Title

Genus Acetobacter

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 35
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 11

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Acetobacter Beijerinck 1898, genus. (Type genus of the family ¤ Acetobacteraceae (ex Henrici 1939) Gillis and De Ley 1980; type genus of the tribe ¤ Acetobactereae Pribram 1929 [Approved Lists 1980]).
Type species: ¤ Acetobacter aceti (Pasteur 1864) Beijerinck 1898 (Approved Lists 1980).
Synonyms: "Ulvina" Kützing 1834, "Mycoderma" Thompson 1852, "Termobacterium" Zeidler 1896 (not Lindner 1895), "Acetobacterium" Ludwig 1898, "Acetimonas" Orla-Jensen 1909.
Etymology: L. n. acetum, vinegar; N.L. masc. n. bacter, rod; N.L. masc. n. Acetobacter, vinegar rod.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BEIJERINCK (M.W.): Über die Arten der Essigbakterien. Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene, Abteilung II, 1898, 4, 209-216.

Notes:
1 The Index Bergeyana includes the following comment:
Beijerinck used the vernacular name azijnbacterien for the acetic bacteria. Apparently at some time before 1900 the vernacular name was rendered into neo-latin as Acetobacter and finally used in publication. There is no record of its formal proposal as a genus. Kluyver 1940, 132, states: "... It is surprising that neither Beijerinck nor Hoyer proposed in their publications the creation of a new genus for the acetic bacteria ... There can be no doubt that, in any case morally, but probably also according to the code of Botanical Nomenclature, Beijerinck is to be considered as the author of the genus Acetobacter as it occurs today ...".
On 01 January 1980, the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names followed the Kluyver's opinion, and they cited the genus name Acetobacter as Acetobacter Beijerinck 1898.
Reference: BUCHANAN (R.E.), HOLT (J.G.) and LESSEL Jr. (E.F.): Index Bergeyana, Williams & Wilkins Company, Baltimore, Md, 1966, p. 4.
2 Subsequently, this genus has been divided into two subgenera: ¤ Acetobacter (subgen. Acetobacter Beijerinck 1898) and ¤ Acetobacter (subgen. Gluconoacetobacter Yamada and Kondo 1985).

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Acetobacter aceti (Pasteur 1864) Beijerinck 1898, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 15973= CCUG 18122 = CIP 103111 = DSM 3508 = ICMP 8807 = IFO (now NBRC) 14818 = JCM 7641 = LMG 1261 = LMG 1504 = NCCB 23001 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 8621.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X74066.
Synonyms: "Mycoderma aceti souches non visqueuses (membraneuses)" Pasteur 1864, "Bacterium aceti" (Pasteur 1864) Lanzi 1876, "Bacteriopsis aceti" (Pasteur 1864) Trevisan 1885, "Micrococcus aceti" (Pasteur 1864) Maggi 1886, "Bacillus aceticus" Flügge 1886, "Bacterium hansenianum" Chester 1901, "Acetimonas aceti" (Pasteur 1864) Orla-Jensen 1909, "Bacterium acetigenoidum" Krehan 1930, "Acetobacter ketogenum" (sic) Walker and Thomas in Bousfield et al. 1947, "Acetobacter lafarianum" (sic) Janke 1950, "Acetobacter aceti var. muciparum" (sic) (Hoyer) Frateur 1950.
Etymology: L. n. acetum, vinegar; L. gen. n. aceti, of vinegar.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 PASTEUR (L.): Mémoire sur la fermentation acétique. Annales Scientifiques de l'École Normale Supérieure Paris, 1864, 1, 113-158. 2 BEIJERINCK (M.W.): Über die Arten der Essigbakterien. Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene, Abteilung II, 1898, 4, 209-216.

Note: In the Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology eight edition this taxon is cited as Acetobacter aceti (Pasteur 1864) Beijerinck 1900.
Reference: R.E. BUCHANAN and N.E. GIBBONS (editors), Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, eighth edition, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1974, p. 1262.

¤ Acetobacter (subgen. Acetobacter Beijerinck 1898) aceti (Pasteur 1864) Beijerinck 1898, comb. nov.

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Acetobacter aceti subsp. aceti (Pasteur 1864) De Ley and Frateur 1974, subspecies.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 15973= CCUG 18122 = CIP 103111 = DSM 3508 = ICMP 8807 = IFO (now NBRC) 14818 = JCM 7641 = LMG 1261 = LMG 1504 = NCCB 23001 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 8621.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X74066.
Etymology: L. n. acetum, vinegar; L. gen. n. aceti, of vinegar.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 PASTEUR (L.): Mémoire sur la fermentation acétique. Annales Scientifiques de l'École Normale Supérieure Paris, 1864, 1, 113-158. 2 BEIJERINCK (M.W.): Über die Arten der Essigbakterien. Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene, Abteilung II, 1898, 4, 209-216. 3 DE LEY (J.) and FRATEUR (J.): Genus Acetobacter Beijerinck 1898, 215. In: R.E. BUCHANAN and N.E. GIBBONS (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, eighth edition, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1974, pp. 276-278.

¤ Acetobacter (subgen. Acetobacter Beijerinck 1898) aceti (Pasteur 1864) Beijerinck 1898, comb. nov.

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Acetobacter aceti subsp. liquefaciens (Asai 1935) De Ley and Frateur 1974, subspecies.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 14835= CCUG 18124 = CIP 103109 = DSM 5603 = IAM 1834 = IFO (now NBRC) 12388 = JCM 17840 = LMG 1381 = LMG 1382 = NCCB 76052.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X75617.
Synonyms: "Gluconoacetobacter liquifaciens" (sic) Asai 1935, "Gluconobacter liquifaciens" (sic) Asai 1935.
Etymology: L. part. adj. liquefaciens (from L. v. liquefacio), liquefying.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 ASAI (T.): Taxonomic studies on acetic acid bacteria and allied oxidative bacteria isolated from fruits. A new classification of the oxidative bacteria. Journal of the Agricultural Chemical Society of Japan, 1935, 11, 674-708. 2 DE LEY (J.) and FRATEUR (J.): Genus Acetobacter Beijerinck 1898, 215. In: R.E. BUCHANAN and N.E. GIBBONS (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, eighth edition, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1974, pp. 276-278.

¤ Acetobacter liquefaciens (Asai 1935) Gosselé et al. 1983, comb. nov.

¤ Acetobacter (subgen. Gluconoacetobacter Yamada and Kondo 1985) liquefaciens (Asai 1935) Yamada and Kondo 1985, comb. nov.

¤ Gluconacetobacter liquefaciens (Asai 1935) Yamada et al. 1998, comb. nov.

