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Genus Alkaliphilus

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 5
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Alkaliphilus Takai et al. 2001, gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Alkaliphilus transvaalensis Takai et al. 2001.
Etymology: N.L. n. alkali (from Arabic article al, the; Arabic n. qaliy, ashes of saltwort), alkali; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. n. alkaliphilus, bacterium liking alkaline environments.
Valid publication: TAKAI (K.), MOSER (D.P.), ONSTOTT (T.C.), SPOELSTRA (N.), PFIFFNER (S.M.), DOHNALKOVA (A.) and FREDRICKSON (J.K.): Alkaliphilus transvaalensis gen. nov., sp. nov., an extremely alkaliphilic bacterium isolated from a deep South African gold mine. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1245-1256.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Alkaliphilus Takai et al. 2001 emend. Cao et al. 2003.
Type species: ¤ Alkaliphilus transvaalensis Takai et al. 2001.
Etymology: N.L. n. alkali (from Arabic article al, the; Arabic n. qaliy, ashes of saltwort), alkali; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. n. alkaliphilus, bacterium liking alkaline environments.
Reference: CAO (X.), LIU (X.) and DONG (X.): Alkaliphilus crotonatoxidans sp. nov., a strictly anaerobic, crotonate-dismutating bacterium isolated from a methanogenic environment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 971-975.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Alkaliphilus Takai et al. 2001 emend. Wu et al. 2010.
Type species: ¤ Alkaliphilus transvaalensis Takai et al. 2001.
Etymology: N.L. n. alkali (from Arabic article al, the; Arabic n. qaliy, ashes of saltwort), alkali; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. n. alkaliphilus, bacterium liking alkaline environments.
Reference: WU (X.Y.), SHI (K.L.), XU (X.W.), WU (M.), OREN (A.) and ZHU (X.F.): Alkaliphilus halophilus sp. nov., a strictly anaerobic and halophilic bacterium isolated from a saline lake, and emended description of the genus Alkaliphilus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2898-2902.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Alkaliphilus crotonatoxidans Cao et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) B11-2 = AS 1.2897 = JCM 11672.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF467248.
Etymology: N.L. part. adj. crotonatoxidans, oxidizing crotonate.
Valid publication: CAO (X.), LIU (X.) and DONG (X.): Alkaliphilus crotonatoxidans sp. nov., a strictly anaerobic, crotonate-dismutating bacterium isolated from a methanogenic environment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 971-975.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Alkaliphilus halophilus Wu et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) E2R = CGMCC 1.5124 = JCM 16124.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU627628.
Etymology: Gr. n. hals halos, salt; L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friendly to, loving; N.L. masc. adj. halophilus, salt-loving.
Valid publication: WU (X.Y.), SHI (K.L.), XU (X.W.), WU (M.), OREN (A.) and ZHU (X.F.): Alkaliphilus halophilus sp. nov., a strictly anaerobic and halophilic bacterium isolated from a saline lake, and emended description of the genus Alkaliphilus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2898-2902.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Alkaliphilus oremlandii Fisher et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) OhILAs = ATCC BAA-1360 = DSM 21761.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ250645.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. oremlandii, of Oremland, named in honor of Ronald S. Oremland of the U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park, CA.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 127. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 923-925.
Effective publication: FISHER (E.), DAWSON (A.M.), POLSHYNA (G.), LISAK (J.), CRABLE (B.), PERERA (E.), RANGANATHAN (M.), THANGAVELU (M.), BASU (P.) and STOLZ (J.F.): Transformation of inorganic and organic arsenic by Alkaliphilus oremlandii sp. nov. Strain OhILAs. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci., 2008, 1125, 230-241.
Validation List no. 127 in IJSEM Online

Note: In the effective publication, the strain ATCC BAA-1360 is cited as BAA1360. The culture collection accession number DSM 21761 has been provided on request for validation.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 127 (footnote ¶). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 923-925.
Validation List no. 127 in IJSEM Online

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Alkaliphilus peptidifermentans corrig. Zhilina et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Z-7036 = DSM 18978 = VKM B-2502.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF382660.
Etymology: N.L. n. peptidum, peptide; L. part. adj. fermentans, fermenting; N.L. part. adj. peptidifermentans, peptide-fermenting organism.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 130. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2647-2648.
Effective publication: ZHILINA (T.N.), ZAVARZINA (D.G.), KOLGANOVA (T.V.), LYSENKO (A.M.) and TOUROVA (T.P.): Alkaliphilus peptidofermentans sp. nov., a new alkaliphilic bacterial soda lake isolate capable of peptide fermentation and Fe(III) reduction. Microbiology, 2009, 78, 445–454 (translated from Mikrobiologiya, 2009, 78, 496-505).
Validation List no. 130 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, peptidofermentans (sic), has been corrected on validation according to Rule 61.
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 130 (footnote §). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2647-2648.
Validation List no. 130 in IJSEM Online

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Alkaliphilus transvaalensis Takai et al. 2001, sp. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SAGM1 = ATCC 700919= CIP 107133 = JCM 10712.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB037677.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. transvaalensis, of Transvaal, a region of South Africa.
Valid publication: TAKAI (K.), MOSER (D.P.), ONSTOTT (T.C.), SPOELSTRA (N.), PFIFFNER (S.M.), DOHNALKOVA (A.) and FREDRICKSON (J.K.): Alkaliphilus transvaalensis gen. nov., sp. nov., an extremely alkaliphilic bacterium isolated from a deep South African gold mine. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1245-1256.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: transvaalensis is a Neo Latin adjective not a Neo Latin noun in the genitive case as cited by Takai et al. 2001.

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