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Genus Abiotrophia

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 4
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Abiotrophia Kawamura et al. 1995, gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Abiotrophia defectiva (Bouvet et al. 1989) Kawamura et al. 1995.
Etymology: Gr. prefix a-, negative (un-); Gr. n. bios, life; Gr. n. trophe, nutrition; N.L. fem. n. Abiotrophia, life-nutrition-deficiency.
Valid publication: KAWAMURA (Y.), HOU (X.G.), SULTANA (F.), LIU (S.), YAMAMOTO (H.) and EZAKI (T.): Transfer of Streptococcus adjacens and Streptococcus defectivus to Abiotrophia gen. nov. as Abiotrophia adiacens comb. nov. and Abiotrophia defectiva comb. nov., respectively. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 798-803.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Abiotrophia adiacens (Bouvet et al. 1989) Kawamura et al. 1995, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) GaD = ATCC 49175= CCUG 27637 A = CCUG 27809 = CIP 103243 = DSM 9848 = LMG 14496 = NCTC 13000.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D50540.
Basonym: ¤ Streptococcus adjacens Bouvet et al. 1989.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. adiacens, adjacent, indicating that this organism can grow as satellite colonies adjacent to other bacterial growth.
Valid publication: KAWAMURA (Y.), HOU (X.G.), SULTANA (F.), LIU (S.), YAMAMOTO (H.) and EZAKI (T.): Transfer of Streptococcus adjacens and Streptococcus defectivus to Abiotrophia gen. nov. as Abiotrophia adiacens comb. nov. and Abiotrophia defectiva comb. nov., respectively. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 798-803.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The spelling of the specific epithet is adiacens in Abiotrophia adiacens (new combination) and adjacens in Streptococcus adjacens (basonym). Y. Kawamura et al. used adiacens because the IJSB editor recommended to use i instead of j.
Reference: FREDERIKSEN (W.): Personal communication.

¤ Granulicatella adiacens (Bouvet et al. 1989) Collins and Lawson 2000, comb. nov.

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Abiotrophia balaenopterae Lawson et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) M1975/96/1 = ATCC 700813= CCUG 37380 = CIP 105938.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y16547.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. balaenopterae, pertaining to the minke whale, Balaenoptera acutorostrata, from which the organism was isolated.
Valid publication: LAWSON (P.A.), FOSTER (G.), FALSEN (E.), SJÖDÉN (B.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Abiotrophia balaenopterae sp. nov., isolated from the minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 503-506.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Granulicatella balaenopterae (Lawson et al. 1999) Collins and Lawson 2000, comb. nov.

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Abiotrophia defectiva (Bouvet et al. 1989) Kawamura et al. 1995, comb. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SC10 = ATCC 49176= CIP 103242 = CCUG 27639 = CCUG 27804 = DSM 9849 = LMG 14740.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D50541.
Basonym: ¤ Streptococcus defectivus Bouvet et al. 1989.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. defectiva, deficient.
Valid publication: KAWAMURA (Y.), HOU (X.G.), SULTANA (F.), LIU (S.), YAMAMOTO (H.) and EZAKI (T.): Transfer of Streptococcus adjacens and Streptococcus defectivus to Abiotrophia gen. nov. as Abiotrophia adiacens comb. nov. and Abiotrophia defectiva comb. nov., respectively. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 798-803.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Abiotrophia elegans Roggenkamp et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) B1333 = ATCC 700633= CCUG 38949 = CIP 105513 = DSM 11693.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF016390.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. elegans, choice, nice, elegant.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 68. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1-3.
Effective publication: ROGGENKAMP (A.), ABELE-HORN (M.), TREBESIUS (K.H.), TRETTER (U.), AUTENRIETH (I.B.) and HEESEMANN (J.): Abiotrophia elegans sp. nov., a possible pathogen in patients with culture-negative endocarditis. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1998, 36, 100-104.
Validation List no. 68 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Granulicatella elegans (Roggenkamp et al. 1999) Collins and Lawson 2000, comb. nov.

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