov., bacteria that decompose algal polysaccharides. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 621-627.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Pseudoalteromonas atlantica (Akagawa-Matsushita et al. 1992) Gauthier et al. 1995, comb. nov.

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Alteromonas aurantia Gauthier and Breittmayer 1979, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 208 = ATCC 33046 = CIP 104200 = DSM 6057 = NCMB 2052.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X82135.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. aurantia, orange-colored.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [GAUTHIER (M.J.) and BREITTMAYER (V.A.): A new antibiotic-producing bacterium from seawater: Alteromonas aurantia sp. nov. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1979, 29, 366-372.]

Note: The strain NCMB 2052, cited in the paper by Gauthier and Breittmayer 1979, does not appear in the UKNCC Strain databases or in The complete list of NCIMB bacterial strains.

¤ Pseudoalteromonas aurantia (Gauthier and Breittmayer 1979) Gauthier et al. 1995, comb. nov.

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Alteromonas australica Ivanova et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) H 17=KMM 6016=CIP 109921.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: FJ595485.
Etymology: -.
Source: Environmental - marine.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 152. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63 (2013), 2365-2367.
Effective publication Online

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Alteromonas carrageenovora Akagawa-Matsushita et al. 1992, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 43555 = CIP 103674 = DSM 6820 = IAM 12662 = IFO (now NBRC) 12985 = JCM 8851 = NCIMB 302.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X82136.
Etymology: N.L. n. carrageenum, carrageen, another name for carrageenan; L. v. vorare, to devour; N.L. fem. adj. carrageenovora, carrageenan decomposing.
Reference: AKAGAWA-MATSUSHITA (M.), MATSUO (M.), KOGA (Y.) and YAMASATO (K.): Alteromonas atlantica sp. nov. and Alteromonas carrageenovora sp. nov., bacteria that decompose algal polysaccharides. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 621-627.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Pseudoalteromonas carrageenovora (Akagawa-Matsushita et al. 1992) Gauthier et al. 1995, comb. nov.

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Alteromonas citrea Gauthier 1977, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 29719 = CIP 104113 = DSM 8771 = LMG 12323 = NCIMB 1889.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X82137.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. citrea, of or pertaining to the citrus-tree, intended to mean lemon-yellow.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [GAUTHIER (M.J.): Alteromonas citrea, a new Gram-negative, yellow-pigmented species from seawater. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1977, 27, 349-354.]

¤ Pseudoalteromonas citrea (Gauthier 1977) Gauthier et al. 1995, comb. nov.

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Alteromonas colwelliana Weiner et al. 1988, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain LST-W = ATCC 39565.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY653177.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. colwelliana, pertaining to Colwell, named after Rita Colwell for her contributions to marine microbiology.
Reference: WEINER (R.M.), COYNE (V.E.), BRAYTON (P.), WEST (P.) and RAIKEN (S.F.): Alteromonas colwelliana sp. nov., an isolate from oyster habitats. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 240-244.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Shewanella colwelliana (Weiner et al. 1988) Coyne et al. 1990, comb. nov.

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Alteromonas communis Baumann et al. 1972, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 8 = ATCC 27118 = CCUG 16012 = CIP 74.1 = JCM 20766 = LMG 2864 = NBRC 102224.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ011528.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. communis, common.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [BAUMANN (L.), BAUMANN (P.), MANDEL (M.) and ALLEN (R.D.): Taxonomy of aerobic marine eubacteria. Journal of Bacteriology, 1972, 110, 402-429.]

¤ Marinomonas communis (Baumann et al. 1972) van Landschoot and De Ley 1984, comb. nov. = ¤ Oceanospirillum commune (Baumann et al. 1972) Bowditch et al. 1984, comb. nov.

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Alteromonas denitrificans Enger et al. 1987, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Nygaard 1977 = ATCC 43337 = CIP 104108 = DSM 6059 = JCM 21248 = LMG 8808.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X82138.
Etymology: N.L. part. adj. denitrificans, denitrifying.
Reference: ENGER (Ø.), NYGAARD (H.), SOLBERG (M.), SCHEI (G.), NIELSEN (J.) and DUNDAS (I.): Characterization of Alteromonas denitrificans sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 416-421.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Pseudoalteromonas denitrificans (Enger et al. 1987) Gauthier et al. 1995, comb. nov.