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Acetobacter aceti subsp. orleanensis (Henneberg 1906) De Ley and Frateur 1974, subspecies.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 12876= DSM 4492 = IFO (now NBRC) 13752 = JCM 7639 = LMG 1583 = NCCB 31003 = NCIMB 8622.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB032350.
Synonyms: "Bacterium orleanense" Henneberg 1906, "Bacillus orleanensis" (Henneberg 1906) Macé 1913, "Bacterium dihydroxyacetonicum" Virtanen and Bärlund 1926, "Ulvina orleanense" (Henneberg 1906) Pribram 1933, "Acetobacter orleanense" (Henneberg 1906) Frateur 1950, "Acetobacter mesoxydans" Frateur 1950.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. orleanensis, pertaining to the city Orleans and the "Orleans method" for vinegar production.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 HENNEBERG (W.): Zur Kenntniss der Schnellessig und Weinessigbakteriën. Deutsche Essigindustrie, 1906, 10, 106-108. 2 DE LEY (J.) and FRATEUR (J.): Genus Acetobacter Beijerinck 1898, 215. In: R.E. BUCHANAN and N.E. GIBBONS (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, eighth edition, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1974, pp. 276-278.

¤ Acetobacter orleanensis (Henneberg 1906) Lisdiyanti et al. 2001, comb. nov.

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Acetobacter aceti subsp. xylinus corrig. (Brown 1886) De Ley and Frateur 1974, subspecies.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 23767= CIP 57.14 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 4112 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 11301.
Synonyms: "Bacterium xylinum" Brown 1886, "Bacillus xylinus" (Brown 1886) Trevisan 1889, "Acetobacterium xylinum" (Brown 1886) Ludwig 1898, "Bacterium acidi oxalici" Banning 1902, "Bacterium xylinoides" Henneberg 1906, "Bacillus xylinoides" (Henneberg 1906) Macé 1913, "Acetobacter xylinum" (sic) (Brown 1886) Bergey et al. 1925, "Acetobacter xylinoides" (Henneberg 1906) Shimwell 1948, "Acetobacter xylinum var. maltovorans" (sic) Frateur 1950, "Acetobacter xylinum var. xylinoides" (sic) (Henneberg 1906) Frateur 1950, "Acetobacter bordeaux" (sic) Janke 1957, "Acetobacter xylinum var. africanum" (sic) Kulka et al. 1958.
Etymology: Gr. n. xulon, wood cut and ready for use, firewood, timber; L. suff. -inus -a -um, suffix used with the sense of belonging to; N.L. masc. adj. xylinus, belonging to wood, woody.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 BROWN (A.J.): On an acetic ferment which forms cellulose. Journal of the Chemical Society (London), 1886, 49, 432-439. 2 DE LEY (J.) and FRATEUR (J.): Genus Acetobacter Beijerinck 1898, 215. In: R.E. BUCHANAN and N.E. GIBBONS (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, eighth edition, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1974, pp. 276-278.

Note: The original spelling, Acetobacter aceti subsp. xylinum (sic), has been corrected on page 108 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria (1990 Revision). See also: Judicial Opinion 3 and Rule 12c (1).

Acetobacter aceti subsp. xylinus corrig. (Brown 1886) De Ley and Frateur 1974 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Judicial Commission 1985.
Neotype strain: strain CIP 103107 = DSM 6513 = JCM 7644 = LMG 1515 = NCIMB 11664 = NBRC 15237.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X75619.
Synonyms: "Bacterium xylinum" Brown 1886, "Bacillus xylinus" (Brown 1886) Trevisan 1889, "Acetobacterium xylinum" (Brown 1886) Ludwig 1898, "Bacterium acidi oxalici" Banning 1902, "Bacterium xylinoides" Henneberg 1906, "Bacillus xylinoides" (Henneberg 1906) Macé 1913, "Acetobacter xylinum" (sic) (Brown 1886) Bergey et al. 1925, "Acetobacter xylinoides" (Henneberg 1906) Shimwell 1948, "Acetobacter xylinum var. maltovorans" (sic) Frateur 1950, "Acetobacter xylinum var. xylinoides" (sic) (Henneberg 1906) Frateur 1950, "Acetobacter bordeaux" (sic) Janke 1957, "Acetobacter xylinum var. africanum" (sic) Kulka et al. 1958.
Etymology: Gr. n. xulon, wood cut and ready for use, firewood, timber; L. suff. -inus -a -um, suffix used with the sense of belonging to; N.L. masc. adj. xylinus, belonging to wood, woody.
References:
1 GILLIS (M.), KERSTERS (K.), GOSSELÉ (F.), SWINGS (J.), DE LEY (J.), MacKENZIE (A.R.) and BOUSFIELD (I.J.): Rediscovery of Bertrand's sorbose bacterium (Acetobacter aceti subsp. xylinum): proposal to designate NCIB 11664 in place of NCIB 4112 (ATCC 23767 as the type strain of Acetobacter aceti subsp. xylinum. Request for an opinion. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 122-124.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL OPINION 59: Designation of NCIB 11664 in place of ATCC 23767(NCIB 4112) as the type strain of Acetobacter aceti subsp. xylinum (Brown 1886) De Ley and Frateur 1974. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 539.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 WAYNE (L.G.): Actions of the Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology on requests for opinions published in 1983 and 1984. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 357-358.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Acetobacter xylinus corrig. (Brown 1886) Yamada 1984, comb. nov.

¤ Gluconacetobacter xylinus (Brown 1886) Yamada et al. 1998, comb. nov.

¤ Komagataeibacter xylinus (Brown 1886) Yamada et al. 2013, comb. nov.

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Acetobacter cerevisiae Cleenwerck et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 23765= DSM 14362 = JCM 17273 = LMG 1625 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 8894.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ419843.
Etymology: L. gen. n. cerevisiae, of beer, referring to the source from which most strains have been isolated.
Valid publication: CLEENWERCK (I.), VANDEMEULEBROECKE (K.), JANSSENS (D.) and SWINGS (J.): Re-examination of the genus Acetobacter, with descriptions of Acetobacter cerevisiae sp. nov. and Acetobacter malorum sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1551-1558.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Acetobacter cibinongensis Lisdiyanti et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 4H-1 = CIP 107380 = DSM 15549 = IFO (now NBRC) 16605 = JCM 11196.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB052710.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. cibinongensis, pertaining to Cibinong, West Java, Indonesia.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 84. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 3-4.
Effective publication: LISDIYANTI (P.), KAWASAKI (H.), SEKI (T.), YAMADA (Y.), UCHIMURA (T.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Identification of Acetobacter strains isolated from Indonesian sources, and proposals of Acetobacter syzygii sp. nov., Acetobacter cibinongensis sp. nov., and Acetobacter orientalis sp. nov. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol. 2001, 47, 119-131.
Validation List no. 84 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this name is not validly published, because the original publication makes reference to the deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Acetobacter cibinongensis Lisdiyanti et al. 2002 is considered to be validly published, since deposit in a second culture collection in a different country has been documented.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

