Title

Genus Acetobacterium

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 8
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Acetobacterium Balch et al. 1977, genus.
Type species: ¤ Acetobacterium woodii Balch et al. 1977 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. n. acetum, vinegar; L. neut. n. bacterium, rod; N.L. neut. n. Acetobacterium, vinegar rod.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BALCH (W.E.), SCHOBERTH (S.), TANNER (R.S.) and WOLFE (R.S.): Acetobacterium, a new genus of hydrogen-oxidizing, carbon dioxide-reducing, anaerobic bacteria. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1977, 27, 355-361.

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Acetobacterium bakii Kotsyurbenko et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Z-4391 = ATCC 51794= DSM 8239.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X96960.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. bakii, of Bak, named for F. Bak who isolated the first psychrotolerant homoacetogenic bacterium.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 60. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 242.
Effective publication: KOTSYURBENKO (O.R.), SIMANKOVA (M.V.), NOZHEVNIKOVA (A.N.), ZHILINA (T.N.), BOLOTINA (N.P.), LYSENKO (A.M.) and OSIPOV (G.A.): New species of psychrophilic acetogens: Acetobacterium bakii sp. nov., A. paludosum sp. nov., A. fimetarium sp. nov. Arch. Microbiol., 1995, 163, 29-34.
Validation List no. 60 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Acetobacterium carbinolicum Eichler and Schink 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) WoProp 1 = DSM 2925.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X96956.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. carbinolicum, metabolizing alcohols.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 18. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 375-376.
Effective publication: EICHLER (B.) and SCHINK (B.): Oxidation of primary aliphatic alcohols by Acetobacterium carbinolicum sp. nov., a homoacetogenic anaerobe. Arch. Microbiol., 1984, 140, 147-152.
Validation List no. 18 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Acetobacterium carbinolicum Eichler and Schink 1985 emend. Paarup et al. 2006.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) WoProp 1 = DSM 2925.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X96956.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. carbinolicum, metabolizing alcohols.
References: List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 10. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1559-1560. [PAARUP (M.)., FRIEDRICH (M.W.), TINDALL (B.J.) and FINSTER (K.): Characterization of the psychrotolerant acetogen strain SyrA5 and the emended description of the species Acetobacterium carbinolicum. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2006, 89, 55-69.]
List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 10 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Acetobacterium fimetarium Kotsyurbenko et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Z-4290 = ATCC 51795= DSM 8238.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X96959.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. fimetarium (from L. n. fimetum, a dung-hill) inhabiting manure.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 60. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 242.
Effective publication: KOTSYURBENKO (O.R.), SIMANKOVA (M.V.), NOZHEVNIKOVA (A.N.), ZHILINA (T.N.), BOLOTINA (N.P.), LYSENKO (A.M.) and OSIPOV (G.A.): New species of psychrophilic acetogens: Acetobacterium bakii sp. nov., A. paludosum sp. nov., A. fimetarium sp. nov. Arch. Microbiol., 1995, 163, 29-34.
Validation List no. 60 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Acetobacterium malicum Tanaka and Pfennig 1990, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MuME1 = ATCC 51201= DSM 4132.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X96957.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. malicum, pertaining to malic acid
Valid publication: Validation List no. 35. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 470-471.
Effective publication: TANAKA (K.) and PFENNIG (N.): Fermentation of 2-methoxyethanol by Acetobacterium malicum sp. nov. and Pelobacter venetianus. Arch. Microbiol., 1988, 149, 181-187.
Validation List no. 35 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Acetobacterium paludosum Kotsyurbenko et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Z-4092 = ATCC 51793= DSM 8237.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X96958.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. paludosum, fenny, boggy, marshy,  inhabiting a fen.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 60. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 242.
Effective publication: KOTSYURBENKO (O.R.), SIMANKOVA (M.V.), NOZHEVNIKOVA (A.N.), ZHILINA (T.N.), BOLOTINA (N.P.), LYSENKO (A.M.) and OSIPOV (G.A.): New species of psychrophilic acetogens: Acetobacterium bakii sp. nov., A. paludosum sp. nov., A. fimetarium sp. nov. Arch. Microbiol., 1995, 163, 29-34.
Validation List no. 60 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Acetobacterium tundrae Simankova et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Z-4493 = DSM 9173.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ297449.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. tundrae, of/from the tundra (a cold treeless zone located in the north of Eurasia and North America).
References: Validation List no. 80. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 793-794. [SIMANKOVA (M.V.), KOTSYURBENKO (O.R.), STACKEBRANDT (E.), KOSTRIKINA (N.A.), LYSENKO (A.M.), OSIPOV (G.A.) and NOZHEVNIKOVA (A.N.): Acetobacterium tundrae sp. nov., a new psychrophilic acetogenic bacterium from tundra soil. Arch. Microbiol., 2000, 174, 440-447.]
Validation List no. 80 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: According to Rules 27(3) and 30, Acetobacterium tundrae Simankova et al. 2001 is not validly published because, at the time of publication, the type strain was not deposited in two publicly accessible service collections in different countries [1]. In a Request for an Opinion, Euzéby and Tindall provide a solution whereby this name may be considered to be validly published [2].
References:
1 DE VOS (P.) and TRÜPER (H.G.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. IXth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 14, 15 and 18 August 1999, Sydney, Australia. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2000, 50, 2239-2244.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Acetobacterium wieringae Braun and Gottschalk 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) C = ATCC 43740= DSM 1911 = JCM 2380 = LMG 7579.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X96955.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. wieringae, of Wieringa; named for K. T. Wieringa who isolated and described Clostridium aceticum, the first known acetogenic bacterium.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 10. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 438-440.
Effective publication: BRAUN (M.) and GOTTSCHALK (G.): Acetobacterium wieringae sp. nov., a new species producing acetic acid from molecular hydrogen and carbon dioxide. Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig., 1982, C3, 368-376.
Validation List no. 10 in IJSEM Online

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Acetobacterium woodii Balch et al. 1977, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 29683= DSM 1030 = JCM 2381.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X96954.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. woodii, of Wood, named for H.G. Wood for his pioneering work on the total synthesis of acetate from CO2 by bacteria.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BALCH (W.E.), SCHOBERTH (S.), TANNER (R.S.) and WOLFE (R.S.): Acetobacterium, a new genus of hydrogen-oxidizing, carbon dioxide-reducing, anaerobic bacteria. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1977, 27, 355-361.

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