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Alteromonas distincta Romanenko et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 700518 = CIP 105340 = KMM 638.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF082564.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. distincta, separate, distinct.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 55. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 879-880. [ROMANENKO (L.A.), MIKHAILOV (V.V.), LYSENKO (A.M.) and STEPANENKO (V.I.): A new species of melanin-producing bacteria of the genus Alteromonas. Mikrobiologiya, 1995, 64, 74-77.]
Validation List no. 55 in IJSEM Online

Note: On Validation List no. 55, the last author is erroneously cited as V.I. Stapanenko.
References:
1 IVANOVA (E.P.), CHUN (J.), ROMANENKO (L.A.), MATTE (M.E.), MIKHAILOV (V.V.), FROLOVA (G.M.), HUQ (A.) and COLWELL (R.R.): Reclassification of Alteromonas distincta Romanenko et al. 1995 as Pseudoalteromonas distincta comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 141-144.
2 KRACHT (M.): Personal communication (August 26, 2003).

¤ Pseudoalteromonas distincta comb. nov. (Romanenko et al. 1995) Ivanova et al. 2000, comb. nov.

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Alteromonas elyakovii Ivanova et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 40MC = ATCC 700519 = CCUG 44496 = CIP 105338 = KMM 162 = LMG 14908 = VKPM B3905.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF082562.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. elyakovii, of Ekyakov, named after G.B. Elyakov for his work in microbial biotechnology.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 61. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 601-602. [IVANOVA (E.P.), MIKHAILOV (V.V.), KIPRIANOVA (E.A.), LEVANOVA (G.F.), GARAGULYA (A.D.), FROLOVA (G.M.) and SVETASHEV (V.I.): Alteromonas elyakovii sp. nov.—a new bacterium isolated from marine mollusks. Biologiya Morya (Russian Journal of Marine Biology, Vladivostok), 1996, 22, 213-237.]
Validation List no. 61 in IJSEM Online

Note: On the Validation List no. 61, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Alteromonas elykovii (sic).
Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 920.
Erratum in IJSEM Online

¤ Pseudoalteromonas elyakovii (Ivanova et al. 1997) Sawabe et al. 2000, comb. nov.

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Alteromonas espejiana Chan et al. 1978, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 29659 = CCUG 16147 = CIP 104112 = DSM 9414 = JCM 20705 = LMG 2866 = NBRC 102222 = NCIMB 2127.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X82143.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. espejiana, named after Espejo, a Chilean microbiologist who isolated one of the first lipid-containing bacteriophages.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [CHAN (K.Y.), BAUMANN (L.), GARZA (M.M.) and BAUMANN (P.): Two new species of Alteromonas: Alteromonas espejiana and Alteromonas undina. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1978, 28, 217-222.]

¤ Pseudoalteromonas espejiana (Chan et al. 1978) Gauthier et al. 1995, comb. nov.

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Alteromonas fuliginea Romanenko et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CIP 105339 = KMM 216.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF529062.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. fuliginea, like soot, sooty.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 55. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 879-880. [ROMANENKO (L.A.), LYSENKO (A.M.), MIKHAILOV (V.V.) and KURIKA (A.V.): A new species of brown-pigmented agarolytic bacteria of the genus Alteromonas. Mikrobiologiya, 1994, 63, 1081-1087.]
Validation List no. 55 in IJSEM Online

¤ Pseudoalteromonas citrea (Gauthier 1977) Gauthier et al. 1995, comb. nov.