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Acetobacter diazotrophicus Gillis et al. 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Döbereiner PA1 5 = ATCC 49037= CCUG 37298 = CIP 103539 = DSM 5601 = LMG 7603 = NCCB 89154.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X75618.
Etymology: L. pref. dis di, in two; N.L. n. azotum [from Fr. n. azote (from Gr. prep. a, not; Gr. n. zôê, life; N.Gr. n. azôê, not sustaining life)], nitrogen; N.L. pref. diazo-, pertaining to dinitrogen; Gr. adj. trophikos -ê -on, nursing, tending; N.L. masc. adj. diazotrophicus, one that feeds on dinitrogen.
Valid publication: GILLIS (M.), KERSTERS (K.), HOSTE (B.), JANSSENS (D.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.), STEPHAN (M.P.), TEIXEIRA (K.R.S.), DÖBEREINER (J.) and DE LEY (J.): Acetobacter diazotrophicus sp. nov., a nitrogen-fixing acetic acid bacterium associated with sugarcane. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 361-364.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Gillis et al. 1989, the type strain Döbereiner PA1 5 is incorrectly cited as Döbereiner PA 5.
Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 502.
Erratum in IJSEM Online

¤ Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus corrig. (Gillis et al. 1989) Yamada et al. 1998, comb. nov.

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Acetobacter estunensis (Carr 1958) Lisdiyanti et al. 2001, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 23753= DSM 4493 = IFO (now NBRC) 13751 = JCM 21172 = LMG 1626 = NCIMB 8935.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ419838.
Basonym: ¤ Acetobacter pasteurianus subsp. estunensis (Carr 1958) De Ley and Frateur 1974 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonym: "Acetobacter estunenses" (sic) Carr 1958.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. estunensis, pertaining to Estune, probably named after the old English name of the village Long Ashton (Estune), where J.G. Carr isolated the type strain.
References: Validation List no. 79. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 263-265. [LISDIYANTI (P.), KAWASAKI (H.), SEKI (T.), YAMADA (Y.), UCHIMURA (T.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Systematic study of the genus Acetobacter with descriptions of Acetobacter indonesiensis sp. nov., Acetobacter tropicalis sp. nov., Acetobacter orleanensis (Henneberg 1906) comb. nov., Acetobacter lovaniensis (Frateur 1950) comb. nov., and Acetobacter estunensis (Carr 1958) comb. nov. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2000, 46, 147-165.]
Validation List no. 79 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Acetobacter europaeus Sievers et al. 1992, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DES 11 = BCC 36446 = DSM 6160 = JCM 16935.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z21936.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. europaeus, of or belonging to Europe.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 12. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 896-897.
Effective publication: SIEVERS (M.), SELLMER (S.) and TEUBER (M.): Acetobacter europaeus sp. nov., a main component of industrial vinegar fermenters in central Europe. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1992, 15, 386-392.
Validation List no. 43 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Gluconacetobacter europaeus corrig. (Sievers et al. 1992) Yamada et al. 1998, comb. nov.

¤ Komagataeibacter europaeus (Sievers et al. 1992) Yamada et al. 2013, comb. nov.

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Acetobacter fabarum Cleenwerck et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 985 = R-36330 = DSM 19596 = LMG 24244.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM905849.
Etymology: L. gen. pl. n. fabarum, of beans, referring to the initial isolation of this species from cocoa beans.
Valid publication: CLEENWERCK (I.), GONZALEZ (Á.), CAMU (N.), ENGELBEEN (K.), DE VOS (P.) and DE VUYST (L.): Acetobacter fabarum sp. nov., an acetic acid bacterium from a Ghanaian cocoa bean heap fermentation. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2180-2185.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Acetobacter farinalis Tanasupawat et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) G360-1 = BCC 44845 = NBRC 107750.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB602333.
Etymology: L. n. farina, flour; L. suff. -alis, adjectival suffix meaning pertaining to; N.L. masc. adj. farinalis, pertaining to flour, the isolation source of the isolates.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 142. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2563-2565.
Effective publication: TANASUPAWAT (S.), KOMMANEE (J.), YUKPHAN (P.), MURAMATSU (Y.), NAKAGAWA (Y.) and YAMADA (Y.): Acetobacter farinalis sp. nov., an acetic acid bacterium in the α-Proteobacteria. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2011, 57, 159-167.
Validation List no. 142 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Acetobacter ghanensis Cleenwerck et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) R-29337 = 430A = DSM 18895 = LMG 23848.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF030713.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. ghanensis, pertaining to Ghana, referring to the country where the first isolates of this species were obtained.
Valid publication: CLEENWERCK (I.), CAMU (N.), ENGELBEEN (K.), DE WINTER (T.), VANDEMEULEBROECKE (K.), DE VOS (P.) and DE VUYST (L.): Acetobacter ghanensis sp. nov., a novel acetic acid bacterium isolated from traditional heap fermentations of Ghanaian cocoa beans. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1647-1652.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Acetobacter hansenii Gosselé et al. 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 35959= BCC 6318 = CCUG 18123 = CIP 103110 = DSM 5602 = IFO (now NBRC) 14820 = LMG 1527 = JCM 7643 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 8746.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X75620.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. hansenii, of Hansen, named after E.C. Hansen, Danish microbiologist, reknowned for his studies on the acetic acid bacteria.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 12. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 896-897.
Effective publication: GOSSELÉ (F.), SWINGS (J.), KERSTERS (K.), PAUWELS (P.) and DE LEY (J.): Numerical analysis of phenotypic features and protein gel electrophoregrams of a wide variety of Acetobacter strains. Proposal for the improvement of the taxonomy of the genus Acetobacter Beijerinck 1898, 215. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 338-369.
Validation List no. 12 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Gluconacetobacter hansenii corrig. (Gosselé et al. 1983) Yamada et al. 1998, comb. nov.

¤ Komagataeibacter hansenii (Gosselé et al. 1983) Yamada et al. 2013, comb. nov.

