Genus Acidianus

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 4
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Acidianus Segerer et al. 1986, gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Acidianus infernus Segerer et al. 1986.
Etymology: L. adj. acidus, acide; L. masc. n. Ianus, a mythical Roman figure with two faces looking in opposite directions; N.L. masc. n. acidianus, acidic bifaced (bacterium), reflecting the growth conditions and the metabolism of the organisms.
Reference: SEGERER (A.), NEUNER (A.M.), KRISTJANSSON (J.K.) and STETTER (K.O.): Acidianus infernus gen. nov., sp. nov., and Acidianus brierleyi comb. nov.: facultatively aerobic, extremely acidophilic thermophilic sulfur-metabolizing archaebacteria. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 559-564.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Fuchs et al. 1996, Acidianus Segerer et al. 1986 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Desulfurolobus Zillig and Böck 1987.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 58. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 836-837. [FUCHS (T.), HUBER (H.), BURGGRAF (S.) and STETTER (K.O.): 16S rDNA-based phylogeny of the archeal order Sulfolobales and reclassification of Desulfurolobus ambivalens as Acidianus ambivalens comb. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1996, 19, 56-60.]
Validation List no. 58 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Acidianus Segerer et al. 1986 emend. Plumb et al. 2007.
Type species: ¤ Acidianus infernus Segerer et al. 1986.
Etymology: L. adj. acidus, acide; L. masc. n. Ianus, a mythical Roman figure with two faces looking in opposite directions; N.L. masc. n. acidianus, acidic bifaced (bacterium), reflecting the growth conditions and the metabolism of the organisms.
Reference: PLUMB (J.J.), HADDAD (C.M.), GIBSON (J.A.E.) and FRANZMANN (P.D.): Acidianus sulfidivorans sp. nov., an extremely acidophilic, thermophilic archaeon isolated from a solfatara on Lihir Island, Papua New Guinea, and emendation of the genus description. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1418-1423.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Acidianus ambivalens (Zillig and Böck 1987) Fuchs et al. 1996, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Lei 10 = CIP 104912 = DSM 3772 = JCM 9191.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D85506.
Basonym: ¤ Desulfurolobus ambivalens Zillig and Böck 1987.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. ambo ambae, both; L. part. adj. valens, being able to do; N.L. part. adj. ambivalens, ambivalent.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 58. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 836-837. [FUCHS (T.), HUBER (H.), BURGGRAF (S.) and STETTER (K.O.): 16S rDNA-based phylogeny of the archeal order Sulfolobales and reclassification of Desulfurolobus ambivalens as Acidianus ambivalens comb. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1996, 19, 56-60.]
Validation List no. 58 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The strain CIP 104912 is not available.
Reference: BIZET (C.): Personal communication (June 28, 2005).

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Acidianus brierleyi (Zillig et al. 1980) Segerer et al. 1986, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DSM 1651 = IFO (now NBRC) 15269 = JCM 8954.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D26489.
Basonym: ¤ Sulfolobus brierleyi Zillig et al. 1980.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. brierleyi, of Brierley, named for J. A. Brierley who isolated the organism.
Reference: SEGERER (A.), NEUNER (A.M.), KRISTJANSSON (J.K.) and STETTER (K.O.): Acidianus infernus gen. nov., sp. nov., and Acidianus brierleyi comb. nov.: facultatively aerobic, extremely acidophilic thermophilic sulfur-metabolizing archaebacteria. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 559-564.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Acidianus infernus Segerer et al. 1986, sp. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain So4a = DSM 3191 = IFO (now NBRC) 15270 = JCM 8955.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D85505.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. infernus, belonging to the Lower Regions, belonging to Hades, referring to the locus typicus at the Solfatara Crater, where Dante placed the gate to hell in his Divina Commedia.
Reference: SEGERER (A.), NEUNER (A.M.), KRISTJANSSON (J.K.) and STETTER (K.O.): Acidianus infernus gen. nov., sp. nov., and Acidianus brierleyi comb. nov.: facultatively aerobic, extremely acidophilic thermophilic sulfur-metabolizing archaebacteria. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 559-564.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Acidianus sulfidivorans Plumb et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain JP7 = DSM 18786 = JCM 13667.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY907891.
Etymology: N.L. n. sulfidum, sulfide; L. part. adj. vorans, devouring; N.L. part. adj. sulfidivorans, sulfide-devouring.
Reference: PLUMB (J.J.), HADDAD (C.M.), GIBSON (J.A.E.) and FRANZMANN (P.D.): Acidianus sulfidivorans sp. nov., an extremely acidophilic, thermophilic archaeon isolated from a solfatara on Lihir Island, Papua New Guinea, and emendation of the genus description. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1418-1423.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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