Note: According to Ivanova et al. 1998, Alteromonas fuliginea Romanenko et al. 1995 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Pseudoalteromonas citrea (Gauthier 1977) Gauthier et al. 1995 [basonym ¤ Alteromonas citrea Gauthier 1977 (Approved Lists 1980)].
Reference: IVANOVA (E.P.), KIPRIANOVA (E.A.), MIKHAILOV (V.V.), LEVANOVA (G.F.), GARAGULYA (A.D.), GORSHKOVA (N.M.), VYSOTSKII (M.V.), NICOLAU (D.V.), YUMOTO (N.), TAGUCHI (T.) and YOSHIKAWA (S.): Phenotypic diversity of Pseudoalteromonas citrea from different marine habitats and emendation of the description. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 247-256.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Alteromonas genovensis Vandecandelaere et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCUG 55340 = LMG 24078.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM885866.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. genovensis, pertaining to Genova (Genoa), Italy, where the seawater electroactive biofilms originated.
Reference: VANDECANDELAERE (I.), NERCESSIAN (O.), SEGAERT (E.), ACHOUAK (W.), MOLLICA (A.), FAIMALI (M.), DE VOS (P.) and VANDAMME (P.): Alteromonas genovensis sp. nov., isolated from a marine electroactive biofilm and emended description of Alteromonas macleodii Baumann et al. 1972 (Approved lists 1980). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2589-2596.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Alteromonas halophila Chen et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain JSM 073008 = CCTCC AA 207035 = KCTC 22164.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU583725.
Etymology: Gr. n. hals halos, salt; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. fem. adj. halophila, salt-loving.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 148. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2549-2554. [CHEN (Y.G.), XIAO (H.D.), TANG (S.K.), ZHANG (Y.Q.), BORRATHYBAY (E.) CUI (X.L.), LI (W.J.) and LIU (Y.Q.): Alteromonas halophila sp. nov., a new moderately halophilic bacterium isolated from a sea anemone. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2009, 96, 259-266.]
Validation List no. 148 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Alteromonas haloplanktis (ZoBell and Upham 1944) Reichelt and Baumann 1973, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 215 of Baumann et al. = ATCC 14393 = CIP 103197 = DSM 6060 = IAM 12915 = JCM 20767 = LMG 2852 = NBRC 102225 = NCCB 71020.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X67024.
Synonyms: "Vibrio haloplanktis" ZoBell and Upham 1944, "Vibrio marinopraesens" ZoBell and Upham 1944, "Alteromonas marinopraesens" (ZoBell and Upham 1944) Baumann et al. 1972.
Etymology: Gr. n. hals halos, sea; Gr. adj. planktos -ê -on, wandering, roaming; N.L. fem. adj. haloplanktis, sea-wandering.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 ZOBELL (C.E.) and UPHAM (H.C.): A list of marine bacteria including descriptions of sixty new species. Bulletin Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California (Technical Series), 1944, 5, 239-292. 2 REICHELT (J.L.) and BAUMANN (P.): Change of the name Alteromonas marinopraesens (ZoBell and Upham) Baumann et al. to Alteromonas haloplanktis (ZoBell and Upham) comb. nov. and assignment of strain ATCC 23821 (Pseudomonas enalia) and strain c-A1 of De Voe and Oginsky to this species. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1973, 23, 438-441.]

Note: According to Akagawa-Matsushita et al. 1993, Alteromonas haloplanktis (ZoBell and Upham 1944) Reichelt and Baumann 1973 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Alteromonas tetraodonis Simidu et al. 1990.
Reference: AKAGAWA-MATSUSHITA (M.), KOGA (Y.) and YAMASATO (K.): DNA relatedness among nonpigmented species of Alteromonas and synonymy of Alteromonas haloplanktis (ZoBell and Upham 1944) Reichelt and Baumann 1973 and Alteromonas tetraodonis Simidu et al. 1990. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 500-503.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis (ZoBell and Upham 1944) Gauthier et al. 1995, comb. nov. and Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis subsp. haloplanktis (ZoBell and Upham 1944) Gauthier et al. 1995, comb. nov.

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Alteromonas hanedai Jensen et al. 1981, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 281 = ATCC 33224 = CCUG 16097 = CIP 103207 = DSM 6066 = JCM 20706 = LMG 19004 = NBRC 102223.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X82132.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. hanedai, of Haneda; named after Y. Haneda, a Japanese biologist who pioneered studies on bioluminescence.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 7. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 382-383. [JENSEN (M.J.), TEBO (B.M.), BAUMANN (P.), MANDEL (M.) and NEALSON (K.H.): Characterization of Alteromonas hanedai (sp. nov.), a nonfermentative luminous species of marine origin. Curr. Microbiol., 1980, 3, 311-315.]
Validation List no. 7 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Shewanella hanedai (Jensen et al. 1981) MacDonell and Colwell 1986, comb. nov.