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Acetobacter indonesiensis Lisdiyanti et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 5H-1 = JCM 10948 = IFO (now NBRC) 16471 = LMG 19824 = NRIC 0313.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB032356.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. indonesiensis, pertaining to Indonesia.
References: Validation List no. 79. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 263-265. [LISDIYANTI (P.), KAWASAKI (H.), SEKI (T.), YAMADA (Y.), UCHIMURA (T.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Systematic study of the genus Acetobacter with descriptions of Acetobacter indonesiensis sp. nov., Acetobacter tropicalis sp. nov., Acetobacter orleanensis (Henneberg 1906) comb. nov., Acetobacter lovaniensis (Frateur 1950) comb. nov., and Acetobacter estunensis (Carr 1958) comb. nov. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2000, 46, 147-165.]
Validation List no. 79 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Acetobacter intermedius Boesch et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) TF2 = BCC 36447 = CIP 105780 = DSM 11804 = JCM 16936 = LMG 18909.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y14694.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. intermedius, that is between, intermediate.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 67. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1083-1084.
Effective publication: BOESCH (C.), TRCEK (J.), SIEVERS (M.) and TEUBER (M.): Acetobacter intermedius sp. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1998, 21, 220-229.
Validation List no. 67 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Gluconacetobacter intermedius (Boesch et al. 1998) Yamada 2000, comb. nov.

¤ Komagataeibacter intermedius (Boesch et al. 1998) Yamada et al. 2013, comb. nov.

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Acetobacter lambici Spitaels et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LMG 27439=DSM 27328.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HF969863.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. lambici, of lambic, an acidic spontaneously fermented beer.
Source: Food.
Valid publication: SPITAELS, F., LI, L., WIEME, A., BALZARINI, T., CLEENWERCK, I., VAN LANDSCHOOT, A., DE VUYST, L. and VANDAMME, P. 2014. Acetobacter lambici sp. nov., isolated from fermenting lambic beer. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 1083-1089.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Acetobacter liquefaciens (Asai 1935) Gosselé et al. 1983, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 14835= CCUG 18124 = CIP 103109 = DSM 5603 = IAM 1834 = IFO (now NBRC) 12388 = JCM 17840 = LMG 1381 = LMG 1382 = NCCB 76052.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X75617.
Basonym: ¤ Acetobacter aceti subsp. liquefaciens (Asai 1935) De Ley and Frateur 1974 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: "Gluconoacetobacter liquifaciens" (sic) Asai 1935, "Gluconobacter liquifaciens" (sic) Asai 1935.
Etymology: L. part. adj. liquefaciens (from L. v. liquefacio), liquefying.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 12. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 896-897.
Effective publication: GOSSELÉ (F.), SWINGS (J.), KERSTERS (K.), PAUWELS (P.) and DE LEY (J.): Numerical analysis of phenotypic features and protein gel electrophoregrams of a wide variety of Acetobacter strains. Proposal for the improvement of the taxonomy of the genus Acetobacter Beijerinck 1898, 215. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 338-369.
Validation List no. 12 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: On the Validation List no. 12, the type strain IFO (now NBRC) 12388 is erroneously cited as IFO (now NBRC) 2388 (sic).
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.) and KUDO (T.): Corrigenda to the Validation Lists. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1933-1938.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Acetobacter (subgen. Gluconoacetobacter Yamada and Kondo 1985) liquefaciens (Asai 1935) Yamada and Kondo 1985, comb. nov.

¤ Gluconacetobacter liquefaciens corrig. (Asai 1935) Yamada et al. 1998, comb. nov.

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Acetobacter liquefaciens (Asai 1935) Yamada and Tahara 1984, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 14835= CCUG 18124 = CIP 103109 = DSM 5603 = IAM 1834 = IFO (now NBRC) 12388 = LMG 1381 = LMG 1382 = NCCB 76052.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X75617.
Basonym: ¤ Acetobacter aceti subsp. liquefaciens (Asai 1935) De Ley and Frateur 1974 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: "Gluconoacetobacter liquifaciens" (sic) Asai 1935, "Gluconobacter liquifaciens" (sic) Asai 1935.
Etymology: L. part. adj. liquefaciens (from L. v. liquefacio), liquefying.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 14. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 270-271.
Effective publication: YAMADA (Y.), AKITA (M.), KODA (T.), TAHARA (Y.) and YOSHIOKA (H.): Elevation of Acetobacter aceti subsp. liquefaciens to Acetobacter liquefaciens sp. nov. comprising the peritrichously flagellated intermediate in acetic acid bacteria. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 29, 327-333.
Validation List no. 14 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: Acetobacter liquefaciens (Asai 1935) Gosselé et al. 1983 has priority [Rule 24b(2)].

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Acetobacter lovaniensis (Frateur 1950) Lisdiyanti et al. 2001, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 12875= DSM 4491 = IFO (now NBRC) 13753 = JCM 17121 = LMG 1579 = LMG 1617 = NCIMB 8620.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB032351.
Basonym: ¤ Acetobacter pasteurianus subsp. lovaniensis (Frateur 1950) De Ley and Frateur 1974 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonym: "Acetobacter lovaniense" (sic) Frateur 1950.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. lovaniensis, pertaining to the city Louvain (Lovanium), in Belgium, where the type strain was isolated and studied by J. Frateur.
References: Validation List no. 79. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 263-265. [LISDIYANTI (P.), KAWASAKI (H.), SEKI (T.), YAMADA (Y.), UCHIMURA (T.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Systematic study of the genus Acetobacter with descriptions of Acetobacter indonesiensis sp. nov., Acetobacter tropicalis sp. nov., Acetobacter orleanensis (Henneberg 1906) comb. nov., Acetobacter lovaniensis (Frateur 1950) comb. nov., and Acetobacter estunensis (Carr 1958) comb. nov. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2000, 46, 147-165.]
Validation List no. 79 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Acetobacter malorum Cleenwerck et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DSM 14337 = JCM 17274 = LMG 1746.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ419844.
Etymology: L. neut. gen. pl. n. malorum, of appletrees, referring to the isolation of the type strain from a rotting apple.
Valid publication: CLEENWERCK (I.), VANDEMEULEBROECKE (K.), JANSSENS (D.) and SWINGS (J.): Re-examination of the genus Acetobacter, with descriptions of Acetobacter cerevisiae sp. nov. and Acetobacter malorum sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1551-1558.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Acetobacter methanolicus Uhlig et al. 1986, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) TK 0705 = MB58 = ATCC 43581= CCUG 37300 = CIP 103167 = DSM 5432 = IMET 10945 = JCM 6891 = LMG 1668 = NCCB 89007 = NRIC 0498 = VKM B-2104.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X77468.
Etymology: N.L. neut. n. methanol, methanol; L. suff. -icus -a -um, suffix used in adjectives with the sense of belonging to; N.L. masc. adj. methanolicus, relating to methanol.
Valid publication: UHLIG (H.), KARBAUM (K.) and STEUDEL (A.): Acetobacter methanolicus sp. nov., an acidophilic facultatively methylotrophic bacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 317-322.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Acidomonas methanolica (Uhlig et al. 1986) Urakami et al. 1989, comb. nov.

