Genus Allochromatium

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 5
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Allochromatium Imhoff et al. 1998, gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Allochromatium vinosum (Ehrenberg 1838) Imhoff et al. 1998.
Recommended three-letter abbreviation: Alc. (see the file ¤ "Three-letter code for abbreviations of generic names").
Etymology: Gr. adj. allos, another, the other; N.L. neut. n. Chromatium, a genus name; N.L. neut. n. Allochromatium, the other Chromatium.
Reference: IMHOFF (J.F.), SÜLING (J.) and PETRI (R.): Phylogenetic relationships among the Chromatiaceae, their taxonomic reclassification and description of the new genera Allochromatium, Halochromatium, Isochromatium, Marichromatium, Thiococcus, Thiohalocapsa and Thermochromatium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1129-1143.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Imhoff et al. propose the new genera Allochromatium, ¤ Halochromatium, ¤ Isochromatium, ¤ Marichromatium, ¤ Thiococcus, ¤ Thiohalocapsa and ¤ Thermochromatium. The names Allochromatium (Gr. adj. allos, other) and Halochromatium (Gr. n. hals, salt) are from different sources but they can be homophones. Indeed, the "H" is not pronouced in some languages such in French, Spanish, Portuguese or Italian. Moreover, in Latin, the aspirated "H" has not always been used (see: Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria, Liber primus, 5: XIX, XX, and XXI). It has been employed at the beginning of the Latin civilization but lost as early as the end of the Republic (-27) even if some educated people have retained the aspirate till Aurelius Augustinus (354 - 430). Therefore, in the spoken language the names Allochromatium and Halochromatium can be a cause of uncertainty. The proposal of the name "Dissimilichromatium" (L. adj. dissimilis, different) for Allochromatium or the proposal of the name "Salichromatium" (L. n. sal, salt) for Halochromatium would allow to avoid confusion.

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Allochromatium minutissimum (Winogradsky 1888) Imhoff et al. 1998, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MSU = DSM 1376.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y12369.
Basonym: ¤ Chromatium minutissimum Winogradsky 1888 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: "Bacillus minutissimus" (Winogradsky 1888) Trevisan 1889, "Bacterium minutissimum" (Winogradsky 1888) Trevisan in de Toni and Trevisan 1889.
Etymology: L. adj. minutus -a -um, little, small; L. neut. sup. adj. minutissimum, very small, smallest.
Reference: IMHOFF (J.F.), SÜLING (J.) and PETRI (R.): Phylogenetic relationships among the Chromatiaceae, their taxonomic reclassification and description of the new genera Allochromatium, Halochromatium, Isochromatium, Marichromatium, Thiococcus, Thiohalocapsa and Thermochromatium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1129-1143.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Allochromatium phaeobacterium Srinivas et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain JA144 = DSM 19781 = JCM 14796.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM712619.
Etymology: Gr. adj. phaeos, dark, brown; L. neut. n. bacterium, a stick, staff, rod; N.L. neut. n. (nominative in apposition) phaeobacterium, the brown rod.
Reference: SRINIVAS (T.N.R.), ANIL KUMAR (P.), SUCHARITHA (K.), SASIKALA (C.) and RAMANA (C.V.): Allochromatium phaeobacterium sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 750-753.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Allochromatium renukae Anil Kumar et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain JA136 = DSM 18713 = JCM 14262.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM399029.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. renukae, of Renuka, named in memory of Dr (Mrs) B. Renuka, an Indian microbiologist, who initiated work on purple sulfur bacteria in India.
Reference: ANIL KUMAR (P.), SRINIVAS (T.N.R.), SASIKALA (C.) and RAMANA (C.V.): Allochromatium renukae sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 404-407.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Allochromatium vinosum (Ehrenberg 1838) Imhoff et al. 1998, comb. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain D = ATCC 17899 = DSM 180 = NBRC 103801.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FM178268.
Basonym: ¤ Chromatium vinosum (Ehrenberg 1838) Winogradsky 1888 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: "Monas vinosa" Ehrenberg 1838, "Bacterium sulfuratum" Warming 1875, "Bacillus vinosus" (Ehrenberg 1838) Trevisan 1889, "Bacterium vinosum" (Ehrenberg 1838) de Toni and Trevisan 1889, "Chromatium sulfuratum" (Warming 1875) Isachenko 1927.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. vinosum, full of wine.
Reference: IMHOFF (J.F.), SÜLING (J.) and PETRI (R.): Phylogenetic relationships among the Chromatiaceae, their taxonomic reclassification and description of the new genera Allochromatium, Halochromatium, Isochromatium, Marichromatium, Thiococcus, Thiohalocapsa and Thermochromatium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1129-1143.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Allochromatium warmingii (Cohn 1875) Imhoff et al. 1998, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 6512 = DSM 173 = ATCC 14959.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y12365.
Basonym: ¤ Chromatium warmingii (Cohn 1875) Migula 1900 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: "Monas warmingii" Cohn 1875, "Chromatium cuculliferum" Gicklhorn 1920, "Monas cucullifera" (Gicklhorn 1920) de Rossi 1927.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. warmingii, of Warming; named for E. Warming, a Danish botanist.
Reference: IMHOFF (J.F.), SÜLING (J.) and PETRI (R.): Phylogenetic relationships among the Chromatiaceae, their taxonomic reclassification and description of the new genera Allochromatium, Halochromatium, Isochromatium, Marichromatium, Thiococcus, Thiohalocapsa and Thermochromatium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1129-1143.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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