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Alteromonas hispanica Martínez-Checa et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain F-32 = CECT 7067 = LMG 22958.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY926460.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. hispanica, Spanish.
Reference: MARTÍNEZ-CHECA (F.), BÉJAR (V.), LLAMAS (I.), DEL MORAL (A.) and QUESADA (E.): Alteromonas hispanica sp. nov., a polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-producing, halophilic bacterium isolated from Fuente de Piedra, southern Spain. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2385-2390.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Alteromonas litorea Yoon et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain TF-22 = JCM 12188 = KCCM 41775.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY428573.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. litorea, of the shore.
Reference: YOON (J.H.), YEO (S.H.), OH (T.K.) and PARK (Y.H.): Alteromonas litorea sp. nov., a slightly halophilic bacterium isolated from an intertidal sediment of the Yellow Sea in Korea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1197-1201.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Alteromonas luteoviolacea (ex Gauthier 1976) Gauthier 1982, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CH130 = ATCC 33492 = CIP 103718 = DSM 6061 = JCM 21275 = LMG 2871 = NBRC 103183 = NCIMB 1893.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X82144.
Synonym: "Alteromonas luteo-violaceus" (sic) Gauthier 1976.
Etymology: L. adj. luteus, yellow; L. adj. violaceus -a -um, violet-colored, violet; N.L. fem. adj. luteoviolacea, yellow-violet.
Reference: GAUTHIER (M.J.): Validation of the name Alteromonas luteoviolacea. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 82-86.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Pseudoalteromonas luteoviolacea (Gauthier 1982) Gauthier et al. 1995, comb. nov.

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Alteromonas macleodii Baumann et al. 1972, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27126 = CCUG 16128 = CIP 103198 = DSM 6062 = JCM 20772 = LMG 2843 = NBRC 102226.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y18228.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. macleodii, of MacLeod, named after R.A. MacLeod, a Canadian microbiologist who pionnered studies on the biochemical bases of the Na+ requirement of marine bacteria.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [BAUMANN (L.), BAUMANN (P.), MANDEL (M.) and ALLEN (R.D.): Taxonomy of aerobic marine eubacteria. Journal of Bacteriology, 1972, 110, 402-429.]

Alteromonas macleodii Baumann et al. 1972 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Yi et al. 2004.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27126 = CCUG 16128 = CIP 103198 = DSM 6062 = JCM 20772 = LMG 2843 = NBRC 102226.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y18228.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. macleodii, of MacLeod, named after R.A. MacLeod, a Canadian microbiologist who pionnered studies on the biochemical bases of the Na+ requirement of marine bacteria.
Reference: YI (H.), BAE (K.S.) and CHUN (J.): Aestuariibacter salexigens gen. nov., sp. nov. and Aestuariibacter halophilus sp. nov., isolated from tidal flat sediment, and emended description of Alteromonas macleodii. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 571-576.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Alteromonas macleodii Baumann et al. 1972 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Vandecandelaere et al. 2008.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27126 = CCUG 16128 = CIP 103198 = DSM 6062 = JCM 20772 = LMG 2843 = NBRC 102226.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y18228.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. macleodii, of MacLeod, named after R.A. MacLeod, a Canadian microbiologist who pionnered studies on the biochemical bases of the Na+ requirement of marine bacteria.
Reference: VANDECANDELAERE (I.), NERCESSIAN (O.), SEGAERT (E.), ACHOUAK (W.), MOLLICA (A.), FAIMALI (M.), DE VOS (P.) and VANDAMME (P.): Alteromonas genovensis sp. nov., isolated from a marine electroactive biofilm and emended description of Alteromonas macleodii Baumann et al. 1972 (Approved lists 1980). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2589-2596.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Alteromonas marina Yoon et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SW-47 = JCM 11804 = KCCM 41638.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF529060.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. marina, of the sea, marine.
Reference: YOON (J.H.), KIM (I.G.), KANG (K.H.), OH (T.K.) and PARK (Y.H.): Alteromonas marina sp. nov., isolated from sea water of the East Sea in Korea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1625-1630.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Alteromonas nigrifaciens (ex White 1940) Baumann et al. 1984, nom. rev., comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 217 = ATCC 19375 = CIP 104111 = DSM 8810 = IAM 13010 = JCM 20792 = KMM 661 = LMG 2227 = NBRC 103036 = NCIMB 8614 = NCTC 10691.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X82146.
Synonym: "Pseudomonas nigrifaciens" White 1940.
Etymology: L. adj. niger -gra -grum, black; L. v. facio, to make; N.L. part. adj. nigrifaciens, making black, blackening.
Reference: BAUMANN (P.), BAUMANN (L.), BOWDITCH (R.D.) and BEAMAN (B.): Taxonomy of Alteromonas: A. nigrifaciens sp. nov., nom. rev.; A. macleodii; and A. haloplanktis. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 145-149.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Alteromonas nigrifaciens (ex White 1940) Baumann et al. 1984 emend. Ivanova et al. 1996.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 217 = ATCC 19375 = CIP 104111 = DSM 8810 = IAM 13010 = KMM 661 = LMG 2227 = NBRC 103036 = NCIMB 8614 = NCTC 10691.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X82146.
Etymology: L. adj. niger -gra -grum, black; L. v. facio, to make; N.L. part. adj. nigrifaciens, making black, blackening.
Reference: IVANOVA (E.P.), KIPRIANOVA (E.A.), MIKHAILOV (V.V.), LEVANOVA (G.F.), GARAGULYA (A.D.), GORSHKOVA (N.M.), YUMOTO (N.) and YOSHIKAWA (S.): Characterization and identification of marine Alteromonas nigrifaciens strains and emendation of the description. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 223-228.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Pseudoalteromonas nigrifaciens (Baumann et al. 1984) Gauthier et al. 1995, comb. nov.