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Acetobacter musti Ferrer et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Bo7=DSM 23824=CECT 7722.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HM162854.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: L. gen. n. musti, of grape must.
Source: Plant.
Valid publication: FERRER, S., MANES-LAZARO, R., BENAVENT-GIL, Y., YEPEZ, A. and PARDO, I. 2016. Acetobacter musti sp. nov., isolated from Bobal grape must. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 957-961.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Acetobacter nitrogenifigens Dutta and Gachhui 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) RG1 = LMG 23498 = MTCC 6912.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY669513.
Etymology: N.L. n. nitrogenium, nitrogen; L. part. adj. figens, fixing; N.L. part. adj. nitrogenifigens, nitrogen-fixing.
Valid publication: DUTTA (D.) and GACHHUI (R.): Novel nitrogen-fixing Acetobacter nitrogenifigens sp. nov., isolated from Kombucha tea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1899-1903.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Acetobacter oboediens Sokollek et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LTH 2460 = BCC 36445 = CIP 105763 = DSM 11826 = JCM 16937 = LMG 18849.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB205221.
Etymology: L. part. adj. oboediens, obedient.
Valid publication: SOKOLLEK (S.J.), HERTEL (C.) and HAMMES (W.P.): Description of Acetobacter oboediens sp. nov. and Acetobacter pomorum sp. nov., two new species isolated from industrial vinegar fermentations. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 935-940.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Gluconacetobacter oboediens (Sokollek et al. 1998) Yamada 2000, comb. nov.

¤ Komagataeibacter oboediens (Sokollek et al. 1998) Yamada et al. 2013, comb. nov.

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Acetobacter oeni Silva et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) B13 = CECT 5830 = LMG 21952.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY829472.
Etymology: Gr. n. oinos, wine; N.L. gen. n. oeni, of wine.
Valid publication: SILVA (L.R.), CLEENWERCK (I.), RIVAS (R.), SWINGS (J.), TRUJILLO (M.E.), WILLEMS (A.) and VELÁZQUEZ (E.): Acetobacter oeni sp. nov., isolated from spoiled red wine. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 21-24.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Acetobacter okinawensis Iino et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 1-35 = JCM 25146 = LMG 26457.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB665068.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. okinawensis of or belonging to Okinawa, from where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 149. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 1-5.
Effective publication: IINO (T.), SUZUKI (R.), KOSAKO (Y.), OHKUMA (M.), KOMAGATA (K.) and UCHIMURA (T.): Acetobacter okinawensis sp. nov., Acetobacter papayae sp. nov., and Acetobacter persicus sp. nov.; novel acetic acid bacteria isolated from stems of sugarcane, fruits, and a flower in Japan. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2012, 58, 235-243.
Validation List no. 149 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Acetobacter orientalis Lisdiyanti et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 21F-2 = CIP 107379 = DSM 15550 = IFO (now NBRC) 16606 = JCM 11195.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB052706.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. orientalis, of or belonging to the East, Eastern, oriental, referring to the region where the strains were isolated.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 84. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 3-4.
Effective publication: LISDIYANTI (P.), KAWASAKI (H.), SEKI (T.), YAMADA (Y.), UCHIMURA (T.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Identification of Acetobacter strains isolated from Indonesian sources, and proposals of Acetobacter syzygii sp. nov., Acetobacter cibinongensis sp. nov., and Acetobacter orientalis sp. nov. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol. 2001, 47, 119-131.
Validation List no. 84 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this name is not validly published, because the original publication makes reference to the deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Acetobacter orientalis Lisdiyanti et al. 2002 is considered to be validly published, since deposit in a second culture collection in a different country has been documented.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

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Acetobacter orleanensis (Henneberg 1906) Lisdiyanti et al. 2001, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 12876= CCUG 18126 = DSM 4492 = IFO (now NBRC) 13752 = JCM 7639 = LMG 1583 = NCCB 31003 = NCIMB 8622.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB032350.
Basonym: ¤ Acetobacter aceti subsp. orleanensis (Henneberg 1906) De Ley and Frateur 1974 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: "Bacterium orleanense" Henneberg 1906, "Bacillus orleanensis" (Henneberg 1906) Macé 1913, "Bacterium dihydroxyacetonicum" Virtanen and Bärlund 1926, "Ulvina orleanense" (Henneberg 1906) Pribram 1933, "Acetobacter orleanense" (Henneberg 1906) Frateur 1950, "Acetobacter mesoxydans" Frateur 1950.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. orleanensis, pertaining to the city Orleans and the "Orleans method" for vinegar production.
References: Validation List no. 79. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 263-265. [LISDIYANTI (P.), KAWASAKI (H.), SEKI (T.), YAMADA (Y.), UCHIMURA (T.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Systematic study of the genus Acetobacter with descriptions of Acetobacter indonesiensis sp. nov., Acetobacter tropicalis sp. nov., Acetobacter orleanensis (Henneberg 1906) comb. nov., Acetobacter lovaniensis (Frateur 1950) comb. nov., and Acetobacter estunensis (Carr 1958) comb. nov. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2000, 46, 147-165.]
Validation List no. 79 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Acetobacter papayae Iino et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 1-25 = JCM 25143 = LMG 26456.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB665066.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. papayae, of a papaya fruit, from which the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 149. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 1-5.
Effective publication: IINO (T.), SUZUKI (R.), KOSAKO (Y.), OHKUMA (M.), KOMAGATA (K.) and UCHIMURA (T.): Acetobacter okinawensis sp. nov., Acetobacter papayae sp. nov., and Acetobacter persicus sp. nov.; novel acetic acid bacteria isolated from stems of sugarcane, fruits, and a flower in Japan. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2012, 58, 235-243.
Validation List no. 149 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Acetobacter pasteurianus (Hansen 1879) Beijerinck and Folpmers 1916, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33445= CIP 103108 = CCUG 18125 = DSM 3509 = JCM 7640 = LMD 22.1 = LMG 1262 = NCCB 22001.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X71863.
Synonyms: "Mycoderma pasteurianum" Hansen 1879, "Bacterium pastorianum" (Hansen 1879) Zopf 1883, "Bacteriopsis pasteuriana" (Hansen 1879) Trevisan 1885, "Bacillus pasteurianus" (Hansen 1879) Flügge 1886, "Bacterium kützingianum" Hansen 1894, "Bacterium rancens" Beijerinck 1898, "Bacillus küttingianum" (sic) (Hansen 1894) Takahashi 1906, "Bacterium vini-aceti" Henneberg 1906, "Acetobacter kützigianus" (sic) (Hansen 1894) Bergey et al. 1923, "Ulvina pasteuriana" (Hansen 1879) Pribram 1933, "Acetobacter turbidans" Cosbie et al. 1942, "Acetobacter mobile" (sic) Tosic and Walker 1944, "Acetobacter vini-aceti" (Henneberg 1906) Shimwell 1948, "Acetobacter agglutinans" Frateur 1950, "Acetobacter acidum-mucosum (sic) Tosic and Walker 1950, "Acetobacter alcoholophilus" Kozulis and Parsons 1958, "Pseudomonas pomi" Cole 1959.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. pasteurianus, pertaining to Pasteur, named after Louis Pasteur (1822-1895), French chemist and bacteriologist.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 HANSEN (E.C.): Mycodermo aceti (Kütz) Pasteur et Myc. Pasteurianum. Compte Rendu des Travaux du Laboratoire Carlsberg, 1879, 1, 96-100. 2 BEIJERINCK (M.W.) and FOLPMERS (T.): Verslagen van de gewone vergadering der wis- en natuurkundige afdeeling. Koninklijke Akademic van Wetenschappente Amsterdam, 1916, 18, 1198-1200.

