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Genus Acidithiobacillus

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 7
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Acidithiobacillus Kelly and Wood 2000, gen. nov. (Type genus of the order ¤ Acidithiobacillales Garrity et al. 2005; type genus of the family ¤ Acidithiobacillaceae Garrity et al. 2005).
Type species: ¤ Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans (Waksman and Joffe 1922) Kelly and Wood 2000.
Etymology: N.L. n. acidum (from L. adj. acidus, sour) an acid; Gr. n. theion (Latin transliteration thium), sulfur; L. masc. n. bacillus, a small rod; N.L. masc. n. Thiobacillus, small acid-loving sulfur rod.
Valid publication: KELLY (D.P.) and WOOD (A.P.): Reclassification of some species of Thiobacillus to the newly designated genera Acidithiobacillus gen. nov., Halothiobacillus gen. nov. and Thermithiobacillus gen. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 511-516.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Acidithiobacillus Kelly and Wood 2000 emend. Hallberg et al. 2010.
Type species: ¤ Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans (Waksman and Joffe 1922) Kelly and Wood 2000.
Etymology: N.L. n. acidum (from L. adj. acidus, sour) an acid; Gr. n. theion (Latin transliteration thium), sulfur; L. masc. n. bacillus, a small rod; N.L. masc. n. Thiobacillus, small acid-loving sulfur rod.
References: List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 12. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 1482-1483 [HALLBERG (K.B.), GONZÁLEZ-TORIL (E.) and JOHNSON (D.B.): Acidithiobacillus ferrivorans, sp. nov.; facultatively anaerobic, psychrotolerant iron-, and sulfur-oxidizing acidophiles isolated from metal mine-impacted environments. Extremophiles, 2010, 14, 9-19.]
List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 12 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Acidithiobacillus albertensis corrig. (Bryant et al. 1988) Kelly and Wood 2000, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 35403= DSM 14366.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ459804.
Basonym: ¤ Thiobacillus albertis Bryant et al. 1988.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. albertensis, pertaining to Alberta, Canadian province of Alberta.
Valid publication: KELLY (D.P.) and WOOD (A.P.): Reclassification of some species of Thiobacillus to the newly designated genera Acidithiobacillus gen. nov., Halothiobacillus gen. nov. and Thermithiobacillus gen. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 511-516.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet albertis (sic) has been corrected by Kelly and Wood 2000.
Reference: KELLY (D.P.) and WOOD (A.P.): Reclassification of some species of Thiobacillus to the newly designated genera Acidithiobacillus gen. nov., Halothiobacillus gen. nov. and Thermithiobacillus gen. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 511-516.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The assignment of Thiobacillus albertis Bryant et al. 1988 to the genus Acidithiobacillus Kelly and Wood 2000 is tentative, as its 16S rRNA sequence does not appear to be available yet. Moreover, the original isolate may have been lost from culture.
Reference: KELLY (D.P.) and WOOD (A.P.): Reclassification of some species of Thiobacillus to the newly designated genera Acidithiobacillus gen. nov., Halothiobacillus gen. nov. and Thermithiobacillus gen. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 511-516.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Acidithiobacillus caldus (Hallberg and Lindström 1995) Kelly and Wood 2000, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) KU = ATCC 51756= DSM 8584.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z29975.
Basonym: ¤ Thiobacillus caldus Hallberg and Lindström 1995.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. caldus, warm, hot; intended to mean liking warmth.
Valid publication: KELLY (D.P.) and WOOD (A.P.): Reclassification of some species of Thiobacillus to the newly designated genera Acidithiobacillus gen. nov., Halothiobacillus gen. nov. and Thermithiobacillus gen. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 511-516.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Acidithiobacillus ferridurans Hedrich and Johnson 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JCM 18981=ATCC 33020
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: AJ278719.
Etymology: L. n. ferrum, iron; L. part. adj. durans, hardening, resisting; N.L. part. adj. ferridurans, iron resistant, referring to its tolerance to iron.