Note: Alteromonas nigrifaciens (ex White 1940) Baumann et al. 1984 has been reclassified as Pseudoalteromonas nigrifaciens (Baumann et al. 1984) Gauthier et al. 1995, comb. nov. The emended description of Alteromonas nigrifaciens by Ivanova et al. 1996 is valid for the new combination, too.
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Notification that new names and new combinations have appeared in volume 46, N° 1, of the IJSB. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 627.
Notification List in IJSEM Online

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Alteromonas putrefaciens (ex Derby and Hammer 1931) Lee et al. 1981, nom. rev., comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Hammer 95 = ATCC 8071 = CCUG 13452 D = CFBP 3033 = CFBP 3034 = CIP 80.40 = DSM 6067 = IFO (now NBRC) 3908 = JCM 9294 = JCM 20190 = LMG 2268 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 10471 = NCTC 12960.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X81623.
Synonyms: "Pseudomonas putrefaciens" (Derby and Hammer 1931) Long and Hammer 1941, "Achromobacter putrefaciens" Derby and Hammer 1931.
Etymology: L. part. adj. putrefaciens, making rotten, putrefying.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 6. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 215-218. [LEE (J.V.), GIBSON (D.M.) and SHEWAN (J.M.): A numerical taxonomic study of some Pseudomonas-like marine bacteria. J. Gen. Microbiol., 1977, 98, 439-451.]
Validation List no. 6 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Shewanella putrefaciens (Lee et al. 1981) MacDonell and Colwell 1986, comb. nov.

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Alteromonas rubra Gauthier 1976, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 29570 = CIP 104110 = DSM 6842 = LMG 2876.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X82147.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. rubra, red.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [GAUTHIER (M.J.): Alteromonas rubra sp. nov., a new marine antibiotic-producing bacterium. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1976, 26, 459-466.]

¤ Pseudoalteromonas rubra (Gauthier 1976) Gauthier et al. 1995, comb. nov.