Note: According to Gosselé et al. 1983, Acetobacter pasteurianus (Hansen 1879) Beijerinck and Folpmers 1916 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier synonym of ¤ Acetobacter pasteurianus subsp. ascendens (Henneberg 1898) De Ley and Frateur 1974 (Approved Lists 1980), ¤ Acetobacter pasteurianus subsp. paradoxus (Frateur 1950) De Ley and Frateur 1974 (Approved Lists 1980), and ¤ Acetobacter peroxydans Visser't Hooft 1925 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: GOSSELÉ (F.), SWINGS (J.), KERSTERS (K.), PAUWELS (P.) and DE LEY (J.): Numerical analysis of phenotypic features and protein gel electrophoregrams of a wide variety of Acetobacter strains. Proposal for the improvement of the taxonomy of the genus Acetobacter Beijerinck 1898, 215. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 338-369.
Publication Online

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Acetobacter pasteurianus subsp. ascendens (Henneberg 1898) De Ley and Frateur 1974, subspecies.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LMD 51.1 = LMG 1590 = NCCB 51001.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU205099.
Synonym: "Bacterium ascendans" Henneberg 1898.
Etymology: L. part. adj. ascendens, ascending, climbing.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 HENNEBERG (W.): Bacterium industrium und B. ascendens und Ergänzungen zu den bisherigen untersuchungen ueber Essigbakteriën. Deutsche Essigindustrie, 1898, 2, 145-148. 2 DE LEY (J.) and FRATEUR (J.): Genus Acetobacter Beijerinck 1898, 215. In: R.E. BUCHANAN and N.E. GIBBONS (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, eighth edition, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1974, pp. 276-278.

¤ Acetobacter pasteurianus (Hansen 1879) Beijerinck and Folpmers 1916 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: According to Gosselé et al. 1983, Acetobacter pasteurianus subsp. ascendens (Henneberg 1898) De Ley and Frateur 1974 (Approved Lists 1980) is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Acetobacter pasteurianus (Hansen 1879) Beijerinck and Folpmers 1916 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: GOSSELÉ (F.), SWINGS (J.), KERSTERS (K.), PAUWELS (P.) and DE LEY (J.): Numerical analysis of phenotypic features and protein gel electrophoregrams of a wide variety of Acetobacter strains. Proposal for the improvement of the taxonomy of the genus Acetobacter Beijerinck 1898, 215. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 338-369.
Publication Online

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Acetobacter pasteurianus subsp. estunensis (Carr 1958) De Ley and Frateur 1974, subspecies.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 23753= DSM 4493 = IFO (now NBRC) 13751 = LMG 1626 = NCIMB 8935.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ419838.
Synonym: "Acetobacter estunense" (sic) Carr 1958.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. estunensis, pertaining to Estune, probably named after the old English name of the village Long Ashton (Estune), where J.G. Carr isolated the type strain.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 CARR (J.G.): Acetobacter estunense nov. spec. An addition to Frateur's ten basic species. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek Journal of Microbiology and Serology, 1958, 24, 157-160. 2 DE LEY (J.) and FRATEUR (J.): Genus Acetobacter Beijerinck 1898, 215. In: R.E. BUCHANAN and N.E. GIBBONS (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, eighth edition, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1974, pp. 276-278.

¤ Acetobacter estunensis (Carr 1958) Lisdiyanti et al. 2001, comb. nov.

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Acetobacter pasteurianus subsp. lovaniensis (Frateur 1950) De Ley and Frateur 1974, subspecies.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 12875= DSM 4491 = IFO (now NBRC) 13753 = LMG 1579 = LMG 1617 = NCIMB 8620.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB032351.
Synonym: "Acetobacter lovaniense" (sic) Frateur 1950.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. lovaniensis, pertaining to the city Louvain (Lovanium), in Belgium, where the type strain was isolated and studied by J. Frateur.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 FRATEUR (J.): Essai sur la systématique des acetobacters. Cellule, 1950, 53, 287-392. 2 DE LEY (J.) and FRATEUR (J.): Genus Acetobacter Beijerinck 1898, 215. In: R.E. BUCHANAN and N.E. GIBBONS (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, eighth edition, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1974, pp. 276-278.

¤ Acetobacter lovaniensis (Frateur 1950) Lisdiyanti et al. 2001, comb. nov.

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Acetobacter pasteurianus subsp. paradoxus (Frateur 1950) De Ley and Frateur 1974, subspecies.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LMD 53.6 = LMG 1591 = NCCB 53006.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU205100.
Synonym: "Acetobacter paradoxum" (sic) Frateur 1950.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. paradoxus, strange, contrary to all expectation, paradoxical.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 FRATEUR (J.): Essai sur la systématique des acetobacters. Cellule, 1950, 53, 287-392. 2 DE LEY (J.) and FRATEUR (J.): Genus Acetobacter Beijerinck 1898, 215. In: R.E. BUCHANAN and N.E. GIBBONS (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, eighth edition, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1974, pp. 276-278.