Source: Environmental.
Valid publication: HEDRICH, S. and JOHNSON, D. B. 2013. Acidithiobacillus ferridurans sp. nov., an acidophilic iron-, sulfur- and hydrogen-metabolizing chemolithotrophic gammaproteobacterium. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4018-4025.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Acidithiobacillus ferriphilus Falagan and Johnson 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) M20=DSM 100412=JCM 30830.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KR905751.
Etymology: L. n. ferrum, iron; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. ferriphilus, iron-loving, referring to its ability to grow in the presence of elevated concentrations of ferrous iron.
Source: Environmental.
Valid publication: FALAGAN, C. and JOHNSON, D. B. 2016. Acidithiobacillus ferriphilus sp. nov., a facultatively anaerobic iron- and sulfur-metabolizing extreme acidophile. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 206-211.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Acidithiobacillus ferrivorans Hallberg et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NO-37 = DSM 22755 = JCM 15606.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF376020.
Etymology: L. n. ferrum, iron; L. part. adj. vorans, devouring; N.L. part. adj. ferrivorans, iron-devouring.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 132. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 469-472.
Effective publication: HALLBERG (K.B.), GONZÁLEZ-TORIL (E.) and JOHNSON (D.B.): Acidithiobacillus ferrivorans, sp. nov.; facultatively anaerobic, psychrotolerant iron-, and sulfur-oxidizing acidophiles isolated from metal mine-impacted environments. Extremophiles, 2010, 14, 9-19.
Validation List no. 132 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans (Temple and Colmer 1951) Kelly and Wood 2000, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 23270= CIP 104768 = DSM 14882.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF465604.
Basonym: ¤ Thiobacillus ferrooxidans Temple and Colmer 1951 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: "Ferrobacillus ferrooxidans" Leathen and Braley 1954, "Ferrobacillus sulfooxidans" Kinsel 1960.
Etymology: L. n. ferrum, iron; N.L. part. adj. oxidans, oxidizing; N.L. part. adj. ferrooxidans, iron-oxidizing.
Valid publication: KELLY (D.P.) and WOOD (A.P.): Reclassification of some species of Thiobacillus to the newly designated genera Acidithiobacillus gen. nov., Halothiobacillus gen. nov. and Thermithiobacillus gen. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 511-516.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Many strains of Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans exhibit considerable genetic variation. It is inevitable, therefore, that some strains assigned to this species will be reassigned to new species or genera in due course.
Reference: KELLY (D.P.) and WOOD (A.P.): Reclassification of some species of Thiobacillus to the newly designated genera Acidithiobacillus gen. nov., Halothiobacillus gen. nov. and Thermithiobacillus gen. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 511-516.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans (Waksman and Joffe 1922) Kelly and Wood 2000, comb. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 19377= CIP 104597 = DSM 14887 = JCM 3867 = NCIMB 8343.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y11596.
Basonym: ¤ Thiobacillus thiooxidans Waksman and Joffe 1922 (Approved Lists 1980).
Heterotypic synonym: ¤ Thiobacillus concretivorus Parker 1945 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: "Thiobacterium thiooxydans" (Waksman and Joffe 1922) Lehmann and Neumann 1927, "Thiobacillus thermitanus" Emoto 1928, "Thiobacillus lobatus" Emoto 1929, "Thiobacillus crenatus" Emoto 1929, "Thiobacillus umbonatus" Emoto 1929".
Etymology: Gr. n. theion (Latin transliteration thium), sulfur; N.L. part. adj. oxidans, oxidizing; N.L. part. adj. thiooxidans, oxidizing sulfur.
Valid publication: KELLY (D.P.) and WOOD (A.P.): Reclassification of some species of Thiobacillus to the newly designated genera Acidithiobacillus gen. nov., Halothiobacillus gen. nov. and Thermithiobacillus gen. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 511-516.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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