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Alteromonas simiduii Chiu et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain AS1 = BCRC 17572 = JCM 13896.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ836766.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. simiduii, of Simidu, named after Usio Simidu, a Japanese microbiologist, for his work on marine microbiology.
Reference: CHIU (H.H.), SHIEH (W.Y.), LIN (S.Y.), TSENG (C.M.), CHIANG (P.W.) and WAGNER-DÖBLER (I.): Alteromonas tagae sp. nov. and Alteromonas simiduii sp. nov., mercury-resistant bacteria isolated from a Taiwanese estuary. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1209-1216.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Alteromonas stellipolaris Van Trappen et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ANT 69a = DSM 15691 = LMG 21861.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ295715.
Etymology: L. fem. n. stella, star; N.L. fem. adj. polaris, polar; N.L. fem. adj. stellipolaris, related to the polar star, referring to the Polarstern (AWI, Bremerhaven), the name of the vessel that was used to collect the sample from which the organisms were isolated.
Reference: VAN TRAPPEN (S.), TAN (T.L.), YANG (J.), MERGAERT (J.) and SWINGS (J.): Alteromonas stellipolaris sp. nov., a novel, budding, prosthecate bacterium from Antarctic seas, and emended description of the genus Alteromonas. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1157-1163.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: the specific epithet stellipolaris, is a neo-Latin adjective, not a neo-Latin noun in the genitive case as cited in the paper by Van Trappen et al. 2004.

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Alteromonas tagae Chiu et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain AT1 = BCRC 17571 = JCM 13895.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ836765.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. tagae, of Taga, named after Nobuo Taga, a pioneering Japanese marine microbiologist.
Reference: CHIU (H.H.), SHIEH (W.Y.), LIN (S.Y.), TSENG (C.M.), CHIANG (P.W.) and WAGNER-DÖBLER (I.): Alteromonas tagae sp. nov. and Alteromonas simiduii sp. nov., mercury-resistant bacteria isolated from a Taiwanese estuary. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1209-1216.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Alteromonas tetraodonis Simidu et al. 1990, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain GFC = ATCC 51193 = IAM 14160 = CIP 104758 = CIP 107120 = DSM 9166 = JCM 21038 = KMM 458.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF214730.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. tetraodonis, of Tetraodon, a genus of plectognathic fishes (Tetraodontidae).
Reference: SIMIDU (U.), KITA-TSUKAMOTO (K.), YASUMOTO (T.) and YOTSU (M.): Taxonomy of four marine bacterial strains that produce tetrodotoxin. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 331-336.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Alteromonas haloplanktis (ZoBell and Upham 1944) Reichelt and Baumann 1973.

Note: According to Akagawa-Matsushita et al. 1993, Alteromonas tetraodonis Simidu et al. 1990 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Alteromonas haloplanktis (ZoBell and Upham 1944) Reichelt and Baumann 1973 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: AKAGAWA-MATSUSHITA (M.), KOGA (Y.) and YAMASATO (K.): DNA relatedness among nonpigmented species of Alteromonas and synonymy of Alteromonas haloplanktis (ZoBell and Upham 1944) Reichelt and Baumann 1973 and Alteromonas tetraodonis Simidu et al. 1990. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 500-503.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis subsp. tetraodonis (Simidu et al. 1990) Gauthier et al. 1995, comb. nov.

¤ Pseudoalteromonas tetraodonis (Simidu et al. 1990) Ivanova et al. 2001, comb. nov.

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Alteromonas undina Chan et al. 1978, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 29660 = CIP 104109 = DSM 6065 = JCM 20773 = LMG 2880 = NBRC 103039 = NCIMB 2128.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X82140.
Etymology: L. fem. n. undina, undine, water nymph.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [CHAN (K.Y.), BAUMANN (L.), GARZA (M.M.) and BAUMANN (P.): Two new species of Alteromonas: Alteromonas espejiana and Alteromonas undina. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1978, 28, 217-222.]

¤ Pseudoalteromonas undina (Chan et al. 1978) Gauthier et al. 1995, comb. nov.

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Alteromonas vaga Baumann et al. 1972, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 40 = ATCC 27119 = CIP 103202 = DSM 5605 = JCM 20774 = LMG 2845 = NBRC 103030.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X67025.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. vaga, wandering.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [BAUMANN (L.), BAUMANN (P.), MANDEL (M.) and ALLEN (R.D.): Taxonomy of aerobic marine eubacteria. Journal of Bacteriology, 1972, 110, 402-429.]

¤ Marinomonas vaga (Baumann et al. 1972) van Landschoot and De Ley 1984, comb. nov. = ¤ Oceanospirillum vagum (Baumann et al. 1972) Bowditch et al. 1984, comb. nov.

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