¤ Acetobacter pasteurianus (Hansen 1879) Beijerinck and Folpmers 1916 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: According to Gosselé et al. 1983, Acetobacter pasteurianus subsp. paradoxus (Frateur 1950) De Ley and Frateur 1974 (Approved Lists 1980) is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Acetobacter pasteurianus (Hansen 1879) Beijerinck and Folpmers 1916 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: GOSSELÉ (F.), SWINGS (J.), KERSTERS (K.), PAUWELS (P.) and DE LEY (J.): Numerical analysis of phenotypic features and protein gel electrophoregrams of a wide variety of Acetobacter strains. Proposal for the improvement of the taxonomy of the genus Acetobacter Beijerinck 1898, 215. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 338-369.
Publication Online

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Acetobacter pasteurianus subsp. pasteurianus (Hansen 1879) De Ley and Frateur 1974, subspecies.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33445= CIP 103108 = CCUG 18125 = DSM 3509 = JCM 7640 = LMD 22.1 = LMG 1262 = NCCB 22001.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X71863.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. pasteurianus, pertaining to Pasteur, named after Louis Pasteur (1822-1895), French chemist and bacteriologist.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 HANSEN (E.C.): Mycodermo aceti (Kütz) Pasteur et Myc. Pasteurianum. Compte Rendu des Travaux du Laboratoire Carlsberg, 1879, 1, 96-100. 2 BEIJERINCK (M.W.) and FOLPMERS (T.): Verslagen van de gewone vergadering der wis- en natuurkundige afdeeling. Koninklijke Akademic van Wetenschappente Amsterdam, 1916, 18, 1198-1200. 3 DE LEY (J.) and FRATEUR (J.): Genus Acetobacter Beijerinck 1898, 215. In: R.E. BUCHANAN and N.E. GIBBONS (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, eighth edition, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1974, pp. 276-278.

Note: If an author accepts that ¤ Acetobacter pasteurianus subsp. ascendens (Henneberg 1898) De Ley and Frateur 1974 (Approved Lists 1980), and ¤ Acetobacter pasteurianus subsp. paradoxus (Frateur 1950) De Ley and Frateur 1974 (Approved Lists 1980) are later heterotypic synonyms of ¤ Acetobacter pasteurianus (Hansen 1879) Beijerinck and Folpmers 1916 (Approved Lists 1980) then Acetobacter pasteurianus subsp. pasteurianus (Hansen 1879) De Ley and Frateur 1974 should thereafter be designated simply as ¤ Acetobacter pasteurianus (Hansen 1879) Beijerinck and Folpmers 1916 (Approved Lists 1980).

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Acetobacter peroxydans Visser't Hooft 1925, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 12874= IFO (now NBRC) 13755 = JCM 25077 = LMG 1635 = NCCB 88049 = NCCB 89009.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB032352.
Etymology: L. pref. per, very; N.L. part. adj. oxydans, oxidizing; N.L. part. adj. peroxydans, strongly oxidizing.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: VISSER'T HOOFT (F.): Biochemische Onderzoekingen over het geslacht Acetobacter. Dissertation. Technical University, Delft, Meinema, 1925, pp. 1-129.

¤ Acetobacter pasteurianus (Hansen 1879) Beijerinck and Folpmers 1916 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: According to Gosselé et al. 1983, peroxydans Visser't Hooft 1925 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Acetobacter pasteurianus (Hansen 1879) Beijerinck and Folpmers 1916 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: GOSSELÉ (F.), SWINGS (J.), KERSTERS (K.), PAUWELS (P.) and DE LEY (J.): Numerical analysis of phenotypic features and protein gel electrophoregrams of a wide variety of Acetobacter strains. Proposal for the improvement of the taxonomy of the genus Acetobacter Beijerinck 1898, 215. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 338-369.
Publication Online

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Acetobacter persici corrig. Iino et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) T-120 = JCM 25330 = LMG 26458.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB665070.
Etymology: L. n. persicum, a peach fruit; L. gen. n. persici of a peach fruit, from which the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 149. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 1-5.
Effective publication: IINO (T.), SUZUKI (R.), KOSAKO (Y.), OHKUMA (M.), KOMAGATA (K.) and UCHIMURA (T.): Acetobacter okinawensis sp. nov., Acetobacter papayae sp. nov., and Acetobacter persicus sp. nov.; novel acetic acid bacteria isolated from stems of sugarcane, fruits, and a flower in Japan. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2012, 58, 235-243.
Validation List no. 149 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, persicus (sic), has been corrected on validation according to Rule 61.
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 149 (footnote #). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 1-5.
Validation List no. 149 in IJSEM Online

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Acetobacter pomorum Sokollek et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LTH 2458 = CIP 105762 = DSM 11825 = LMG 18848.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ419835.
Etymology: L. n. pomum -i, fruit of any kind; L. gen. pl. n. pomorum, of the fruits.
Valid publication: SOKOLLEK (S.J.), HERTEL (C.) and HAMMES (W.P.): Description of Acetobacter oboediens sp. nov. and Acetobacter pomorum sp. nov., two new species isolated from industrial vinegar fermentations. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 935-940.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Acetobacter senegalensis Ndoye et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CWBI-B418 = DSM 18889 = LMG 23690.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY883036.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. senegalensis, pertaining to Senegal, referring to the country from where the type strain of this species was isolated.
Valid publication: NDOYE (B.), CLEENWERCK (I.), ENGELBEEN (K.), DUBOIS-DAUPHIN (R.), GUIRO (A.T.), VAN TRAPPEN (S.), WILLEMS (A.) and THONART (P.): Acetobacter senegalensis sp. nov., a thermotolerant acetic acid bacterium isolated in Senegal (sub-Saharan Africa) from mango fruit (Mangifera indica L.). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1576-1581.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Acetobacter sicerae Li et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LMG 1531=NCIMB 8941.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: AJ419840.
Etymology: L. gen. n. sicerae, of a fermented liquor, intended to mean of cider.
Source: Food.
Valid publication: LI, L., WIEME, A., SPITAELS, F., BALZARINI, T., NUNES, O. C., MANAIA, C. L. M., VAN LANDSCHOOT, A., DE VUYST, L., CLEENWERCK, I. and VANDAMME, P. 2014. Acetobacter sicerae sp. nov., isolated from cider and kefir, and identification of species of the genus Acetobacter by dnaK, groEL and rpoB sequence analysis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 2407-2415.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Acetobacter syzygii Lisdiyanti et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 9H-2 = CIP 107378 = DSM 15548 = IFO (now NBRC) 16604 = JCM 11197.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB052712.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. syzygii, of Syzygium, isolated from the fruit of the Malay rose apple (Syzygium malaccense).
Valid publication: Validation List no. 84. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 3-4.
Effective publication: LISDIYANTI (P.), KAWASAKI (H.), SEKI (T.), YAMADA (Y.), UCHIMURA (T.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Identification of Acetobacter strains isolated from Indonesian sources, and proposals of Acetobacter syzygii sp. nov., Acetobacter cibinongensis sp. nov., and Acetobacter orientalis sp. nov. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol. 2001, 47, 119-131.
Validation List no. 84 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this name is not validly published, because the original publication makes reference to the deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Acetobacter syzygii Lisdiyanti et al. 2002 is considered to be validly published, since deposit in a second culture collection in a different country has been documented.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

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Acetobacter tropicalis Lisdiyanti et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Ni-6b = JCM 10947 = IFO (now NBRC) 16470 = LMG 19825 = NRIC 0312.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB032355.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. tropicalis (from L. masc. adj. tropicus, tropical), referring to the tropical region where the strains were isolated.
References: Validation List no. 79. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 263-265. [LISDIYANTI (P.), KAWASAKI (H.), SEKI (T.), YAMADA (Y.), UCHIMURA (T.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Systematic study of the genus Acetobacter with descriptions of Acetobacter indonesiensis sp. nov., Acetobacter tropicalis sp. nov., Acetobacter orleanensis (Henneberg 1906) comb. nov., Acetobacter lovaniensis (Frateur 1950) comb. nov., and Acetobacter estunensis (Carr 1958) comb. nov. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2000, 46, 147-165.]
Validation List no. 79 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Acetobacter xylinus corrig. (Brown 1886) Yamada 1984, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CIP 103107 = DSM 6513 = JCM 7644 = LMG 1515 = NCIMB 11664 = NBRC 15237.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X75619.
Basonym: ¤ Acetobacter aceti subsp. xylinus corrig. (Brown 1886) De Ley and Frateur 1974 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: "Bacterium xylinum" Brown 1886, "Bacillus xylinus" (Brown 1886) Trevisan 1889, "Acetobacterium xylinum" (Brown 1886) Ludwig 1898, "Bacterium acidi oxalici" Banning 1902, "Bacterium xylinoides" Henneberg 1906, "Bacillus xylinoides" (Henneberg 1906) Macé 1913, "Acetobacter xylinum" (sic) (Brown 1886) Bergey et al. 1925, "Acetobacter xylinoides" (Henneberg 1906) Shimwell 1948, "Acetobacter xylinum var. maltovorans" (sic) Frateur 1950, "Acetobacter xylinum var. xylinoides" (sic) (Henneberg 1906) Frateur 1950, "Acetobacter bordeaux" (sic) Janke 1957, "Acetobacter xylinum var. africanum" (sic) Kulka et al. 1958.
Etymology: Gr. n. xulon, wood cut and ready for use, firewood, timber; L. suff. -inus -a -um, suffix used with the sense of belonging to; N.L. masc. adj. xylinus, belonging to wood, woody.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 14. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 270-271.
Effective publication: YAMADA (Y.): Acetobacter xylinus sp. nov., nom. rev., for the cellulose-forming and cellulose-less, acetate-oxidizing acetic acid bacteria with the Q-10 system. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 29, 417-420.
Validation List no. 14 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 The original spelling of the specific epithet, xylinum (sic), has been corrected by Euzéby 1997.
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.): Revised nomenclature of specific or subspecific epithets that do not agree in gender with generic names that end in -bacter. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 585.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 On the Validation List no. 14, Acetobacter xylinus corrig. is erroneously proposed as a nomen revictum (basonym: "Acetobacter xylinum" (Brown 1886) Bergey et al. 1925).
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.) and KUDO (T.): Corrigenda to the Validation Lists. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1933-1938.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below). However, according to Tanaka et al. 2000, Acetobacter xylinus corrig. (Brown 1886) Yamada 1984 is genetically homogeneous.
Reference: TANAKA (M.), MURAKAMI (S.), SHINKE (R.) and AOKI (K.): Genetic characteristics of cellulose-forming acetic acid bacteria identified phenotypically as Gluconacetobacter xylinus. Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem., 2000, 64, 757-760.

¤ Gluconacetobacter xylinus corrig. (Brown 1886) Yamada et al. 1998, comb. nov.

¤ Komagataeibacter xylinus (Brown 1886) Yamada et al. 2013, comb. nov.

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Acetobacter xylinus subsp. sucrofermentans corrig. Toyosaki et al. 1996, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) BPR 2001 = BCC 7227 = JCM 9730 = LMG 18788.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ007698.
Etymology: N.L. part. sucrofermentans, intended to mean sucrose-fermenting.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 58. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 836-837.
Effective publication: TOYOSAKI (H.), KOJIMA (Y.), TSUCHIDA (T.), HOSHINO (K.I.), YAMADA (Y.) and YOSHINAGA (F.): The characterization of an acetic acid bacterium useful for producing bacterial cellulose in agitation cultures: the proposal of Acetobacter xylinum subsp. sucrofermentans subsp. nov. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 1995, 41, 307-314.
Validation List no. 58 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 The original spelling, Acetobacter xylinum (sic) subsp. sucrofermentans, has been corrected by Euzéby 1997.
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.): Revised nomenclature of specific or subspecific epithets that do not agree in gender with generic names that end in -bacter. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 585.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 Acetobacter xylinus corrig. (Brown 1886) Yamada 1984 has been transferred to the genus ¤ Gluconacetobacter corrig. Yamada et al. 1998. However, the subspecies Acetobacter xylinus subsp. sucrofermentans is not mentioned in reclassification.

¤ Gluconacetobacter sucrofermentans (Toyosaki et al. 1996) Cleenwerck et al. 2010, comb. nov.

¤ Komagataeibacter sucrofermentans (Toyosaki et al. 1996) Yamada et al. 2013, comb. nov.

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Acetobacter xylinus subsp. xylinus corrig. (Brown 1886) Toyosaki et al. 1996, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 23767= DSM 6513 = CCUG 37299 = CCM 3611 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 12952 = CIP 103107 = IFO (now NBRC) 15237 = JCM 7644 = LMG 1515 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 11664 = NCTC 41124.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X75619.
Etymology: Gr. n. xulon, wood cut and ready for use, firewood, timber; L. suff. -inus -a -um, suffix used with the sense of belonging to; N.L. masc. adj. xylinus, belonging to wood, woody.
Valid publication: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Validation List no. 58 (footnote c). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 836-837.
Validation List no. 58 in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The subspecies name Acetobacter xylinus subsp. xylinus corrig. (Brown 1886) Toyosaki et al. 1996 is automatically created by the valid publication of Acetobacter xylinus subsp. sucrofermentans corrig. Toyosaki et al. 1996 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].
2 The original authorship, (Brown 1886) Yamada 1984, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 The original spelling, Acetobacter xylinum (sic) subsp. xylinum (sic), has been corrected by Euzéby 1997.
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.): Revised nomenclature of specific or subspecific epithets that do not agree in gender with generic names that end in -bacter. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 585.
Original article in IJSEM Online
4 Acetobacter xylinus [with two subspecies: Acetobacter xylinus subsp. sucrofermentans corrig. Toyosaki et al. 1996, and Acetobacter xylinus subsp. xylinus corrig. (Brown 1886) Yamada 1984] has been transferred to the genus ¤ Gluconacetobacter as a new combination, ¤ Gluconacetobacter xylinus (Brown 1886) Yamada et al. 1998. However, the two subspecies are not mentioned in reclassification.

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